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pig until he is at least 8 months old,
but as a general rule it will pay to do this also. On the other hand, it is customary in the South to use a boar a year or two and when he gets ♦ o that maturity which renders him of the greatest value, he is disposed of because too large or too much trouble to manage, or because of the bad habits he has been encouraged to form. If the sows were selected with more care and kept during the period of their greatest usefulness, 2 to 5 years of age, there would be less ground for the excuse that a change of boars is necessary to pre vent inbreeding. This of itself is also largely an imaginary objection. There is no reason why the farmer who has a good boar and is raising hogs for pork, should not inbreed to a greater extent than is generally supposed. At any rate the boar that is properly handled will usually do good service until he is 6 or 7 years old, and we would much prefer such an animal to an immature pig. The feeding of the boar pig in tended for breeding purposes is a more important matter than the at tention generally given It would in dicate. There is no question about the character and amount of feed having played an important part in the development of the improved breed of live stock and if we are to become live stock growers we must at least learn the one lesson of more liberal feeding. But with more lib eral feeding must come more intel ligent feeding. The young boar can not be grown on grass alone, nor can he be grown on corn alone, nor will he be best grown on both combined. If cowpeas soy beans or peanuts can not be grown for him, then some of the clovers will help out, and if none of these can be supplied, buy a little tankage to mix with the corn to balance up the ration and supply the materials needed for bone and mus cle making. Boars are usually kept too poor instead of too fat for good service, in the South. to remove them except to prevent them from reproducing other ticks; for they will drop off soon after they become filled with blood without any effort on our part, if however, an attempt is made to remove them from the cattle at this time, they are at a stage which renders them most difficult to kill by the application of any substances to them or the cow. That is, grease or other substances applied to the cow kill the small ticks much more readily than these large ticks. Again, many people are de ceived into believing that substances fed the cow cause the ticks to drop off, whereas they have arrived at a stage of their development when they drop off regardless of whether any thing is given or not. If sulphur, kerosene and other substances were given when the ticks were small they would be seen to have little or no effect; but they are not usually given at this time because the cattle owner does not know they are on the cattle (11) 551 in large numbers. When they reach the stage at which they would drop off anyway he begins to see them and gives the sulphur, etc. Of course, they drop off and the sulphur gets the credit; but these large ticks would have dropped off just the same if no sulphur had been given. Sulphur No Good. So far as any one now knows, nothing can be fed the cattle that will keep the ticks from infesting the cattle nor that will cause them to drop off until they have completed their natural period of development on the cattle. It is absolute folly to depend upon any such measures for protecting the cattle from ticks. In our next article we shall fur ther describe the life-habits of the ticks. HOW TO GET RID OF THE CATTLE TICK. The Habit* nnd Life History of the Cattle Tick—Only One Kind That Cnrries the Germ of Texas Fever, and How to Dis tinguish It—Nothing Fed the Cow Will Cause Ticks to Drop Off. By Tait Butler, THERE are many kinds or spe cies of ticks. Some eight or ten different kinds have been found on cattle in the United States, and sometimes as many as three or four different species may be found on a cow at the same time; but there Is only one kind or species that car ries the ‘‘germ” of Texas or tick fever, and It is very rare Indeed that any but the fever tick over infests cattle in large numbers. How to Distinguish the Fever Tick. If a largo number of ticks are found on nu animal, especially any time after the middle of the summer, -it Is pretty safe to couctude that these are the Southern cattle fever tick (Margaropus annulatus), which is the one referred to in this discus sion of tick eradication. To the farm er these different kinds of ticks may look very much alike, but if he will compare the fever tick with the oth er species he will usually seo as great differences as there are be tween a bulldog and a setter. There are two other common species which are perhaps most likely to get on cattle, which may usually bo distin guished from the fever tick with reasonable certain, even if pres ent in such considerable numbers an to make it difficult