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HOW IT WILL PAY TO IMPROVE THE RURAL SCHOOLS
The Greatest Need of the South To-day is Education—Some Ways in Which Our Public School Training is Lacking Some Things in Which the Patrons of the Schools Fail to I)o Their Duty. Tait Butler. GREAT CHANGE has com* over the opinions of men re garding the necessity for mind training and knowledge for the man on the farm, but there are yet too many—many more than is best for the progress of the country—who still regard with more or less contempt the accurate and specific facts devel oped by the scientists. The spirit which is exhibited in a contempt for scientific knowledge in agriculture is Indifferent to education in all things. The greatest hindrance to a more rapid development of the South to day is a lack of knowledge of eco nomic and industrial subjects, and the greatest obstacle to obtaining this necessary knowledge is an all too common indifference to education generally. To state that the great need of Southern agriculture to-day la edu cation, is no unkind or unjust crit icism, but a statement of plain facts. And if the truth must be told, not aiouo ugncimunu education, but also general education, mind train ing of the masses who cultivate the sail. That we have made good progress in the last decade, none will deny, but that does not remove the necessity for doing much more in the next decade. So long as the public rural school term is only four or five months. In stead of at least eight or nine, It Is not worth while to look further for the greatest need of the South as re gards her future development. We repeat that the greatest need of Southern agriculture Is education, and by this we do not mean educa tion In the science and practice of agriculture alone, but that educa tion which creates a desire for knowledge for the purpose of using It in living a better life—that edu cation which trains the mind to think and creates higher ideals and desires. The Shameful Neglect of Our School Houses. I am inclined 10 place mucn im portance on some things which teach ers and school patrons seem, in many cases, to consider of little moment. A child reared in a home devoid of comforts and where cleanliness and modern sanitation have little exem pliAcatlon must receive the desire and ambition for better things from some other source, and even the knowledge of the existence of better conditions, as well aB how to obtain them, must come from outside In fluences. Where Is the place out side the home best fitted for show ing the valae of these better things to the child? Naturally the school and the school house may be looked to as the starting point for generat ing a desire and building up a knowledge of a brighter, cleaner and better life. We are no wise Inclined to quar rel with any one about the school houses of the South. They are not what we would like, and in some cases better might be reasonably ex pected, but better school houses are being provided probably as fast as we can afford. A much more im portant matter It seems to me Is the manner in which the school houses we already have are kept. Even an old building, however plain or rough it may be, may be kept clean and comfortable at a small expense. In going over the country during the vacation time of the schools, attend ing farmers’ institutes, we have been shocked by the condition in which the school houses are left at the close of the school year. In many cases the filth and litter present in dicate plainly that they were not tidy or clean in recent years, and broken windows and open doors Bhow a carelessness about their condition in keeping with the filth with which they abound. All are not of this type, but they are shockingly and disgracefully common. This condition of the school houses not only shows them unfit to serve as a means of creating higher Ideals in those children who come from unsanitary and uncomfortable homes, but it shows an indifference and disrespect for those things for which the school should always stand. We Must Strive for a Better Home Life. It Is doubtful if better crops and a better agriculture will come except as a result of a