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Volume XV. No. 27. SATURDAY, JULY 9.1910.Weekly: $1 a Year.
Better Pastures, Better Live Stock, Better Farming. have quoted be fore that unkind description of a South ern pasture as “a place where grass does not grow," and we fear it is all too accurate when applied to many of our so-called pastures. Now, there may be good pastures without grass —pastures of cowpeas, or velvet beans, or pea nuts, or oats and crim son clover—but these are temporary pastures lastingonlyafewweeks and having to be re nenewed each season. A good permanent pas ture, means gross, and good grass, and plenty of it. A land of pastures and herds and flocks is invariably a pros Courtesy of the Wisconsin Experiment Station. perous land; and the people who feed good grass to good stock are imvariably a contented and a thriving people. We can have these pastures, too; and in this issue Mr. A. L. French begins a series of articles telling how to get them. Mr. French writes on this subject with even more than his usual en thusiasm, and it is no wonder. He is a man who has made good pastures, who knows how to keep them good and who appreci ates their value. More than that, he is acquainted with con ditions in our territory and what he says will deal with things as they are on 'the farms of the South. Once we come to anything like an adequate appreciation of the value of grass- even of the despised Bermuda, of which Prof. W. J. Spillman justly says that ‘ no grass bears pasturing better, or yields more herbage in the farm of pasture"—we shall get rid of the cattle ticks and the worthless dogs, raise our own beef and milk and pork and mutton, stop the gullies that are washing our cropped-out lands away, begin to enrich our soils and make better crops and more money. When we do that, horses and cattle and sheep and hogs as good as the Wisconsin animals here shown will be common all over the South; and we shall gain on, and then equal, and then pass the States of the Northwest in the quality of our farming and the porfits we derive from it. When we say that farming in the South can be made even more profitable than it is in the great agricultural States of the Northwest, we mean what we say, too. Our climate gives us a wonderful advantage in that it enables us to grow two crops or more a year; we have the greatest money crop in the world; by the use of the legumes and the raising of live stock, we can build up our soils till they will produce fust as well as those of any other section; we can raise livestock at the very smallest cost, because we can grow feeds so cheaply and because we are at such small expense for housing and shelter. But we must re- 1 member that all these go hand-in-hand—we must have more pas- * tures so that we can raise more stock; we must have more stock so that we can grow and consume more forage crops; we must grow more forage crops so that we can feed more stock and im prove our lands. Then we can produce cotton more cheaply and have more control over it after it is produced. In short, we must adopt a rational system of diversified farming, and good pastures are one of the corner-stones of any such system. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A Bulletin for Bee Keepers. 480 A Trip from Alabama to Virginia. 481 Farm and Garden Work for July.^78 Kafir Corn. 489 Keep Up the Fight Against House Flies . 491 Make the Idle Acres Grow Forage Crops.479 Practical Training for Busy Housekeepers. 483 Put Intelligence Into Road Making. 484 School Epidemics, And How to Avoid Them . 482 Short Talks on Rural School Problems . 492 The Sort of Immigration We Need. 484 What the Cattle Tick Quarantine Costs Southern Farmers.486