HOW IT WILL PAY TO IMPROVE THE RURAL SCHOOLS
The Greatest Need of the South To-day is Education—Some
Ways in Which Our Public School Training is Lacking
Some Things in Which the Patrons of the Schools Fail to
I)o Their Duty.
GREAT CHANGE has com*
over the opinions of men re
garding the necessity for mind
training and knowledge for the man
on the farm, but there are yet too
many—many more than is best for
the progress of the country—who still
regard with more or less contempt
the accurate and specific facts devel
oped by the scientists. The spirit
which is exhibited in a contempt for
scientific knowledge in agriculture is
Indifferent to education in all things.
The greatest hindrance to a more
rapid development of the South to
day is a lack of knowledge of eco
nomic and industrial subjects, and
the greatest obstacle to obtaining
this necessary knowledge is an all
too common indifference to education
To state that the great need of
Southern agriculture to-day la edu
cation, is no unkind or unjust crit
icism, but a statement of plain facts.
And if the truth must be told, not
aiouo ugncimunu education, but
also general education, mind train
ing of the masses who cultivate the
sail. That we have made good
progress in the last decade, none will
deny, but that does not remove the
necessity for doing much more in the
So long as the public rural school
term is only four or five months. In
stead of at least eight or nine, It Is
not worth while to look further for
the greatest need of the South as re
gards her future development. We
repeat that the greatest need of
Southern agriculture Is education,
and by this we do not mean educa
tion In the science and practice of
agriculture alone, but that educa
tion which creates a desire for
knowledge for the purpose of using
It in living a better life—that edu
cation which trains the mind to
think and creates higher ideals and
The Shameful Neglect of Our School
I am inclined 10 place mucn im
portance on some things which teach
ers and school patrons seem, in many
cases, to consider of little moment.
A child reared in a home devoid of
comforts and where cleanliness and
modern sanitation have little exem
pliAcatlon must receive the desire
and ambition for better things from
some other source, and even the
knowledge of the existence of better
conditions, as well aB how to obtain
them, must come from outside In
fluences. Where Is the place out
side the home best fitted for show
ing the valae of these better things
to the child? Naturally the school
and the school house may be looked
to as the starting point for generat
ing a desire and building up a
knowledge of a brighter, cleaner and
We are no wise Inclined to quar
rel with any one about the school
houses of the South. They are not
what we would like, and in some
cases better might be reasonably ex
pected, but better school houses are
being provided probably as fast as
we can afford. A much more im
portant matter It seems to me Is the
manner in which the school houses
we already have are kept. Even an
old building, however plain or rough
it may be, may be kept clean and
comfortable at a small expense. In
going over the country during the
vacation time of the schools, attend
ing farmers’ institutes, we have been
shocked by the condition in which
the school houses are left at the
close of the school year. In many
cases the filth and litter present in
dicate plainly that they were not tidy
or clean in recent years, and broken
windows and open doors Bhow a
carelessness about their condition in
keeping with the filth with which
they abound. All are not of this
type, but they are shockingly and
This condition of the school
houses not only shows them unfit to
serve as a means of creating higher
Ideals in those children who come
from unsanitary and uncomfortable
homes, but it shows an indifference
and disrespect for those things for
which the school should always
We Must Strive for a Better Home
It Is doubtful if better crops and
a better agriculture will come except
as a result of a desire for a better
home life. Man is largely a selfish
animal, and until he has a desire for
more and greater home comforts he
will not strive effectively for better
The common rural school is the
present hope of the South and in io*
creasing its efficiency and adding to
the length of the school term we are
building up the greatest power for
uplifting the masses and making
our land truly prosperous. It is
true that better schools, good roads,
comfortable, sanitary homes and all
the other things which go to make
up a happy and prosperous rural life
can never be procured and maintain
ed until the average earnings of the
men doing the work on the farms
are increased, but a strong desire
for these things and the knowledge
of how to obtain them must origi
nate in the rural school. It is true
that no profound knowledge of ag
riculture will ever be taught in the
common rural school, but an intro
duction to this knowledge and the
awakening of a desire for it must
start in the home or in the rural
school. It will not be given In a
large number of homes because too
many parents do not themselves pos
sess it, and In such cases the rural
school Is the only hope. When we
so re-arrange and re-construct our
rural school text-books so as to give
the pupils a little better Insight into
their daily work and the value of a
better home life, we shall have taken
the first step.
