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evil, just as we would deserve it if we should
assume the same attitude toward them if they attempted to stamp out yellow fever and malaria.” In this spirit we have taken up elsewhere in this issue of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette the subject of drinking in the form of a letter to our farm boys, and we shall be glad if every fath er and mother of a boy will bring the article to his attention, along with the conclusions of emi nent doctors as set forth in our Health Talk. Simply as a strictly agricultural paper we would be Interested in this subject because drunkards are not good fanners, and in whatever degree these future Southern farmers are under the in fluence of drink, just In that degree will progress be impeded. Sometimes we are fearful that the new genera tion in the South will show a greater proportion of white drunkards as compared with negroes, because under prohibiton so many negroes are too ignorant to order whiskey conveniently, while good white farmers take Into their homes and put before their boys thousands of newspapers filled with alluring advertisements of mail-order whiskey houses. The greater ease with which whites get whiskey is illustrated by the fact that the first year of prohibition in Raleigh, N. C., show ed 212 arrests of whites for drunkenness as com pared with only 56 for negroes. So-called clubs in the cities are also breeding a great many young white drinkers, and our farmer fathers and mothers should count themselves fortunate that their boys are not growing up exposed to the in fluences or either saloons, blind tigers, or locker clubs. A Progressive Farmers' Union Leader ONE OF THE MOST progressive Farmers’ Union Presidents in America is George A. Cole, of Arkansas. Mr. Cole has long been active in Farmers’ Institute work, and Is a pro gressive and thoughtful agricultural leader. When f hosen to head the Arkansas Union he at once set about mapping out a definite program of constructive work for the agricultural Interests of tho State. (1) Drainage. (2) better roads. (3) immigration of the right sort. (4) the extension of demonstration work, (5) the establishment of county fairs— okorck a. roi.it. these are some of the things he has determined to get done. In the matter of drainage he headed a delega tion to Washington which hopes to get from Con gress $75,000 for a survey of 6.000,000 acres of Arkansas land in need of drainage. This $75,000 will be used only for survey work: then drainage districts will be formed and bonds issued with the lands as security. Already the Farm Demonstration work is in progress in 45 counties, but Mr. Cole will not rest until every county has it. County agricultural fairs would also help Ar kansas ub they would help all over the South, and the Arkansas Farmers' Union is trying to start these fairs. The State is yet thinly settled, and the Union, while opposed to haphazard foreign immigration, discriminates between good and bad immigration and warmly welcomes the enterprising Northern and Western farmer who wishes to come South. A Land Congress was recently held in Little Rock for the purpose of systematically advertising the advantages of Arkansas. Six railroads w’ere rep resented and these will combine with the organ ized real estate dealers in letting the world know what the Commonwealth offers the small farmer. "There will be no misrepresentation," Mr. Cole says. "We ure simply going to state facts.” Mr. Cole is also greatly Interested in the development of rice growing, by means of which thousands and thousands of acres formerly thought fit for noth ing except to hold the world together, have be come very valuable. The Farmers’ Union has great opportunities for work like this in every State. It is fortunate when it has at its head a man of Mr. Cole’s vision, energy and determination. Give Us a New Kind of Text-Books. IN HIS NEW BOOK on “The Rural Life Prob lem in the United States,” Sir Horace Plun kett, who has done such magnificent work for the rural regeneration of Ireland, has this to say of our American public school system: "At present country children are educated as if for the purpose of driving them into the towns. To the pleasure which the cul tured city man feels in the country—because he has been taught to feel it—the country child Is insensible. The country offers con tinued interest to the mind which has been trained to be thoughtful and observant; the town offers continued distraction to the va cant eye and brain. Yet the education given to country children has been invented for them in the town, and it not only bears no relation to the life they are to lead, but act ually attracts them to a town career.” The remedy must be found in a new sort of text-books; and the best educational work that the Farmers’ Union can do is to insist upon hav ing text-books in harmony with rural life put in to use in rural schools—not merely books that have an artificial or sentimental smattering of ag ricultural interest, but books that are In heart and marrow genuinely suited to the farmer’s need, written by men with first-hand knowledge not only of country life but of the problems of agri cultural education. In our arithmetics, for example, it is not enough to try to fool the farmer by putting in such examples as, “If a bushel of wheat is worth 85 cents, what is 5 of a bushel worth?” Or, “If land rents for $10 per acre, and is valued at $43, what is the percentage of rent?” What the farmer wants now is an arithmetic that will show liow to apply the teachings of agricultural science —how to mix fertilizers from any group of in