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A Crop Mississippi Farmers Should Grow More Extensively_ llow to Plant, Cultivate and Harvest. By Prof. E R. Lloyd. Mississippi Experiment Station. AFIR CORN belongs to the group of sorghuinB that con tain but little sugar and juice. This plant is raised for both grain and hay, but Its greatest value is for grain. Land that is too poor to pro duce more than 12 to 15 bushels of corn per acre will produce from 20 to 3h bushels of katlr corn seed. There is very little difference in feeding value of corn and kaflr corn, lUO pounds of kaflr coru beiug equal to 90 pounds of corn. Kaflr corn may be planted as late as July 20th and have plenty of time In which to mature seed. The soil should be prepared as for corn. Plow and harrow until a fine seed bed has been formed. An even, mellow surface facilitates plaatiug and cultivation. The young plants are small and feeble for the first few weeks, and grow off slowly, and a rough, poorly prepared soil makes cultivation slow and tedious. Kaflr corn can be planted either iw drills or broadcast, but when grown for seed the best yields are obtained when planted in drills from 2 to 3 Hi feet apart and cultivated. On rich soil the rows may be from 3 '.-8 to 5 feel apart. The plants should be left, from 4 to 6 inches apart in the drill. On well drained and well prepared Bull there should be no bed but the planting done on the level. The planting may be done with the corn planter titled with a Borghum plate. Twelve to 15 pounds of seed per acre will give a perfect stand. If the crop Is to be used for hay, it is best to plant broadcast, using from 1^4 to it bushels of seed per acre. It should lie cut with a mower when headed, and often two cuttings can be had in a season. The plant when planted in drillB for seed should be cultivated like sor ghum or corn. The weeds should be kept down from the llrst. The crop should never be allowed to get "grassy." The plants are small and spindling at first and If allowed to get "grassy” will be hard to clean. All tliw cultivation should be shal low. This plant roots near the sur face. The cultivations should be frequent enough to maintain a good dust mulch throughout the growing season to conserve the moisture. The crop should be cut und shock ed us soon as the seed is ripe. If the crop Is allowed to become over ripe, the seed shell out when han dled. One of the worst enemies to icnur corn in me r.ngnsn spurrows. We have had these birds practically destroy the crop on small areas. Kafir corn, unlike corn, will remain green after the seed have ripened This Is a very agreeable quality, and enables the farmer to get a good grain crop and also a good hay crop at the same time. The crop can be harvested In sev eral ways. The cheapest and quick est way to harvest the crop Is with a corn binder which cuts the stalks and lies them with twine into bun dles. If a corn hinder is not avail able, the crop can be cut by hand with cane knives or a sharp hoe with short handle. The seed may be threshed by taking the bundle and holding the heads In the thresher until the seed are knocked ofT, and then throw the stalks back without allowing them to pass through the machine. Others place the bundles on a block and cut the heads off with a broad-axe and then run the bead through the threshing machine. lu the States where the kafir corn been most extensively grown, the yields per acre have been reported to be from 25 to 98 bushels. The Kansas Station made some feeding experiments with hogs to de termine the relative feeding value of kaflr corn and corn. For each bush el of corn eaten, the hogs made 12i,4 pounds of gain. For each bushel of kaflr corn eaten they made 10 1-3 pounds of gain. The farmers in Mississippi should plant more kaflr corn. It fits in well as a catch crop after oats or wheat. If more kaflr corn is grown this year, there will be less corn and hay to buy next spring. A LA HAMA'S NEXT COMMISSION KR OF AGRICULTURE. An interesting man is Hon. R. F. Koib, Democratic nominee for Com missioner of Agriculture In Ala bama. Captain Kolb first became i ronunenl through his successful farming operations in Barbour Coun ty. in 'he southeastern part of the State. He was an extensive cottou grower and gave much attention to diversified farming, making a spe cmny oi me growing or the Kolb watermelon, which bears his name, lie was during two terms Commis sioner of Agriculture of Alabama, making an active and successful Commissioner. He was especially active in promoting State fairs and in directing immigration to Alabama. 