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The progressive farmer and southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1910-1920, July 02, 1910, Image 12

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065610/1910-07-02/ed-1/seq-12/

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“\\'e Xeed More Men of the Right Sort Here” to Help Us
liiiihl Up the South, He Declares—“The Time Has Come to
Invite to This Section the More Desirable Element of Americans
From the Northwest and Middle West"—“Precisely the Sort
of Reinforcements We Need.”
IN A LETTER written to Mr. Clarence Poe of The Progressive
Farmer and Gazette staff last week, and sent to our Raleigh office.
President Charles S. Barrett heartily endorses the movement for
getting immigration from the Western and Northwestern States into the
South. President Barrett recognizes the fact that, while some immi
gration plans have not been satisfactory, the thing to do is to get to
work on right plans and not abandon the efforts to build up the South
by giving it a larger population of industrious, thrifty, home-owning
white people which it so much needs. If a man has stomach ache, he
wants to get rid of the ache, not his stomach; so while we want to get
rid of anything that was bad in the movements for getting more people
in the South, we don’t want to get rid of the movement itself. The wrong
sort of immigration would hurt—the right sort will help. That is the
whole situation in a nutshell, and President Barrett is wise enough to
see it in its true light and wise enough, therefore, to lend his potent
voice to aid the movement for turning the tide of thrifty and enterpris
ing W’estern farmers into the South instead of into Canada. Speaking
not only out of a wide knowledge of the South’s needs and possibilities
but also from first-hand observation and travel among the Western
people themselves, President Barrett declares that these Western farm
ers are “precisely the sort of reinforcements we need for the army that is
building for to-morrow as well as for to-day in the Southern States."
His full letter, written from Union City, Ga., June 22. 1910, is as
My Dear Brother Poe:—Your let
ter ©f June 3rd would have been
answered sooner
but for my long
absence In the
Northwest, where
I had ample op
I portunlty to In
spect at first hand
the. conditions of
popu 1 a 11 o n of
which you speak.
president bakrett. „ farmers Of the
Southern Sta t e s
have had sueh costly, bitter and un
profitable experiences with immigra
tion of every nature that even at
this late day I hesitate to even ap
proach the matter. In many sections
of the South it is still a sore subject
with our people, and while I believe
the majority of intelligent and ob
serving Southern people recognize
the necessity for more builders of
our waste places, it is also certain
that w© must enter upon the task
with well understood restrictions.
With these reservations as a basis,
I wish to say that personally I thor
oughly agree with you that the time
has come to invite to this section the
more desirable element of Americans
from the Northwest, as well as from
the Middle Western section of the
United States.
In my day spent in Canada re
cently and in talking with men of
weight from there, I was wonder
fully impressed with the big per
centage of the best blood of this
country that is located in the Do
minion and that, as a rule, is mak
ng good there. I also found a feei
ng of unrest and dissatisfaction in
he Northwest, a feeling that I had
known for some time also In the
Middle West, and I believe It to be a
question of only a short while before
these people will be turning to the
Southern States.
And I know you will be of my
opinion when I say that these are
precisely the sort of reinforcements
we need for the army that is build
ing for to-morrow as well as for to
day in the Southern States. I have
been in virtually every State in the
Union, and I may now say with no
invidious comparisons that the South
offers a more inviting and versatile
field to Americans with capital, and
to Americans who simply seek to
become home-makers, than any simi
lar portion of America.
We have here every variety of
soil, every variety of climate, every
possibility to encourage diversified
and scientific agriculture, and almost
unlimited command of crude re
sources and facilities for communica
tion that every day are becoming
more ample.
This is not to mention the presence
of other institutions in the South
such as are furnished by schools
and churches and the other facilities
without which the best civilization
cannot be builded. The South has
these in encouraging proportion and
is increasing and improving them
each day. You will be in harmony
with me, too, when I claim that be
yond all portions of America the
Southern people have retained that
abiding sanity and racial purity and
simplicity that are everywhere recog
nized as characteristic of the all-con
quering Anglo-Saxon.
