Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1770-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Newspaper Page Text
PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY AT
RALEIGH, N. O. STARKVILLE, MISS. COMMUNICATIONS REGARDING ADVERTISING OR SUBSCRIPTIONS MAY BE ADDRESSED TO EITHER OFFICE. ENTERED AS SECOND CLASS MATTER AT THE P08T0F FICE AT RALEIGH, N. C., UNDER THE ACT OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 8, 1879. Under the Editorial and Business Management of TAIT BUTLER and CLARENCE POE. Peof. W. F. MASSEY.Associate Editor. E. E. MILLER..Managing Editor. JOHN S. PEARSON.Secretary-Treasurer. Advertising Representative*FIBBER SPECIAL Agency, New York. Eastern field : Albert H. Hopkins. Chicago, Western field. We Guarantee Our Advertisers. VI will positively make good the loss sustained by any subscriber " aa a result of fraudulent misrepresentation made in onr col umns on the part of any advertiser who proves to be a deliberate swindler. This does not mean that we will try to adjust trifling disputes between reliable business houses and their patrons, but in any cane of actually fraudulent dealing, we will make good to the subscriber aa wa have just indicated. The condition of this guaran tee la that the claim for loss shall be reported to os within one month after the advertisement appears in our paper, and that the subscriber most say when writing each advertiser: I am writing you aa an advertiser in The Progressive Farmer and Gazette, which guarantees the reliability of all advertising that it carries." Weekly Circulation First Half of 1010. .. .07,230 SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year, $1.00; six months. 66 cents: three months, 80 cants. Fa induce new subscriptions, one new subscriber and one old saiscrlbsr amg both get tks paper oms gear for $1.SO. TEN WEEK'S TRIAL ONLY TEN CENTS. To new aobacribers only. The Progressive Fanner and Gazette will be sent ten weeks on trial for ten cents Sample copy tree. Tell yoar friends who need it but do not read it. Editorial Gleanings. TO A “PLOWING match” out in Illinois, a month or so ago, 6,000 came; and the farm ers—men who own big prairie farms—buckled down to the task of plowing a half-acre of land Just as well as they could. Such contests would be well worth while here in the South. One of our greatest needs is more knowledge of how to do the fundamental work of farming and a truer appreciation of what it is worth to do it well. We are altogether too tolerant of slipshod work; and until the farmer himself learns how to do farm woTk, and do it well, it is sheer folly for him to expect good work of the “trifling negroes” he em ploys. J* Replying to the old cry that the parcels post would be socialistic, the Atlanta Constitution aply says: xi me principle or a parcels post is so cialistic, then the Government is already com mitted to it, none the less. For a long time the patron of the mails has been able to avail himself of a limited parcels post service in this country, but it is senselessly limited and arbitrarily unjust as contrasted with interna tional parcels post facilities. You can not mail for delivery in this country a package weighing more than four pounds. You can mail in this country for foreign delivery a package weighing eleven pounds. If you wanted to send eleven pounds in this country, and made it up into three packages to com ply with the law, it would, even then, cost your four cents a pound more than to send #it to the outposts of Germany or Austria. If an eleven-pound maximum parcels post at twelve cents a pound is good for other coun tries, and between the United States and oth er countries, it is good for our own Nation ” This will be my first Christmas away from home,” writes Editor Poe in a note just received, and if any readers of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette wish to play Santa Claus for me In this far-away continent by sending me a postal card or note, it goes without saying that I shall be very glad indeed to hear from them, entirely re gardless of whether I know them personally or not.” Undoubtedly many readers will wish to send just such greetings to Mr. Poe, and in order to reach him in time, any letters or postals of this sort should be mailed at once—before No \ vember 15—and addressed to “Clarence Poe, care of Thomas Cook & Son, Bombay, India.” Put on 2 cents postage for postal cards and 5 cents for letters. The Oklahoma Farm Journal says that at the Oklahoma State Fair there were signs saying. “Get on to the Bermuda grass,” and adds: “Of all the grasses famed in song and story and told about where stockmen congregate, there is no other grass which will withstand the tramping of thousands of hurrying feet for two weeks.” Yet there are farmers who think that they can not have permanent pastures in the South. ja A man may succeed in farming as in any other business without knowing the scientific principles underlying his practice. He may learn good methods, and these being right in a majority of cases, he is generally successful, but he can Hot teach others nor can he meet unusual conditions so well as the man who kiows why he does things. Don’t Burn Anything Off the Land. EXPERIMENTS conducted in Louisiana and elsewhere show that a very small per cent of the boll wevils that are deprived of food early in the season are able to live through the winter. The object sought by the destruction of the cotton stalks in the fall must, therefore, be to destroy the food of the weevils and not to de stroy the weevils themselves; for they die anyway if their food is destroyed, and it mnkeB no differ ence to the farmer how they are killed. Why, then, burn the cotton stalks and destroy the nitrogen and humus-forming material they contain? It is not sufficient to advise the growing of winter cover crops. Of course we can