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WHAT ARKANSAS IS DOING.
Steady Progress Along All Educational Lines With Some New Features of the Work That Promise Much for the Future. By Hon. George B. Cook, State Superintendent of Ed .ion THE FIRST compulsory attend ance laws enacted In Arkansas became effective with the be ginning of the school year for 1909 Two acts were passed by the last tleneral As sembly. One re quires a minimum attendance of one half the school term, between the ages of 8 and 16 years, and is ef fective In thirty one counties. The other places Clio nos. cko u cook. age limit 8 to 14 years, effective in nine counties. This lenves thirty-five counties without compulsory law. A marked increase in the attendance in both the town and rural schools is reported from all sections where these new laws apply. The last tleneral Assembly appro nrltili.il t 1 (.11 non fm* I hii notahlluh. ment of four agricultural schools in tbe State, one in each of the four districts Into which the State was divided. Systematized Work, consolidation an<l filiform Text Hooks. In June, 1909, B. W. Toreysou was appointed Professor of Secondary Education in Arkansas. Splendid re sults are already apparent In corre lating the courses of the village and ity high schools and adding to the ours** of study in many schools. The unification of the school system is being rapidly popularized and the courses of study harmonized In ele mentary, secondary and advanced schools. The sentiment favoring Stale aid to high schools Is gaining ground. Consolidation of school districts ban been made possible by an enact ment of the last General Assembly, which permits patronB of auy rural territory to petition the county court for the organization of a special school district having all the rights and privileges previously allowed ’ » s liools in Incorporated towns and cities. Out of the 7 5 counties In the State St have adopted uniform text kooks for all tlie schools In the county. The uniform texts apply only to tbe common school districts and do not arr«*ct towns and cities. County Supervision. The General Assembly of 1907 passed an act making the office of county superintendent of schools op tional in each county, the question to bw voted upon at the annual school election on the years preceding the general State election. The first vote for and against creating the office of county superintendent re sulted in favor of this office in Gar land, Jackson, Crawford, Miller and Mississippi counties. There is a growing sentiment In favor of coun ly supervision that indicates many more counties will vote in favor of ,Uils office In 1911 and very probably ii bill will be submitted to the Gen eral Assembly in 1911 to make this act mandatory. The Arkansas State Normal School :‘t Conway had last September an en rollment of over two hundred. An appropriation from the Feabody Edu cational Fund is being applied in the establishment of a model farm to be used in conjunction with the Agri cultural Department of the Normal. Special Courses for Teachers. The State Normal School at Con way and the Normal Department of the University at Fayetteville, will each offer a six-weeks’ summer term for teachers. The courses will be so arranged that the teachers attending may receive credits for their work at the summer schools to be applied on the regular normal course, the com pletion of which gives the teacher a professional license for six years and is convertible at the end of that time, under certain conditions, into a State life license. Farmers’ Institutes, Hoys’ Clubs, anti School Improvement Associations. The local farmers’ institutes, con ducted by the College of Agricul ture, have proved directly profitable to the farmers of the State and have done much to popularize agricultural education and to give a wider appre ciation of the practical value of such training. Boys’ corn clubs were organized in thirty-one counties last year, with over 3,000 boys enrolled. The first State contest was held at the State Fair with a very creditable showing of exhibits. The work is being advanced this year by the State committee with the assistance of Mr. H. S. Mobley, who has been placed in Arkansas as an organizer of boys' corn clubs and school extension work by the U. S. Department of Agriculture Organizations will be effected in every county in the State and an en rollment of 3 5,000 boys is expected for 1910 with a contest in every county and a State contest with con gressional district prize lists as well us State-wide prizes. School Improvement Association work has now reached fifty-three counties and will be rapidly extend ed to every county in Arkansas. A School Improvement Section has be come a permanent feature of the State Teachers’ Association. This .. . . _ 1 - 1 .. >1 .. t •• m nil W 4 IO U WIUQ U4UVU ww» childreu and Its receiving the popular endorsement of patrons and teachers. Better