to tell the spe-1 cIjs probably present by the fact of numbers alone. One Is the common dog tick which differs from the fever tick in having different and more prominent mouth parts and in its color. The color of the fever tick Is of a bluish or lead color, while the dog tick is more of a light brown color. The other species lias a white spot just buck of its head and is shorter nnd more round in shape than the fever tick. Clear Cattle of Ticks ami the Work is Done. The fever tick rarely infests other unimuls than the cow, horse, mule and deer. In fact, if it gets on other unlmals, and it does sometimes, it is bo rare as to be of no practical importance in tick eradication. We are constantly being asked how the cattle ticks cun be eradicated when : dogB, rabbits and squirrels carry them every where. Those animals carry ticks, but they do not carry the fever ticks, therefore, the ticks they carry do not in any way effect ttotnroblem of eradicating the cattle fever tick and may be entirely ig nored. All are familiar with the large bluish colored ticks which infest cat tle. They may not be noticed until they become filled with blood and be come large. These large ticks are females that have reached their full stage or degree of development on the cow and are ready to drop ofT and begin another part of their life work. The male is only two or three times the size of an ordinary pinhead and unless searched for is not likely to be seen. He is nearly always to be found on the cow with the female, but only a close examina tion is likely to reveal his presence. We are little interested in him, how ever, and shall now watch the female ticks as they drop off the cattle. The Female Tick. When fully engorged with blood these large female t icks naturally drop off the cattle. They are usually not visible until they suddenly be come distended with blood, and it is at this time that efforts are usually made to remove them by picking, greasing and other means. In so far as these big ticks are concerned, it is not necessary to take any steps CQfl HAY PRESS Ef*4 f"n,1 p™8a m*d* 4)0 U „„ ' . „ thousands in use Over r * 0 solo in 3 months. For 10 years we’ve made them. Shipped on fi day*’ trial direct from factory. Write for booklet WATKTNS HAY PRESS CO. :: Atlanta. Ga. LIGHTNING HAY PRESSES' Teated forovcf25ycan. Made in many atylea, Hoes* Power, Belt Power and Self-feed At tachment. Simple and Durable with Greateat Capacity. They make a Profitable layeatmeat. We can ault you. Write for Catalog and prlcca. KANSAS CITY IAY PRESS CO. * Mill St., Kansas City, Ml. _ -—-1— ■ i B _ CONDENSING 'PACKER The Improved Red Ripper ! “,ed and commended by State and County Farms all over the South It la the only beler on the market that regulates the weight of bales automatteall* 1 ', 7' f"l“d dur”bIe_e*SJ to '•***■ ">d «*bt on the horse-makes neat, heavy bales and is cheap. Write us for prices and easy terms. ’ nates, SIKES HAY PRESS COMPANY, Boa 84, OcQa, Ga. ' Continuous Travel. THE ROYAL LINE OF HAY PRESSES I Before you buy a hay press be sure yon are get- 4 ting one that Is honestly built and will bale A smoothly, quickly and economically without break- M ing down or getting out of order We mske this 9 I I_ kind of Hay Press-4 of them-The *e*a4 He*. ^ T a Q. Junior Kogal Economy ond Nm CAictMUiM, Irlflhtctt, strong- Write us today and let us prove to you that cm of eat Pheaneat these is the one you should buy. eat, cneapest. CHATTANOOGA mPiMMhNT A MPO. CO.. _Department T. Chattanooga. Team. -* 1 Make More Pi_ On Your Hay IF YOU bale your hay with an I H C hay press you get 100 per cent value out of your hay crop. Baled hav finds a ready market and brings top-notch prices—there is no waste, no dust to give horses a cough. Baled hav is easier to handle and retains the nutritive value of the sweet, green hay. Even if you don’t sell your hav vou | should have one of these presses for your own use. It will more than pay for itself in the saving it makes. Baled hay takes up about one-fifth as much space as loose hay, therefore the entire crop of the average hay grower can be stored under cover. If you bale your hay there will be no old stack tops and bottoms to go to waste. With an IH C Pull Power Hay Press you can bale your own hay. You will not waste any of your crop or share part of your profit with a contract baler. Ask any man owning one. He will tell you that his I H C hay press more than paid for itself the first vear by the saving it made. J 7 1 H C hay presses are supplied to be operated with either one or two horses. The International motor baling j press is furnished with a 3, 4 or 6-horsepower I H C gasoline engine—a hay press and portable engine in ono. Call on the International local dealer and ask him to demonstrate these presses to you. or. if you prefer, write us for catalogue and full information. INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER COMPANY OF AMERICA (Incorporated) Chicago USA.