and should grow winter cover crops; but that is no good reason for burning up the stalks when it Is plainly shown that it is not necessary. We could have grown cover crops in the past and have also refrained from the use of fire in destroying hu mus-forming materials, but we have done neither, and our lands now need all the vegetable matter they can be given instead of being robbed of what little grows on them through the old burning hab it, which never was, and is not now, necessary or Justifiable. It is possibly better to burn the cot ton stalks than not to destroy the food of the weevils at all, but even this is doubtful; for the man who farms on that basis will not grow cotton rery long with or without the boll weevil, and If he continues the old practice of burning over the land and destroying all the vegetable matter on It, he won’t grow anything else at a profit, so, per haps, it is as well to allow the man who has not yet learned the one great need of Southern soils —humus—better than to burn up the vegetable matter on the land, to be put out of business as quickly as possible by the boll weevils. It is stated by those who advocate the burning of stalks that the farmers will not cut down the Btalks and plow them under. This is rather a weak argument, but such force as it has applies equally to the burning of the Btalks. They won’t all do that either; but as many will pasture or cut down and plow under the stalks as will burn them; for Southern farmers have had the lesson of the need of humus in our soils too well drilled into them and have learned by experience its won derful effects on their crops to take kindly to the further use of the torch, which destroys the very substances which are most needed in practically all soils. In this connection read what Mr. T. It. Barber says on page seven. Get the cotton out as early as possible, pasture ' the cotton fieldB for a few days, then cut the stalks and plow them under and sow a cover crop. Do this certainly, but by all that is Bane and rea sonable spare the torch as an aid to Southern agri culture. Fire is destructive, and we need to build up and not destroy the life of our soils. t Our New Advertising Man. R. J. A. MARTIN, Memphis, Tenn, who has during the last several years been employ ed on the weekly News-Scimitar, and its successor, the Southern Farm Advocate, as ad vertising solicitor, editor and general all-round hustler, came to the staff of The Progressive Farmer and Gazette November 1. Mr. Mar tin will bo Advertising Man ager of the Starkvllle edition and traveling representative in this territory. Ho is a na tive of Arkansas, having been bora at Little Rock, where his ancestors started the Arkan sas Gazette in 1819, so that j. a martin he comes by his newspaper as sociations naturally. Most of his life has been spent in the city of Memphis. Starting as sten ographer in the News-Scimitar ofTlce, he has rapidly developed Into an efficient and hustling agricultural advertising man, and The Progres sive Farmer and Gazette considers itself fortunate in securing his services. Mr. Martin will make his headquarters at the Starkvllle. Miss., office of Tho Progressive Fnrmcr and Gazette. This Week and Next. THIS IS BY NO menus an Idle time on the farm; Indeed, idle time* on a properly man aged farm are few aad far between. It la ono of the banes of our Southern agriculture that so many farm workers regard the winter an a sea son of idleness—an idea that our miserable crop ping system has done much to foster. We trust that no reader of ours, whether land-owner or renter, will so regard the coming winter. Much of the success of next year's farming will depend upon the work done this fall, and the approach ing season of comparative leisure Is the best sea son In tho world to make those permanent Im provements on the farm for which time can not be found during the busier months. It is a pretty good lay-out of work, too, that the reader will find outlined In thlB lssne. Pro fessor Massey’s "Farm Work," tho "Ten Thing* to Do," tho plowing and dralnago article*, the suggestions from readers who nro preparing for better crops next year, tho "Plowhandle Talks," Professor Niven'B instructions about orchnrd planting—surely there is no lack of things we are telling you to do. Of course, no one will be expected to do them all. but It is doubtful If there Is ono among our 100,000 farmer readers who will not find a helpful suggestion as to better methods In tho work ho Is doing, or some remin der of a Job he needs to do but had forgotten. Then, there Is the article by Mrs. Steven* which should he read over and discussed at a full meeting of tho family. If wo are not working primarily for a more beautiful nnd cheerful homo life, wo have the wrong Ideals of tho end of labor; and nothing that will add to tho charm and tho joy of the household should bo neglected. Dr. I.ay's article is for the whole family, too, as la Mr. I’oo's Interesting and thought-provoking letter, and thnt little clipping on "The Cash Value of Good Society.” Next, week Mrs. Stevens will write another ar ticle for tho whole family: It will bo on tho things to do, before cold weather comes, for tho prevention of tho common ailments nnd Indispo sitions of winter. Tho concluding portion of Mr. Poe’s account of Japanese farming will be published; our long-delayed story of tho rlco lands of Arkansas; more talks about dralnngo and on plowing and stump-pulling; another batch of letters from readers who uro working for bet ter crops; a little talk to the boys about hunting, and some Illustrated descriptions of cheaply built but serviceable poultry houses. A Thought for the Week. FTV!K PERSON who llveB on tho labor of oth I "ot Klvln« himself in return to the best of * la ability, Is really a consumer of hu man Hfe and1 therefore no better tlmn a cannibal. —Libert Hubbard.