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THE POULTRY YARD
HOW TO PRESERVE EGGS. The “Water-Glass ’’ Method Best—Fresh, Clean Funs Can Be Preserved at a Cost of One or Two Cents Per Bozen. By Uncle Jo THE ALL-ABSORBING question just at present is, “How shall 1 preserve all these summer eggs for winter use?” Well, there are several methods, such as packing the eggs in salt, oats, or bran, cov ering them with parafin, lard, but ter, or vaseline; and immersion in salt brine, salicy lic a c i d, water glass (soluble so dium silicate) or lime water. Of the above mentioned uncle jo. methods none have been so effective as the lime-wtaer or water-glass solutions, the latter being by far the best process. The water glass solution will keep eggs fresh for three years, though it rarely pays to do this. If they can be kept until mid-winter that should be sufficient. Water-glass is a pale yellow, odor less, syrupy liquid. Most druggists and country merchants keep it in stock, or will order it for you from their wholesaler. The price varies according to locality, the average be ing about $1.25 per gallon. For use, stir one part of water-glass, by meas ure, into nine parts of boiled water, either hot or cold, before using. Only absolutely fresh, clean, un washed, sound eggs with smooth, firm shells are suitable for preserv ing by this method. Infertile eggs are preferred, as they keep better than fertile eggs (though fertile eggs are most often used.) Any (dirty, stale, cracked or thin-shelled eggs should be discarded, as they are liable to spoil and affect the good eggs around them. Any eggs that float in the liquid should be removed, as floating indicates that the contents of the eggs are shrunken, leaving a large air cell. Such eggs are usually cracked, thin-shelled or stale. Any earthenware, glass, or wooden jar, tub or barrel may be used as a container, depending upon the num ber of eggs to be preserved. Metal vessels must not be used, as the solu tion will corrode them. It is essen tial to success that all vessels must be clean and sweet, because eggs are very susceptible to odors and taints of any nature. Scald the vessels with boiling water just before using, tak ing especial care with those made of wood. eux-gaiion stone jars are conven ient. They hold from 20 to 24 doz en eggs each. They are easily clean ed and if kept covered, prevent evap oration of the preservative. The eggs may be placed in the ves sels small end down, and the solu tion poured over them, or the ves sels may be filled about one-half full with the liquid and the eggs carefully placed in as gathered. The latler method is preferable, as it allows of packing the eggs just as soon as laid The liquid rises as the eggs are put in, but at least two inches of pre servative should he above the eggs at all times. Vessels containing eggs in preservatives should be kept in a cool, well ventilated place, such as a cellar, or even under the porch, and covered to prevent evaporation of the preservative. Three gallons of the water-glass mixture as described above will pre serve about 20 dozen eggs, depending upon the size of the eggs and the shape of the containing vessel. One gallon of the water-glass as purchas ed, will make enough preservative to preserve from 75 to 100 dozen eggs. The cost of preservation by the wa ter-glass method is 1 to 2 cents per dozen eggs. Not, however, taking into consideration the cost of the container. How .Mrs. Wright Makes Money on Her Hens. Messrs. Editors: In reply to ques tions as to my methods of handling chickens, I will first say, 1 love them —love the work of caring for them, apart from the expected profits. Lov ing them makes me acquainted with individual birds and I am thus able to give each one the special atten tion needed. There are five things to be consid ered in successful poultry raising stock, water, vermin, houses, feed. j. uiuva. nc duic yuu nave a strain of good layers. There is none better than Hose Comb Rhode Island Reds. 2. Keep fresh, clean water in either wood or porcelain vessels, put ting in a little bluestone when oc casion arises. 3. l’aint roosts with kerosene at least once a month. Whitewash sev eral times w iih hot lime and a little crude carbolic acid in it. 4. Have good dry sleeping quar ters, well ventilated, but no drafts blowing directly on birds; nice clean nests. 