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RALEIGH, N. C. STARKVTLLE, MISS. COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING ADVERTISING OR SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BE ADDRESSED TO EITHER OFFICE. ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFFICE AT RALEIGH, N. C., UNDER THE ACT OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 8, 1879. L/nder the Editorial and Business Management of TAIT BUTLER and CLARENCE POE. Prop. W. F. MASSEY.Associate Editor. E. E. MILLER,.Managing Editor. JOHN S. PEARSON.Secretary-Treasurer. Advertising Representatives: Fisher Special Agency. New York, Eastern field ; Albert H. Hopkins. Chicago, Western field. We Guarantee Our Advertisers. WE will positively make good the lose sustained by any subscriber n as a result of fraudulent misrepresentation made in our col umns on the part of any advertiser who proves to be a deliberate swindler. This does not mean that we will try to adjust trifling disputes between reliable business houses and their patrons, but in any case of actually fraudulent dealing, we will make good to the subscriber as we have just indicated. The condition of this guaran tee is that the claim for loss shall be reported to us within one month after the advertisement appears in our paper, and that the subscriber must say when writing each advertiser] I am writing you as an advertiser in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, which guarantees the reliability of ail advertising that it carries." Average Weekly Circulation for Six Months Ending March 31. 1010, was 00,621. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year. $1.80; six months. 66 cents; three months, 80 cents. Ts Indues mess subscriptions, erne mess subscriber and erne eld smkeeriber mag both get the paper erne pear for $1.60, Editorial Gleanings. MR. A. L. FRENCH is a man who is doing his full part in the re-making of the rural South. As a writer, an institute speaker, and a practical farmer Mr. French is a decided success. He is successful because he loves his work and believes in it, and because he brings to it a strong desire to learn, a superb energy, and a big fund of common sense. Thousands of Progressive Farmer and Gazette readers look for his writings each week, and they never fail to find in them something helpful. Be ginning next week he will write a series of articles on permanent pastures for the South, and we feel safe in saying that what he writes on this important subject will be worth thousands of dollars to the progressive farmers who will put his suggestions into practice. J* A former Mississippi writing to the Commer cial-Appeal from the West sums up his experiences in the following exhortation to the farmers of his H^native State: r“Stay where you are, realize that your op portunities lie around you. Work half as hard at home as you would have to work in any of the newer countries, be half as at tentive to detail, use the same thrift and economy that is made necessary by the higher cost of living in these places, and see your condition rapidly being bettered.” Good advice, too, and well worth heeding by farmers in every Southern State. The one great reason why farmers in the South are not as pros perous as those in any other section in that they have not given the same attention to their work_ have regarded it too often as a thing to be ashamed of instead of as a thing worthy of their best thought and most earnest efforts. Jt Right now is the time to find out what your candidates for the State Legislature really stand for. No man who is not an earnest student of public affairs, who is not in sympathy with the progressive movements of the time, and who has not a character above suspicion is a fit person to be intrusted with the making of the State’s laws; and until we learn to demand such qualifi cations of the men who aspire to this high honor —for so it should be regarded—we will continue to ha\ e legislators who are the mere puppets of bosses and political machines instead of being leaders in the great work of upbuilding the South and promoting the welfare of all the people. The Farmers’ Union of Arkansas is backing efforts to get immigration of the right sort, and the Farmers’ Union Sun of South Carolina is also Interested in the same movement for the Palmet to State. As Editor Reid wisely says in his last issue: “We need more white men in South Car olina. To get them it will not be necessary to go to European or Asiatic countries. There are numbers of people in the United States of the better sort that would, with sufficient induce ments, be glad to settle in the South. We be lieve they will ultimately come, but we want them right now.” J* A correspondent of the New York Outlook men tions the fact that In Carlton County, Ontario, in 1906, 49 per cent of the pupils in the ordinary schools passed the examinations for entrance to the county high schools, while, in the public schools where agriculture and school gardening received attention. 71 per cent of the pupils pass ed. This is an excellent illustration of how the enthusiasm which results from putting the pupils into touch with actual life helps them in every line of study. Jt Don't lay-by the crops In hot dry weather until they have quit growing. By this we do not mean that they should be cultivated as often as when young, but if a crust forms on the surface of the ground and the weather turns dry. shallow eulthation is needed as often as is necessary to break that crust until the crops are made. Lav ing-by should be determined by the conditions of the soil and crop and not by the date of the season. Jt In Iowa, the last cen us year, the expenditure for fertilizers was only fl per farm; in Illinois. $3, and Indiana, $7, while in Virginia the cost was $22; North Carolina, $20; South Carolina. $29; Georgia, $26; Alabama, $12; Mississippi. $4; Louisiana, $9; Arkansas. $1, and Tennessee. $4. The expenditure in all these States has in creased very much in the last ten years. J* Put a