That touches the South’s equip
ment in only the roughest summary.
Speaking In larger terms of the
future, we have here the resources
and the means to make a commercial
and Industrial principality entirely
independent of the remainder of the
world, should that be necessary. In
manufacturing and in business. In
the professions and In public life, the
opportunities are merely opening. In
agriculture alone, not forgetting the
world-monopoly of cotton, the South
is nationally pre-eminent. Problems
we need not elaborate have operated
previous to this time to throw a sort
of Chinese wall around the South,
and, if I may be permitted to mix
metaphors considerably, to act as n
brake upon its growth and develop
ment in every direction.
These influences are now moved.
The South, potentially the richest
section of the nation, faces a future
that bewilders prophecy. We need
more men of the right sort here to
help us materialize that bigger day
that is even now on the horizon.
I think, then, we are Justified in
issuing a most cordial invitation to
those Americans who come to us cer
tified as to character, te earnestness
and to ability, by their precious
achievements in other portions of
what has now become a common
Yours very truly,
The place for the turning plow’ at
this season is under the shed rather
than in the corn field.
«^P*i Weiirht 16 Pound*. *ome
iMSBka «*ed5ye*r*. stfllfrood.
w rj(e forSpocia, ()ffer
" v V- Iatk Mf* C* ,
-***IV1 “ 103 Chunk*rt. Jt. if T. cily.
XII.—Kinds of Bees.
Before the modern system of rail
roads and a general exchange of pro
ducts between different countries,
each section had more or less devel
oped its own kind of live stock and
farm plants. It was the same with
bees. The climate and other local
conditions often produced a distinct
variety for each.
The oldest bees are the Egyptian.
From these probably were derived
the Syrians, the Cyprians, the Carni
olans, the Italians and others, devel
oped locally in countries bordering
on the Mediterranean Sea. Our first
bees in America came from a Ger
man, or North European stock, and
were the common black bees.
After the invention of the mov
able frame, which introduced modern
scientific bee keeping, the Italian
bee was imported as a supposed Im
provement and is now extensively
used in this country. Also the Ital
ians have largely mixed with the
blacks and produced what are com
monly called hybrids.
Our expert bee keepers and queen
raisers generally have Ttnllan bees,
but with the common bee keeper hy
brids prevail, and many farmers In
remote districts still have the old
black bees.
The Italians are a gentler bee
and not so Inclined to sting. Rome
keepers have thought them more In
dustrious, but the blacks really gath
er as much honey, and that is the
main object. The blacks won out
first as honey gatherers in the Pan
American Exposition at Buffalo. Ro
we should not advise the common
farmer to bother himself about Ital
ians though they are more Ideal with
the expert.
Many special claims for the Ital
ians have been made by those who
had queens to sell and perhaps with
some reason, but the difference In
practice does not now seem so great
as was once supposed. I do not my
self find hybrid bees ill-natured ex
cept in rare instances and If I had
pure blacks I think I should like
those also, though they are not so
handsome as the Italians nnd per
haps on the whole not so desirable.
As climate was a strong factor In
working out suitable adaptation, the
Italians are doubtless better adapted
to the mild climate of our Routhern
Sates. T. C. EARNS.
Powell Station, Tenn.
A I<*tc Corn Crop or n Lcgiimc Crop?
—How to Kill Rat*.
Messrs. Editors: Let every farmer
at once get all the manure on hand
on to stubble where wheat or oafs
grew. Prepare land well and plant
In corn, using acid phosphate In the
drill. Cultivate very shallow and
often, being careful not to Injure the
corn roots. I plant a prolific corn.
This crop may be planted a little
thicker than the main crop nnd will
mature Just before frost. Then It
Is usually dry and pleasant weather.
Cut and shock, putting about 200
stalks to shock, using hinder twine.
Let stand In field ten days to two
weeks till partly dry. Then haul in
and shock up outside and near
enough to feeding place that It may
bo carried In and fed as needed.
Three shocks In the field should be
put Into one when brought In. This
keeps It from drying out too much.