5. Feed with regularity and judg ment three times a day; if in yards, mash in morning, plenty of green stuff at noon, grain at night, with grit, cracked oyster shells and char coal. Meat occasionally, or some equivalent. If birds are on good free range very little feed is needed at this season of the year, as they can pro vide themselves with almost very thing. Haby chicks must be watched care fully, given plenty to eat and kept dry, and you will lose very few of them. I use a prepared food of cracked corn, wheat, seeds, etc. MRS. FRANK WRIGHT. Farm Training Needed. Only a short time ago a great creamery \sas built and the company wanted a young man who understood how to make a first-class quality of butter. They were willing to pay such a man $125 per month and ad vance his salary as the business in creased. They wrote to the presi dent of one of our great Stale agri cultural colloges, stating what they wanted. 1 saw the letter the presi dent wrote In answer. He said: "I have looked over all my men care fully, and I am sorry to say that I do not have one that I feel war ranted in recommending to you to fill the place.” Rut he went on to say that If they had written him for lawyers, doctors or preachers, ho 'ould have sent them a carload on an hour's notice. Now thlB was cast ing no reflection upon the profes sions, for they are all needful, and we must have young men trained for filling these positions, but the point is that Borne of these professions may be over-supplied, while our ag ricultural possibilities are yet in their infancy, and are Just beginning to be developed.—F. S. White, in Farm Magazine. Don’t Over-Dress the llnhy. (Continued from page 4»*7.) linens. A tiny scrap of the leftover linen would have furnished material for the daintiest of baby bonnets. The machine tucks would have given place to dainty hemstitching or feather stitching, with the result that we should have seen a happy, wholesome baby in the daintiest, most exquisite of outfits. Plainness, purity, softness of texture rather than elaborate ornamentation must be tbe main consideration for infants’ clothes. MRS. STEVENS. Ot It I DLY HOME. What to Do for It and What It M ill Oust—No. 4. Just a word about the walks and drives of the newly laid-off front yard. They should be direct if the grounds are of limited area, and 1 take it that we have laid off only enough space for a lawn that we can care for well and easily. If the con tour of the surface justifies it, then the walks or drives mav lie curved but anything that tends to make the traveller turn front a direct course is likely to be bad. In more extensive areas where the grouping of the trees and shrubs becomes an im portant factor, curved walks and drives are most pleasing and ef fective. Then the weather-beaten exterior of the house should come in for at tention. There is a so-called barn and fence paint that comes in red. dark brown, brownish yellow and slate that sells for 0 4c. per gallon, one gallon covering 200 square feet with two coats. A dark slate ex terior with white trimmings, the house well placed amid the shrub bery we are to have, will be very in viting. A better type of paint will cost about $1.3r» per gallon, which will cover 300 square feet with two coats. This better quality may be had In a number of shades There is nothing more beautiful than the white farm house with the green trimmings well placed surrounded by the beautiful green foliage There fore a good coat of whitewash upon the house and out-buildings would make the old place new again Man> farm homes have never had a coat of paint, but a neat, clean, attractive appearance Is maintained by the use of whitewash frequently applied M HS STKVKN8 How tin* Telephone Helps the Farmer. Messrs. Editors: In the rapid progress that is being made in im proving country life, | candidly t.e lieve that the 'phone Is of tlrst 1 m portance. Isolation lias always handicapped tin* farmer. Prices might go up ||. heard of It days afterward, when- it was too late. Prices might go down, he never knew it until he had haul ed liis produce to market. All that Is changed now We sell or buy before we leave home. In a community united by 'phones tin* farmers act together. Tills is our experience. And what shall we say of the pleasure and profit that come to the members of the family? italny days are no longer glomy days The young people have companionship As a matter of protection the 'photo* cannot he* overestimated. The doctor can hi* call* I in a mo ment. If the necessity arises, as ('stance can he summoned at once. It is said tramps do not stop at country houses that have 'phones. I wish to see our entire country covered with a network of wires, lo - calise 1 want to see our farmers pros pering and 1 believe the 'photo* an absolute necessity. C. H. CAUPKNTEU. ■■■MMneM' 'MM... .. dMS. fc..