desire for a better home life. Man is largely a selfish animal, and until he has a desire for more and greater home comforts he will not strive effectively for better crops. The common rural school is the present hope of the South and in io* creasing its efficiency and adding to the length of the school term we are building up the greatest power for uplifting the masses and making our land truly prosperous. It is true that better schools, good roads, comfortable, sanitary homes and all the other things which go to make up a happy and prosperous rural life can never be procured and maintain ed until the average earnings of the men doing the work on the farms are increased, but a strong desire for these things and the knowledge of how to obtain them must origi nate in the rural school. It is true that no profound knowledge of ag riculture will ever be taught in the common rural school, but an intro duction to this knowledge and the awakening of a desire for it must start in the home or in the rural school. It will not be given In a large number of homes because too many parents do not themselves pos sess it, and In such cases the rural school Is the only hope. When we so re-arrange and re-construct our rural school text-books so as to give the pupils a little better Insight into their daily work and the value of a better home life, we shall have taken the first step. This first step, like nearly all oth er first steps, seems hard for the school teachers to take; but after a few more years of “talk” we shall act, and when the child in the rural school is shown a few new and in teresting facts about the things he has been familiar with all his life, his Interest will be aroused. Noth ing will more quickly attract the at tention of a child or more firmly hold it than to be shown that there are interesting facts, which he had never heard of, connected with the very things by which he has been surrounded all his life. When our school books are based on the sub jects surrounding and entering into the life of the rural child, instead of on commerce and other things fa miliar only to the city people, then we shall have made at least one ra tional step towards the improvement of our rural schools. Will any one tell us why arithme tic, for instance, cannot be taught as , wel1 with a problem requiring the pupil to ascertain the number of pounds of nitrogen in a ton of fer tilizer which contains 4 per cent of nitrogen, as with the sort of prob lem used which, for instance, re quires the pupil to find the interest on $2,000 at 4 per cent for one year? THE MARKETS. NEW ORLEANS OOTTON. Quotations based on ootton sold on spo terms, LOW nrrtln»iT--- 11 7-l| Ordinary.._. yt Good ordinary. 18 ll li LswmiMiiat.—. a % Middling.... . 14 7^ Good middling....... 15 y. Middling fair__ is 9-u Mr. IS 5-» MEMPHIS OOTTON. Good ordinary_18 y. Low middling-u * Middling .. Tj. GOOd twiddling 15 ^ GRAIN, FEEDSTUFPS, ETC. _oCORN IN BULK Per Bushel—No. 8 white 7*^: No. 8 mixed 67Ho.; No. 8 yellow 68Ho. BRAN—Per Owt.-6l.14. OATS—Per Bushel—No. 8 white. 46o.; No. I mixed. 43c. HAY—Per Ton. In Bales—No. 8 $19.50. No. i 181.50; ohoioe, 888.60. CORN MEAL, bbl.-83.45 to 88.50. FLOUR, hard wheat. Kansas patent—85.25 to 16.50. MISSISSIPPI, LOUISIANA, AND ALABAMA LIVE STOCK. BEEVES— Choloe--- 4 to 5 Fair to Rood-8Vi to 3H Oxen—Fat.. 8 to 4H Oxen—Common to fair_—. 1H to SH COWS AND HEIFERS— Choloe... 8Vi to 4 Fair to Rood. tVi to 3 Old poor oowa. per head__ 88 00 to 11.00 BULLS AND STAGS— Bulla-SH to 3Y4 -... 8% to 3H YEARLINGS— Choloe. 880 to 500 lbe. per lb.._SH to 4V4 Choice. 850 to 350 pounds__ 3Vi to 4H Common, to fair. 3 to SH CALVES— Choloe. 800 to 800 lbs., per lb_ 4 to 5H Fair to Rood, per head.15 00 to 8*00 MILK COWS— Choloe- --185 00 to 50.00 Fair to Rood -.. 16 00 to 85 00 SPRINGERS— Choloe.....-885.00 to 35.0C Common to fair..15.00 to 88 a. HOGS— Corn fed. per lb_____ 8 to 8H Corn fed pIrs. 86 to 185 lbs., per lb. 8 to 8H Maat fed. per lb... 8H to 7* SHEEP1— Good fat aheep. per lb... 4 to 5H Common to fair, per head.81.00 to 8.00 RICE. CLEAN—PER POUND. Honduras. IKioNi straight*. t to 2% screenings. . 1% to >H No. S. actual sales at.. \% to 4k Japan, head... | to SH straight*. 