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$500 More a Year Farming: How to Get It
BY HELPING TO MAKE THE FARMERS' INSTITUTES MORE VALUABLE. Why Your Community Needs an Institute, and How to (Jo About (Jetting It—Don't Waste Time With “Oratory” and Valueless Generalities—The Institute Really a School. By T»it Butler. HOW CAN THE readers of The Progressive Farmer and Ga zette make the farmers’ in stitutes of greater value? Wc would like to know that there was no read er of this paper who did not believe in the value of the farmers’ insti tute, but we fear that some of them are still Indifferent to this means of carrying information to the men on the farms. The vast majority of our readers, however, believe in the power of applied knowledge, and believing in this power are interest ed in extending a knowledge of agri culture whenever and wherever pos sible. We have never been quite able to understand the greater influ ence. with the masses, of the agitator than that of the educator. For many, many years public speak ers have been telling the farmers of the South what they could do and what they ought to do. We have been told of our glorious history, of our superiority as a nation and as a people, and the charm of our climate and the fertility of our soil, and yet, the story seems still to possess all the charm of one heard for the first time. The Mission of the Institute is to Teach. Personally wo believe this sort of stuff lias no placo in the farmers’ institute. We believe in entertain ment and amusement. We believe even In professional orators and the politicians (some of them) but we believe the farmers’ institute should be made a school for teaching, and 1# I •• n .. H • . 1 ii If «• i li f ll ii %• ill! f* • a waa • „* w» * « »■ •• j ••• * ^ — -- can be devoted to such a school, the man who deals only in generalities and pleasing words has no place on the program. We are convinced from a rather extensive experience and observation that the orator and the politician should be carefully ex cluded from all farmers' institutes unless they can and will confine their efforts to the giving of agricultural instruction or the imparting of facts which will enable the farmer to make better crops and market them more profitably or to build a better home and get more out of life. We believe the need for flattery and en tertainment has been fully supplied It is not what to do that the people need to be told, but liow to do it. If this is what Is needed, then the farmers themselves should take up the farmers’ institutes and see that they are made of the most value possible. The Institute Should Belong to the Farmers. How can readers of The Progres sive Farmer and Gazette make the Institutes what they should be? First. Make a request for an insti tute signed by at least 100 farmers, who thereby pledge themselves to at tend and help In making the neces sary arrangements. This is a farm ers’ instlute and is not for the bene fit of those who are directing the institute work nor for the pleasure of those who are to do the teaching. If the farmers don’t want it. then no one wants it and no institute should be held. Surely there is some reader of this paper in every community who is sufficiently Interested in an institute to obtain the signatures of at least 100 farmers to a request for one. I his may not be necessary to obtain tbe institute, but it is neces sary to insure an attendance and sufficient interest to make certain that the local arrangements neces sary will be properly made. The man who signs such a request will take more interest, will talk up the institute, will help to arrange for a hall for holding the meeting and do those other things necessary to the success of an institute. Second. Let the State Director of Institutes know the sort of institute you want. If after the first Institute is held, it does not suit you, don’t go away and complain to your neigh bors; hut go to the Director of Insti-' tutes and tell him wherein the insti tute has failed to come up to your expectations. Third. See that a suitable place is provided for the meeting. Good teaching is not possible at out-door meetings. The institute is not a pic nic nor a “public speaking,” it is a school. Remember this and provide some building that will comfortably seat the audience. If a hall is secured or the school house is to be used, don’t wait to open up this building, sweep it out and provide seats until the teachers ' come and have to look up some one ] to tell them where the institute Is to i be held. It is not pleasant nor en- 1 couraging for the institute teachers to have to open up the house and sweep it out for before beginning the day’s work. \ By all means avoid picnics and out door meetings. More good will be 1 accomplished with 2 5 earnest people comfortably seated than with 200 standing and moving about in the open. Save the picnics for the politi cians and orators; the institute is a school for teaching or is worse than useless. Each family or individual should provide dinner, but the pub lic dinner or picnic is an abomina tion to the institute. The institute can not compete with a public din ner with a certain class of people, nor can the two be mixed. There never was any good reason for con