« — Gertasco Ready Roofing This rroM*serti«»n shows v. hy it lasts. ! •< 1 t *V« V.rhsfc v • ■ - •• i i-i, mmmaKa*3* itmt'rwi > m * A*k any widrawakr deal-r ('»r (‘•rn.isro \n,i 1 ’ *.• .. & I 1 <•• k (nr tb< tra-li . :k :md n - .( nil ( , l:ri^‘ uinr \\ ;itc (or I iikmI )<.«>( ('mule Hook and samples oa THE TARRER \<IM!\!T PAVING COMPANY .< *»„t ■«. t»r*rW rim \ del* Til a" S'rn York 'in f in > Chicago Dairy and Poultry Business -FOR SALE First class. well celaldisbed Dairy ami Poul> try Business. located In city limits Winona, M:m*»i»sippi Four acres land, pasture, ail room dwelling house, outhouse*. Irarn poultry house, etc. eisht Jersey cows and heifers, horse and buggy. (Ino rhtekens. Business now paying fine Income Parties have best reasons for wanting to sell Price l32!kl.OO cash. Address Cecil L Simpson, Dallas, Texas, OR Miss Martha Atkins, Winona, Miss BARRED F.ggs ir. sessun^^fev^uso^l [)nru^ ! ■ ell On* tine i-edi.-recd *• ” V/ male Cottle, to months, $H. | E. W TRAt'TM AN.Itux A. Dong Beach. Miss. W A NTFH Twenty I’ re Bred 1‘lvmonth TTi^rn i L.U 1>nd rock. •«el» State lowrat price. Wanted only lent •fork J K BARKSDALE..Hardy. Mia. 20 EGGS SI 00 To ,0,,I*lur» tnr Pure l*nd 4U LCOO #IUU .. i Brown t>r*horne IS tltaru t.ino>An« Km St SO t„«ud hatch. <utt:*f*ct>->n V .a rail ten.) 4 •«» llamr- f’lyreaa at a ha'tatn to miner atork quirk Write today. DIXIE POULTRY YAHDS. . l.e.*ht«». Ala. a bargain ThU year* breed m* |en of Rlvck Orpington* and ona |wi of 4 ban* and un* c «ck. White Miour C*a. Alao dome very choice Black Minorca Cockerel* All for quick aala LEWIS & HEMPHILL, KOSCIUSKO..MISSISSIPPI LOOK I Huy your Barred Rnrk and White Wyandotte hwr* from alnra that hare a ahow record tfp from my beat |cnt will hatch winner* Jacaaon. 1MH, I entered 4 hirda. w Inn In* two Aral, one aercnd. one fourth. Jacaaon. 1 '• H. mleml IS; won If reyular and apecial nrtrew, and »ai paid more raah by the Aa aockation than any other MuteUeippi breeder *••«** from **Mbil»an matin** 13 <.»> pre IS. Util ity Wyan I'Xtea only ll U> i~mr IS. Satiafactioe ■ruarantenl. K. ll BIRI«nN<;. Terry. Mine KOSK CttMH KHftHK ISt.ASD MKDt Hrmt fa /xx|f. Urigh and fay «3> Heir® Hrna for (}Ulrk •ale. Kreah Icy*, f! f. IS; WOO per «t. K*u«fftrOon iru*n»titor«l. W rit® u«. J. D. MARSHALL. (lanryolawn, Copiah Co.. Mlaa. Light Brahma Eggs, $1.50 per 15 MBS J. A. !X>RD. - . - lirrmanvliu. Mlaa. BarrtB «r.d Biff PIpnMtfc Rock Slack* C**b Rim Itgfctri t||*. 11.40 for 14; |3 40 for 40. Old atock for mu« rheap. V. M. BREW EH. Cryalal Hprln**. Mlaa. SINGLE You ran get eggs now from A» — da,tan a ! Hampton Mad* at great" rnwp ly re«lu'«*l iir»««. I n lot* <>r 1 « fur V-V/lTl P tnrul>at»r ntr from no to $10.10, r» « Hy the n.-tling of I ■ gg» from |1 h> RHODE loth ’ Two excellent rurVrrrh for »ale at rcaonnalda price#. My ICI A p\ >*ew ratal.guc La free. t,eti.ne.lt IJLMIT given full information, nutting* and winning*. REDS K. K ANDERSON. “™"“_—“““ Clinton, Mia*l**ipl>l. QUAUTY FIRST. EGGS SECOND My 34 S. C. White leghorn* laid 1,702 egg* In Jan., r eh and March. Kgg. )1 60 ami $2 DO par 16. I>. T. SIMPSON, - Terry. Miss. Homer Pigeons Mated For Sale. Foundation *tock the boat. Improved by aelee tto>n. F iit broalitri of lurtft* s<juAui. K. N. ItKillAM, - Pontotoc, Mis*. Flora Poultry Farm 8. C. HModa /aland Hadm : Incubator Kgg* $6.00 per 100; ln< uluitor Chick* $0 00 per 60. I'J.OO per hatch of 76 to 116. !\gg» for I .alum-a of mmoii : Flr»t yard. 12.00 per 16. $3.60 per 30; aerorul yard. $1.26 per 16. $2.00 per 80. K. A. DOWNS. Flora. Mi**. I.et us teach honestly ami boldly that education In not only the best thiiiK in our civilization for which public money can he uBcd. hut that With the exception of Ignorance It is also the most expensive. I)r. Chits. D Moiver.