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□ LIVE STOCK AND DAIRY. □ HOW TO GET RID OF THE CATTLE TICK. I.—The Relations of the Tick to Southern Agriculture_The One Serious Obstacle* to the Raising of Cattle in Our Section. By Tait Butler. raw 11E largest problem to be solved I by the Southern farmer is that A of increasing soil fertility. Un til this problem is solved no great de gree of prosperity can come to the South. Whatever we obtain in the way of better schools, good roads and greater home comforts must be bought with tl»e products of the soil. To increase soil fertility, therefore, Is the first step in securing Increased prosperity. While live stock may not he absolutely essential to the eco nomical increase of soil fertility, there perhaps never wns a perma nently successful system of agricul ture maintained, anywhere, at any time, which did not include a large , measure of live stock husbandry. The growing of live stock is every where recognized as helpful to the upbuilding and maintenance of soil fertility, and among 'be animals kept on the farm none plays a more im portant part in this work than cat tle They are large consumers of coarse farm products, and the dairy cow Is the most economical animal producer of human food. It is. therefore, entirely correct to state that the rattle industry is close ly associated wi'h the most economi cal methods of increasing soil fertil ity. There are many reasons why Southern soils are not as productive as those of some other sections and there are manv causes why cattle growing is not a large industry with us, lint In considering these matters we can not Ignore the lack of cattle growing ns one of the causes of our unproductive soils; nor the fact that the presence of the cattle tick is one of the Important causes for the ab sence of a successful cattle husband ry. Later we shall discuss the direct losses caused to cattle growers by the cattle ticks, hut at present we merely wish to call attention to the great loss to Southern soil fertility and our agriculture In general, from the fact that cattle raising has been largely unsucces-ful because of tbe presence of the cattle ticks. The Tick Helps Make I'oor Soil. The effects of the cattle ticks have been far reaching. They have not only made cattle raising unprofitable, but have prevented the building up of a cattle Industry, which would have meant much to the South In the increased crops which our soils would have produced. The direct losses to the South from the pres ence of the cattle ticks are computed In tens of millions annually; but there is probably a greater loss suf fered from the Indirect effect which tills obstacle to successful cattle rais ing has had In depleting soil fertil ity and crop production. If the absence of a large cattle industry is responsible for even a small part of the difference between 30 bushels of corn per acre and the ir> bushel: we now grow; or for only n little of the difference between a hale of cotton per acre and the two fifths of a bale we are now produc ing, we may truly estimate the losses caused the South by the cattle ticks by hundreds of millions instead of by tens of millions of dollars annually. The presence of this parasite ol cattle, all over the lower South, since further hack than any one can ob tain definite knowledge, and the gen (This lx article N •. M In thU Buri««. U Grow LJve St-x-k in tb« South. ') aral experience of failure in attempts to eradicate such pests, when once introduced, may well.account for the past indifference of our people and for their reluctance to believe that its eradication is practicable; but modern methods and the extension af knowledge have brought about lew conditions. There are now no 'heap lands in this country except n the South. The large herds of 'attle on our Western natural pas lures have given place to general \ SOUTHERN' JERSEY. One of the Kind That Makes Money for the Owner. agriculture, and the call is for more i of the food products furnished by ' cattle. < The invasion of the South by an- l other parasitic pest, which threatens < the most profitable production of our i chief crop, cotton, has caused us to ‘ turn to a consideration of live stock i production, with an interest never ■ before approached. The cotton boll weevil will not prevent the growing i of cotton, but it will make diversifica tion of crops and increased soil fer tility a necessity to successful farm ing. There is but one general and serious obstacle to the growing of cattle in the South. This obstacle is the presence of the cattle ticks. The production of forage is so easy and our climatic conditions so favorable that cattle growing must appeal strongly to those who are considering any form of live stock husbandry; but the presence of the cattle tick is too great an obstacle to enable us to meet modern, intelligent competition, notwithstanding our many natural advantages. The Tick Must CJo. In view of all these facts it seems to the writer that nothing but stu pidity or ignorance can account for any man’s indifference to the present movement for the eradication of the cattle tick. We know that an in crease of the cattle industry is of great importance to the development of our agriculture and that the ticks are practically the only obstacle to the successful development of that industry. We know further that the eradication of the cattle tick is prac ticable; in fact, that it is compara