gredients to make any analysis he wishes, how to calculate the fertilizing value of any ingredient or mixture, how to calculate a feeding ration from any combination of feed stuffs so as to get greatest results at cheapest cost, etc., etc. There are. of course, certain great cultural and educational principles which must be kept in mind In selecting text-books, and the demand is for books that will meet the educational ideal here and at the same time meet the farmer’s de mand for books in harmony with real life. The trouble heretofore has been that our text-books have usually been selected by groups of poli ticians who cared little about either phase of the matter—or if they cared, had not sufficient train ing to give any intelligent direction to their inter est. The National Ginners’ Association estimates the cotton crop condition at 72.9, indicating a yield of about 11,500,000 bales. A Thought for the Week. HE THAT FEELS not the beauty and blessed ness and peace of the woods and meadows that God hath bedecked with flowers for him even while he is yet a sinner, how shall he learn to enjoy the unfading bloom of the clestial country if he ever become a saint? No, no, sir, he that hath departed out of this world without perceiving that it is fair and full of innocent sweetness hath done little honor to the everyday miracles of Divine beneficence; and though by mercy he may obtain an entrance to Heaven, it will be a strange place to him; and though he have studied all that is written in men’s books of divinity, yet because he hath left the book of Nature unturned, he will have much to learn and much to forget.—From a story by Henry van Dyke. “What’s The News?” Br CLARENCE POE. FOR SOMETIME there has been talk of a con solidation of a great number of cotton mills in different parts of the South, among the alleged promoters of the scheme being the Dukes who organized the Tobacco Trust which has rob bed the American tobacco farmers of their inde pendence. Last week such a merger of thirty two Massachusetts and New York mills was ef fected, their annual output being worth $18,000, 000, the product of 10,000 employes. Another development in high finance last week of interest to cotton growers was the announcement of plans by Daniel J. Sully, John Hays Hammond, and a London syndicate to form a gigantic system of warehouses for storing cotton, covering the en tire cotton-producing and cotton manufacturing States. * * • We can not better summarize the result of the recent Texas primaries than by quoting the fol lowing from the Springfield Republican: “The leading issue in the Texas primaries was the question of the submission of pro hibitory amendment to the State Constitution and the proposal was so emphatically in dorsed that the amendment will probably be carried in due season. The fact that Mr. Colquitt, who won the Democratic nomina tion for Governor, is opposed to prohibition, signifies no contradiction in the action of the voters, for the prohibition vote was divided between Cone Johnson and William Poindex ter, who ran second and third, respectively, at the polls and who were both pledged sup porters of the prohibitory cause. In so far as Senator Bailey was an issue, he appears to have gained no great success. He supported Mr. Poindexter for Governor, but Mr. Poin dexter’s vote was less than the vote for Cone Johnson, who has been one of the Senator’s most uncompromising foes. Senator Bailey’s effort to defeat Congressman Randall in the Fourth District was a complete failure. The Governor soon to retire, Governor Campbell, is expected to contest for the Senatorship with Mr. ailey when the latter’s present' term expires.” * * * The contest between Hoke Smith and Joseph Brown for Governor of Georgia is not so bitter and heated as their last campaign, but what warmth is lacking here is more than atoned for by the red-hot fight which the earnest Democrats are making to prevent the renomination of the group of Georgia Congressmen who deserted their party and came to the support of Speaker Cannon and the Republican machine at a time of crisis. These deserting Congressmen are swift to invent many and varied excuses for their mys terious action, but the people are very slow to ac- . cept them. J * • • The New York Evening Post which has always opposed Mr. Bryan, has this to say of his recent defeat in the Nebraska Convention: “No defeat ever became Mr. Bryan better than the one he has just suffered in Nebras ka. At the risk of his political life he stood for what he believed to be a moral issue-— the county-option system of controlling the liquor traffic—and the party which had for twenty years accepted his leadership in all his successive vagaries, now repudiates it. .Of the effect on his political for tunes, he was perfectly well aware, yet he played the part of a man without flinching.” * • * On account of the nearnesB of the election to settle the question of negro suffrage in Oklahoma, the Government, for the information of the pub lic, announces the population figures of that State—1,651,951, including 138,456 negroes, or 8.4 per cent. The population of the State has more than doubled in the last ten years. • * • After a hard-fought struggle for the mastery, the Ohio Republican convention was captured by the Taft element, and the platform strongly en dorses the administration and the Payne-Aldrich tariff. Warren G. Harding was nominated for Governor. * * * Wm. J. Bryan met a crushing defeat in the Nebraska Democratic State Convention, his coun ty option plank which he had vigorously cham pioned, being defeated by a vote of 647 to 198. The initiative and referendum was endorsed.