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THE HOME CIRCLE
A BALLADE OF HOT WEATHER. FOUNTAINS that frisk and sprin kle The moss they overspill; Pools that the breezes crinkle; The wheel beside the mill, With its wet, weedy frill; Wind-shadows in the wheat; A water-cart in the street; The fringe of foam that girds An islet’s ferneries; A green sky’s minor thirds— To live, I think of these! Of ice and glass the tinkle, Pellucid, silver-shrill; Peaches without a wrinkle; Cherries and snow at will, From china bowls that fill The senses with a sweet Incuriousness of heat; A melon’s dripping sherds; Cream-clotted strawberries; Dusk dairies set with curds— To live, I think of these! Vale-lilly and periwinkle; Wet stone-crop on the sill; The look of leaves a-twinkle With windlets clear and still; The feel of a forest rill That wimples fresh and fleet About one s naked feet; The muzzles of drinking herds; Lush flags and bulrushes; The chirp of rain-bound birds To live, I think of these! Envoy. Dark aisles, new packs T)f cards, Mermaidens’ tails, cool swards. Dawn dews and starlit seas. White marbles, whiter words— To live, I think of these! — W. K. Henley. SCHOOL EPIDEMICS AND HOW TO AVOID THEM It is Not Necessary for the Child to Have Measles. Whooping Cough or Scarlet Fever—Proper Sanitation, Disinfectants and Individual Drinking Cups Will Prevent Epidemics. By Mrs. F. L. Stevens. ANY PLACE where numbers of people are accustomed to as semble favors the spread of disease, whether it be the meeting house, the town hall, or the school. For this reason "children’s dis eases” are more prevalent during the school session than during vaca tion periods. Rare ly a school ses sion closes in city, village or country without the ap MKs. htkvknb. pearance of one or more of the so-called “children’s diseases” in the form of a school epi demic, varying in violence in pro portion to the vigilance and intelli gence of the mother and teacher. Knowledge of disinfection and abso lute cleanliness are the important re quisites in the control of disease. The first step in the war against school epidemics is the knowledge and belief on the part of both par ents and teachers that children’s dis eases are not necessary. The old superstition should be discounten anced that every child must, run the scale of children’s diseases, that every child must sooner or later have whooping cough, measles, ehickenpox, mumps, scarlet fever. People used to think that yellow fever, cholera, smallpox, were alike inevitable. Now we know better. The price of ignor ance of the truth that these other diseases now thought to be neces sary attendants upon childhood has been great, has brought about a loss of school advantages, and huB result ed ofttimes in permanent physical de fects, loss of vitality and for the great army of children under school age death before reaching five years of age. How to Guard Against These Dis eases. The method of protecting children from children’s diseases has the merit of being a common-sense and rational procedure. First of all, the charac ter and severity of the attack can not be foreknown. Slight and ap parently insignificant cases of scar let fever may be followed by a most malignant form. The mildest cases of measles may develop severe and even fatal pneumonia. As a rule it is the desire of the careful mother to keep her children as far as pos sible from infection, or more correct ly, to keep Infection as far as possi ble from them; but occasionally one hears, “Oh the measles that 1 ‘going’ is of such a mild type that it is just as well the children should take it now and have it over.” a case of this kind of reasoning came under my observation not long ago A fond father of a beautiful litth girl, laboring under the delusion that all children must one time or another have childrens’ diseases, permitted his daughter to be exposed to meas les, and the child died. Dr. Jenner tells us that the same thing was common in his day; when Parents intentionally exposed their children to smallpox under the Idea that they would have it some time, and that it was just as convenient to have it then as later. In this mat ter of children’s diseases It Is a food practice which aims at putting off the evil day as far as possible. Fatality of These Diseases. In all contagious diseases the dan ger to life varies with the age of the child. The younger the child the more likely to succumb to attack. For example, of the 4,855 children in the United States who died from whooping cough last year, 4,679 were under five years of age. The figures about whooping cough tell us that 4 0 per cent of the deaths from whoop ing cough are among children under one year of age, 30 per cent is the death rate during the recent year. 15 per cent the third year, 6 per rent the fourth year and only 9 per cent in all the subsequent years of life. I he same facts hold true with re gard to measles. After the fifth year the proportion of deaths Is enormous ly diminished. Every year of escape renders the child less susceptible to contagious diseases. To he sure, even grown up people take scarlet fever, measles and other contagious dis eases, but the susceptible period of childhood being passed, the danger is greatly lessened. How Diseases Are Spread. lo come to the practical point us lo how may the child he shielded from school and home contagion, it is evident that the teacher as well aB the mother should he aide to recog nize symptoms. Whenever a child shows signs of fever he should he separated from the other children until such time as it can be deter mined that the disease is not conta gious. Practically the whole list of dis eases of childhood are transmitted through the breath, discharge from the nose and mouth or ears, and in case of