This first step, like nearly all oth
er first steps, seems hard for the
school teachers to take; but after a
few more years of “talk” we shall
act, and when the child in the rural
school is shown a few new and in
teresting facts about the things he
has been familiar with all his life,
his Interest will be aroused. Noth
ing will more quickly attract the at
tention of a child or more firmly
hold it than to be shown that there
are interesting facts, which he had
never heard of, connected with the
very things by which he has been
surrounded all his life. When our
school books are based on the sub
jects surrounding and entering into
the life of the rural child, instead of
on commerce and other things fa
miliar only to the city people, then
we shall have made at least one ra
tional step towards the improvement
of our rural schools.
Will any one tell us why arithme
tic, for instance, cannot be taught as
, wel1 with a problem requiring the
pupil to ascertain the number of
pounds of nitrogen in a ton of fer
tilizer which contains 4 per cent of
nitrogen, as with the sort of prob
lem used which, for instance, re
quires the pupil to find the interest
on $2,000 at 4 per cent for one year?
NEW ORLEANS OOTTON.
Quotations based on ootton sold on spo
LOW nrrtln»iT--- 11 7-l|
Good ordinary. 18 ll li
LswmiMiiat.—. a %
Middling.... . 14 7^
Good middling....... 15 y.
Middling fair__ is 9-u
Mr. IS 5-»
Good ordinary_18 y.
Low middling-u *
Middling .. Tj.
GOOd twiddling 15 ^
GRAIN, FEEDSTUFPS, ETC.
_oCORN IN BULK Per Bushel—No. 8 white
7*^: No. 8 mixed 67Ho.; No. 8 yellow 68Ho.
OATS—Per Bushel—No. 8 white. 46o.; No. I
HAY—Per Ton. In Bales—No. 8 $19.50. No. i
181.50; ohoioe, 888.60.
CORN MEAL, bbl.-83.45 to 88.50.
FLOUR, hard wheat. Kansas patent—85.25 to
MISSISSIPPI, LOUISIANA, AND
ALABAMA LIVE STOCK.
Choloe--- 4 to 5
Fair to Rood-8Vi to 3H
Oxen—Fat.. 8 to 4H
Oxen—Common to fair_—. 1H to SH
COWS AND HEIFERS—
Choloe... 8Vi to 4
Fair to Rood. tVi to 3
Old poor oowa. per head__ 88 00 to 11.00
BULLS AND STAGS—
Bulla-SH to 3Y4
-... 8% to 3H
Choloe. 880 to 500 lbe. per lb.._SH to 4V4
Choice. 850 to 350 pounds__ 3Vi to 4H
Common, to fair. 3 to SH
Choloe. 800 to 800 lbs., per lb_ 4 to 5H
Fair to Rood, per head.15 00 to 8*00
Choloe- --185 00 to 50.00
Fair to Rood -.. 16 00 to 85 00
Choloe.....-885.00 to 35.0C
Common to fair..15.00 to 88 a.
Corn fed. per lb_____ 8 to 8H
Corn fed pIrs. 86 to 185 lbs., per lb. 8 to 8H
Maat fed. per lb... 8H to 7*
Good fat aheep. per lb... 4 to 5H
Common to fair, per head.81.00 to 8.00
straight*. t to 2%
screenings. . 1% to >H
No. S. actual sales at.. \% to 4k
Japan, head... | to SH
straight*. 1% to BV4
screenings. . 1H to 1%
No. A actual sales at. JV4 to »%
Honduras (bbl. lttl lbs.)...$ 1.7s to 13 M
actual sales at.to
Japan....... l.« to AM
actual sales at.to
Rice bran, according to analysis.. 18 00 to SO.00
Rloe polish, per ton from mills... M OO to 17.00
NEW YORK PRODUCE.
Southern white potatoes. No. 1,
per bbl., [email protected]; red, $1.25®
1.50; No. 2, [email protected]$l; old stock in
bulk, per 180 lbs., [email protected] Sweets,
50c. @ $1. Onions, [email protected] per
crate for Texas yellow or white;
Eastern Shore, $1.25 @1.75. Cab
bage, [email protected] per crate; near-by,
per 100, $3 @3.50. Green asparagus,
[email protected]$2.50 per dozen bunches; white
[email protected]$1.75. Beets, [email protected] per 100
bunches. Carrots, [email protected] per 100
bunches; old, $2 @2.75 per bbl.