Don’t be afraid of Its spoiling. Ret
up cl%se, tie well at the top. and fod
der will stay nice and bright, stalks
will retain moisture a long time and
stock will eat a greater per cent of
this—stalks, fodder and all—than
any roughage grown on the farm.
If I had acres of barn space I
would not house it. There is no
feed rats like better. If put under
shelter they will eat it up. Shock
outside as above directed, not put
ting shocks too close together. Then
keep a few armfuls of this same corn
in the corner of the barn where rats
like to frequent. Bait with bits of
meat a half-dozen wire snap traps
and place about it, and keep them
there all winter. It requires almost
no time to look after the traps. The
traps that catch only require re-set
ting, just let the others alone, jf
they don’t catch this week, they may
next week. Hats are migratory, es
pecially those soon to bo mothers
and it is much easier to catch them
as they first begin to come.
I have repeatedly had nice feed in
the above way till late in spring and
not over 2 per cent rat damage and
none practically from weather.
Hollis. N. C.
Editorial Comment: No doubt this
corn will make excellent feed; but
there are very few piece* of land on
which. In our opinion, a crop of
small grain and a crop of corn should
be grown the same year Unless one
has very rich land or can cover It
heavily with manure. It will be bet
ter to put cowpeas or soy beans after
the grain crop The good farmer
first of all considers the future pro
ductiveness of his land.
Mr. Getty*’ plan for catching rats
Is certainly worth trying. Every
farmer should wage systematic war
fare against these pests. The dam
age they do Is not fully appreciated
ev«n by those who suffer most from
their ravage*
Alabama Hound-Up Institute*.
The eighth annual Round-up
Farmers’ Institute of Alabama, will
be held at Auburn. July 23rd to
30th. The attendance at this Insti
tute. or farmer*’ school, has steadily
Increased, and this year 900 farmer*
are expected. An Interesting and
valuable program has been prepared;
In addition to the regular lectures,
there will he Judging of live stock
and corn, and cash prices will he
awarded In these contests, not only
for tho best animals and the best
ears of corn, but also for the best
Judge*. Other prices will he given
for the best bread, the best butter,
and for the best papers by boy* on
'Torn Raising.’’ ’’Fertlllcera.*’ and
"Chicken Raising ” Mrs. W. N. Ilutt
and Mrs S V. Ilollowell will give
demonstrations lectures to the wo
men every day of the week. Round
trip rates on the rallronds, and hoard
for $1 per week. Go and take your
wife with you. For fuller Informa
tion, write to Dr. C. A. Cary. Au
burn. Ala.
When you know a tool will pare
labor nnd make money for you. It la
folly to do without It
. K"rln*. 1* horse compound. *rorv 15
hor«| compound. MOO; U home plain traction: 15
7°*** £“!? *,rw-tlon; in horme traction: 10 and 12
°" ,ro" 'rurk»: >0 bcwm. portable.
m .kW. 2n bora. portable, on Iran truck*: raao
Ime eniftnr.. all rim: now aaw mill. «1»>. boilers,
enalne*. pump*, he.term
<’«aey Roller Works. Hprlngfleld. Ohio
$50 TO $300 SAVED
Wo am matnitiquini. uUi incn.banu. pi t dealer*.
boUM'Mr* r»» •'*»
SWlofl00oumrHi*b Grade Jt.nd.rd t.aeoUu*
Eofioot lium 2 to 22-H »•-redirect to
lowar thin delicti or robber* but
■imiMr aui'uea lo carload luu fix Direst
strict aod quality apeak lof thrihirhca
•*M» *ou !<• t»r Ihe *..ir l-i.'g*
^il V'-ur i.I. irtfl i i v 4 M
* H.-p.onlysiii).so ; u ',:;;r
KO|Mlli1ION All
V«mi pVy ntf l« !t«f f■» *
•nj'ni >1, | « |i n i •
On* Miutll Ufnlit Srn<1
u>y U* BOOK f Htt
Win. Galloway. IVt
Wa, SbArwi; I s.
■ M.Allwway ftt
Halartw, Umm

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