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VARIETIES OF WHEAT FOR MISSISSIPPI.
What the Tests at the College and Delta Experiment Stations Showed This Year—Some Notes on Soil Preparation. By Prof. E. R. Lloyd. THE PAST SEASON was very favorable for the best growth of wheat, and where the land was well prepared the yields were so sat isfactory that a greatly increased area will be sown to wheat this fall. It is not our purpose to attempt to induce farmers to grow wheat on a commercial scale but rather encour age the planting of a few acres for home use. The experiments with wheat will be continued at the College Station and duplicated at the several Branch Stations with a view to determining the best varieties for the different soils of the State. est yield. We consider this variety very promising, but will make fur ther tests before recommending it to the farmers. There are a few stand ard varieties that have been tested for several years in the State which we can rcommend. Purple Straw, Golden Chaff, Fulcaster and Fultz are all good varieties. An experiment this year Included 12 varieties of wheat. The land, a stiff black prairie, was broken in the fall and harrowed until a good seed bed was made, and the wheat sewn November 2, 1909. The following table gives the re sults of the experiment in detail: NAME OF VARIETY. Fultz-Mediterranean.. Currell's Prolific Purple Straw.. Fultz...---—. Dietz-Mediterranean. Lancaster -. Golden Chaff. Red May. Klondike. Australian ..:.. Fulcaster. . Leap's Prolific. Yield Date Per Acre of in Bug. Ripeninjr 23. June 7th 24.89 “ 5th 24 89 " 7th 22.94 “ 5th 23 43 " 7th 20.56 *' 7th 24.89 “ 7th 20.99 “ 7 th 26.94 ** 10th 20.23 “ 7th 22 3 " 7th 21.32 “ 5th Strength Bearded of or Straw Smooth Strong B. Weak S. Strong S. Strong S. Weak B. Weak B. Strung B. String S. Strong S. Weak B. Strong B. Strong S. It will be a waste of time and money to plant wheat on poor soil half prepared. Wheat requires an abundance of available plant food for best results. The land that is to be sown to wheat this fall should have been planted in cowpeas early in the sum mer. If the cowpeas were not plant ed, the land should be deeply broken at once and disked sveral times be fore the wheat is sown. The plow ing and- disking will set free much plant food and the increased yield of wheat will pay handsomely for the extra labor in preparing the land. It is bad practice to plant wheat, or any other crop, on freshly plowed land. In this condition the soil is loose and “puffy” and admits of a free circulation of air, which dries the soil very rapidly, and the result is that many seeds die in the sprout. After the land is broken it should have time to spttle made with a disk harrow. Our experiments indicate that the best time to plant is from the mid dle of October to the middle of No vember. Our best yields have been from wheat sown from the middle to last of October. The usual amount of seed sown per acre is 4 pecks, but 5 pecks will probably be better. Selecting a Variety. There is a common belief that va rieties “run out.” Station records show that this is not true, and that it is unnecessary to change seed for good yields. The records show fur ther, that the yields increase as the variety becomes adapted to its en vironments. “Running out” of va rieties is due to the failure to select t }l A hoot ,.L __ i -—J Jzai auu LU poor preparation of the soil rather than to natural causes. There is probably no one variety of wheat, or other grain, that is best for all sections of the State, in each locality some varie ties are better adapted to soil and climatic conditions than others, u is not always the best variety that gives the largest yield in a variety test for any one year, in studying variety tests made at other stations, as well as those of our own, we find that the highest yielding wheat, in a test for any given year, may not hold its place two years in succession. In our experiment with wheat the past season, Klondike, a new variety test ed for the first time, made the larg At the Delta Station the following results were obtained: VARIETY YIELD PER ACRE REM ARKS Blu* Stem or Smooth Purple Straw 32 1-3 bunhels Medium Early. Fulcaater, No. 1. 24 1-6 “ Bearded La e Smooth — Fulcaater, No. 2. 21 7-8 '* Medium Red May 13 1-3 ‘ " Smooth —Early Currell’a Prolific 17 1-3 “ Smooth —Early The wheat was planted October 12, on stiff clay (buckshot) land. It was well advanced and the freeee of April 2 4 injured the early varieties— Red May and Currell’s Prolific. This late freeze was umisual and may safely be ignored in the selecting of a variety. The early varieties will probably be best for our State. WHAT THE ALABAMA FARMERS' UNION WANTS. Among the resolutions adopted at the meting of the Alabama Farmers’ Union, at Montgomery, August 17-19, were the following, which embrace a part of the program for re-adjusting the agriculture of the State to the expected presence of the boll weevil: “Whereas, the cotton boll weevil is now less than 10 miles from the Ala bama line and will spread over all of Alabama within the next few years; and— “Whereas, experience in Texas. Louisiana and Mississippi proves that cotton culture, unless greatly improv ed, becomes unprofitable in the pres ence of the boll weevil; and— “Whereas, the best means of avoid ing the enormous losses occasioned by this pest consists, first, in diversi fying our agriculture, and second, in learning how to grow cotton by more