PRACTICAL TRAINING FOR BUSY HOUSEKEEPERS
Hmv the Colorado Agricultural College C.oes Directly to the
Housekeeper and Helps Solve He, Problems.
By Miss Mary F. Rausch. Professor of Home Economics. Ft. Collins. Col.
I I lib COLORADO Agricul
tural College, at Fort Collins
we have done quite a gooc
deal of extension work in domestii
science. We hold short courses it
different parts of the State. Tiu
plan is as follows:
The college pays the cost or gro
ceries and travelling and hotel ex
penses, l ut the town furnishes *
hall, fuel, light and heat and a worn
an to wash the dishes and keep the
kitchen clean. The college receive*
$100 from each place. This mean*
that 100 women attend the school
and each woman pays $1 for the
course. In some places we have had
2 00, 300, <00, 500, and In one place
ooo women. We ask for the $100
and anything they make over that
belongs to the club or society which
organized the short course. In some
cases, they furnish books for their
We also attend farmers' Institutes
all over the State and give talks on
household management, care of chil
dren, the wise spending of money,
the cooking of meat, eggs, vegeta
bles, etc., how to sew neatly, how to
furnish a house, how to have a mod
el kitchen, hints for health, and oth*
er things along the same line. These
household conferences have been
given in different parts of the State.
A uew method is being started
this summer. We feel that the rural
school work needs attention. Five
of the professors connected with this
college will attend the teachers' nor
mal Institutes this summer. These
teachers will teach agriculture, na
ture study and domestic science. I
expect to teach one hour each day
during the institutes. We cannot
do much in tlvo days, but we can help
to interest the teachers so that they
may know what they can do without
money and without equipment, or
with an outlay of $5 a year at the
outside w< rn is growing so in this
State that \.e hardly know how to
take care of It. Clubs, schools, and
Institutes are writing for help, and
It seems to me that this is a very
big problc a.
It is v ry easy to create interest
In this w rk. The people are ready
and willing, and when we give lec
tures along this line, the halls are
crowded to the doors. There is one
thing to keep in mind in all this
work: It must he done in a sane way.
In all my work In the State. I try
to give really helpful, practical
things that will help the average
farmer’s wife. Extension work can
never he successful unless it really
goes Into the home where there is
very little money, and these people
must he shown how to do their
house work in the easiest way, and
how to keep the house attractive,
clean, and to make a real home of It.
Editorial Note.—Miss Rausch sends
us an outline of her work in domes
tic science, the following extracts
from which will glvo a good idea of
the very practical nature of the
"Lesson 1—Personal Clcanli
IIiicns.—1. Care of the body, in
cluding the necessity of fre
quent baths and clean under
wear. 2. Special care of the
hands and finger-nails. 2. T lie
care of the hair and head. Hair
should be brushed every night
for five minutes to make it
glossy. Hair should be washed
about every three weeks. The
scalp must always be kept clean.
4. Little children should always
have clean face and hands. 5.
. Teach the value of having but
1 tons on clothes and shoes.
A Few Personal Habits to
be Avoided—1. Teach the chil
dren not to spit on the floor or
slate. 2. Not to swap chewing
gum or apple cores. 3. Not to
pick the nose. 4. To turn the
face aside when coughing. 5.
I'o keep the mouth closed. 6.
Not to put the pencil in the
mouth. Note.—The mouth is for
eating and speaking and should
be closed when not in use.”
“Lesson 4—Setting the Table.
Kules for setting the table.—1.
Have table is center of room.
2. Cover the table with silence
cloth or clean blanket. This is
for quietness and protection. 3.
Have the tablecloth even on all
sides. 4. Have a center piece in
the center of the table. 5. Have
flowers on the table. Note.—A
clean tin can with geranium in
it and a clean white paper pin
ned around it may be used for
center of table. 6. Be sure that
the table linen is clean. 7.
Place the fork on the left side
of the plate with the tines turn
ed up. The knife is on the right
with the sharp edge toward the
plate. 8. The water glass at the
tip of the knife. 9. The napkin
folded square and placed at the
Other lessons In the course are:
No. 2, Sleeping; 3. Measurements;
5. Care of the Kitchen; 6, Dishwash
ing; 7, Eating; 8. Food; 9. Sew
ing; und so on.
The value of such systematic in
struction to actual and prospective
housekeepers can not easily be over
estimated. and every State in the
South should have some provision
made for practical instruction along
I.ight I tread or Rolls.
The following is a tested recipe for
bread or rolls: Two cups milk, 2
cups boiling water, 2 tablespoons
lard, 2 tablespoons butter, 3 tea
spoons salt, 1 cup yeast or 1 yeast
cake, dissolve in % cup lukewarm
wate r, 12 cups sifted Hour, 1 table
spoon sugar. Put butter, lard, salt
and sugar in large bowl or pan. Pour
on boiling water. Scald the milk
and when lukewarm add the yeast.
Combine mixtures and add the most
of the flour. Beat thoroughly (a
dover egg-beater is useful for this
process), so that the yeast may be
well distributed. Add remaining flour,
mix and turn on floured board; knead
until mixture is smooth, elastic to
touch and bubbles may be seen upon
the surface. Return to bowl, cover
and let rise until it doubles its bulk.
