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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT
RALEIGH, N. C. 8TARKVILLE, MISS. COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING ADVERTISING OR SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BE ADDRESSED TO EITHER OFFICE. ENTERED A8 SECOND CLASS MATTER AT THE POSTOFFICE AT RALEIGH. N. C.. UNDER THE ACT OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 3, 1879. Under the Editorial and Business Management of TAIT BUTLER and CLARENCE POE. Prof. W. F. MASSEY..Associate Editor E. E. MILLER,.Managing Editor JOHN S. PEARSON.Secretary-Treasurer. Ado -fifing Repmentatires; Fisher Special Agency. New York, Eastern field : Albert H. Hopkins. Chicago. Western field. We Guarantee Our Advertisers. WE will positively make good the low sustained by any subscriber ” as a result of fraudulent misrepresentation made in our col umns on the part of any advertiser who proves to be a deliberate swindler. This does not mean that we will try to adjust trifling disputes between reliable business houses and their patrons, but in any case of actually fraudulent dealing, we will make good to the subscriber as we have just indicated The condition of this guaran tee is that the claim for loss shall be reported to us within one month after the advertisement appears in our paper, .ml that the subscriber must say when writing each advertiser! '*1 am writing you as an advertiser in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, which guarantees the reliability of all advertising that it carries." Weekly Circulation First Half of 1910. . . .97,230 SUBSfKiraUJi KATES: One year, 11.90; aix months. 56 cents; three months. 90 cents. To induct ntu subscriptions, out ntu subscriber and one eld subscriber map both pet the paper one pear for SI SO TEN WEEK’S TRIAL ONLY TEN CENTS. To new subscriber* only. The Progrenivf Farmer and Gazette will be sent ten week* on trial for n n cents Sample copy free. Tell your friends who need it but do not reed it. Editorial Gleanings. THE MORE subscribers we have the better pa per we can make and the greater influence we can have. Our readers write to us by hundreds saying in effect: “You are helping me to do better farming.” If we help them, we could, it would seem, help others. Won’t you do your neighbors the kindness of calling the paper to their attention? We will pay you well for your trouble, and it will be benefiting them as well as us. It will be benefiting yourself, too, for if more of your neighbors read the paper, there will be better farming done in your neighborhood, your own farming will be better, your farm will be worth more, and the whole life of your neighborhood will be bettered. See our offers on last page and get busy. This is the subscription season, and therefore, your chance to do the best work. We want those 12 5,000 readers, and now is the time to get them. Won’t you help us, and benefit yourself by so doing? pM The question of when to sell cotton is one to which we would not attempt to give any positive answer; but we believe that, one year with an other, there is one safe rule: Begin selling early, if prices are good; stop selling when prices begin to break; sell only enough at first to get yourself free from debt; store your surplus in the dry and market gradually, keeping in touch with the mar kets and refusing to sell when prices break. The man who is ind<y>endent can sell when he chooses; the man in debt must sell at the demand of his creditors; hence our advice first to get out of debt and then hold whenever the market is depressed. Kieffer pears, according to a dispatch from Cin cinnati, are selling in that city at from 50 cents to $1.50 per barrel. Good fruit in double-head ed barrels brings $2.50. An over-supply, no de mand for poor grades, the best still bringing a fair price. 'I he old story and the old moral: Bon’t send poorly selected or poorly packed fruit or any kind 1o market; it doesn’t pay itself, and it helps depress the price of good fruit. The Mi Msbippl Poultryman, Starkville, Miss., is not authorized to solicit, collect or receive sub scriptions for The Progressive Farmer and Ga 71 te, and we will not be responsible for any outits paid that journal or its present man ager. Where Our Fairs Fail. IS IT A FACT that the average farmer goes to an agricultural fair chiefly for “amusements? If he does, he does not fail to find so-called attractions; but they are usually of a low order that do no credit to either the intelligence or morals of those who supply them or those who are amused by them. If the agricultural fair has any right or reason for existence, it is not to sup ply this sort of cheap amusement. If the fair is ever to reach that stage of growth, development and usefulness in the South, which will insure its perpetuation, we believe it must be managed from different motives and exist for a different purpose. If the fair does not educate, if it does not instruct in agriculture, it can npt and will not live and carry the burden of filth usually in cluded in the so-called attractions. We are convinced of this because we believe the people, as a whole, are above the attractions generally given at these fairs, and that they pre fer to select other amusements, and will only continue to go to the fairs if supplied something more substantial. There are two other points at which our South ern fairs must also be improved. The classifica tion of exhibits must be better. For instance, to give premiums for “pairs” of pigs, or to class all calves under a year old together, or to practice many of the absurdities now seen in our pre mium lists is no longer excusable on any ground. Why not copy some intelligent and modern classi fication? The other improvement must be made in the judging. It must be done by more compe tent men, earlier in the days of the fair, and some effort must be made to have the judges give In telligent reasons