founding a real farmers’ institute with a picnic or a public speaking, f it is not a school for serious work, t has no place among our institu ion9. nsist on an Institute for the Women Fourth. Insist on an institute, at he same time and place, for the women on the farms. The life of he farm women is too serious and mil of labor and troubles to ask hem to study field problems. They lave greater problems of their own which they alone will solve and for lalf the day at least they should be supplied with teachers capable of in structing them in the principles and 'acts on which household economics and practice are based. So far as we know only one State, North Caro lina, in our territory holds special institutes for women. It is time the women of the other States wake up and demand that their institute di rectors treat them fairly. They are entitled to theirs, and should arouse their tardy institute directors to a sense of their duty to the most im portant part of the farm, the farm home. Have a Local Institute Committee. Fifth. Before the above things are done there must be organization. What any one may do none are like ly to do. If the Farmers’ Union, or some other existing organization, does not take up this work, a farm ers’ institute local committee should bfe formed to do it. This is an age in which knowledge counts for more than anything else in all lines of work. There is but one cure for the present agricultural conditions and that is greater knowl edge. The farmers’ institutes are one of the tried and proved methods of spreading agricultural knowledge, and no patriotic citizen can afford to be indifferent to their success. If they have not been all that they should have been, go to work your self and make them better. To crit icise and tear down is mean work any one can do; but to direct ^nd build up an institution that will re sult in the growing of better crops and the making better lives is a work any one may feel proud of. Special efforts are being made to insure a creditable exhibition of Southern corn at the Ohio Valley Ex position in Cincinnati, August 29 September 2 4th. The fact that all the largest yields of corn have been made in the South, and that the work of the corn club boys has proved beyond all question that the South is “the real corn belt,” should encourage Southern farmers to let the world know about these things. Our advertisers are guaranteed. TEN THINGS TO DO IN JULY. I. Lay-by all crops in the right way—with level and shal low cultivation. The old ridging, root-cutting methods have cost the South millions of dollars. Don’t lay-by too soon, and he sure to plant |>eas between corn rows as far as practicable. -• Don't let your stubble lands loaf. Put them to growing cow peas or soy beans as quickly as possible now. :t. Haul up grain or thresh just as soon as it becomes dry enough. If straw is stacked outside, put it up so that it will k«*ep dry and sound. 4. It you have a permanent meadow, take care of the hay crop. Don’t cut too much at a time, and don't delay cutting until the seed have ripened and the stems become hard and dry. 5. Clean up the weed patches about the barn and feed lots and along the roadsides, ditches and terraces.. The mower, scythe and mattock will do their very best work along ’ this line these hot days. «. Look after the hogs. To thrive now they must have pure water, plenty of feed, clean quarters and shade. Filth to eat or to live in is a great promoter of cholera and other diseases. 7. Keep the garden going and eat less meat and more fruit and vegetables. Arrange to have fresh vegetables all through the fall und winter, as far as possible, and canned or pre served where fresh can not be had. H. See that there are screens to the doors and windows to keep out disease-carrying tlies, and at least one cool shaded place about the house where the housekeeper und children can go to rest. U. Take an occasional half-day’s or day’s outing and give your wife and children the same privilege. Eat a picnic din ner now and then and let the “women folks” get a rest from the hot work in the kitchen. That tireless cooker will be a godsend to your wife now. 10. After the crops are laid by, give your time to stirring up your neighbors about tilings that will help the neighborhood. <»et a Farmers’ Institute und an Institute for Farm Women; start some plan for better roads; get up a petition for rural mail delivery, and for farm demonstration work, if you haven’t them already; see if you can’t get a rural telephone system; if your school is |>oor, agitate local taxation or consolidation of districts, and see if you cannot get more good newspapers and farmers’ bulletins into the homes of your neighbors. COWPEA THRESHER for cow peas and soy beans from the vines. No broken grain. Also threshes oats, wheat, etc. linger l*eu & Iteun Threshing Co., Morristown, Teun. The Improved Red Ripper ■■■ ™Hay Press The RED RIPPER Is used and recommended by State and County Farms all over the South. It is the only baler on the market that regulates the weight of bales automatically. It is strong, fast and durable—easy to feed, and light on the horse—makes neat, heavy balsa, and Is cheap. Write us for prices and easy terms. SIKES HAY PRESS COMPANY, Box 84, OcUla, Ga.