Newspaper Page Text
SNAPSHOTS OF JAPANESE LIFE
AND PHILOSOPHY. (Continued from page 741.) seem ludicrous, but when you come to your hotel dining-room, and the inexpressibly dainty little Jap anese girls, moving almost noise lessly on their sandaled feet (no getas indoors) welcome each guest with smiling bows, happy, refined and graceful, a very different im pression of Japanese courtesy comes over you. In America, unfortunate ly, the like courteous attention un der such circumstances might be mis interpreted, but not so here: you are only reminded of how a thousand years of courtesy and gentle manners have given the women of Japan— pretty though they are not, judged by our Western standards—an un surpassed grace of manner and hap piness of disposition together with Shakespeare’s well-praised“voice, soft and low, an excellent thing in wom an.” And here and everywhere, as in the old fable of the man with the overcoat, must not such sun-like gen tleness be more powerful in compell ing deference than all the stormy strength of the "new woman”? Which reminds me that however much the social, political and eco nomic revolution of the last forty years may have changed the national character—and upon this point I shall not speak till later—it is cer tain that Old Japan and the Old South were distinguished for not a few characteristics in common. Thus when Will Adams, the English navi gator, came to this country 300 years ago, he wrote that the people were “good of nature, courteous out of measure, and valiant in war,” quali ties for which the Old South, along with the graciousness of its women, was famous, as indeed I hope our sec tion will always be. Moreover, we are further reminded of the South’s own ante-bellum civilization when we learn that in Old Japan “the business of money-making was held in con tempt by the superior classes,” and of all forms of business, agriculture was held in highest esteem. Next to the nobility stood the Samurai or soldier class, the social rank -of all other persons then being as follows: (1) Farmers, (2) Artisans, (3) Merchants; and farming was thus not only regarded as the most honorable of all occupations, but farmers in the early ages were privileged to wear swords, the emblem of rank next to the nobility. Below the farmers rank ed the mechanic element, while as Lafacadia Hearn tells us: The commercial class (A Kindo) including bankers, mer chants, shopkeepers, and trad ers of all kinds, was the lowest officially recognized. The busi ness of money-makhig was held in contempt by the superior classes; and all methods of prof iting by the purchase and re sale of the produce of labor f were regarded as dishonorable. n't ’ ' There ,s generally, in militant society, small respect for the common forms of labor. But in Old Japan the occupa tions of the farmer and the arti san were not despised; trade alone appears to have been con sidered degrading, and the dis tinction may have been partly a moral one.” I wonder if there is not really a great deal in what Hearn here sug gests as to the soundness and essen tial morality of the Japanese plan or ranking fanning and manufactur ing above trade as occupations? Cer tainly I have been much Impressed by the evils into which the South U now running as a result of the senti ment of the opposite sort. Morallj economically, the men who pro dure wealth deserve most honor— serve the world best; the men who trade or barter in the products of other men’s labor are, in limited numbers, necessary and useful ser vants of those who do produce, but the strength of a State, manifestly, lies in the classes who are really cre ators of values. The man who pro duces Southern meat and not the man who sells Western meat, for ex ample, the man who manufactures Southern goods, not the man who traffics in Northern goods—he is the one who is going to make the South great; and even if we in the South were not importers, to a shameful extent, of a thousand things we might make at home in farms, fac tories or workshops, it would still be true that we have too many who are mere traffickers in other men’s pro duce instead of being actual produc ers themselves. It seems to me, indeed, that there are few things of which the South stands in sorer need right now than the revival of just this old Japanese “moral distinction” as to the relative worth of the producing and non producing classes. The ambitious young man in the North and West ia likplV to tnk<* nn farmlmr raising or manufacturing: productive lines which positively add something to the world’s and the State’s stock of wealth; an ambitious young Southerner, on the other hand, is too likely to start a store in a place where there are already twice as many as the community requires from an economic standpoint, or a hank in a town that may already have four where it only needs one, or else he may hang out a lawyer’s shingle where the legal fraternity are already fighting the Torrens Sys tem in order to keep business enough for them to live on. It is not that these non-producing businesses are not just as honorable, to the extent—and only to the extent —that they may be needed for the service of the producing and consum ing classes, but the trouble in the South is that there in these lines just twice as many men as are need ed, economically considered, and our section can never develop as It should until It is the ambition of young men to turn into lines that actually produce wealth and power— until, in short, we revive and empha size the classic Japanese "moral dis tinction’’ as to the greater funda mental importance of the classes and the men w'ho are actual creators of values. In the next place, In Old Japan there was no room for the wanton display of wealth: and It Is to be hoped that neither In New Japan nor In the twentieth century South will there will there be any change In the requirement of simple living as a mark of good