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! IT IS SOMETIMES hard to realize that the world is really round, even long years after the statement in our first geography lesson is reluctantly accepted as being somehow true. So it was In New York the other day when I paid 'I homas Cook & Son $90.~>.6S for a steamship and railroad ticket around the world, and they gave me first a ticket reading from New York to San Francisco, and then an order on the Pacific Mail Steamship Company for a ticket “from San Fran cisco to New- York.” "What do I want with a ticket from San Fran cisco to New York again?" I demanded And then I looked at it more closely and discovered that it was a ticket from San Francisco to New York in deed, but by way of Honolulu, Yokohoma. Shan ghai, Manila, Calcutta. Bombay, Joppa. Cairo, and various other unspeakable places, while I have additional orders for railroad tickets for travel ing through the interiors of Japan, China, the Philippines, India, Palestine, Egypt, etc., etc. CROSSING “THE GREAT AMERICAN DESERT.” So 1 am really off for my long trip "ovor the world and under the world" and I write this on board tho Union Pacific's magnificent "Overland Limited" making the trip from Chicago to San Francisco in threo days. This morning we are crossing the dreary wastes of Wyoming's great deserts, as we have been doing for hours and hours -in fact, ever since bedtime last night: county after county with never a farm nor a farm house, never a tree nor an acre of decent pastur age: only the gray-green sage brush half burled in sand as far as tho eye can reach, and never a hu man habitation except at the far-scattered way side mining stations. The last one of these at which we stopped seemed to be a town of perhaps two thousand people, but 1 didn’t see a home with a tree or a sprig of grass to relieve the dry bar renness, though one house did have a cluster of morning glories, and beBide the depot was a well untiTa.il iilnt iif L’rnnn urnsw which rmint Iihva tinnn an object of curiosity to the children of the place. Against the horlKou on either hand as I write this are great bluish-pink sun-parched clod ridges, bare to the pitiless sun in summer, the heavy snows in winter. It looks indeed like “The Coun try God Forgot”: at places us if primeval Titans had ripped open the earth with colossal harrows, cursing it with barrenness: at other places as if the elder gods had battled here and hurling peak upon peak had left the great masses of earth and rock In matchless confusion. NOTES FROM THE CORN BELT. Yesterday morning at this time we were indeed in unite a different country from this: out in the ever rich and fruitful prairie belt of eastern Ne braska where mile after mile of corn some times gnve the impression that we were actually going through a sea of corn and the farm houses only the sailing-craft anchored here and there upon this ocean of green blades with a foam of golden tas PI IO> t'tl »» Mltlll III III ItliU MV III V ; VIII w wpv hud actually aeon corn used as fuel.) In most cases now, however, corn alternates with hay and pasture llelds, say 50 acres of corn, 50 of alfalfa. 50 of pasture grass, 60 of wheat, and In the pas tures beautiful herds of sleek Shorthorn, Red Poll, or other cattle, with hogs and sheep In un limited numbers, and young colts somewhere about the big red barn or the ever-present wind mill. Somehow no farm landscape ever seems completo without stock: I must think that there is bred In us some sub-conscious knowledge that the soil, the plant, the animal, do indeed consti tute the Almighty’s trinity for keeping the earth fertllo, and that no land can permanently prosper where this Divine plan Is disregarded. Another thing a Southerner can not fall to no tice In the corn-cattle-hay belt is the size of the Helds: no little piddling patches where the plow man must wasto countless hours in fruitless turn ing round and where the ragged edges of weedf and sprouts make these farm patches give about the same Impression of poverty as similar ragget •The*® letter* are pertly protected by copyright, but we shell b glad to have editor* reprint not more than one-third or any on article. Thu is No. 1 of the aerie*. patches on one’s clothes. These Nebraska fields are large and the furrows sometimes half a mile long. ONLY ONE TWO-HORSE PLOW. The farmers are breaking land for wheat-sow ing now, and as I have been so persistently urging the use of more two- and three-horse plows to take the place of one-horse affairs in the South, I was interested yesterday in finding out what kind of plows the progressive, prosperous Nebraska farmers use. And I have to confess that though I traveled several hundred miles and saw many hundred acres of newly-broken earth, I saw only one two-horse plow all day long. "What then,” you ask, "do these enterprising western rarmers you have been telling us about —do they break land with one-horse plows?” Certainly not; I said that I saw only one two horse plow yesterday, because all the others that 1 saw were three- or four-horse plows, the farm er riding while the broad, black furrows opened swiftly behind his big, sleek, quick-stepping horseB. For a one-horse plow or a one-horse wag on, I looked in vain all day, and the solitary two horse plow that I was able to distinguish clearly (there may have been one or two others in the distance that I couldn’t make out), was in use in plowing a garden! And I do wish our Southern farmers could think enough of their brain, their labor, and their time not to fritter it away on out of-date implements and one-horse equipment. A Westerner I talked with last night had the Idea that our Southern farmers are indolent, whereas I believe they do much more sheer, exhausting phy sical labor than the Western farmer: the Western er makes horses and machinery do more of the work instead of his muscles. With their three and four-horse plows and their two-row cultiva tors they tell me that a farmer here will culti