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M\ LAS! KK 1 IKK from Hawaii dealt almost
exclusively with the sugar planters, their laborers, and their farming and business methods, with especial reference to some parallels between the Hawaiian sugar planter to-day and the great cotton planters of our own Southern States fifty years ago. Perhaps It is partly fanciful, but the parallel seems to me to extend even to mental bent and Physical bearing. One of the planters I talked with looked as if he might have stepped incarnate from the framed portrait of some Southern con temporary of Toombs and Davis. I find, too, that many of the Hawaiian planters I have met are dis tinguished both for the same intense Interest in public affairs and for the same exquisite courtesy which marked the old-time Southerner, and. as in the Old South, numbers of them travel in Europe, and in some cases educate their children there. Furthermore. I was interested to find the Hawaiian Promotion Committee recognizing this similarity to the South In one or two notable respects: "The social life In Hawaii is altogether delightful.” says one of their booklets. "One Is reminded in many respects of the old ante-bellum days in the South where hospitality was proverbial, while as In many parts of the South also, family spirit links Closely an Important faction of the Inhab itants.” Another Kc|>etition of Southern History. There Is also a striking parallel between twen tieth century Hawaii and the ante-bellum South iu the attitude toward manual labor, and also in the difficulty of getting small white farmers,—duo to the same unwillingness to compete with low grade labor of another race which stopped the tide of healthy white emigration to the slave South and sent thousands of our own non-slave holding class to the North und West. "The cli matic and natural resources of Hawaii," I found an authority declaring, "are highly favorable to the development of tiiat class which is the back bone of every American State, namely, the 'plain people,* property-ow ners of moderate means with thrift, energy and high civic ideals, but while natural conditions are favorable, the artificial con ditions. those of human control, social and other wise, such as arise from the preponderance of Orientals, are inimical. Will the pioneer white farmer bring his fumily to a community composed largely of Asiatics or the poorer grades of Latin races? Will he bo content to labor in the fields whore most men of his race now act as over seers or employers, and where coolies or peasants aro hired for ail manual work?" The Mongrvli/ation of Hawaii. In this condition 1 find Hawaiian sugar planters blindly anxious to make a bad situation permanent by repealing the laws against importing Chinese coolies, just as the old flics of l)e Bow's Review show that largely attended industrial conventions in the South fifty years ago were anxious to repeal the laws against Importing African slaves. And just an It is fortunate that our old slave-holders did not succeed, so It Is fortunate that the Ha waiian planter will also fall. The unrestricted Im portation of slaves would have made tho South a veritable Haiti, and war itself was a better fate. Here on Hawaii the mingling of Japanese, Chin ese, whites and native Hawailaus has produced a seemingly unlimited variety of mongrol types, picturesque indeed to gaze upon, but ominously unsatisfactory when considered as the basis of future Hawaiian citizenship—a situation sugges tive of the most serious menace to the future of our Southern States, namely, the development of a similar population among us, inheriting the bad qualities of the most vicious and depraved of both Caucasian and negro, their condition the more trugic becatiBO while bound by all the limitations Imposed upon tho black man, there nevertheless runB equally in their blood tho pride, aspiration, and uncurbed ambition which the long ages have bred into our white blood. A Warning Note for the South. The mongrelizatlon of Hawaii has impressed •Them letter* ere partly protected by copyright, but we shell be sled to have editor* reprint not more then one-third of any one article. Thl* I* No. fi ol the series. upon me more strongly than ever before the im perative need for a crusade against a Southern evil which it is a mark of squeamishness and not "f wisdom to Ignore, a crusade working as in liOuisiana both through legislation and a more thoroughly aroused public sentiment. Making an address at a negro college in the South last f-pring I asked the co-operation of the blacks also: urged them to seek by all means to develop pride of race which would make them both anxious to show what the negro may do without infusion of white blood, and ready to build up their own race rather than make alliance with the vicious and im moral of our race. And as an illustration of the insidious menace to the purity of our blood, I may mention that in the very town in which I spoke I happened to know of two octoroons who pass as white, and had completely “crossed over the line.” I he severest penalties both of law and of social ostracism should be visited upon every man of ( aucasian blood, who worse than a traitor to his country, is traitor to his race in the one way alone which can menace its supremacy—the grad ual development of a more and more mongrel or mixed population until the subtle and insidious infusion of alien blood (as in the couple of in stances just mentioned) might forever pollute the pure heritage for which forgotten ages have bat tled. In the long result of time it is as true of races as of individuals that the sin flhvava ro. turns to plague the wrong-doer, the Nemesis in herent in nature unfailingly pursues the transgres sor. and the Frankenstein which the worse ele ment of our race has already called forth, even now grins hideous menace to our future. The mixture of different stocks of the same race is said to produce a stronger type; the mixture of different races is seldom productive of anything hut far-reaching evil. These thoughts, which my observation long ago formed into opinions and later deepened into my most fervent