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WHAT IS A JAPANESE city like?" Well let us '•suppose." as the children say. You’ know Bonie Southern city—New Orleans Richmond. Atlanta, or Memphis. Well, suppose you should wake up In one of these towns to-morrow morning and find yourself In a plight like this: In the first place, forty nine people out of fifty have put on such unheard of < lothlng ns to make you rub your eyes in won der ns to whether you are asleep or awake; next >our fat friends and your tall friends have dis appeared everybody has become six inches short er and all these hundred-thousand five-foot men and four-foot women have unanimously developed most violent sunburn—bronzed almost beyond recognition. Moreover, the high buildings you once knew have all disappeared, and a wilderness chiefly of tiny one- and two-story houses has taken their places—the first story, even in two story buildings, so low that you must duck your head In going through the doors, and the second story usually little more than a garret. Next, a wild Jargon of unmeaning voices strikes your ear and you discover that ninety-nine people out of a hundred have forgotten how to speak Eng lish; and more than this, the English signs are no more, and on the billboards and before the business offices are marks that look as if a thou sand ostriches fresh from a thousand tar barrels had been set to scratching new Bigns to take the places of the old^ You pick up a book or the morning paper, and the same thing has happened pig tracks, chicken tracks and double bow-knots fantastically tied Instead of English type, and everybody begins at the back of the book and ri-.ids toward him Instead of rending the way you have grown used to! And the buggies, carriages, and automobiles—what on earth has become of them? There's hardly a horse in sight, but dozens or scores of men with bare legs and funny clothes each flying around pulling a light two wheeled Jinriksha. a man or woman seated in it, and dozens of other bare-legged men laboriously pulling heavy loads of vegetables, freight, and even lumber and giant lelegrnph poles! You Jump Into one of these 'rikshas nnd forget your strange little Puck-like steed in the marvel of your surroundings till a voice from the shafts make you feel like Halaarn when the ass spoke to him! By this time you begin to get a hazy Idea as to how the people aro dressed, and ns nearly as you ran make out. It Is something llko this: Evident ly all the Inhabitants of an ancient Roman city, a modern American town, a half-dozen Hindoo vil lages, and several thousand seashore bathers, have all thrown their clothes -or the lack of them! — Into ono tremendous pile, and everybody has rushed In pell-mell and put on the first thing, or the first two or three things, that came to hand. There Is every conceivable type of clothing, but perhaps tho larger number have landed something like a light bathing suit and a sort of gingham looking dressing gown belted over It; and If one has less than this, why then, as the Japanese say, "Shlkata na gal" ("All right: It can’t be help ed"). In the shops and stores one passes a few men clnd only In their own Integrity and a loin cloth, and both children and grown people dress with a hundred times more disregard of conven tion than our negroes In tho South. Of shoes, there Is an equally great variety as of clothing, but the majority of men, women and children (In muddy weather at least) have compromised on the "getas," a sort of wooden sole strapped on the foot with wooden pieces put on each side of the instep, these pieces throwing the foot und sole about three Inches above ground. It looks ulmoBt as difficult to walk In them aH to walk on stilts, but away the people go, young and old, the clatter of the "getas” be Ing perhnps the loudest noise on tho streets (for the Japanese are remarkably quiet: in Toklo to day I saw a thousand of them waiting to see the Empress, and an American crowd would literally have made more noise In a minute than they made in an hour), and the muddy places marked •Then* letters are partl» protected by copyright, but we shall be irlftri to hHvo nlitorn reprint not more than one-third of »nf one •rtirio ThU it No. 7 of the teriee. by the strange footwear look as if the corrugated wheels of a hundred mowing machines had pass ed along! On entering their houses the people take off these getas, sandals, shoes, or whatever outer footwear is used—for the very good reason tliat the people sit on the floor (on mats or the floor itself), eat on the floor (very daintily, how ever), and sleep on the floor, so that to walk over the floor here with the muddy feet would be the same as if an American should walk roughshod over his chairs, table, and bed: for in Japan the neatly kept and usually covered floor takes the place of all such furniture. Even in the Japanese department store I visited this morning cloth cov ers were put over my shoes, and this afternoon at the Ni no Go Reiya Shinto temple I had to go in my stocking feet. And then the babies—who ever saw as many babies to the square inch? About 10 per cent of the male population seems to be hauling other men, but 50 per cent of the female population seems hardly enough to carry their wise- and happy-looklng little Jap babies—not in go-carts (a go-cart or a hired nurse is almost never seen) but on the back. And these little women who when standing are only as tall as you are when sitting—they seem hardly more than children themselves, so that you recall Kipling’s saying of Japan: "A four-foot child walks with a three foot child, who is holding the hand of a two-foot child, who carries on her back a one-foot child.” Roys in their teens are also seen with babies strapped on their backs in the same loose-fitting, sack-like baby-holders, and after work time the father takes a turn at the same business. You are reminded of the negro who said to another: “ ’Fo’ Gawd, Bill, you's got the most children any nigger 1 ever seed. Why, 1 passed yo’ house ylstiddy mornin’ at nine erclock and throwed a brick on top and hollered 'Fiah!