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“ What’s The News?”
What Congress Did. (^ONGRESS HAS adjourned, and while it has , to its credit a considerable number of lm _ Portant and useful bills, it must also be said that most of these measures have been crippled by vicious amendments made for the benefit of special interests. An exception to this statement is the adminis tration Railroad Bill which the insurgent mem bers of Congress succeeded in amending in the interest of the people instead of in the interest of the railroad corporations. While the excellent principle of the postal sav ings bank has been established. Wall Street inter ests succeeded in manipulating the measure great ly to their own advantage. Statehood for Arizona and New Mexico is an other achievement for which Congress and the administration claim credit, but which is really to (heir discredit. Both Territories combined had in 1900 a smaller population (including their Mexicans and Indians) than Buffalo, New York, and only thirty thousand more people than the city of New Orleans. Territories so sparsely set tled should not be admitted to Statehood—at least not unless combined as one Commonwealth. The bill providing for the publication of cam paign expenditures establishes a highly important principle, but this measure, too, was crippled in that an amendment provides that the publication shall 1)0 funds* thn nlnrtlnn Inatrxnd rxf ho_ fore. Tho West, always clamorous for government aid, secured another $20,000,000 to complete projects for reclaiming arid Innds. We are glad to notice that Congressman Small gave notice that the Government, while not expected to actually drain Southern swamp lands, must at least pro vide for surveying them and formulating drain age plans. One of the best new laws Is that appropriating $250,000 for the use of the Tariff Commission. The members of this Hoard appointed by Presi dent Taft are men of unusual ability and their investigations will doubtless knock out some in equalities In the present law. Mr. Aldrich's statement that he could save the country $300,000,000 a year by economies in the administration set the country to thinking, and Congress did w«>ll to name a commission to inves tigate the matter. It would have been a great deal better, however. If it had not itself made new records In extravagance in its river and har bor. public building, and other appropriation bills. Other legislation of which Congress boasts in cludes a law giving the President unlimited right to withdraw' public lands for conservation pur poses; a bill creating a bureau of mines; meas ures for the suppression of the white slave traf fic; a new tariff system for the Philippines; and a law looking to prohibition for the Hawaiian Islands. Of hardly less Importance than anything else wns the action of the House of Representatives nn rt •> ( 1 I n ir I lio nnu nr t\f f lm Qno'i L’ni* ?i t w 1 nrn vldlng moans for recalling smothered bills from (he committee. Speaker Cannon’s determination to stand for re-election is worrying the Republican leaders very much and great pressure will be used to make him reconsider before the summer is over. J* Some Political News. RBPITRLICAN State Convention had been held in Wisconsin for several years until the one a few days ago, the La Follette primary election law having done away with the convention system. As the La Follette element was not represented at the recent "convention,” It naturally endorsed the Taft administration and (he new tariff law. In the recent Oklahoma Re publican convention, however, all elements of the party were represented, and yet the new Presi dent and the new tariff were both heartily ap proved. President Roosevelt has had significant confer ences with Gilford Plnchot and James R. Garfield, two of the most active opponents of the Taft ad ministration. He has also been in conference with Governor Hughes, of New York, and Is evi dently making a determined effort to size up the present political situation. The Ohio Democratic Convention endorsed Jud son Harmon for President. In this connection we wish to correct a statement made In these col umns Botno weoks ago to the effect that Governor Harmon when Attorney-General in the Cleveland cabinet personally ordered a certain Southern Dis trict Attorney to stop a well-organized suit against the Tobacco Trust. The District Attorney in ques Hon discovers that his instructions came from Mr. Harmon’s predecessor, Richard Olney. The fact remains, however, that Mr. Harmon is not in thorough harmony with the progressive element ° fhe Democratic Party, and the American people are not likely to support an old-line, conservative candidate. Mayor Gaynor, of New York, has prown more rapidly In public esteem these last twelve months than any other American in any Party, and he now seems more likely than any body else to be the next Democratic candidate for President. It is not unlikely that Governor Folk, of Missouri, would make a worthier Presi dent than either of them. Mr. Bryan will soon return from Europe. In his absence his party supporters in Nebraska have circulated a great number of petitions urging him to become a candidate for the United States Sen ate, but no one knows what action he will take. JB A Warm Fight in Georgia. GEORGIA is NOTED for the heat and bitter ness of its political campaigns and it is now likely to have another entitled to rank with the hottest In its history. Four years ago, it will be remembered, Hoke Smith won the nomination for Governor in a contest with Editor Clark How ell, of the Constitution, and some minor candi dates. Becoming Governor, Smith brought charges against Joseph M. Brown, a member of the Railroad Commission, and kicked him out of office. Two years ago Brown, for vindication, ran against Smith for Governor and defeated him for ic-cicv,uuii. nuw ouutu aiso warns vindication, and will oppose Brown in the coming Democratic primary August 23rd. Smith is admittedly a man of more ability than Brown, and an able speaker, while Brown apppers very rarely on the stump. Smith has been very sore over the fact that he was the first Governor in many years to fail of re-election, and will naturally make the fight of his life in the coming primary. Other News Matters. THE NEWLY-PUBLISHED government statis tics show a slight decrease in consumption of alcoholic liquors in the last three or four years. The advance of prohibition is supposed to account for most of the change. The