1'or two years he was President of the Farmers' National Congress. In Captain Kolb Alabama has the as surance that the agricultural inter ests of the State will be looked after by an able, energetic and experienc ed authority. A Little Note from Mr. French. Mr. Iteader: About those subscrip tions you are sending in to The Pro gressive Farmer and Gazette. I Just want to say—not to urge you on to do your duty in the matter us 1 know >ou are doing that anyway, but by way of encouragement—that 1 ex pect to do my part in the matter, and propose at the end of the year to send in u list as large us the largest list any of you send during this lay man's campaign. 1 will do this even if 1 have to pay for them out of my own pocket, and 1 would Just say in tills connection that if any of you, or half of you, my readers, feel call ed upon to do a little missionary work for the good of your country, simply put your right hand down into your pocket, extract a bill, and send it in to the office with a list of the nnmes of the people you think would be benefited by the reading of the paper, and say nothing to your left hand about the matter. Now, as a last word (for now), aside from sending in as large a list as any of you, 1 am expecting to send to the reader who sends in the largest list (and 1 hope it will be a lady) one of our good Berkshire pigs (male or female as you may select), not regis tered, but pure-bred and a business pig, one of the sort from which we are producing $1,000 to $1,200 worth of meat a year. So send in your names as fast as you secure them and say, ‘‘These go to my cred it in the Laymun's Campaign.” A. L. FRENCH. P. S.—Remember, I have no finan cial Interest in this as I do not own a dollar’s worth of stock in the com pany. We are all working in this matter for the good—as I told you some weeks ngo—of our agriculture, our greatest industry. THE MARKETS. fH" NEW ORLEANS OOTTON. Quotations based on ootton sold on spot terms. Low ordinary-11 5-16 Ordinary_—......_ IS vt Good ordinary--_ IS 9-16 —. U Vi Good middling....,... 15 Vi Middling fair..1._. 15 7-ie . 18 3-16 MEMPHIS OOTTON. Good 13 vi Low middling_ u Vi Middling_14 \ GOOd mTiMHwf 15 GRAIN, FEEB8TUFFS, ETC. CORN IN BULK Per Bushel—No, S white 73; No. S mixed 67c.; No. S yellow 68o. BRAN—Per Owt—tl.14. OATS—Per Bushel—No. S white, 46o,: No. S mixed. 43c. HAY—Per Ton. in Balee-No. I «i».50. No. 1 131.50: eholoe. tss.so. CORN MEAL. bbl.-tS.45 to 13.50. FLOUR, hard wheat. Kansas patent—tS.SS to •5.10. MISSISSIPPI, LOUISIANA, AND ALABAMA LIVE STOCK. BEEVES— Choloe-----— 4 to S Fair to good-8Vi to 8H Oxen—Fit.. 8 to 4V4 Oxen—Common to fair —__ 1V4 to SVi OOWS AND HEIFEBS— Choloe.„.. I Vi to 4 Fair to good.. 8Vi to 8 Old poor oows, per head..88.00 to 11.08 BULLS AND STAGS— Bulla-IH to 3Vi Stage.... 844 to SVi YEARLINGS— Choloe. HO to BOO lhe. per lb.,_ SVi to 4V4 Choloe. ISO to 3&0 pounds,_ 344 to 4 Vi Common, to fair. 3 to SVi CALVES Choloe, 800 to 800 lbs., per lb—.. 4 to SVi Fair to good, per head...16-00 to 8,00 MILK COWS Choloe----886.00 to 60.00 Fair to good -..16.00 to 86.00 SPRINGERS— Choloe-----886.00 to 86.00 Common to fair.-..16.00 to 88.00 HQQQ Corn fed, per lb___.... 8 to 8Vi Corn fed pigs. 86 to 1M lbs., per lb. 8 to 8Vi Mast fed. per lb...... 8Vi to 744 SHEEP— Good fat sheep, per lb... 4 to 6V4 Common to fair, per head._11.00 to 8.00 RICE. CLEAN—PER POUND. Honduras-844 to SVi straights-- 8 to 844 screenings.. 144 to SVi No. A actual sales at—.. 8 to 4V4 Japan, bead.-. 8 to 844 straights. 144 to SVi screenings.. 