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How to Grow Live Stock in the South
THE BREEDS OF SWINE. Something of the History of Our Leading Breeds—Where They Originated and How They Are Distributed—Chester Whites and Yorkshires. HE CHESTER WHITE is the oldest of the American breeds, but white hogs have never been popular in the South and only in the Northeastern States have the Chester Whites become at all numerous com pared with some of the black breeds. Through extensive advertising and the merits of the hogs, a family or branch of the Chester White breed, known as the Ohio Improved Chester, or popularly, O. I. C., has been scattered over the South in con siderable numbers notwithstanding the general prejudice against a white hog. The Chester White was originally a hog of great size, but the tendency of the breeders for some time has been to a neater and more compact type. As a result the size has de creased, but the breed is yet one of the largest. In color the Chester White is, as the name indicates, white, but blue spots on the skin and occasional black specks do not constitute an pvidpnrp nf imnnro hraoHinir Fvonnt in color, they resemble quite closely the Duroc-Jersey. Probably they are, as a breed, a little larger and possess a little greater length of body than the Duroc-Jersey. The Chester Whites being a little larger than the Poland China, and possibly also larger than the Berkshire, they do not mature quite so early and are not so smooth, neat and compact as either of these breeds. The quality of the meat is good, but the carcass probably contains more fat than that of the Berkshires and the bacon breeds, and possibly the per cent of dressed carcass to live weight is a little less than that of the Poland Chinas or Bershires. The crossing and breeding qualities of the Chester White are unsurpass ed. The w'hite color is strongly fixed and half-bred pigs, either from a pure-bred sire or dam with the other parent of any other breed, are pret ty generally white, or show a large predominance of white. The sows produce large litters, suckle well and make good mothers. Like the Poland Chinas and Duroc Jerseys, the other prominent Ameri can breeds, the Chester Whites have drooping ears. Most other breeds 7 have erect ears, especially the im ported breeds. Yorkshire*.— There are several other white breeds of swine, such as he Yorkshire, Large and Small, Cheshire, Victoria and Suffolk (American); but of these the Large Yorkshire is the most prominent and popular. We doubt if there is a bet ter breed of hogs of any kind or < olor, but they have never become numerous compared with the black breeds. In Canada, where hogs of the bacon type command a higher price on the markets than hogB of the “lard” type, the Yorkshire is one of the most popular breeds. The Yorkshire is a hog of large size, with great length and depth of body, but compared with the lard type breeds possesses less width and is somewhat longer of leg and neck. The face is well dished and the ears erect, or inclining forward; but to the person accustomed to the neat, smooth and compact form of the Po land China. Berkshire or Essex, the ^ orkshire may present a suggestion of coarseness. A friendly writer on this breed sa:«: “To eyes which have been wzssaammmmm*———-hhh trained to look upon the broad-back ed, square, plump, blocky breeds as ideal in form, the Improved York shires will at first be disappointing, but careful study brings out the long, deep sides, well developed hams,, strong legs and general appearance of vigor. And the respect of the owner is increased daily by the fer tility of the sows, their excellent motherly qualities and habits, their quiet and manageable dispositions, and the manner in which the pigs re spond to feed and care.” But for their white color this breed should admirably suit the de mand of the South for a good “rus tler” and a hog that will supply a high quality of meat for home con sumption. They do not mature as early as some of the smaller and more com pact types, but they make rapid growth and produce a choice quality of mqat when at a weight of from 175 to 225 pounds. Their grazing quituiies are goon, oui n mey are to make rapid gains or grow to a large size, they must have an abundance of the right sort