the eruptive skin diseases, as chickenpox, scarlet fever, and scar latina, from the particles of dead skin cast off during the healing process. Hoils and other contagious sores also spread by means of dead tissue given off during healing. The child's mouth is the most im portant organ for tho distribution as well as reception of disease germs. The mouth is never out of service. A disease-laden mouth infects and re infects itself and the body of its owner. Food and water, carry the disease germs into the stomach and thence throughout the system. Not only does the child re-infect himself but scatters the germs In the air whenever he sneezes or coughs. A rlose watch should be kept upon the child showing symptoms of "cold." Many of the "catching" dis eases start with cold In the head, as. for instnnre, influenza, whooping cough and measles. The first symp tom of mumps is a sore throat or swollen glands, which because they commonly accompany a cold are no? at first distinguished from it. Abolish the Common Prinking Cup. As was said in the outset, knowl edge of disinfection and simple .effec tive disinfectants, such as listerlne as a throat wash, and creoltn for bathing sores, cuts and other skin In juries, together with absolute clean liness will do much to reduce school epidemics. There Is. however, another source of danger present in a large number of our country school houses, and that Is the water bucket and tin dip per Since the* mouth is in almost every instance the seat of contagion, it is readily apparent what a perfect disease disseminator a tin dipper may become. One child suffering an in cipient attack of dipbflierin, whoop ing rough or measles, could easily and effectively Infect an entire school \ prominent rural school teacher of a Southern State demonstrated not long since that by banishing the tin dipper and by the use of individual paper drinking cups, that during an entire si bool session not a single epidemic of contagious disease made its apnearanee In the school, a school that had repeatedly suffered during previous sessions The common drinking cup must disappear from our school rooms before we shall have made any very great progress in the war against "children's diseases " "IHfTeient, |tut Not lletter." A woman said, "1 really believe you enjoy your house work." "I do." I answered. Another said to me: "I keep my house because | must, but 1 rebel against it nil tin* time because I know 1 was made for better things." "Different tilings, O sister." I might have said, "lint better, I j 150 Style* In Rig Free Catalog. never.” If it be true that the home lies at the foundation of all Hfet how ran there he a better calling than that of home-making, or a more difficult, let me add? For that reason we women need the help of experts in home-making and home preserving, just as the men need their experts' help In their grain and stock raising.—Mrs. M. M. Dangs, in Illin ois Farmers' Institute Bulletin. —WORTH KNOWING— YAI T PAN FumUh Four Ham0 nr ‘ All Clothe lour Famltn Ah. .nlutrlu FRFK. Whan you buy of a irtailrr the price you pay for ih<- good* mutt cover all lha ra pe n * e* n f the m kid lenten. When you buy direct from the Manu facturer > u >av< all Ihinert per »c* and receive OtaW* Vila* for v o 11 r money PlfWOlTS product* include T<-lt. C o f f re (, Spice*. Extract*, l-aurdry an t Toi l'd S"BP T< llet »nd Medical Fre para'km*. Food Spccialtle* and a (liven free with ■ real vari.tv of every fin on order household no than a. Wilti every flQ.U1 nrda-r for ’hear pro duct* v> u receive a premium tha* wool I co*i (10 W at retail, er f?1 ro reiad value f* r MO fiO A v*'v #*»y and yeneitle m»nt cr In «rh ch to turtiith your home or clothe your family tlur <te* ulnefit illustrating and dew-tiling more 1 San 1.200 useful amt beautiful p return-- • alto full Information In raaeard to ■ ir S't CPU Of lit of f fa iin in CMN to Club Mantr ?« trill lae ma la»d paetpald up..n leuueet. Send fur tha* catalogue to day. CO . in B. lull in Syrttat* ■ T Rider Agents Wanted “' .In tail l*.«n to fi4« »r,4 rn!,i!-»| fdr.pin .! ' . r. H'rtStf.** ■ f< ■ M< ( / I Ii. ii irunlrnl* #/l «_ ■ O 7 tlVIOModM • tti.i r.urt m.1 hoitaah-. ( tit*% I1HIHA UHit* ■ n<0 nlluf bnt mnkn ^ # »0 ##* IOO iMMrf.Nutf Wtnmlm _ 55 r« 50 Jt.tnt it(noiivnrtiiiv,iiALK »• «Mp an UpprnvW tr .4 A~W • mr omfi rrttt trial. Tlltl (v ouMrf bnkarnii aborla 1*1- (««. I k+Jf Him/ /’«•»#! I Ha |h*< L» tf| nil »'*t (♦' -'ll . fttAl'f* 4*1 c«M M <«* •«% * MKAUCkCUlHUDapi |;M Hoatfa «* - r *J ROSE Buggies Defy the Roughest Roads If y«»u live any where in the South, we I will |ire|wy the freight on any of our II tunny at\lea of Bulges. Should you he II (lixsatiaflcd uj»on u*ing it fur 30 days, ti return it at our expense, and get your • • money hack. Our From lluggy anJ llatnmtm Catalog gu .-w |.ihr»»rij llllMlratuI description* «.f ail our Moggie* ami llurm-an. The Hoggus m-II Cum. t e. Ill »ard*. Kvery one In n|>e. mll> |„,i|t r. nml I- gaily Kuarnnlcol f..r 3 yearn. Helling »..<■ •• IlIRKlT. Btvl on the many aha and • nmll | i. Itln " r' .’em, .oven you f rotn 11.' I • on ■.. *■ h put v hare and given you theetror ge i tniggy made. I Ank for Catalog No •! Write m. r ..l.ty. I RANDOLPH NOSE COMPANY r • • 15.000 **BO**LE IIAVR P1TTTHKIR If ' UU ON TIIIH MUGGY Li.lv. I'**1 «*"»•*# dlrmrl from ear 111 ‘f"t Ft **, nrl Cfmi N" itrummer'ii e*pm era. Jobber, roomdolon*. whule.aler. profit* and i;o T»i NTri'TlvLM.", *« *■»•« price* «f nell <’*‘E ' E,iIC|AS We manufacture and liinn w- o”' ’u,v" °"r '"""w" *»».«» to !m!nt W 11 '‘arneai at coet n* an adv. rtla. Mail coupon to day for lino Catalog Ucl our t dialog new for Spring Haging. GOLDEN EAGLE BUGGY CO. Station 51. 144. 145. Kdgmufood Avg.. Atlanta. Go. ■.ffitesssr" ^ym,t n>w6 Name h®-- Mtnti'