action of the Board of Trustees of Vander bilt University In refusing to seat or recognize the three trustees elected by the last General Meth odist Confrence has brought an old controversy to a crisis. "There will be no compromise,” says Bishop Hoss. "The naked question is whether the Church, which originated the university, and which by the solemn affirmation of the trustees themselves, put on their own records three years ago, owns the university, has any right to con trol it.” The Farmers’ Union is now to bo organized In Canada. As already announced, the next Nation al meeting will be held In Charlotte, N. C., in September. Cotton has already begun to bloom in the wuuuco uctti iuc imjAican uuraer, ana it Is expected that the first bale of the 1910 crop will be on the market before many days. * The Atlanta city council has passed an ordi nance prohibiting near-beer saloons from selling to both whites and blacks. Each near-beer es tablishment is given thirty days to decide on which race it will rely for patronage. We are accustomed to think of the South as being unfortunate in the matter of summer cli mate, but the only reports of death from heat last week came, as usual, from the big cities of the North. The Ohio Democratic Convention refused to support Mr. Bryan’s plan for the endorsement of a candidate for United States Senator. The plat form declares for a new State constitutional convention; for the national income tax, election of United States Senators by popular vote, the initiative and referendum, teaching agriculture in the schools, limiting the hours of labor of wo men workers, and for listing judicial candidates on ballots showing no party designation—a first class platform. For the first time Yale University awards an honorary degree to a woman—Jane Addams, whose great work for social betterment as head of Hull House, Chicago, entitles her to the gratitude of the nation. Before adjournment, the House Committee on Elections unseated Congressman E. W. Saunders of the Fifth Virginia District, in favor of J. N. Parsons, the Republican nominee. This will give the Republicans two of Virginia’s ten Congress men. Justice Moody of the United States Supreme Court continues in such bad health that a bill has been passed to allow him to retire on full pay at any time within the next six months. It is thought likely that Secretary of War Dickinson, of Tennessee, may be named to succeed him. Another victory for international peace Is the action of Peru in recalling its volunteers and turning to arbitration to settle her dispute with Ecuador. A sensation was sprung in the Senate Friday when Senator Gore, of Oklahoma, declared that he had been offered a bribe of $25,000 to $50,000 to withdraw opposition to J. F. McMurray’s In dian contracts. McMurray went through Okla homa and made contracts with individual Indians which is said would net him between $3,000,000 and $16,000,000. Senator Gore declares that the Indians should be protected from these fraudulent contracts, and his measure provides that no such contract shall be binding unless approved by Con gress. Senator Gore declared that two ex-Sen ators and members of Congress were parties to the fraud and a sensational investigation Is ex pected. It is rumored that Miss Ethel Roosevelt will marry a South Carolina man. The commission form of city government goes from victory to victory. Birmingham, Ala., is the latest to join the procession, the vote there being 4,962 for the plan to 693 against. The Postal Savings Bank Bill allows any per son over ten years old to make deposits of $1 or multiples of that amount, the interest rate beine 2 per cent. Not more than $100 can be deposited at any one time, nor can any depositor have over $500 to his credit at any time. These savings will be deposited in local banks, which are re quired to pay the Government 21 per cent on them. The admission of Arizona and New Mexico gives Statehood to our last two Territories, Alaska being a “District” without territorial government, and the Philippines, Porto Rico and the Hawiian Islands merely “insular possessions.” President Taft has always thought the Oklahoma Constitu tion abominable, and the new Statehood Bill pro vides that the Constitutions of both Arizona and New Mexico shall be approved by Congress be foregoing into effect. If the people are fit for Statehood they ought to be allowed to make their own Constitutions without interference from the National Government. That there is a market in the South for all kinds of farm products used in the South Is cer tain from the fact that we are buyers and not sellers of all farm products except cotton. Since we are known as buyers and not sellers of farm products, no one thinks of coming to us to buy farm products, except cotton, and, therefore, the occasional individual who is an exception to the rule and has something to sell is put at a disad vantage. The market is here all right for all sorts of farm products, and all the producer has to do is to let the buying public know he has something to sell. Buyers will not hunt him up because they take It for granted that he is like his neighbors and has nothing to sell; but the producer must take the initiative and let the pub lie know he has something to sell. When he does this, he sells it. ^Hg| A Thought for the Week. BEST OF all Is it to do our part well, and at the same time to see our blood live young and vital in men and women fit to take up the task as we lay it down; for so shall our seed inherit the earth. But if this, which is best, is denied us, then at least it is ours to remember that if we choose we can be torch-bearers, as our fathers were before us. The torch has been hand ed on from nation to nation, from civilisation to civilization, throughout all recorded time, from the dim years before history dawned, down to the blazing splendor of this teeming century of ours. It dropped from the hand of the coward and the sluggard, of the man wrapped in luxury or love of ease, the man whose soul was eaten away by self-indulgence; it has been kept alight only by those who were mighty of heart and cunning of hand. What they worked at, providing it was worth doing at all, was of less matter than how they worked, whether in the realm of the mind or the realm of the body. If their work was good, if what they achieved was of substance, then high success was really theirs.—From Theodore Roose velt’s Romanes lecture at Oxford University, Eng land, June 7, 1910.