vate 100 acres in corn, the big job being to husk it ‘‘before snow flies.” Husking Is done in the field, the ears thrown into a wagon, and the stalks left for the cattle to graze. A DREAM THAT FAILED. After a few hours’ travel we leave the rich corn belt of eastern Nebraska behind us and come to the section where the main dependence is in alfalfa — God’s greatest gift to Western agriculture—and other grasses and hays for cattle feeding, and further on we reach the drier plains broken by beautifully rounded hills. One of these sentinel hills, with its wide outlook over the grassy prairie yesterday brought to mind an almost-forgotten story of an Indian buffalo-hunt in old Holmes’s Third Header, and I almost fancied that I should see on its crest a blanketed Indian waving the signal that buffalo had been sighted and hear the war-cry of on-rushing braves eager for the chase— and just then our engine turned a corner and there was indeed a break on the landscape, but it was not the Indian of history and romance, but a twentieth century American girl in a twentieth century American autombile! Of course, a twen tieth century American girl is worth a whole tribe of red men, but I confess I should rather have seen the Indian just then! But the day of his free dom and of his wild hunting races across the nnfnnuntari nlnins has pnno as irr«tr1pvahlv as tho days of the Iliad and the Odyssey! BUT THE WEST IS STILL UNTAMED. Let not the reader suppose, however, that the West has become efTete merely because the auto mobile has taken the place of the buffalo. The mettlesome Western horses and their picturesque ly attired riders are still in evidence from the cars; wre frequently pass the old-time covered wagons; Mexicans and Chinamen give variety to the human species; we have but recently passed near Buffalo Bill's ranch at North Platte, and there is a sign at the depot where I stopped a little while back offering a reward of $2,500 each for three desperadoes who less than two months ago robbed a mail train at one of the stations on our route. The disregard of Sunday by carpen ters, draymen, merchants, and others, is another evidence of primitive conditions, and a little later , we shall pass Reno which had succeeded to South 1 (Continued on page 633.) “What’s The News?” | IN THE NEWSPAPERS Mr. Roosevelt con tinues to hold the most imminent place. In his Western speeches he has allied himself thoroughly with the insurgents, or the “progres sives,” as he prefers to call them. Mr. Bryan’s speeches were never more radical than those with which he has enthused Kansas and Nebraska. In them he has attacked the decisions of the Supreme Court, favored an income and an inheritance tax, publicity of campaign contributions before elec tion, and other measures which the Republican Party was vigorously condemning when Mr. Roosevelt was President. At Kansas City and again in Nebraska he was cheered as the next President; when asked about this matter, his com ment was: “That is a matter I can not discuss new. ’ » • • The death of William James, for many years Professor of Psychology at Harvard University, removes one of the really great men of our time. “He made science as interesting as a novel,” was a comment on his writings, and their influence on thinking men and women all over the country is not easily over-estimated. It is not too much to say that he was our foremost scientist; and with it a great writer and a man of unusual breadth of vision and wonderful depth of insight. He is likely to be remembered when most of the names that now fill the newspapers are forgotten. • • • It is now announced that the germ of leprosy has been isolated and grown in cultures. This means that it will be possible to prepare a serum —like the anti-toxin used against diphtheria—and control the disease. That this scourge of the race that has gone on unchecked through the centuries should at last be mastered, is one of the great triumphs of modern science. • • • Returns from the South Carolina primary In dicate that the second race for Governor will be between C. C. Featherstone, prohibitionist, and S. L. Blease, local optlonist. C. A. Smith is nomi nated for Lieutenant-Governor, and J. F. Lyon for Attorney-General. All the present Congressmen will probably be re-nominated. • • • Over in Spain,—and to a less degree in Por tugal,—the old war between Church and State goes on. Premier Canalejas has brought forward a bill placing other churches on practically the same footing as the Roman Catholic, and the Clericals are fighting it furiously. The outcome is yet uncertain. • • • The Department of Agriculture, estimates that the average condition of the cotton crop on Au gust 25, was 72.1 per cent of a normal, as com pared with 75.5 on August 25, 1909, and 73.1 the average of the past ten years on August 25. • • • The population of New York City is now 4,766, 883, an increase of 38.7 per cent; on the other hand, it is reported that the State of Vermont has J| actually decreased in population in the last de-^B cade. M In the Republican campaign Handbook Presi- ™ dent Taft again defends the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Bill, but also emphasizes the necessity of a tariff commission and more scientific methods of tariff making. • • • Governor Sanders, of Louisiana, has declined to serve as United States Senator, preferring to hold his present office till the end of bis term and then become a candidate for the Senate. As Senator he has appointed Judge J. R. Thornton. • • • Cholera is killing thousands of people in Rus sia. It Is also prevalent in southern Italy, and sporadic cases are reported in Germany. • • • A ha^d fight is being waged by Wisconsin “stand-patters” against Senator Lafollette, but there seems little likelihood of his defeat. • • • President Taft has appointed Dr. J. A. Holmes, formerly State Geologist of North Carolina, Direc tor of the Bureau of Mines. * * * Another native rebellion is reported in the Philippines.