legume crop after the wheat or oats, if you possibly can; if you can’t, see to it that the ragweeds and crabgrass are mowed off before they go to seed. A Housekeepers Special OUR ISSUE of July 30 will be a "Housekeep ers’ Special.” We trust that the thousands of housekeepers who read The Progressive Farmer and Gazette will Join in with ub to make it not only a practical help, but an inspiration to every reader. There is no nobler work, no more dignified profession, no higher calling than that of the housekeeper and home-maker; nnd nothing is more needed to-day than is the redemption of housework from unnecessary drudgery and the bringing to the housekeeper’s aid of the advances made by modern science and invention. A more beautiful and satisfying homo life Is, af ter all, as is said elsewhere in this issue, the reul aim of most of our efforts. What we are is so largely determined by the kind of life we live in the home that nothing that will add to the home’s comfort and beauty or make its work more pleas ant and more efficient should be considered a little thing. b or this Special we hope to hear from every housekeeper who has an idea which she thinks may be helpful to some one else. Send in the let ters; make them short and to the point, and get them to us on time. Many readers, it seems, can not realize that matter should be In our hands ten days before the date of publication. Every special issue this year has brought in letters that came after the paper was made-up. Hence the sooner you get your article In. the better it will be. How Your Local Paper Helps You and How You Can Help It. WE BELIEVE every farmer should take at least ono, of his local or county papers, if he does not, he can scarcely expect to keep up with the happfjnings of his own neighborhood and the doings of his own acquaintances, and while we would not have any reader of ours limit his interest to the things that are going on im mediately around him, he is certainly not a well informed man if he is ignorant of these things. This, then, is one reason why you should sub scribe for, and pay for, and possibly write for and advertise in your local paper. Another reason Is that a good paper in any town or county Is R positive force in the upbuilding of that town or county. A good paper is one of the surest indi cations of, and the best advertisements for. a pro gressive community; and It is Impossible for any editor to make a good paper If he does not have the support of the people for whom the paper is made. The local paper may also be a source of direct financial benefit to you. To say nothing of what its advertising columns may be worth to you. either as buyer or seller, cases are always arising when it is a positive saving of time or money to know just what is being done by one's neighbors, or one's county officials, or the business men with It ll . L («4 rt ll A K .. .. A A J . A t W*_ A A A I A aw uvni. III it H" I J > II t »JI , A really live local newspaper will do more than anything else in keeping you In touch with your local mnrket. For these reasons, and many others that might l>e given, the local editor has a right to expect >‘°ur patronage and your co-operation. In return there are some things you have a right to expect of him. In the first place, you have a right to demand that he keep his paper clean—that he make It fit reading matter for your family. If more space Is devoted to scandals and murders and sensa tional fake stories than to the really Important happenings of the day. you not only have a right, hut It is your duty to protest. These things are not news, though many editors seem to think they are. and others publish them be causn they think that people want to read about them. ^ °u should give the more hearty support to your county paper If Its advertising columns arc clean—if It refuses to carry whiskey, patent med icine, nnd fraudulent Investment advertising. No farmer should subscribe for any paper of general circulation that carries such advertising, and be has a right to insist that his county paper shall not only refuse the more vicious of such adver tising, but completely purge Itself of all such as rapidly as Its support will permit. I hen you have a right to demand that your editor tell the news as It is. lie has a perfect right to present his views with all tho force he has in his editorial columns, but when ho presents anything as news he must have It Just as accurate JuhI as free from personal or partisan views as possible. 1 he editor who permits his personal or Dolitical foell II If M to rotor K I m e la guilty of an actual Immorality. A third right you have Ih to demand that your local paper give the most of Its attention to local happenings and local problems. It la the special business of the Rural County News to tell what Is happening In Rural County and to aid In this county s development and progress. Its views on the tariff or the Congo slavo question may be Interesting and valuable, but It can probably do more good by giving this space to helping have the back alleys of lturalvllle kept clean, or by interesting the farmers of Rural County la the institute that will be held for their benefit thlB summer. Insist, then, that your paper deal with the things of your community, that It give the local news and help solve local problems Hero again your help may ho required, and you should feel It your duty to let your paper know of any local event of Interest that comes under your notice, or to use It as a means of call ing attention to any movement that will make for the betterment of community life. A good local paper Ih one of the best assets a small town or a farming county can have. In Its work of education and entertainment It does good t" every one In Its territory. To be a good paper it must be, »b we have said, clean, accurate, wide awake, and In touch with the life of the communi ty. It Ik your duty to help make It so; first by giving it financial and moral support, and second, by insisting that it have high Ideals and live * them.