* an’ at five er clock nigger children was still runnin’ out!” It seems sometimes as if such an incident (with Jap children substituted for negroes: 1 doubt if there is a negro here) might actually happen in Japan. Jl A n/1 t Vv aoa tn’A m An h a nr 1 n f a ao aK a+V» aw a a they meet—are they rehearsing as Alphonso and Gaston for the comedy show to-night, or are they serious? No, they are serious, for yonder is an other pair meeting in the same way, and yonder another couple separating with even more violent "convulsions of politeness"—and nobody laugh ing but yourself. No wonder the Japanese are strong: they only need to meet a few friends a day to get exercise enough to keep them in trim! Look again—those women meeting at the depot, tor example (for there are familiar-looking street cars and less familiar-looking passenger cars amid all these strange surroundings). There is the woman with her hair combed straight back which means that she is a widow, one with a funny Japanese topknot which means she is married, and a younger one whose hair is arranged in the style of unmarried girls; and though they are evi dently bosom friends, they do not embrace and kiss at meeting—nobody does in Japan—and you only guess the depth of their affection by the greater warmth and emphasis of their bows to one another. They are trained in politeness from their youth up, are these Japanese; and it is perhaps the greatest charm of both young and old. I must have seen a full hundred thousand Japanese by this time, and I do not recall one In the attitude of scolding or abuse, while authorities tell me that the Japanese language simply has no words to enable one to swear or curse. I was also in terested to have the American Ambassador tell me to-day that in all his three years’ stay In Japan, and with all the freedom with which a million children run about the streets and stores, he has never seen a man impatient with a child. At the Imperial University yesterday morning I noticed two college boys part with the same deep courtesy used by the older men, and the little ilve-year-old girl near Chuzenji the other day thanked me for my gift with the most graceful of Eastern salams. I shall not say that the exces sive ceremoniousness of the men does not at times (Continued on page 744.) THEY HAVE been having a strike of railway employees over in France, where the rail roads are owned by the government. When the strikers were ordered to go back to work, they refused, and some of them began rioting. This was, of course, practically insurrection, and the troops were called out. Then the strike end ed, the government taking into consideration the grievances of the employees, and adjusting mat ters with them. It is difficult to conceive of such a state of things in this country; but the whole affair shows again the stability and the wis dom and moderation of the Frencn Republic. * • • The sudden death last Saturday of Senator Jonathan P. Dolliver. of Iowa, removes one of the ablest and most influential members of the Sen ate. Promoted from the House after a distin guished service there, he was regarded as one of the Republican “wheel-horses” until the question of tariff revision came up. He at once sided with such Insurgents as La Follette and Cummins and, by reason of his oratorical ability and his wide range of learning, soon became the real leader of the Senate insurgents. A speech last spring in which he attacked President Taft was almost of classic strength and style. His place will be hard to fill. • * • Julia Ward Howe, author and philanthropist, died last week at the age of 91. Her life waa one of service to humanity; and her “Battle Hymn of the Republic” took rank with “Maryland, My Maryland,” as a war song of real literary worth— a distinction these two share with few, if any oth ers, of the period. William Vaughn Moody, poet and playwright, is also dead. He was born in 1869, and wrote some of the finest American verse of recent years. • • • The New York Investigation into the Adiron dock land purchase scandal goes on, and many prominent men are being involved. The Empire State did not get Governor Hughes before it need ed him. What he discovered had been going on under the administrations of all his predecessors fnr a rinpario nr mnre • * * Louisiana will vote on November 8th on fifteen amendments to the Constitution. Some of them seem specially worthy of adoption, notably those providing for increased taxes for roads and _ schools, and the one permitting school boards to issue bonds to build schoolhouses. * * • Edgar Allan Poe, the most original, and pos sibly the greatest, of American writers, has at length been admitted to the New York “Hall of Fame.” Andrew Jackson also goes in after sev eral rejections by the committee. • * • Last week a severe storm swept across Cuba and over Florida and part of Georgia. Much damage was done to the orange crop and to farm ing interests generally, but the early reportB of ' the storm’s severity were much exaggerated. * * t D. B. Hill, once the leader of the New York Democracy, Governor, U. S. Senator, and a can didate for President, is dead. He was a politi cian of the now discredited machine type. * * • The forty-third general conference of the Epis copal Church has just closed in Cincinnati. The church refused to drop the word “Protestant” JB from its name or to sanction “divine healing.” • • • m Walter Wellman, who started to cross the AtHj lantic in an airship, was "rescued” by a steam ship about 400 miles from Cape Hatteras. A Thought for the Week. AS RESPECTS children, for the first five years they utter neither truth nor false hood—they only speak. Their talk is thinking aloud; and as one-half of their thought is often an affirmative, and the other a negative, and, unlike us, both escape from them, they seem to lie, while they are only talking with themselves. Often they do not understand your question, and give an erroneous rather than a false reply. We may ask, besides, whether, when children seem to imagine and falsify, they are not often relating their remembered dreams which necessarily blend in them with actual experience. —Jean Paul Richter.