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tenth of the land producing farm crops can not
maintain as good schools, build as fine roads, or establish other public institutions for the pleas ure. profit and comfort of Its citizens, as where all the land is yielding largely to clothe and feed tho nation. We need men with some means and much in dustry who will buy land, give it their personal attention and build comfortable rural homes, but before these will come in large numbers there must come a change over public sentiment as represented by the most prosperous of our white population. The farmers with small means who are going by the thousands each year Into the Canadian Northwest are not going there because of the climate, for their preference for the Can adian Government, nor because of the rich and fertile lands alone. They are not going to the cold climate of a foreign land in preference to the hospitable Southern climate of their own country, for nny other reason than that the spirit which always attracts Immigrants calls them. It is that spirit which says to the desirable citizen: Come among us, become one of us. share fully with us the rights of American citizenship, and Join hands with us in developing and building up our common country." The desirable immigrant responds only to the call which assures him a full share and equal part in all that constitutes the life of a prosperous and homogeneous rural people. There must be no "strings” to the prop osition, no reservations, and no assumption of I rior or superior rights on the part of any class or part of tho population. Some Features of This Issue. DON’T LET the stubble lands lie idle. Even If you can't plant cow peas or soy beans, there is yet a chance for other crops. Read what the K4itor-ln-Chlef says on page 479 and Professor Lloyd’s article on kaflr corn on page 489. • Then there is Mr. French’s first article on the making of permanent pastures. Every farm should have n permanent pasture; and if half the energy that is devoted on many farms to fighting the grass were devoted to feeding it. there would be more money in the farmer’s pocket. We must get rid of the cattle tick, too, to get the most out of these pastures we are going to make, as well as out of our legume crops and corn crop and cottonseed meal. This is one great work that we must do in the next decade, and every farmer who does his part In It can look back with pride to the achievement when it is ac complished as It is surely going to be. Let’s buckle down to It and move the Quarantine line south a little every year. If you doubt whether It will pay you to help, turn over the next leaf and see what tho cattle tick costs you on one count alone. Next week another charge against it will be made. Professor Mnssev's "Farm Work for July” did not R<*t to the office in time for last week’s Issue; hut It has lost none of Its timeliness. Timeliness Is also the characteristic of our Horticultural and Poultry departments, of our Health Talk, and of Miss Rausch's splendid article on women’s insti tutes. And the seasonableness of that graceful little poem on page fi, is beyond nil question. That was a splendid story Henry Carey told in last week’s Issue. Hero Is a boy thirteen years old and weighing 70 pounds who ran a two-horse cultivator and did good work, while men—grown up men weighing twice as much—say they can’t use two-horse cultivators successfully. That’s one advantage of being a boy; boys are not afraid to learu things uud some men are. It will be u great day for the South when there Is a general recognition of the fact that upon the fertility of Southern lands the permanent pros perity of the South must be builded. f “ What’s The News?” I Bt CLARENCE POE. The Week's Happenings. THE TWO VETERAN United States Senators who died last week. Senator McEnery, of Louisiana, and Senator Daniel, of Virginia, will both be succeeded by comparatively young men, Senator McEnery’s successor being the pres ent Governor of Louisiana, Hon. Jared Y. Sanders, while it is almost certain that Senator Daniel’s successor, will be ex-Governor Swanson, who re tired from office only last January. Both Mc Eenery and Daniel were distinguished Confederate soldiers and their deaths leave a very small num ber of Confederate veterans in either branch of Congress. • * * The Greater Georgia Association is planning to raise $200,000 to advertise the resources of Geor gia, mainly in the West, with a view to getting desirable immigrants for Georgia. None of the money will be spent in Europe. Many good farm ing sections in Georgia are sparsely settled, in Wayne County, for example, there being only twelve inhabitants to the square mile as compared with eighty-five to the square mile in Illinois. It is gratifying to see the general recognition of the fact that the Farmers’ Union has been right in opposing immigration from southern and eastern Europe, and all classes of the South will now, doubtless, get together under the leadership of President Barrett, as well as the business men of the South, and get the sort of Immigration we really need—thrifty, enterprising, English-speak ing Americans from the North and West with whatever immigration from England, Scotland, Ireland. Germany, etc., that may come South. • • • Mr. Bryan is back from his European tour, and when asked at Quebec whether or not he would be a candidate for President again, gave an equiv ocal answer: "How do I know? Much depends. I never discuss politics outside of my own country.’’ • • « The most striking recent political event was the action of the New York Legislature last week In refusing to pass the Cobb Direct Nomination Bill. This was one of the planks on which Gov ernor Hughes was elected, and he made a vigorous fight for It during the regular session of the Leg islature. Failing then, he called a special session, mentioning this as one of the three subjects to be considered. Ex-President Roosevelt sent a tele gram heartily supporting the Cobb bill, but it was rather defiantly Ignored by the New York Repub lican bosses. The following brief .explanation of the Cobb bill Is given by the New York Outlook: "The principle of this bill Is comparatively simple. The voters of a party themselves di rectly choose, by petition, their party com mittees. These party committees, besides be ing responsible for the conduct of party busi ness, are also responsible %r suggesting party candidates. If for any reason any candidate they suggest, or ‘designate’ (as the word Is), Is not satisfactory to any considerable number of party voters, another candidate may be suggested by these voters, and the choice be tween the suggestions for nomination can then be decided by the whole number of the party voters concerned. The final choice, therefore, comes directly upon the party voters; but preliminary work must be done by the regular party committees, and may be done by any group of volunteers.” 0 0 • President Taft has signed the River and Har bor Bill under protest, and It Is to be hoped that In the future the whole subject of river and harbor Improvement will be considered with ref erence to the general needs of the country and that the old “pork barrel” methods will be aban doned. The Public Building Bill is not much bet ter, and it Is significant that when Mr. Sulzer, of New York, demanded the roll called on this meas ure, only five members favored a record vote. On this matter the Statesville Landmark comments as follows: “The reason these five members received such scant sympathy was because the ma jority of the members had a personal interest in the case: the bill carried money for their districts and the appropriation, demanded by their constituents, would help to popularize them with the people. Of course, 50 to 75 per cent of the money appropriated for pub lic buildings isn’t really necessary. As a business proposition the Government can bet ter afford to pay rent in many of the small town, where the postofflce is the only Fed eral business to be transacted; and the mem bers who secure the appropriations know that, hence their refusal to go on record in voting for the bill. But it is not a matter of business. The people have been educated to expect their member of Congress to get something eut of the Treasury for them, and his usefulness, his worth, is measured not by ability or by statesmanship, but by the size of the appropriation he can secure. That is why public building bills, river and harbor bills, and other similar bills, swell to enor mous proportions. The members of Congress are drawn together by mutual interests—in answer to a so-called public demand, mind you,—and they stand by each other. So it goes, and the appropriations swell into bil lions at each session. The limit will be reach ed some time. Let us hope the reaction will not be disastrous.” * * * There are now four candidates for Governor of Georgia. Attorney-General J. C. Hart has enter ed the race, and the fact that he has resigned his office indicates that he will make a vigorous fight to carry away the honors sought by Joseph M. Brown and Hoke Smith. * * * A large number of Southern cotton mills are shutting down. A dispatch from Spartanburg, S. C., June 30th, said: “Mills in South Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia will close down until ihe 12th of July. Out of three million spindles, two and three-quarter millions have signified that they would join in the curtailment which will in clude at least a month in all during the summer. The movement will mean a cutting off of from one million to two million pieces of cloth, or one tenth of the output.” Mr. B. F. Keith, of Wilmington, N. C., sends us a newspaper clipping telling how in his county, the trucking industry has been built up and form erly cheap lands greatly increased in value. Just across the river in another county where the soli is as good the lands are still lying idle. This difference is attributed largely ,to the stock law in the one county and the lack of it in the other. Would-be truckers find the razor-back hog and the scrub cow two very difficult forces to contend with, so they simply go where they are protected from these marauders. A Thought for the Week TO LEAD in the cause of peace no one of thflH great nations is so well circumstanced as th^H United States of America. We are remote in distance and separated by oceans from other nations, so that if one of them were to attack us it would be fighting at long range, and it Is ob vious that such fighting is most exhaustive and at tended with the least probabilities of success. Of course, the same rule would obtain against us were we to undertake an aggressive war, but an aggressive war assumes no desire for peace. In a defensive war our location is a great defense. In the second place, our resources of men and material are such as to almost guarantee against any attack. Whatever advantage might enure to any nation by reason of its larger armament would be only temporary in its nature and would soon be exhausted by the enormous resources of this country. In the third place, no nation is in such a financial condition. Our debt, compared with that of other great nations, is small, and if we had not been foolish enough to squander money in ironclads and army we might now be a nation without a debt.—The late Judge David J. Brewer of United States Supreme Court in address June 12. 1909.