breeding—although there are occasional discouraging symptoms, and at Nlkko only this week my Southern pride was some what hurt when I discovered tljat the gorgeously arrayed, cigarette smoking Miss (or Mrs.?) Moneybags, fresh from Reno to get a fashionable divorce, was the daughter of a South ern man who has made a fortune and lost something better: the old-fash ioned standards that would have saved any Southern woman from either a Reno divorce or a reputation as a gambler. Especially In this era of American development and mush room wealth, Is there not need for all of us to preach as never before both the essential Immorality of waste and the essential vulgarity of ostentation? The sentiment of the Old South upon these points wan also the sentiment of Old Japan, and I am sending with this article an ex tract from Lafcadlo Hearn’s “Ko koro,” In which he presents the Jap anese viewpoint, with striking force. Illustrating it by two sayings of lyeya su—lyeyasu, whom I regard as per haps the greatest Boldier and states WINCHESTER RIFLE and PISTOL CARTRIDGES On account of being manufac turers of firearms as well, the Winchester company are pecu liarly able to know the best requirements for ammunition. j This partially answers the question often asked: “ Why do Winchester cartridges excel ? ” The rest of the answer is contained in their large, modem plant and their ex tensive knowledge of the firearms and ammunition business. Winchester Cartridges are made for all makes of rifles and p*istols and always give entire satisfaction. FOR SALE BY DEALERS EVERYWHERE. 1 man in Japanese history, of whose world-renowned tomb at Nikko, with its 25-mile avenue of giant crypto merias I shall have more to say in a later letter. FARMERS’ NATIONAL CONGRESS. The Farmers’ National Convention, in session at Omaha, Neb., Oct. 5 to 12, elected Joshua Strange, of In diana, President; Geo. M. Whitakers, Washington, D. C., Secretary, and John M. Stahl, of Illinois, Legislative Agent. The meeting was reported a suc cess, although the attendance was scarcely so large as usual. Resolutions were adopted as fol lows: 1. Re-afflrmlng position on immi gration. 2. Urging more liberal appropria tions for agricultural colleges and experiment stations. 3. Favoring conservation of for ests and minerals. 4. Favoring an amendment to the Constitution which will prohibit the Introduction into any State of an ar ticle whose sale there Is forbidden. 5. Favoring National and State control of public service corporations, especially railroads and express com panies. **— DESTROY SAN JOSE SCALE'NOW WHILE TREES ARE DORMANT Many tree* not sprayed during the Fall for Scale dig during toe winter On* tree aavsd m»«r* more than coat of spraying orchard Authorities recommend Pall spraying more than ever. ‘ IION BRAND" UMT SULPHUR SOLUTION te acknowleged the most effective and Rafael •yray Heady for inm* late uh. Sold at a price lower than can be made at Ik me. or than any other brar d of »t.n*ard ineerttadde LION HR A Nil * Is moat accurately made of tha pureet ingr dtente. and m- et nronomt cal to use. and 1* endorsed by Experimental S »lions and prominent fruit growers evarv where largest factories in the world and twenty two years of experience bark of them We ! manufacture abentutoly nothing but spraying ' materials and inearth idee Wrta for FHI E BOOK aa WHIN. WHY AND HOW TO SPRAY THE J AMES A. Bl ANCH AND CO 5P» Na*t». Tsianst DeMIsf NTW rot OTT Fartoriee. New York and St Joaaph. Mich Breeder's Cards AND Farmers' Exchange “**? .Jr*"*1? In thto d-partmant and to thia atyU type at Um rate ofTmattoa f~T. v*; V” r** * —*• .^d‘ tnraa waafca. 8 ranti; four wweha. 10 cwnta thrm month* 80 cwnta; ato month* 10 cento* «»r«ar.»eanta Each word number eg toiUaj (Including nem* and eddrweal counted m a an parata word Hand caah with ardor If the r.U —m. hi*h. m»U ll w^Od |ii! raur “* h* tatar to to which wr carry It al thla low >p* •“tohd for amount* taaa than 81. AngmHau Ml*«!fl,t,r"d *'*•'*»■ «- E “•rtln. «t^Ju£ MuJ>UrW J,r~y' H ^ Anthony. WG. Wanlad Sttffolk or Yorh.hlre Hog. Addrana A .1 Krie.il, Houia 1. Cantor. Mia. .. 11 S2&C»«r h""u/**H"*?,*• Cockerel*. »1 fiO; lyp. >1 Z* por 16. Murray huger*. Macon Mia*. SJOacre. eut-orer timber land, nicely lac.t*,l 5U“* payment., J. li Wcl.born. SuISJuto; Rcgl.tered Jnmoo Uu'l for Bale or each**.. 71 safiair***-*““■ “•c« f^ag'.parttr's.awsf L r- hhod*#. Hay Minctte. Ala. Onto two more White Orpington Cock««d. on y»rd. for sale ut f.t.QO each. Order uuirk Mr* Minnie (J. Wood. Frank villa, Ala. lirotia1* whT |,ony Colu- **'• View harm Hi “T1!* **»»*Mrar. Mountain v M ^ 1 nrTn. nine Mountain Ml«t. Wanted A "Ingle man to work farm by the fye*rCW8 ,S“Ury wJK month btia. m£;J ^ Norlh rpl»d Avenue. ColtUD* J”** Cheap—One regiatered Hull. 4 yrara mokthi'olt,,"‘i* .,nl0ckw Tw" yt,un* Hull.. R pIWh ’ “Ch' N F Hamlin. Wr.t Our advertiser* are guaraatead. o. r avoring laws ror a Federal valuation of railroads. 7. Favoring legislation that will make It impossible to sell oleomar garine as butter. 8. Favoring a law forbidding In terstate common carriers taking In toxicating liquors Into dry territory. 9. Indorsing the tariff commission Idea. 10. Affirming position In favor of conservation. 11. Favoring a National and State soil survey. 12. Favoring the establishment of State conservation commissions. 13. Favoring legislation for the protection of travelers on railways. 14. Favoring an experimental par cels post and urging members to write Congressmen In favor of It FARMER BOV learn practical Z™ dniJyl™" Add™.*0 W T. A T 8. WEST JR Woodland Plantation. Hammond. La. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY Party having plantation In Termhr.nne Pariah I., wlahnn aaaorlatn having a thorough Wnnwlrdvr to til,orn«,rrd*n<1vr"i*e *torl5;0 Adwith suallftra New «r|,e.~.”u“*, _ Rt0rl<1" ^ H- Fr""‘ Capable Married Man wanm arw/as.-- B°* r‘'m 1 I-*-!