convictions, are so strikingly illus trated by what I saw in Hawaii that I should be unfaithful to myself and to my love for the South if I allowed any fear of blunt speaking to keep me from reporting a situation in which I find all the warning and alarm of a fire-bell at midnight —and all the city sleeping, as almost the whole South now seems to be. The recent legislation in Louisiana is a step in the right direction, though I think it does not go far enough. To every man and woman in the South is given the high duty of bringing about legislation, and better still, a thor oughly aroused public opinion which will both punish and ostracise those who. as I have said, worse than taitors to their country, are traitors to their blood and to their race. And in this connection I wish to bear tribute to the splendid work of Rev. A. H. Shannon, of Ocean Springs, Mississippi,—crying aloud with all the conviction and earnestness of a Hebrew proph et—and also to Hon. Frank D. Winston whose ....11 __I.._a_X _ 1_A_...._1 _ Off_A A. __A. II cil vvuvgucu UIIU UlUiUCH OUVVVODIU1 cuvl b IV get a proper law through the North Carolina Legisla ture has never received the recognition it merits. Valued Recognition of Southern Progress. Turning now to happier subjects, I am remind ed that in the same pamphlet issued by the Ha waiian Promotion Committee already mentioned, I discovered another reference to our Southern States even more gratifying than its reference to our ante-bulleum social system—so interesting a statement to be found away out here four thou miles from home that 1 cannot forbear reprinting the paragraph in full: “The great material prosperity of the Is lands has been developed along a single line—sugar. The people have been asleep to other possibilities of development, and are only now partially awakened to the true facts. The cotton States of the South, and the vast wheat and cattle ranches of Califor nia have passed from situations similar to that the ‘Cross Roads of the Pacific’ is just now emerging from. They have sprung to prosperity that has made their former suc cess look poor in comparison, and have found room for hundreds of citizens where ten felt crowded before." (Continued on page 712.) . .4 k (9) 709 OCTOBER 4 the Portugese navy, practically all the army about the capital, and the populace of Lisbon rose in revolt against King Manuel. He was permitted to escape to a British war ship which conveyed him to Gibraltar, where he and the royal family are at present. The revolutionists immediately declared a Republic, with Theophile Braga as President. The revo lution was the result of a deep-laid plot and was to have come off a day or two later, but was has tened by the fact that the king was leaving Lis bon. Some fighting is reported from the country districts where the people still remain loyal to the old order, and it is estimated that 1,000 people have been killed. The Republic, however, seems to be safely established and has already been recognized by several other nations. There was some talk of British interference, but this now seems unlikely. The new government seems to be acting with as much moderation as could be ex pected under the circumstances; it is reported that King Manuel’s personal property is being protected and that very little violence of any kind has taken place. It is not known just what part the Church has taken in the revolution. The Clericals were very bitter in their opposition to the king, but it is reported that the Republic is enforcing string ent rules against the clerics, and it is sure that the Pope has forbidden any priest countenancing the new government. Spain, as a result of this uprising, is also in a state of turmoil, and all the leading cities of the Kingdom are under military rule. The people of these two nations, poor, illit erate and sadly misgoverned, can scarcely be ex pected to establish a stable form of government at once, but the growth of new ideas in both countries promises better things for the future. ■ m m A distinguished and rather unusual vistior to the United Staes is the Sultan of Sulu, a Malay monarch, who as a subject of the United States, receives a salary of $1,500 a year for being good. The Moros over whom he rules were formerly re garded as the most troublesome of all the many tribes in the Philippines. * * * A wise movement is that of Governor Mann, of Virginia, who hgs invited the International Con ference on State and Local Taxation to meet in Richmond in 1911 and expects to secure help from the experts in the Conference in drafting a more modern system of taxation in the State. • • • Recent investigations show that pellagra is much more general in the South than was sup posed. Dr. W. S. Rankin estimates that there must have been a thousand cases in North Caro lina last year, and the Tennessee State Board of Health has found numerous cases in that State. • • • In the Second Congressional District of. Virginia, where a contest between Congressman Maynard and Mr. Young developed an appalling degree of corruption, the investigation committee has decid ed that neither was nominated and has ordered a J new primary. jfl * * * I The “harmony” Democrats of Tennessee met at ™ Nashville, October 6 and nominated Senator “Bob” Taylor, who has been Governor of the State three times, as their candidate for Governor against 13. W. Hooker, the Republican nominee. * * * Massachusetts Republicans have renominated Governor Draper, while the Democrats, after a stormy convention, put up a Mr. Mansfield who is expected later to come down in favor of another candidate. • • a Two or three vessels carrying passengers from Italy have been detained in quarantine at New York for fear they had cholera on board. The disease seems to be scattered all through eastern and central Europe. * • • The Southern Conservation Congress met at At lanta Friday, October 7. The most notable speak ers were Gifford Pinchot and Mr. Roosevelt. • • • Hoke Smith was elected Governor of Georgia on Wednesday of last week by about 95,000 votes to 17,000 cast for Governor Brown. • • • The Government has dropped Its prosecution of Governor Haskell, of Oklahoma.