1% to BV4 screenings. . 1H to 1% No. A actual sales at. JV4 to »% ROUGH. Honduras (bbl. lttl lbs.)...$ 1.7s to 13 M actual sales at.to Japan....... l.« to AM actual sales at.to Rice bran, according to analysis.. 18 00 to SO.00 Rloe polish, per ton from mills... M OO to 17.00 NEW YORK PRODUCE. Southern white potatoes. No. 1, per bbl., $firstname.lastname@example.org; red, $1.25® 1.50; No. 2, 75c.@$l; old stock in bulk, per 180 lbs., $email@example.com. Sweets, 50c. @ $1. Onions, $firstname.lastname@example.org per crate for Texas yellow or white; Eastern Shore, $1.25 @1.75. Cab bage, 25@65c. per crate; near-by, per 100, $3 @3.50. Green asparagus, 50c@$2.50 per dozen bunches; white 75c@$1.75. Beets, $1@2 per 100 bunches. Carrots, $1@2 per 100 bunches; old, $2 @2.75 per bbl. Cauliflower, $email@example.com per bbl. Cu cumbers, 35@75c. per basket for Fla. or Ga.; N. C., $1; Va., per bbl., $2.50 @3.25. Eggplant, $firstname.lastname@example.org per bbl. Green corn, $1@2 per crate. Lettuce, 50c. @$1 per bbl. Lima beans, $ 1 @ 3 per basket. Okra, $1.50 @3.50 per carrier. Peppers, $2 @3 per carrier for large. Parsley, $1 @ 2 per bbl. Peas, 50 @ 90c. per basket for large. String beans, 75c. @1.25 per basket Spinach, 30®60c. per bbl. Squash, 50c. @$1 per bbl. for white; 25c. more for yellow. Turnips, $1.25@2 per bbl. for ruta bagas. Tomatoes, Fla., fancy, per carrier, $email@example.com. Watercress, per . 100 bunches $firstname.lastname@example.org. Apples, $3 @6 per bbl. for choice 1 old stock; new, $1@2 per basket, i Pears, per bbl., $4 @6. Peaches, $1 @1.50 per carrier for Fla.; S. C., $email@example.com. Plums, $1.50@2 per car ! rier. Cherries, per qt, 5@10c; sour, 5 @ 7c. Currants, 9@12c. Strawber ries, 5@10c. Blackberries, 4@10c. Raspberries, per pint, red, 5@8c.; blackcaps, 3@7c. Huckleberries, 9 @ 12c per qt. Muskmelons, 75c.@ $1.25 per crate. Watermelons, $30 @50 per 100. Factory butter, 22@23%c; cream ery, 27% @28 %c. Eggs, 22 @ 23c. for fresh gathered Western; near-by, 28%c. 25 Selected Native iwes One to three years old. Many are grade Shrop shire* and Southdowns. These ewes dropped 40 lambs last February and March. Will sell them cheap to make room for a flock of registered Slmpshires. H. G. McHAFFEY, ROUTE 3, - - - RIENZI, - - MISSISSIPPI. GULF t SHIP ISLAND RAILROAD CO. GENERAL PASSENGER DEPARTMENT. PASSENGER SERVICE. Main Lin*—South Bound. . _ . Not6. Nat. Lt Jackson 690 a.m. 8:36 p. m. Lv Hattiesbarg 9:43 a. m. 70S p. m' Ar Gulfport 1240 p. m. 1040 p. m. Columbia Division—South Bound. . „ No. 10L No. 109. Lv. Mendenhall 740 a.m. Lv. Jackson 240 p.m. Ar. Gulfport 1:40 p.m. Ar. Columbia640p.m. Main Linu—North Bound. „ „ _ No.t Na«. Lv Gulfport 7:40 a. m. 446 p. m. Lv HatOsaburg 1040 a. m. 7:48 p. m. Ar Jackson 1-.66 p. m. 1140 n. m. Columbia Division—North Bound. .. No. 104 No. 110 Ar. Mendenhall 9:26 pjn. Ar. Jodkaon 10:16 a.m. Lv. Gulfport 8:46 p.m. Lt. Columbia 6:10 ajn. Connections at Gulfport, Lumberton, Columbia, Hattiesburg, Laurel and Jackson with all lines. For further Information, apply to J-L. HAWLEY, General Passenger Agent. Effective March 28,1910. Gulffobt, Mm«. Fnr Information as to Lands In The Nation’s Garden Spot That Great Fruit and Truck Growing Section Along the ATLANTIC COAST LINE RAILROAD in Virginia, North and South Carolina. Georgia. Alabama and Florida, write to WILBUB McOOY, Agricultural and Immigration Agent, Atlantic Coast Line, Jacksonville, Fla, mmmm ■ ■pr Farming Is Profitable In The Southeast There is no better occupation for the Average Man than Farm ing and no Section is Superior to the South for a Good Farmer. Farming is a Great Business and should be carried on by the Appli cation of the Best Business Princi ples. The Proper Location, the Study of Soils, Seed Selection, the Wise Choice and Rotation of Crops and Careful Cultivation will bring Assured Success. We are in position to Aid You in the Selection of the Proper Lo cation in Districts which Present Splendid Advantages and Oppor tunities. In writing tell us what You Want. M. V. RICHARDS, Land mad Industrial .Agent. Southern RaU mag. and Mehtle A Okie R. JL Washington, * - « • D. O.