of feed. They produce large litters and suckle them well. LETTER HORS FOR EASTERN TEXAS. Fort Worth Stock Yards Planning to Change the Land of Razor-Racks Into a Country of Improved Swine. Messrs. Editors: As a reader of your valuable paper it seems to me that you would be interested in learning of a recent move in Texas by which the packing interests of the State hope to greatly increase the number of hogs raised for market. The Fort Worth Stock Yards Com pany, which has heretofore relied largely upon Oklahoma for its sup ply of hogs, foresees a change in con ditions due to the erection of park ing houses at Oklahoma City, and it is taking strenuous steps to avert loss of trade by an endeavor to Inter est the farmers of eastern Texas in raising hogs for market. East Texas has been the old home of the “razor back” for many years during which time but very few cars of hogs have ever been shipped out. rtiLtM a morougn investigation, however, the packing interests have decided that.this timbered section of the State is really the ideal location for the raising of tine hogs, because of the abundance of rainfall and the large number of forage crops that can be cheaply grown. Accordingly, they have just com pleted establishing three demonstra tion farms, located at San Augustine, Nacogdoches and Athens, each of which is being stocked with herds of registered Du roc-Jersey, Poland China and Berkshire hogs, secured from the best breeders in the South west, and for which some fancy prices have been paid. Ten gilts and a boar of each breed comprise the stock for each demonstration farm. The use of this stock is given for a period of two years to the demonstra tors free of charge, they receiving their returns from sale of the in crease. An important feature of the propo sition, however, and one that shows the earnestnes of the promoters is the stipulation that any farmer shall have the privilege of breeding his own stock to the pure-bred males without any expense to him. This is done so that a gradual betterment of the stock of the country will be se cured whether the farmer buys any of the new breeds or not. Another feature which should prove of general interest throughout the South is the determination, if such be possible, as to which breed is the best adapted to Southern con ditions. All will he handled together and alike and if there should be any marked superiority it may be deter mined. It is expected that this movement will accomplish a great deal for the heretofore neglected east Texas. Oth er forces are at work also improving conditions in this part of the State, notably the co-operative demonstra tion work of Dr. Knapp and his corps of assistants, and at no far distant date the cheap lands and splendid op portunities now available will have passed away as they are so rapidly doing tn other sections. D. S. HARRISON. San Augustine, Texas. Crimson Clover Hay. Crimson clover hay, from plants allowed to ripen, is thought by some to be dangerous to feed to horses It may some times cause trouble so called hair balls forming in the In testines but the same sort of trouble occasionally occurs from other plants. Possibly this trouble occurs more frequently from feeding crimson clover hay, but this is by no means proven We would feed the bay, preferably to cattle, but half the hay ration of a horse may be made up of this hay. Probably a driving I horse should never be fed any legume hay, but a part of the ration made* up of crimson clover will probably prove satisfactory No man can afford to keep live stock that will pay less for bis feed j than that paid by the live stock of his neighbor. No man will sell his cotton to a buyer that pay* less than the market price, but thousands are feeding animals that pay 50 per cent less for the feed they consume than would better animals receiving bet ter care. Don't put the sheep on wet, marshy lands, unless you want all sorts of trouble. Puro Prod pound china Mi run; DIBU HAMPSHIRE PIGS POR SALE GEORGE GUNN..StarfcvllW. Mia# BERKSMiRCt of the rhoireat "train* in Arnett*. with tha Indl vidualltlr* that count Intheah w tiny Heart Id enough for aervice. Ply* of both aexea read) to ship. Sired hv m» 7f» Ih. Prarl Boar Charmer* Premier 9th 11W04. a rot of Ixad Prvmlar 2nd 9270K, a aoo