Cauliflower, [email protected] per bbl. Cu
cumbers, [email protected] per basket for
Fla. or Ga.; N. C., $1; Va., per bbl.,
$2.50 @3.25. Eggplant, [email protected] per
bbl. Green corn, [email protected] per crate.
Lettuce, 50c. @$1 per bbl. Lima
beans, $ 1 @ 3 per basket. Okra,
$1.50 @3.50 per carrier. Peppers,
$2 @3 per carrier for large. Parsley,
$1 @ 2 per bbl. Peas, 50 @ 90c. per
basket for large. String beans, 75c.
@1.25 per basket Spinach, 30®60c.
per bbl. Squash, 50c. @$1 per bbl.
for white; 25c. more for yellow.
Turnips, [email protected] per bbl. for ruta
bagas. Tomatoes, Fla., fancy, per
carrier, [email protected] Watercress, per
. 100 bunches [email protected]
Apples, $3 @6 per bbl. for choice
1 old stock; new, [email protected] per basket,
i Pears, per bbl., $4 @6. Peaches, $1
@1.50 per carrier for Fla.; S. C.,
[email protected] Plums, [email protected] per car
! rier. Cherries, per qt, [email protected]; sour,
5 @ 7c. Currants, [email protected] Strawber
ries, [email protected] Blackberries, [email protected]
Raspberries, per pint, red, [email protected];
blackcaps, [email protected] Huckleberries, 9
@ 12c per qt. Muskmelons, [email protected]
$1.25 per crate. Watermelons, $30
@50 per 100.
Factory butter, [email protected]%c; cream
ery, 27% @28 %c.
Eggs, 22 @ 23c. for fresh gathered
Western; near-by, 28%c.
25 Selected Native iwes
One to three years old. Many are grade Shrop
shire* and Southdowns. These ewes dropped 40
lambs last February and March. Will sell them
cheap to make room for a flock of registered
H. G. McHAFFEY,
ROUTE 3, - - - RIENZI, - - MISSISSIPPI.
GULF t SHIP ISLAND RAILROAD CO.
GENERAL PASSENGER DEPARTMENT.
Main Lin*—South Bound.
. _ . Not6. Nat.
Lt Jackson 690 a.m. 8:36 p. m.
Lv Hattiesbarg 9:43 a. m. 70S p. m'
Ar Gulfport 1240 p. m. 1040 p. m.
Columbia Division—South Bound.
. „ No. 10L No. 109.
Lv. Mendenhall 740 a.m. Lv. Jackson 240 p.m.
Ar. Gulfport 1:40 p.m. Ar. Columbia640p.m.
Main Linu—North Bound.
„ „ _ No.t Na«.
Lv Gulfport 7:40 a. m. 446 p. m.
Lv HatOsaburg 1040 a. m. 7:48 p. m.
Ar Jackson 1-.66 p. m. 1140 n. m.
Columbia Division—North Bound.
.. No. 104 No. 110
Ar. Mendenhall 9:26 pjn. Ar. Jodkaon 10:16 a.m.
Lv. Gulfport 8:46 p.m. Lt. Columbia 6:10 ajn.
Connections at Gulfport, Lumberton, Columbia,
Hattiesburg, Laurel and Jackson with all lines.
For further Information, apply to
J-L. HAWLEY, General Passenger Agent.
Effective March 28,1910. Gulffobt, Mm«.
Fnr Information as to Lands In
The Nation’s Garden Spot
That Great Fruit and Truck Growing
Section Along the
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
in Virginia, North and South Carolina. Georgia.
Alabama and Florida, write to
Agricultural and Immigration Agent,
Atlantic Coast Line, Jacksonville, Fla,
mmmm ■ ■pr
Farming Is Profitable In
There is no better occupation
for the Average Man than Farm
ing and no Section is Superior to
the South for a Good Farmer.
Farming is a Great Business and
should be carried on by the Appli
cation of the Best Business Princi
ples. The Proper Location, the
Study of Soils, Seed Selection, the
Wise Choice and Rotation of Crops
and Careful Cultivation will bring
We are in position to Aid You
in the Selection of the Proper Lo
cation in Districts which Present
Splendid Advantages and Oppor
tunities. In writing tell us what
M. V. RICHARDS,
Land mad Industrial .Agent. Southern RaU
mag. and Mehtle A Okie R. JL
Washington, * - « • D. O.
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