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B PLOWHANDLE TALKS. B
Value of Rye as a Cover Crop. Messrs. Editors: When I was much younger than I am now, my father had a fine farm on which I worked for several springs and sum mers and we always made big crops of corn and wheat. I remember that he, every year, sowed i ve in the fall and plowed it under in the spring or late winter, and these places which were thinner and less productive, made ns good corn as the richer plots in the same field which needed no soiling crops. I have seen a statement that a man from the Northwest went to Georgia, bought a very poor place and after the first crop he sowed rye on It In the fall, plowed It under In the spring, for two or three years, with the result of an increase of two or three barrels of corn each success sive year. JAMES D. TILLMAN. Harms, Tenn. Editorial Continent.—This is fresh testimony, If more were needed, to the value of winter cover crops. While on most lands n winter-grow ing legume would be preferable to the rye, still rye will help greatly, and do not leave any land bare this winter. Soy Beans for Hay. Messrs. Editors: I see in a recent Issue that Prof. Massey says he would like to hear from some who have sown soja beans broadcast. I have sown them broadcast, alone, with sorghum and kaffir corn, and with cowpeas. I first tried them with black peas planted about June 8th or 10th. Al though this made an enormous crop. It was not quite satisfactory. In the first place, since I grew It especially for hay, I had to wait for the peas to develop till the beans hnd rather passed their best stage for hay, hav ing hard, woody stems, and pods so hard as to hurt the mouths of stock when thoroughly dry. Next, they were so tangled that I found It very difficult to mow and stack, ami very mean to bale. But with the Iron pea. which grows In much shorter time (and for many reasons the best of all cow Peasl, planted about July 1st, the result has never failed to please. I prefer to plant each separately rather than soja beans and sorghum. For hay 1 prefer them mixed with Iron peas at the rate of one-half bushel of each to the acre. For green feed they are hard to beat, and are most profitably sown alone In rows and cultivated. ZENO MOORE. Edgecombe Co., N. C. Why Corn Fire*. Messrs. Editors: I notice an ar ticle in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette as to why corn tires. It looks like any man with ordinary intelli gence could see the reason, by giv ing the subject a little thought. One reason Is that the land has been In cultivation for years and nothing put back to restore the fertility, and the consequence is it gets poorer year after year. If the land was planted in some legume with the ad dition of phosphoric acid, he could keep up the fertility without the use of commercial fertilizers. 1 doubt, taking the country at large, that the use of commercial fertilizers has in creased the crops enough to pay for the fertilizers. Another reason why corn tires is for the want of proper cultivation. ' Some people plow out their corn ----1 with turning plows and leave it to take care of itself; a hard rain comes and the land bakes, and firing sets in. If they would cultivate differ ently and keep the land stirred late as possible there would not be so much firing. It does not matter how thick corn is provided your land has been properly prepared and cul tivated and rich enough to sustain thick corn. The greatest reason, I suppose, is the lack of proper culti vation. R. s. JONES. Terry, Miss. Another Cheap Waterworks System. I want to give you our system of home waterworks as requested in your most valuable Progressive Farmer and Gazette. My tower. 25 feet high cost $20; cistern, capacity 5x8 feet, cost $3 0; gasoline engine, 6-horse-power (sec ond-hnnd), cost $125. This engine runs a grist mill and crusher, and furnishes water to five different lots, for all house purposes, including bathroom and kitchen. I am about to put a water fan in dining room. All pipes and connections are sec ond hand, costing six years ago $60. The whole plant was put up by my two boys, except foundation of en gine which cost $14. I hope this system of water works will induce many others to do the same, and will help to keep many boys at home. L. C. GAUTHIER. St. Martinsville, La. The Sort of Papers Not to Read. Messrs. Editors: I am very much disgusted to see a great number of people take cheap Northern farm papers which are filled with patent medicine, stock food, and other humbug advertisements. You take a very advanced stand on these things in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, but a very cor rect one. You are ahead of the re ligious papers, for nil of them I have seen advertise patent medicines. Rut not many carry the stock food hum bug ads. C. S. ARCHER. Raldwyn, Miss. Believe* in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette and Baises Hire. Messrs. Editors: Your good horse sense, coupled with your clean open and above board policies, ought to particularly appeal to every farmer. Tell the 18-year-old young man if we would look to our interest and support The Progressive Farmer and Gazette as we should, it would be as good a college as he needed, provid ed he would buy an Avery 3-mule disk and a 2-horse Avery cultivator and some of same make of steel beam 7-inch-cut turn plows and a 14-disk harrow. Keep these tools going and make cotton a side show. The man working for $100 per month won’t be in it. Of course, the young farmer must get down into the dirt as you always advise and make a well pulverized