intensive and scientific methods, so that the cotton plant may nearly ma ture a large part of its bolls before the weevils become very numerous; and— “Whereas, much local experimental work is needed to ascertain how best to grow cotton when the boll weevil is present, and to determine the best field crops, grasses, clovers, live stock, fruits and vegetables for build ing tip a diversified agriculture; therefore, be it—• “Resolved by the Alabama division of the Farmers’ Educational and Co operative Union in convention assem bled at Montgomery, Ala., that we respectfully urge upon the next Leg islature of Alabama that it make a liberal appropriation to the Experi ment Station at Auburn for the pur The Perfect Gin The Monger System outfits are based on the invention of the saw gin l y Mr. Eli Whitney and Mr. P. S. Mung. r’s inventi. n of the system tor elevating, cleaning, gin ning and pressing cotton In one oper.iti n. These were the inventions which revolu tionized the cotton industry -without them the great crops of cotton of the present t me couldn’t he handled. To-day these inven tions are the basic principle of the Munger System Outfits, added to and made better by all the subsequent improvements <1 the inventors gained by years ol experience. brushes are made from soiio-mock ensues of extra length. Both sr.w and brush shalts are made trom special high-carbon steel. All our belts are short-lap. oak-tanned leather, cut (torn the center of the hide where the gram is even and tough as ware. We give the finest finish to every machine we turn out leng thorough believers in the preser vative effect of the best paint, varnish and polish. Bolts, set-screws, oil-cups. etc., are but little things in themselves, but we insist that they be of the very best before they Every detail of construction of the Munger Out fits is of the very highest class built honestly from the finest materials procur able. Our gin - saws are made of high grade English steel. The gin Munger System Outfit tan 1'ass mr v.un tmental standard. Our large, copy righted book on Continental cot ton machinery Illustrates all »ur equipment and tells of its con st rue* Ion. W> will send a copy, free, to those interested. The Continental Qin Company, Atlanta, Ga. Birmingham. Ala. Dallat, Tata*. MetnphU. Tenn. Charlotte. N. C —|——P——ii.n I ■ ■■ ^— pose of enabling it to aid Alabama farmers in all parta of the State by local field experiments and demon stration, in as many countes as pos sible, in combatting the effects of the boll weevil by diversifying their crops and by improved methods of cotton culture. "Resolved, further. That we urge the Legislature, without prejudice to other agencies for agricultural uplift, to appropriate annually at least the following amounts to the Alabama Experiment Station for the prosecu tion of the following lines of experi mental and demonstration work in the different counties of Aalhama, in co-oneration. when nrin uitn farmers’ organizations, the t'nlted States Deartment of Agriculture, the State Department of Agriculture, the schools and other agencies working for the improvement of country life: ’’Combatting the boll weevil and other injurious Insects. $5,000; com batting black root and boll rot of cot ton and other plant diseases. $3,000; local fertilizer experiments in differ ent counties, and the introduction of new and improved crops and forage plants, $17,000; plant breeding of field crops, $3,000; printing and pre paring circulars and bulletins and correspondence work with farmers, $5,000; local experiments and dem onstrations In horticulture, $4,000; live stock Investigations and demon strations, $x,000; promotion of the poultry industry. $2,000; demonstra tions with drainage and Improved implements, $3,000. "Resolved, further. That we recom mend in addition to the above Item*, adequate appropriations for farmers’ institutes, agricultural extension work among rural schools and for tick eradication.” I he above resolutions were passed unanimously and enthusiastically. I he following officers were elected to nerve during the coming year: W. A. Morris, President; O. P. Ford, Vice President; T. J. Kennedy. Secretary-Treasurer; Executive Com mittee, Charles L. Gay, chalrmau, J. J Robinson, Jr.. J. M. Wyatt. It. L. Hill, A H Moorman; M. J. Wallace, Chaplain; John Hill, 8ergeant-aV Arma; H. O. Doan, Conductor; M. J. Taylor, Doorkeeper. The man who produce* good seed Is a benefactor; he who produce* scrub seed Is a malefactor.—Rev. M. G. Hamm. Fanning Is Profitable In The Southeast There Is no better occupation for the Average Man than Farm ing and no Section la Superior to the 8outh for a Good Farmer. Farming la a Great Business and should be carried on by the Appli cation of the Best Business Princi ples. The Proper Ixtcatlon, the Study ef Soils, Seed Selection, the Wise Choice and Rotation of Crops and Careful Cultivation will bring Assured Success. We are In position to Aid You In the Selection of the Proper Lo cation In Districts which Present Splendid Advantages and Oppor tunities. In writing tell us what You Want. H. V. RIOHARD8, Lmmd mmd ImdmmtrUJ Agamt, ■-<f ms. •»< MtkiU 4k OkU A A Washington, O. Low Excursion Rates TO California, Washington, Oregon and ItrlUib Oolumhta. For Information «■ to dates of sale, limits, stopovers, routes, sleeping car reservations, schedules, etc., apply, H. R. WESTON. A. 8. HAINES. Local Agent. D. P. A., Jackson, Miss. JNO. A. SCOTT. A. Q. P. A.. Memphis, Tena.