for placing the premiums. It is only in this way that exhibitors and the public can receive sufficient benefit to justify the cost of making exhibits. The Local Newspaper and the Farmer. AT THE RECENT North Carolina Farmers' State Convention a resolution was adopted asking the local newspapers to give more attention to the development of agriculture and to the work of the individual farmers in their re spective sections. The day before the resolution was adopted the farmers had had a lively discus sion as to whether or not the country newspapers give as much attention to their rural readers as might justly be expected of them. Some of the Convention members thougnt that they do; the adoption of the resolution in question seems to 6how that most of them held a different opinion. Well, some of the newspapers resented the criticism and said, in effect, that the farmers were unappreciative, and all that; some of them talked in a kindly, patronizing way to the farmers and informed them—very politely, to be sure—that they were making a mistake in venturing to offer suggestions to the newspapers. One editor came back at the farmers as follows; “That statement down at the Farmers’ Convention that the newspaper man did not do enough for the farmer Is amusing to say the least. The newspapers have been knocking at the door of the farmer ever since the Civil War, but for half a century they did not open up. A small portion of them have taken In to their homes some kind of a paper, but usually they get the cheapest one. regardless of Its quality of reading matter. If they had been close readers of Southern newspapers, and had the disposition to act to the valuable suggestions contained therein, we would not have had to wait fifty years for our present day improvements to the farm. Almost all of the Improvements on the farms have come through the demands and aggressive spirit of the town-people, and we might say against the wishes of a majority of the farmers. It was so on the ‘no-fence law,’ and it Is true as to the good roadB campaign. In most cases they have been set against all up-to date Improvements as a stone wall. To prove tills, we have only to look over our State and see the slowness—shall we say Btub borness?—of our farmers In making good roads. What the Southern farmer needs l8 breadth of vision, which comes by reading and contact, and less of the self-will in the face of facts. We could no more say that as a rule the farmer has been an up-to-date pro gressive than we could refuse to our own child medicine if he were 111.” Now, the writer of this article also wrote the resolution in question, and feels that it was fully Justified. At least two or three hundred news papers come to our office, and comparatively few of them seem to us to realize at all the oppor tunities they have to he of service to their farmer readers. With all this, however, there Is much of truth in the editorial just quoted. We, as farm ers, have a right. In many cases, to expect better things of our local newspapers.—but. In many cases, the paper has a right to expect better things of us. We may just as well recognize that fact that If we have been neglected It is pretty largely \ our own fault, and that It Is discouraging work for anyone to try to help people who will not help themselves. We have It largely In our power to remedy this lack of understanding of our prob lems on the part of the newspaper men. and It Is up to us to do It Some of them are now doing all that could be expected, and others nro gradually getting Into line. Here, for example. Is an extract from an other paper: “We feel there Is nothing hotter we can do than to publish articles written by wide-awake farmers on the different agricul tural problems and achievements We would be glad If they would tell what they have done, and are doing, that has proven success ful, what they have learned by experience and otherwise. And If a brother farmer can't agree, let him any so. giving his reasons. Healthful discussion* through the county pa per will be helpful to all. Our columns are open to you. gentlemen; let us hear from you." (»et In touch with your local newspaper, Mr. Farmer. Interest the editor In your work out on the farm, let him see what better farming means to the welfare of the county and the State, and to himself. Then you will be In position to de mand something of him in return, and if he Is s discriminating man. you will get It Most news papers are willing to meet you half way. Ths great trouble has been a lack of understanding on both BtdeB. This Week and Next YOU MUST drain your wot laud*. We know t takes money to do It. but It will pay Mr 4 French goes right along piling Up the oyl. * ?.!?:« °n tbl8 a«d - are going to have ar ani from H;en who tan •P®“k with authority Y°U “rt* “» Interested In you wan !! n,°W\ °r •h0uld b(1- ot course what Prof ft w tr'er 1,l0WlnK; b«* remember at rof. s. \\. Fletcher says: "Tile draining Is permanent subsoiling." training is youThrr: t,* * ho,° ,ot °f °tb*«- “»«««th.t % next vear1 v n, t0 prepare ror hotter crops next jear. You will find ome of them suggested interest I ngf bet t81"1 r" * “haU PUb,l“h nu,ro these interesting letters from week to week to TLu“*r'' cr„p, c.,h . c,n ,lror(l 10 overlook, to iv; VLuZ:ron p*« 15 l° B0‘ "'»'k ready lor win hone ! ' °» ■’“*« <"or and ,he snorter notes on page 11. nlBliTn* TuUi ,,|U|" talk about tb® house fur Z»tu, J1 !fr Very beat and I- full of the .“Itof 1X0X1 w- k «b® will talk on get them y°U Should bav® “nd how to fromhMrfepore“ °f#,he 'M'Xt ,S8"e w,» b* a ,®“®r v e eet sure n °" !ar,,,ln* ln something sttrv of "i b i r°a v WUI mlM8; ,b« interesting Lav an J, T‘y Tankee” by Uov l>r- Geo. W. fires- • noti t0r ft ,illk °M tbo Prevention of forest f e ds- "F,‘er n,°, ° ?f war,,|ng against fire. In the . veiy inter !.H ,f°r Novemb««V' and some ' tunateiv or ''u,'rH ,roni °l»r readers, ynfoi tunately crowded out this week.