seed bed and fill his ground with humus. If we will adopt these plans we will soon change the name of “hayseed” and elevate our profession to one of power and influence we never dream ed of. Tell us hayseeds anything and we believe it. Tell it over and over in strong and vigorous terms and a majority of our sort will take for granted what our friends, the specu lator, professional politician and patent medicine fakir, tell us with out any further proof. Keep up your sledge-hammer blows and if possible increase the weight of your sledge. Mr. A. L. French’s article on broomsedge is just what I have been doing. I go a little farther,—T litter my lot and cowpens, and I flat-bed and sow 1 bushels of rice per acre broadcast on the poorest land I have and cover about 4 inches deep with the straw. The rice will work its way through the straw and make 50 bushels of as plump grain per acre as you ever saw. Then stack your rice straw and get all the broom sedge and fine straw you can for the next crop. Don’t plant in a pen or where water will stand, as a heavy rain will lift the straw and \Vhen the water falls your mulch will smother your rice. HAYSEED. Grangeville, La. About Chloroform for Chiggers. Messrs Editors: The remedy given by Mr. Worden for chiggers has one serious drawback, and that is, if you put people to rubbing chigger bites, and chiggers with chloroform, you will have some folks who do not know its local effect, blistered all over, and as I read the prescription, and thought of the possible conse quence, I was more or less amused, as 1 thought of the fact that the rem edy would be worse than the disease miles properly and carefully applied. If chloroform is to be used, or if chloroforming Mr. Chigger is a good means of stopping his depredations, rather than apply it as most people would do, not knowing its local irri tating effect, I would rather put a twist on the chigger’s nose, then chloroform him and hang him on a pole, like the farmers do hawks, or bury him like all thoughtful farmers do dead hogs, etc., from cholera, or leave him out in the sun and let him warp out of service, like some of them do their machinery and farm Implements. Dropping chloroform on in drop doses would be all right, but rubbing it on, as many would do—excuse me please. I would rather scratch. W. B. CRAWFORD, M. D. MILLSAPS COLLEGE JACKSON, MISS. Rev. David Carlisle Hall, M. S., PrasMnt A * ieh grade College, situated at the capital of the State. Location high dry and health ful. Entrance Requirement and Curriculum same ns i-> other leading Colleges and Univer sities. North and South. The very finest Moral and Religious Influences. Extraordinary Ad vantages in LITERARY AND LAW DEPARTMENTS. Courses Lending to A. B.. B. S. A. M , M. 8., and LL B. Degrees. Nineteenth Session Begins September 28.1910. For Catalog and other Information address. J. E. WALMSlEY. Secretary. Jackson, Miss. LEARN BY Mil keeping, Shorthand, Banking, innship, English, Arithmetic, Business Latter Writing, Com merrlal Law, Civil Service. MONEY BACK if not satr isfled on completing course. POSITIONS secured. 8,000 students. Write for free Book on Home Study. Draughtin'* College, Box H 38, Nashville, lean. Educational Directory. ^^i*riVVVVVV>Aftft<UUL>a_ CHAMBERLAIN-HUNT ACADEMY Port Gibson, Mississippi. A hIffh-irrade training school for boys. End rsed by leading educators. Graduates admitted without examina tion to all leading universities. Classical, Science and Business Courses. InBtru' tors all men—college graduates. Steam beat, hot and cold water, electric lights, excellent home board. Reduced Re tee—$180 Par Year. (No extras) ’ Located among country bills. No mal aria. Athletic sports encouraged. Mili tary abolished. For catalog, address— M. E. Melvin, A. M-, Pres. SHUMAN COLLEGE No more careful and pains-taking -M fog girls end young women in the South. 69th year. Modern, Beautiful. Healthful HBI Country. Very easy rates owing to snilnwHnl Illustrated catalogue. H. H. BROWNLEE, Pres, Clinton, U. MARTIN COLLEGE FOR GIRLS PULASKI. TENNESSEE. MODERN EQUIPMENT STRONG FACULTY ALL DEPARTMENT! Those interested in THE BE*T should write the President for eataiogua. W. T. Wynn, : : : Pulaski, Tenn. The Southern Industrial Institute Camp Hill, Alabama A farm school for earnest boys end girls of ■lender means. Annuel expenses. 160, $7®, $100. Expenses depend on the labor each student per forms. Thirteenth session opens September SL 1910 Applications should include a recommen dation. Lyman Ward, n Principal ALABAMA Polytechnic Institite ( Ths Only Cwpto’t VttsrJury Mls|S MB M " ... r 11 Three years' course. Tuition free for resi dents of Alabama, and only B OO tar non residents. Graduatee admitted ta the Amer ican Veterinary Medical Aemetattam and to the Civil Set vice Examination tar positions in the United St atm Department of Aprind tare. For catalog and. further Information, address G. A. GARY, Auburn, Ala., Dean. KANSAS CITY VETERINARY COHERE I horough and complete course. Great Demand for Graduates as Practitioners, Teachers, Investigators, San. t.iry Officers. Army Vetennarians, U. S. Inspectors, Catalog and other information sent on application. OR. S. STEWART, Secretary, ism East lfith Street, Kansas City, Mo* mum MERIDIAN WOMAN’S COLLEGE LARGEST. BEST EQUIPPED PBIVATE COL LEGE IN THE SOUTH. Said by patrons to ba the beat dieciplined. brat reliaious influence and •a teat College fur ait la in the land. Largest Made Conservator* In the South. Art. Elocution. Busi ness Course. Domestic Science. Write tar catalog. J. W. BEESON, President, Department V, - - Meridian, Miss.