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$500 More a rear farming: How to Get it
' ■■■ i ■ . u_ BY GROWING MORE BUR CLOVER. While a Less Valuable All-Round Legume Than Crimson Clover the Mur \ nriety Has Some Points of Superiority—With White Clover and Bermuda It Makes An Almost Ideal Permanent Pas ture—Hints on Sowing. By Tait Butler. BUR CLOVER is a valuable plant for the South, but we regard It as less valuable than crimson clover or vetch. It will furnish more cover for the land during the winter than vetch, hut is uot so valuable a hay plant and is more dilllcult to get started. Like some of the, other winter legumes, the seed have been scarce aud high-priced for years. In fact, the scarcity of seed and the un certainty of getting a stand have al most put bur clover out of consider ation In many sections during recent years. In certain sections this may not be entirely true, but the few 9eed on the general market have been mostly recleaned seed from California or the West, and they have not given satisfaction as a general rule. Why Recent Failures. This California variety (Toothed Medic) has not the black spot in the leaf and is a more slender and less vigorous plant than the one (Spotted Medic) common in the Gulf and East ern Southern States, and the seed being clean, they do not carry the necessary germs to Inoculate the soil; so that falluro with these re cleaned seed has been altogether too common. When the seed are sowed in the bur there seems to be sufllcient material carried with them to Inoc ulate the soil with the germs needed to make it -grow successfully; but seed in the bur have been impossible to get In recent years in many local ities. Bur clover, alfalfa, mclllotus, etc., are sulllciently close relatives for one to Inoculate the soil for the other, but the germs necessary for the roots of all these legumes are not generally in the soil and unless some of them have been successfully grown on the land, inoculation is usually neces sary. Sowing in the Hur. When bur clover seed cun bo ob tained in the burs and are sowed nt the right time, September and Octo ber, a stand is reasonably sure; but the recleaned seed on tho market, sowed without inoculation with the soil of a Held where melllotus, alfal fa or hur clover has grown, is too generally a failure. If seed in tho bur aro used, it is better adapted to sowing at tho last working of cotton or corn than either crimson clover, but tills early sow ing, even in the hur, is not desirable nud should ouiy ho practiced when an nbundance of seed is used and there is plenty of moisture in the ■oil. The seed may require more time to germinate and probably the seed surrounded by tho bur also nmko more vigorous plants. At any rate seed in tho bur aro more likely to come up and tho plants withstand the dry weather of fall and the cold of early winter. The fact that the burs are almost certain to carry in oculating material may also help to account for the more certainty of a stand from seed Bowed in the bur. When recioaned seed are sowed the plant lug should be done the lat ter part of September or early in October, and the soil Inoculated. This, ns all other legumes, should ho grown on a small area until suf ficient inoculated soil is obtained to inoculate any new area that may be sowed. Advantages of Hur Clover. IJur clover has Beverul strong feat ures making it a desirable plant to encourage on any farm. If sowed in the bur, it can be best put in at the last working of cotton or corn. It gives some cover to the land and furnishes some grazing during the fall and winter and in the early spring makes a vigorous growth; while the habit of the plant to pro duce 20 to 40 stems gives a heavy growth of forage. Williams, of the North Carolina State Department of Agriculture, reports a yield of 2.91 tons of hay per acre, and 162:1 pounds of nitrogen gathered by the crop. Live stock do not like the plant when other pasture plants are available, but they readily learn* to eat It at the season of the year when it makes its chief growth, because other green stuff is then scarce. It is a better pasture than hay plant. Perhaps, its strongest point is its abundant seeding and tendency to stay on the land when once estab lished. For this reason it is one of the very best plants to put in a short yearly rotation with corn. Re seeding can be secured by leaving a narrow strip, a few inches wide, of the clover between each eor'n row, until seed are matured In May, when this middle may be broken out and the cultivation of the corn continued. Or it matures seed in ample time to permit the corn to be planted after ward. It has also been used in the same way in a short rotation with cotton, but the leaving of the “mid dle” strip of clover increases the cost of properly preparing the land and of the early cultivation of the cotton and In a wet season may increase the tendency of the crop to become grassy. How to Get An Ideal Pasture. When once established on a Ber muda pasture it will reseed Itself and remain and add greatly to the forage furnished. It dies down by the time the Bermuda grass is ready to start, thus giving early and late pasture. In fact, bur clover, white clover and Bermuda make about as near an ideal permanent pasture as it is possible to get. When seed are sold in the bur a great deal of trash is apt to go with them, and 10 to 14 pounds are given to the bushel, and as much as two bushels or more should be used per acre. To start bur clover on a Bermuda pasture the seed should be scattered broadcast in late September or early October, when there is moisture in the soil, and the land thoroughly disked or scarified. Bur clover seed scattered over a so-called pasture, on the hard, bare soil, will not do any good and is almost certain to result in the loss of the seed. Of the re cleaned seed from 8 to 10 pounds per acre are sow’ed. We have seen bur clover grow on sandy lands, clay lands with lime and clay lands without lime, thus indi cating a wide range of adaptability, but this does not mean that it