Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1770-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Newspaper Page Text
Published Every Saturday at
RALEIGH, N. O. STARKVILLE, MISS. COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING ADVERTISING OR SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BE ADDRESSED TO EITHER OFFICE. ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFEICE AT RALEIGH, N. C., UNDER THE ACT OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 8, 1879. bnder the Editorial and Business Management of TAIT BUTLER and CLARENCE POE. Prof. W. F. MASSEY.Associate Editor. E. E. MILLER.Managing Editor. JOHN S. PEARSON.Secretary-Treasurer. Advertising Representatives: Fisher Special Agency, New York: Albert H. Hopkins, Chicago; S. M. Goldberg, St. Louis and Kansas City; J. L. Mogford and C. F. Koonce, Field Repre sentatives. We Guarantee Our Advertisers. WE will positively make good the Icee sustained by any subacriber vv as a result of fraudulent misrepresentation made in oar col umns on the part of any advertiser who proves to be a deliberate swindler. This does not mean that wo will try to adjust trifling disputes between reliable business houses and their patrons, but in any case at actually fraudulent dealing, we will make good to the subscriber as we have just indicated. The condition of this guaran tee is that the claim for loss shall be reported to ns within one month after the advertisement appears in our paper, end that the subscriber must say when writing each advertiser: T am writing you as an advertiser in The Progressive Farmer and Gasette. which guarantees the reliability of all advertising that it carries." Average Weekly Circulation for Six Months Ending March 31, 1010, was 00,521. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, $L60; six months, 65 cents; three months. SO cents. To Indues new subscriptions, ons mom subscriber and one old subscriber map both pet (he paper one pear for SI .SO. Editorial Gleanings. THE PROGRESSIVE Farmer and Gazette pre pares the way for almost every agency of progress in rural betterment. Mr. M. J. Hendricks, Cana, N. C., a demonstration agent, writes: “I find as I travel over the county that the farmers that have been reading your paper are enthused over farming and are ready to enlist in the demonstration work, and are the ones that are doing the best farming.” Of the same tenor is this remark of Mr. A. H. Rabalais, Plancheville, La.: “I think if every farmer of my section would read The Progressive Farmer and Gazette my task as a demonstration agent would be very light.” Mr. C. J. Hughes, Yorkville, S. C., also writes: “Where the farmers read your paper, I fiiftpn't have any trouble with them.” mKp About the most commanding educational l^llgure in Mississippi,” said a thoughtful clti ® zen the other day, “is Henry Whitfield, of Co lumbus. No man in the State is doing more to bring education into harmony with actual life. He is making his school practical—which bo many normal schools are not. The girls under him not only know the classics, but they know about hy giene and sanitation and cooking and housekeep ing, and they will carry this spirit to the common schools of the State with results too far-reaching to over-estimate.” * Tennessee now has a good law requiring that no county shall spend less than $700 a year for a county superintendent. Some counties spend over $2,000. It is just as wasteful to pay out our big school funds to a miscellaneous lot of teachers, many inexperienced, without providing effective supervision, as it would be to hire a lot of laborers, many absolutely new to the work, without providing an overseer. No county can get what it ought to get from its school fund un less it has a county superintendent who giveB his whole time to the work. Says an exchange: “The fourteen-weeks’ short course at the College of Agriculture of the Univer sity of Wisconsin closed last spring, after one of the best sessions in the history of the course. The total attendance this year was 461.” When we begin having short courses in the South with 400 or 500 in attendance, the agricultural revolution will really have come. The Educational Demands of Our Time. WE HAVE TRIED in this Educational Spe cial to bring home to every reader two thoughts. The first of these is, his or her individual responsibility for the educational prog ress of the community, and the second is the fact that education is not a mere matter of the teach ing of children in a school house, but is a vital process which must go on continually in the life of every person, young or old. The one great problem of the South to-day is education,—the fitting of the boys and girls for their life’s work,—for this is what education real ly is. Nor need this training be confined to the boys and girls. The men and women need it just as much as do the children, and in the new day which is coming will have almost as good a chance to get it. The farmers’ institute is as truly an educational institution as the public school or the college, and is one for which there is just as real need. For years now we have read and heard much about practical education,—that is, the sort of school training that directly prepares the pupil for some trade or profession. It is high time, too, that this should be so. It is because we Southern farmers are. as a class, uneducated that our fertilizer bills increase faster than our average crop production per acre, and that we throw out, year after year, thousands of acres of land which we have made too poor to pay for cropping any long er. If we do not want the next generation of farmers to continue to wear out the Boils of our Southland, we must give them what this gen eration did not have—practical education along the lines of farm work. To do this, however, we must convert the speeches and the editorials of the politicians, edu cators, and newspaper men into action. There Is going to be no notable progress along educational lines until the farmers of the South realize the need of the work and take hold of it themselves. There is going to be no progress worth mention ing in your community until you and your neigh bors get down to business, decide what needs to be done for your own boys and girls, and then proceed to do it. We are giving in this