tively easy when a few simple, well established facts regarding the habits of the ticks are taken advantage of. Why, then, will Southern farmers longer submit to the presence of ' these ticks? They are going to get rid of them; why not do it promptly and save the tremendous losses which they are causing the South every year? We know the South will free itself of this terrible burden on its cattle industry, and had it not been already proved that it is entirely practicable and profitable to eradi cate the ticks, we should still be con fident that the ticks will be eradi cated, merely from a consideration of two facts: (1) a knowledge of the great losses which they cause each year, and (2) the ease with which they can be eradicated from any par ticular farm. We can not and will not submit to these losses when we can prevent them at so slight a cost and with so little intelligent effort. The people of the South are wak ing up to the importance of this ques tion and with a view to aiding all our readers to a full knowledge of all the facts necessary to an intelligent understanding of the work, we are ;oing to run a series of articles in I'he Progressive Farmer and Gazette iiscussing the ways in which the icks cause losses to our cattle own *rs, the habits and life history'of the icks and the methods of eradicating hem. We advise our readers to •ead this series of articles and act m the facts given. If they do, we (now they will be surprised at both he ease with which they can free heir pastures of this terrible cattle >est and also at the benefits which hey will obtain. More Hogs anti Hotter Farming. Messrs. Editors: Your effort to encourage our Southern farmers to raise more live stock, especially hogs, is a commendable one. In all my experience as a breeder (which is only 40 years), the outlook for hog breeding has never been as good as at present. With the best of climate and other environments, it is pass ing strange that our Southern farm ers do not raise more hogs. We have always to fear over-production and low prices of cotton and these same cotton fields, or parts of them, can be turned into hog pastures and more profitable results secured with less than half the labor, with no pos sible doubt or fear of over-produc tion. Think of a shortage of 3, 000.000 hogs, and prices sky-high with no likelihood of lower prices for several years to come. With the least outlay of means tc start into the business and quickei results than from any other class o live stock, our farmers still persist ir raising cotton and buying meat. Ii this section of the country we do no always make corn but I find hog raising more profitable than an; other stock, with sheep a close sec ond. I sow rye, wheat and oats, am some times rape, for winter pasture 1 sorghum for spring and summer pasture. Keep hogs on pasture all the time except at farrowing time. Some times we have four to eight months drouth then our pastures get very short and play out. In other parts of Texas and the States your esteemed paper circu lates In, the people do not seem to recognize their great advantages for hog raising. They can produce all the grain crops for pasture, besides rape, peanuts, pumpkins, potatoes, i Bermuda grass and many other ■ crops, so we conclude there is no ex ’ cuse for farmers in your section not raising more hogs. This will greatly i Increase their profits, besides will en able them to have their children in - school, whereas in cotton production r they are kept out. More hogs—more - profit, more schooling, better homes. 1 WELTON WINN. ; Santa Anna, Texas. I Just Two Kind* tf I I Cream Separators I DE LAVAL 1 And The Others § I Simply stated, there are JUST ■ I TWO KINDS of Centrifugal fl I Cream Separators, the improved 9 F DE LAVAL of today and the B L dozen other “copies”,‘‘imitations”, 9 9 “substitutes”, “just-as-good” and B 9 “near” separators, some a little ft 9 cheaper made and more inferior B 9 than the others but all merely util- j| ji izing one or another of the expired if H DE LAVAL patents and cast-off 9 m types of construction of ten to K I twenty and thirty years ago. ft 9 If you want the BEST, that will ft 9 save its cost over any of the others ft I every year and last five or ten If 9 times as long, you can but choose I ■ the DE LAVAL. If for any reason ft 9 you want something different, ft ■ shut your eyes, buy the cheapest, ft ■ and get your own separator ex- ft ■ perience quickest. ft ft That’s really the whole Cream ft ft Separator story told in the fewest ft ■ words possible. B I The De Laval Separator Co. 1 ft te.-’.T BROAOWAY 17B-177 WILLIAM BT. ft ■ NEW YORK MONTREAL ■ S 42 E. MAOIBON BT. 14 A I. PRIRCEM BT. K ft CHICAGO WINNIPEG ft ft DKUMM A SACRAMENTO STB 101* WESTERN AY*. ■' m SAN FRANCISCO SEATTLE Ji EVERY FlY ■ It strikes when our gravity sprayer is used. Kwp* In sect pests off animals In pasture longer than any } Imitation. Used since 1885. Thousands ol dairymen dupli cate 10 to 50 gallons annually ■ after testing imitations. Abso _ lately harmless; cures all sores. 30 cents worth s&ves $10 worth ol milk and flesh on each cow during fly season. No Lice In Poultry House or any place It i» sprayed i If dealer offers substitute, send us his name ano||l tor 3 tube gravity Sprayer and enough SHOO-FLYtopr«eetZW cows Name express office. $1 returned If animal* not protected. Free book let. Special term* to agents. Nlino-Fly Mfg. Co., t 43 N.lOth 8t., Pbiln..