of I xml Premier tip 01. end out of choice tow■ of the l>eet l.readtna. I am aore I cen plena# any one want'ny the beet My motto I* do unto other" aa I would have othrra do unto m«. L. D. ROBERTS. Rt j. Woodland. Mlaa. Will Sell or Exchange POR JERSEY CATTLE One McCormlcV Corn Binder. t’aed but I't K practically new. Write to : J. H. Mauldin, R. 2, Waynesboro, Mimt. GOOD LIVE STOCK FOR SALE 1 Registered Shorthorn Bull. 1 Rerlatered Shorthorn Bull. aged. 1 Pull Blood Jeraey Bull l Pir«t Claaa Satidle Horae, 6 yiara old f. Plrat Claaa Poland China Ply* 1 Pirat Claaa Milk Cow I>. A. Saunders, - Stark villr, Miss. REGISTERED HEREFORD RILIaS FOR SALE. 10 head high claaa. pure bred. registerel Hereford Bulla. Good onea. Can aparo. If wanted. 10 reel •tered heifera, not akin. Don’t write unleea you want good cattle. Come and see them. Safe from llcka. W. J. DAVIS, - Jarluton, Miss. BERKSHIRE PIGS Beady to ahlp, 4 oat standing bear plga from Maaon a Gem, the Sow that made »4, Of 0.(0 in :i reara. Cmo mate aowa to thorn- not related. Nona better than theae. WM. LEA, • Selinor, Tonn. Hampshire Pigs Three registered male Pigs, five months old. for sale. Orders booked for fell pigs. ! B. H. Shaifer, :: Port Gibson, Miss. Bargain Prices! ! ( heviot Sheep and Angora Goats and Backs for herd headers. Pairs and trios at bargain prim Berkshire Pip, I • s pood as grow. CLOVERDALE STOCK FARM. H. C Davidson. Prop., - Obion. Tennnuu-e POLAND CHINA PIGS from prise-winning re guttered stork. S10.00. J. L. HERRING. - - Courtland. Mlaa. PRIZE WINNING POUND CHINAS If you are going to boy bogs boy good bogs, they are the cheapest. My herd won nine ribbons at the Oklahoma State Fair 1908. AIWW Fane* Bears Per sale. Write today. j. n. SPARKS, . Hunter, Okla. BLUE RIBBON BERK5HIRES Bred Gilts all sold. Have several handsome tit ters by three of the beet Herd Bears la America, out of RIO lb. eows and ep. Our 1W« winning* In cluded State Championship and at Shreveport. Ia . HtmUi Fair. 9 herdi, 6 itatni competirur. tTirpaf—j allothera. Our correspondence Is increasing enorm ou*ly. Inquirer* please send 2c stemp for reply FRIERSON ThOUJNGSWORTII. Shreveport. La.. or ('ouahatta. La Fair View Farm Berkshires Handed by Alabama Premier. SfflKJ nod Pair View Urn) Premier. UMMn l»iga needy to *bip hy .*T* •**•* bon** and out of emri of approved Mood Hvmn and food individuality at rvaaonabla price*. Writ* for price* and deecripUooa. Every 1 hlng guaren teed to be at represented. It. K. MATTOX, • - Vcmni*. MIm. NtoM CMu hp from prtte winner*, lit to fe1 each Four moa old M ribbon a won iar>9 on my Beni T. U. JON EH. Orrvtlie. Alabama. REGISTERED JERSEYS Sr}*^; J *■ )cara of age and frreh. or anything He* you want; especially, aomr nice hntta. HUGH CttlTZ. . SlmHkeill*. MU*. Tenneuee Jacks and Stallions r<>* HALM, »* J. T. GAHHKM. Gremmdm. MU* berkshires Of correct type ard faahtonable breeding •>» «o»d ao« of Maatert lec* n0- Wen MS 00 each Oft. Maategplec. Hoar farrowed Aug l5t»*. pnee ||«i On C),u and aowa bred lo Metier Duke |./cts or l.a Mat er 2nd. prlc* |£0 00 to llu. On. I nder 3 moa old pig* 130.00. FattefnrUoo guaranteed. Nash ( nilinit, M. I)., Delhi, IxtuiitiHnR. lor enle by Cl.KM MCA. Kkuhrr. Tana. The Kentucky Jack Farm U th. w h. Je«ale ham. far jack*. ••'■'■ him the Nr H m»tnm ’h Kentucky nn • , V W .'ll you . flr.t < la*. j,.-k .". ,., ■ R '•*' lK’r r,''‘< cheaper than a Jfl dealer or M„, „Ut„r an Writ. _ , . , J t" day fur price. on iarka. >rn net*, awl mnlaa. A lar*. lot to at Ur I from ■Itm. K. Wright, Junction <Mty. Kjr. BERKSHIRE MALE PIUS of April farrow. By Muter I*. j,Uj iiMrut A M«,U,meT- and .T.n<l*on L. H. ROBERTSON. Itou'e a. Hoonavtll* Mlaa WtXXKR PUPS f*. t*,r •7M*. Hitch... —It ,.! .tWL- ‘,71,1 a K«tL«,r Mitch 112.60; two mrii !','dt EX? Mu,1,uU' *10.00 «ach 08CARD I.EE. - . Vca.lmrr. Mia*. DUROCJERSEY PIGS. We have a number »*!_,. • i . __ , _ * or flne I>uroc- Jersey th?m SSLELT*’* l°T r*n fumlah lh«m registered or with pedigree M r r2^»UB«E KAKMIN<’. COMPANY. M. 0. Croaby, S.pt.M.coo. MUi. Red Poll Cattle Registered. Immune to and hffdfMr« . i a Vc* f Young bulls ulectwl ,A h*-”l of carefully an,l a«tb.l Add^JT" “* ^ ^ J. B. BR1DGK. Manager, or W. 8. TIJRNKR. Magownli Meadows Stork Farm, RFDl* * * * Crawford., Mlaa.