144 to 144 No. A actual sales at—__ 844 to ROUGH, Honduras (bbl. 188 lbs.)-.41.76 to IS 60 actual sales at.. An to A40 Japan--... 1*86 to An actual sales at_ S.8& to Rice bran, aooordlng to analysis.. lAw to 80.66 Rice polish, per ton from mills... 86.00 to 8T.00 NEW YORK PRODUCER New Md. and Va. potatoes, No. 1, per bbl.. $1.26® 1.50; N. C.. and S. C., $1 @ 1.25; No. 2. 75c.@$l; old stock, $1 @ 1.12 per 180 lbs. In bulk. Sweets, 50c. @$1. Onions, $1.50@2 per crate for Texas yellow; Eastern Shore, per basket, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Cab bages, 60®76c. per crate; per 100, $3 @3.50. Asparagus, 50c. @$1.50 per dozen bunches. Beets, $1@2 per 100 bunches. Carrots, $1@2 per 100 bunches; old, per bbl., $1.25 @2. Cucumbers, 50® 75c. per bas ket for S. C.; Va., GO®90c. Egg plants, $ 1 @ 2 per box. Green corn, $1 @ 3 per 100. Lettuce, 60c. @$1 per bbl. Lima beans, $1@3 per bas ket. Okra, $1.60 @3 per carrier. Psppers, $1@2 per carrier. Peas, 75c. @$l per basket for large and 40® 50c. for small. String beans, per %-bushel basket, wax, 85 @7 5c.; green, 76c. @$1; Spinach, 30 ®' 6.9c. per bbl. Squash, 60c. @$1 per bbl. for white; yellow, 76c. @$1 .25. Turnips, $email@example.com per bbl. for rutabagas, and 75c. @1.25 for white. Tomatoes, Fla., fancy, per carrier, $firstname.lastname@example.org; choice, 50c.@$1; N. C., per carrier, 75c. @$1.25. Wa tercress per 100 bunches, $email@example.com. Apples, $4 @5 per bbl., for choice old stock; new, 75c.@$1.75 per bas ket. Pears, $6 @3.50 per bbl. Peaches, per bushel basket, Texas, $1; Ga., per carrier, $firstname.lastname@example.org; oth ers, 75c. ® $1.25. Plums, $1.25® 1.75 per carrier. Gharries, sweet, per qt., 6® 10c.; sour, 6® 9c. Black berries, per qt., 10® 14c. Raspber ries, per pint, 5 @ 8c. Huckleberries, 9® 15c. Gooseberries, 6® 12c. Musk melons, 75c.®$1.25 per crate. Wa termelons, $30®60 per 109. Butter: Creamery specials, 28 %c.; extras, 28®28%c.; factory, 22® 23MiC. Hggs, 22®24 for best WeBtern; others, 19® 21c., and dull. Top Dressing for Bur Clover and Al falfa. 1 wish to ask some advice as to the best top dressing for bur clover and alfalfa, as 1 have planted 4 acres of each. Would acid phosphate be a good top dressing for same? W. E. E\ Editorial Answer: In Mississippi probably nothing will give as good results as a top dressing for alfalfa as stable manure. If this is not available, cottonseed meal might in a measure take its place. If the bur clover and alfalfa are well started, it Is doubtful if it will pay to top dress with any other form of nitrogenous fertilizer except stable manure. If the land is sandy, it might also pay to use a moderate application of acid phosphate. * M Keep up the shallow cultivation of thte crops occasionally. Don’t lay-by a crop, but stand ready to cultivate once more, if weeds and grass spring up er a crust forms on the surface at any time before the crops are made. Berkshire Boar Masterpiece bred; Royal Lad 8th, 130885; Farrowed January 80th. Brad in the purple. FLat check far HO.aO will set hhn. W. F. LAGRONE, : West Point, Miss. Low Excursion Rates TO California, Washington, Oregon and British Columbia. Bor Information as to dates of sale, limits, stopovers, routes, sleeping car reservations, schedules, etc., apply, H. R. WESTON. A. S. HAINES. Local Agent D. P. A., Jackson, Miss. JNO. A. SCOTT. A. O. P. A., Memphis, Tenn. Fannins Is Profitable In The Southeast There Is no better occupation for the Average Man than Farm ing and no Section ii Superior to the South for a Good Farmer. Farming is a Great Business and should he carried on by the Appli cation of the Best Business Princi ples. The Proper Location, the Study of Soils, Seed Selection, the Wise Choice and Rotation of Crops and Careful Cultivation will bring Assured Success. We are in position to Aid Tou In the Selection of the Proper Lo cation in Districts which Present Splendid Advantages and Oppor tunities. In writing tell ns what Tou Want M. V. RICHARDS, tamd MMd Imdmatriml AmuJL SwtLn Jtafl ««, mud MmitUiOkU S. A Washington, - - - • D. C.