issue some advice from men and women distinguished aB educators as to the lines along which this new educational work should be directed, and what is more to the point, we are giving a few specific instances of what vw.uh.uiuuvd ui uiumuudi men ana women can accomplish. These are the features to which we would especially direct attention. It is well to be Bure you are right before going ahead, but no matter how Bure you are that you are facing in the right direction, you will never get anywhere until you put your own muscles into action. Up on the general proposition that the training of country children has in the past been sadly de ficient along the lines of work which they will naturally expect to follow, and has devoted too little time to the things with which they are direct ly concerned, and too much to matters which have very little connection with their lives, we are practically all agreed. As to Just what specific changes are necessary, and as to how the details of our new system are to be worked out, there is yet much to be learned—much, indeed, that can be learned only by actual experience. Having agreed upon the main proposition, that we must have more efficient schools, schools that train more directly for the practical work of life und that use the things with which the child is ac quainted, rather than thingH of which he haB never heard before, to develop the power of thought and the capacity for action—which are the ends of all education—and having agreed, too, that every boy and girl in all this Southland of ours must be given the best possible chance to secure such training as this, tlie thing that presses upon every one of us now is to get to work and see that in his own community these opportun ities are given and this new idea of education put into effect. Nor can we limit this work of education to the children or to those in school. Because a man has reached middle age, because a woman is busy in the home, is no reason why his or her intel lectual development should cease. The work of the colleges and universities, the best thought and the most advanced knowledge of scientists and in vestigators, are now being carried in most States —and must be in all—to every person who is willing to hear; and it is as much the privilege and the duty of the fanner and the farmer's wife to see that their own training for their life's work goes on as it is to provide for the education of their children. If every reader of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette will constitute himself a committee of one to work for the advancement of the public schools of his own community, and to insist upon the giving to every child of his acquaintance the best training which that child is capable of receiving, there will, within the next five years, be such an improvement in our public school system and In the whole rural life of the South as will excite the admiration and wonder of the entire nation; but until some such spirit as this takes possession of our hearts and puts us to work, however much educators, statesmen, and editors talk and write, our progress will be slow and the light of knowl edge will be denied to thousands of unfortunate children who must continue to walk in the dark ness of ignorance or in the twilight of that In efficiency which proper training would have pre vented. Mississippi School Text-Book Commis sion. THE SCHOOL Text-Book Commission of Mis sissippi has been in session during the past ten days and before this appears in print will probably hate completed Its work. There has been a great cry coming up from cer tain newspapers of the State that few changes should be made In the books now In use. This Is naturally encouraged by the publishers who al ready have adopted books. It also appeals to thn politicians, as they know anything that looks like economy Is a strong card with the masses of the people. There are lust two things which should con trol in such matters—the fitness and quality of the books, and the price, and we have no hesita tion In stating that the latter Is of minor impor tance. The child is devoting, say. a year of val uable time to a book, and a difference of live or ten cents Is a small matter compared with the difference between a suitable and nn unsuitable book. The argument of economy is one that ap peals to those who know nothing of the quality of books and is used by the politicians and pub lishers of cheap bookB and those who already have adoptions for much more than It Is worth A book thut Is not suitable is exceedingly ex pensive at any uric©. Morwunr uinm it%« books are largely worn out and are taken In ex change for half price when a new book la adopted, there Ir little added expense In making a change Indeed, If the new book la obtained even at a trifling reduction from the price paid for the old one, there In a financial saving by tho change dur ing the five yeara during which nn adoption runs The newspapers have generally insisted on a change in the arithmetics, and to a leas extent a change of physiologies. There may be good ground for the chnnges. but It la scarcely poaal ble that there la any greater cause for change In these than In the geography, for Instance. The one In use In antiquated, unnatural and unteach sble to a degree which should cause a change. There la an opportunity for the School Book Commission to put Into effect the oft-declaimed nnd truthful contentloa of its chairman, Superin tendent Powers, that the public school work should be made more practical and brought Into f lover touch with the work and home life of the l uplls. In fact, there has been much tnlk In re cent years about fitting the rural school work to the life, work and understanding of tho pupils nnd the action of the Mississippi Text-Book Com mission will go far towards disclosing whether this talk, so far as this shall be concerned, Is the expression of a real sentiment, or Is for political or some other effect. I^t us hopo for the good of the future gener• at ion of Mississippi men nnd women that the Text-Book Commission will do Its work carefully and well, uninfluenced by considerations of tho lo cality from which the publishers and authors may come. There Is but one matter worthy of serious consideration, the book that will do the beet for the school children of the State.