will grow when the soil is not inoculated. Pasture. I have a 3-acre plot of red clay hill land that I wish to con vert into a permanent pasture. Please advise which to sow, clover or a mixture of clover and grasses, the kind, time for sow ing, preparation etc. J. P. (Answer by Prof. W. F. Massey.) Probably the best mixture you can sow for a permanent pasture in your section will be 10 pounds of orchard grass, 5 pounds of redtop and 10 pounds of Canada bluegrass. If horses are to be pastured on it, I would leave out white clover or alis ke. Prepare the land well and sow the seed at any time In the fall after early September. The above mixture being for an acre, for liberal seeding is essential to getting a good sod. Brush the seed in lightly after sowing with a slant tooth harrow. It has given me great pleasure on many occasions to state, conscien tiously, that The Progressive Farmer and Gazette is the best agricultural paper that I have ever seen. To be without it would be a calamity to the Southern farmers.—W. K. Pickens, Livingston, Ala. LET GROWER AND RUYER GET TOGETHER. Too Much Difference Between Buying and Selling Prices—One Bushel of Crimson Clover Seed Worth a Ton of Guano. Messrs. Editors: Year before last I sowed ten acres with two bushels of crimson clover seed in my cot ton after the last plowing; never harrowed or covered the seeds in any way. I had as good stand as I ever saw, and the best and prettiest crop I ever saw. I turned a part of it under in full bloom and waited until the other was nearly all dead before plowing it un der. I planted both lots in corn a few days after plowing in the clover. I liked it better turned under green because I could plant the corn ten days sooner and the corn was equally as good as that planted later. Last year I sowed two bushels more on a ten-acre field of cotton and turned all under in full bloom and planted corn the first of June. Now the corn is about four feet high, and sowed in peas at the last plowing. The crimson clover seed cost me year before last, $3.50 per bushel; last year, $5 per bushel; this year, $9 per bushel; and they will have to go higher than $9 for me to stop sow ing. I think one bushel of crimson clo ver seed is worth more to me than a ton of $30 guano. I wrote to a large seed house in Baltimore for prices on crimson clover seed, a few weeks ago, and they wrote me they would give me 8 cents per pound for good seed. I wrote them I did not have any for sale, but wanted to know what they charged. They wrote me that they wanted 15 cents f. o. b. Baltimore. You see they did not want much profit—just $7 on 100 pounds. Now, Mr. Farmer, you who grow seed for sale: I wish there was some way for us to get together and try to make a compromise in some way and divide that $7 on 100 pounds of seed. I think it would be a wise plan for you to give The Progressive Farmer and Gazette $1 to advertise your seed, take $3 for yourself and give the other $3 to the man who wants to sow them. In that way we will soon become known to each other, and thousands of other people be sides, and you will get more for your seed, and I, or whoever sows, will get them cheap and be able to buy and sow more seed. St. Brides, Va. W. H. WILSON. TERRACING FARM. DUBLS ITS VALUE. S10 WRIGHT FARM LEVEL also best for Diching, Grading. Irrigating, Bilding. Muney In running lines for others. Write now. for special Agency offer. Frank Wright. Mfg. Cave Springe. Ga. TEN THINGS TO DO IN AUGUST. ° MATTER If your crops have been “laid by,” don’t fail to stir lightly the upper crust of earth if it begius getting hard aud dry. a. Get ready to save every possible pound of hay. Sharpen up the mower. Cut peas when first pods begin to turn. 3. Out the corn us it matures and save all the feed. Pulling fodder is not only expensive and wasteful, but seriously de creases the yield of ear corn. 4. \\ here crops are taken off the land, begin preparations for the fall seeding. Do not stir deeply, but thoroughly pul verize the three inches on top of the soil. 5. Clean up all needs, briers, bushes, etc., from ditch banks, fence comers, around buildings and between cultivated fields. August is tlie best month for killing bushes and briers and ar ranging to merge the piddling patches into broad and generous fields next yeur. 0. Got the cattle out of the infected pastures and grease them thoroughly to kill all ticks now on them. Then put them in new pastures and start out next spring with a tick-free farm and tick-free cattle. t. 1 repare to have some winter-growing crop on every acre of land now in cotton or com. Sow crimson clover or vetch after the first picking of cotton, rye later. 8. Keep Die hogs that you intend to kill next fall growing with all their might. They should be in pasture now’ up to their eyes, but see that they have plenty of pure water and a good shade to go to. Sow rape and turnips for winter feeding. ». Paint the fami home, [mint or whitewash other buildings, and make all needed repairs. 10. Go to your Farmers’ Institutes or other farmers’ meet ings, and arrange to give your wife and children a short vaca tion. VALUABLE MACHINERY 1 ?5-H. P. Case Traction Engine. 1 Little Giant Planer. Matcher and Moulder. Never in use. 1 No 2 American Saw Mill with 2 Circular Saws. 1 Whitman self-feed, belt power. Hay Presa. 1 Murray System Gin Outfit: 2 70-saw stasda with hydraulic double box revolving preaa. In use only 2 seasons. Ail Bargains. R. K. Boney, Duckport, La. ENGINES and BOILERS Traction Engine. 18 horse compound, 1600; 18 horse compound. $500: 16 horse plain traction; 16 horse plain traction; 10 horse traction; 10 and 12 horse portable, on iron trucks; 20 horse portable, on skids; 20 horse portable, on iron trucks; gaso line engines, all sizes; new saw mill, $130; boilers, engine-', pumps, heaters. Caaey Boiler Works, Springfield, Ohio Cotton Gins; Engine Two 60 saw gin stands, condensers and feeders with press, all for $300.00, also Engine of 150 horse power, one of the very best, price $1,000.00. Address W. Calvin Wells, Jackson, Miss.