Keep in a warm, even temperature.
Toss on slightly floured board, knead,
shape into loaves or rolls, place in
greased pans, having pans nearly half
full. When they have almost dou
bled their bulk put into a fairly hot
oven. If the oven is too hot the crust
will brown before the heat has reach
ed the center of the loaf, which
should continue to rise for the first
15 minutes of baking, when it should
begin to brown and continue brown
ing for the next 20 minutes. The
last 15 minutes it should finish bak
ing in a somewhat cooler oven. This
recipe will make five largo loaves or
sir small ones, and may be made,
mixed, raised and baked in five hours.
Don’t worry about your work. Do
what you can, let (he rest go, and
smile all the time.
Directions for Storing Food.
From Farmers’ Bulletin 375, U. S.
Department of Agriculture upon
“Care of Food in the Home,” the
following directions for storing food
aie taken. This bulletin which may
be had upon request will be found
to be a helpful acquisition to any
home library, and every woman who
reads our Home Circle should send
Breakfast cereals and crackers
should be placed in a cool dry place.
Corn meal spoils more readily
than flour, consequently should be
obtained in as small quantity as is
practicable. Rice, tapioca, macaroni
and similar dry materials, dry fruits
are best kept in covered cans or
Sugar and salt may be kept, the
former in tin, the latter in wooden
or crockery receptacles.
Glass preserve jars are best and
most convenient containers of small
quantities of food material.
Turkeys, chickens and other
birds should be carefully drawn as
soon as killed and without washing
hung in the coolest available place.
Hams and other smoked meats are
best kept when hung in linen bags.
The old-fashioned method of the
plate, or board, and stone to keep
the salt pork in the brine is a satis
Many housekeepers have success
in packing eggs in bran vats or dry
salt, but a prepared, tested method is
a 10 per cent solution of waterglass
or lime water, directions for making
of which may be found in Farmers’
Bulletin 12 8, U. S. Department of
Easier Work for Hot Weather.
It is hard to keep furniture dusted
and polished but I delight in it. I
take a soft, damp cloth and rub off
my furniture after it has been dusted,
then take another woolen cloth and
dampen it with spirits of turpentine
and kerosene, and rub the furniture
again. It will leave an unpleasant
odor in the room, but in a short time
it is all gone and you have a nice
I have a Spotless washing ma
chine. I like it splend'dly. I do all
the house work and get through
washing by 2 o’clock, and stop to
1 have a smoothing iron heater
that is another great article. I wish
every sister farmer had one. It
saves wood, trouble and the ironer,
on the warm days in the summer
from ^eing worried so much from
the heat. They sell for $2.50. Any
one wishing to have one can just ad
dress the Smoothing Iron Heater Co.,
Sumter, S. C. The company will pay
the freight on one to any place on
receipt of $2.50.
MISS LIZZIE TALBOT.
lie Knew the Requirements.
Uncle Silas, in his youth, had been
"fond of the society of the opposite
rex," to use his own words, and the
timidity of his 23-year-old nephew
was a great trial to him.
"What’s the matter with you, Rod,
that you stick at home Sunday even
ings?” he demanded plainly, after
many unavailing hints. "Why don’t
you go calling on some of your young
lady friends, boy?”
"Oh, 1 don’t care about it,” said
Rodney, turning a lively crimson.
"They wouldn’t find me interesting.”
“Wouldn’t?" puffed Uncle Silas.
"Well, l should like to be told why
they wouldn’t. You’ve got a good
black suit and a new straw hat, and
you’ve got a pair of legs that could
take you to the candy shop on Sat’day
night, and enough pockets to put a
box or two in. 1 should like to know
what more you need to make ’em
find you interesting?”—Youth’s Com
See the delighted expression on the
faces of these people. They’re happy
because they’re comfortable from the
feet up—they’re wearing FORTUNE .
BRAND HOSE, the kind that wont
bruise or irritate the feet, because they
have no seams, and are so well made.
FORTUNE HOSE wear ever so much longer
than the ordinary kind, being spun from extra
quality long staple yarn. The colors for ladicsare
Black No. B-38 and Tan No. T-37. Sent in either
one color or assorted. Sizes 8l, 9, 91 and 10. The
Men’s Sox come in the following shades: Black
No. E-51; Tan No. C-43; Blue No. L-92; Red N >.
D-77; Gray No. H-85; Violet No. V-63; Green No.
X-48. Are sent in any assortment of colors desired.
Sizes 9l4 10, 10'o, 11 and 111/2.
FORTUNE HOSE are sold by the most pro
gressive merchant in nearly every town. If your
dealer doesn’t handle them, send us his name, and
we will supply you direct, upon receipt of price.
6 pairs of Ladies’ Seamless Hose 75c, postpaid.
6 pairs of Men’s Seamless Sox 60c, postpaid, or
both for $1.25, postpaid. We’re after big sales—
that’s why our prices are so low.
FORTUNE HOSIERY MILLS
Box 10 La Fayette, Ga.
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