school conditions are being urged throughout the State and the School Improvement Association campaign has exerted an appreciable Influence In the increased expendi ture for new buildings and equip ment, amounting to a half million dollars in 1909. Statistics Relating to I<ast Year’s Work. The roveuues for support of pub lic schools In 1909 were $3,363,830 .37. The expenditures for support of public schools for year ending June 30, 1909, were $3,110,164.60. Appropriations by General Assem bly for biennial term, 1909-10, were as follows: University of Arkansas, $220,915; Agricultural Experiment Station, $39,000; State Normal School, $95,900; Blind School, $62 040; Deaf-Mute School, $130,146; Reform School, $26,505; Branch Normal (colored), $11,600; four ag ricultural schools, $160,000. The permanent school fund of the State is $1,134,500, and the total value of school property, $6,067,342 .60. Last year 299 new school houses were built. Of the total school population of 557,464, 374,154 were enrolled in the public schools. The average daily attendance was 243,232. The uverage length of term was 98.2 days, against 93.9 in 1908. The average salary of the 9,164 teachers was $55.77 per month. Substantial Progress in Tennessee. Messrs. Editors: The schools of Tennessee have made substantial progress during the past year. The term has been lengthened and the teachers’ salary increased, and 200 good, substantial schoolhouses were erected. During this year three nor mal schools will be established, at a cost of $1,000,000. Three hundred rural libraries have been established and $15,000 worth of library books have been purchased. R. L. JONES, State Supt. of Education. HKK KEEPING FOR FARMERS. XI.—A Talk to Correspondents. 1 am delighted to find so much interest in bee keeping among the farmers of the South. Of late, my time has been largely taken up with answering inquiries for information by private letter as well as through The Progressive Farmer and Gazette. Both men and women write to know how they shall start the work or where they can get hives and other materials. I have a letter from a prominent teacher who thinks of in troducing bee keeping as one of the practical arts in his industrial school. Still another comes from a Govern ment expert engaged in demonstra tion work for Southern farmers. He says he is plied with numerous ques tions about bee keeping and he wants to know where he can get more information on the subject. Now a few words about corre spondence. I am glad to get all the letters you will write, because it shows interest, but if you will pre serve all the numbers of the paper containing our articles it will often save both you and me trouble, by re ferring to them for your answers in stead of writing. 1 am trying to give, from time, the fundamental principles that will cover most of the ground and many correspondents re peat questions that have already been answered in these columns. We can’t, of course, afford to print the same answer over and over again. As I said before, every bee keeper should have a good manual or bee keeper’s guide. In this he will find answers at once for most of his ques tions by running over the table of contents. If one is not willing to de vote some time to the task of study ing up the subject, it is scarcely worth while for him to attempt to become a bee keeper in the modern sense of the term. Don’t understand that there is any great difficulty in the art, for there is not. It is a delightful and highly intellectual work, and suited to both sexes and all classes of society. Both the young and the old find interest and profit in it. Modern bee keep ing should become a special feature on all our Southern farms. T. C. KARNS. Powell Station, Teun. f-JOMK ASD M 4 UK 1C T CANNKRS. FOR THE FARMER. JRVCg.KR.AND GARDENER’8 "jovial needs. ’ Kltrhrn Sptrial “ “1910 Modal A>" “Monarch 64.“ New creations ! Modern conveniences throughout. CANS and supplies shipped from nearest factory. All that we ™*'i-vr»$!8tzss?fi??aUA'u>my‘.rA,.-'Tv: ^ck%ir»ssrtagim. flMC PIUIICDC DEl/IEU/ ''f‘»'rr,'.;.S","r:.FK. £S UWlt bANNtnd ntVItvv If?" Cannera. Cans. labels and other valuable Information to every grower in the land. Costs you Send today. MODERN CANNER COMPANY, Chattanooga, Tenn. Dept, j , I The Right Way to 1 |, Buy Soda Crackers || I —and the simplest way. Ask for I M them by name—and the goodness M |t| will take care ol itself. Buy M I Uneeda 1 I Biscuit I j?A Then, no more broken, soggy, stale or (Ct m exposed soda crackers. Uneeda Biscuit come S ■ in individual packages that hold just enough I ffjl lor each soda cracker occasion. Fresh when ww W you buy them. Whole when you open the H package. Crisp as you eat them. R ■ A number of live cent packages ol HI HI Uneeda Biscuit is a wiser purchase than a 1H) W quantity ol ordinary soda crackers in wooden ■ box or paper bag. Never sold in bulk. fftl P NATIONAL BISCUIT COMPANY 1h