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year with a three-liorse disk. I
bought some up-to-date planters this year, and where I used them I got a perfect Btand of cotton and corn. I had some old planters that I thought could not bo surpassed, and used them on the smoothest land where I thought I could have no trouble to get a stand, and I failed to get a stand. So I will buy more up-to-date planters and use the old ones no more. (f>) I use a two-eared variety of corn, and am gathering the ears from those stalks, of proper size and Bhape, that have the largest two ears on them and putting this in a crib to itself, and here next spring I will go to select the very best ears to plant As my land is rather level, and the cotton stalk grows large in proportion to fruit, I have bought seed from the high, rich surrounding hills where cotton makes an ideal stalk. 1 sell my seed to the oil-mill and pay a little more for better seed. I have always made my best crops tthan T /41 /I tku . (6) The field I had In corn this year is now one of the most pleasing sights I ever saw. Every stalk has a largo ear and many two large ears, but the whole field Is a mass of dark green velvet beans—this In spite oof the long siege of dry weather they had to withstand. After frost here Is where I will put my cattle after the corn Is gathered. They will feast and fatten and linger here until late In the winter. I will be In no rush here to plant this land In oats, as they are already planted on pea sod. This was already broken deep for corn and It will not bo necessary to break It deep for cotton next year. Hero the cotton will follow a nitro gen-gathering crop and land be soft and rich and healthy for cotton. This given a good place for cotton, a good place for oats and all the winter made compost for corn, and Improves the land. Rich land Is what I am working for. because rich land will cover up a multitude of errors. W. A. WADSWORTH. Prattville. Ala. Try to enjoy the great fes.lval of life with other men—Epictetus. — 7 — DO YOU KNOW What Three Plant Food* You Buy In Ferti I tiers? What Part Kach of Them Play* In Plant Growth ? How bo Toll Which of Them Your Crop* Need ? What a Fertiliser Analysis Means? What Fertilising Materials Should Not be Mixed Together? How to 1 Igure Out a Ferttllrer Fertnula ? How to TeU If Your Soli Needs Lime? How to Get the Most Out of Your Stable Manure ? Why Fertilisers Pay Beat on Goad I-nnds ? Whet You Must Consider In Keeping up Soil Fertility ? "FERTILIZING FOR PROFIT” Will help you answer all these Questions and doaens of others like them. It I* written for thef armor* of the South, is plain, practical. and easy to read. The price te 60 cents in paper binding. 76 In doth. With The Progre.sive Farmer and Gaxette one year, in paper Si.26. in cloth 11.60. Ton can not afford to do with out It. Bend In ffour order to-day. Progressive Fanner and Gazette, Starkville, N. C. ROCK PHOSPHATE Hlgheet grade finely ground Tennessee Phosphate Rock. Guaranteed 2H to 30 per cent phosphoric acid. Sold direct to con sumers at lowest price*. Prompt ship manta. ::::::::a:::; Southern Lime & Phosphate Co. BIRMINGHAM. ALABAMA. PRACTICAL TILE DRAINAGE. IV' The Sort of Tile to Use-How to Lay Out and Dig the Ditches. By A. L. French. Iiiavui received many letters ask ing concerning the different classes of tile, and the writers wishing to know which the writer considers preferable, the clay or the concrete sort. We have used many thousands of both and consider one as good as the other in case each sort is properly made. In making the concrete tile care must be ex ercised in the mix a. l Mthf.cn. lug 0j tlle cement and sand that the mixture be even, else some of the tile will be so soft as to crush; and if any such are found when the tiles are being laid they should be discarded. It should be kept in mind all the time that this improvemeut is being made to last for a hundred years, and as a string of tile is, like a chain, no stronger than the weakest link, care should be taken that all links are of maximum strength. We like the hard-burned clay tile and wouldn’t have any other sort—if they are glazed, all the bet ter. When two clay tile are struck together lightly, one upon the other, they should ring clear, and those giving off a dead, hollow sound should be discarded, as they are eith er too soft or are cracked. It should be remembered that almost all the water that gets into a string of tile gains entrance at the joints, so it is of little consequence how hard the tiles are or how impervious to water, the water will lind its way in all right. Running the Miun Ditch. I am designing these drainage papers principally to aid the man who will—because of the nature of his country—be able to handle the drain age of his farm in small systems; so let us get out on the farm and see if we are able to llud a way to change the nature of that unprintable area and get it in shape that it will not be a star boarder on the farm any louger. You see this little swale starts down there at the creek and goes meandering way up across the farm, between the kuolls and hills. It is probably brush-grown now, or covered with swamp grass and bul rushes. Let's get the brush out of the way so we can see where we are going, then take a bundle of sticks, and, starting at the lower end, fol low the lowest part of the sag, stick ing a stake at each turn. We now have the general direction of the ditch that we are to dig in which to ! lay our tile. We will go back over the line now and change the stakes, so as to cut out every little crook I that we are able to dispense with, as we wish our line of tile to be just as nearly straight as possible, because | we wish the size tile we use to work to its greatest capacity. This it can not do—because of friction of the water on the sides of the tile—if there are numerous little sharp crooks in the line. Remember that this water-course is to go under ground, uud If by cutting an extra foot deeper in some places, going a little off the lowest part of the land, we can avoid a short turn, it will pay to do the extra digging, because it is necessary to do this digging only once, and the extra capacity thus se cured in the line of tile will be oper ative when our great-grandchildren are playing around the flue country school building that our grandsons were enabled to build from the pro fits arising from the use of this re claimed piece of land. Where to Put the Laterals. Off from this main line will extend other lines of tile—a line running oui wherever we would naturally locate an open ditch—and these should re ceive the same care in the laying out as was given to the main line. If the central or main sag contains many acres of land, say 50 or 60, it will, perhaps, be best to operate the lower end as an open ditch for some years until our financial condition is improved and we are better able to purchase the expensive large tile that is necessary to be used in the lower section to carry the surplus water that will be furnished by all the side lines and the upper end of the main. But if not larger than 5-inch is re quired, we would secure all that are necessary to make a complete job of the work, even if we were obliged to borrow the money temporarily, to pay for same, as no investment will pay better returns than will drainage of rich land which is unproductive because of being water-sobbed, and especially when the investment is of such a substantial, sure, permanent return, as tile drainage is known to be. Many instances are known to the writer where 100 to 300 per cent has been secured the first year on cost of drainage of swamp land. Making Easy W ork. If this land is not boggy so as to mire a horse, considerable digging may be saved by opening the ditches with a big two- or three-horse plow, one man driving while another holds the plow. Long lines may be used so the driver can walk immediately be hind the plowman, thus insuring ab solutely straight work. Going up and back in each ditch will remove abour ten or twelve Inches of dirt. There is another advantage in this in sec tions where the land freezes during the winter, water or snow covering the bottom of these shallow ditches will enable the diggers to proceed with the work in times when the land would be too hard on top to make profitable digging possible. A persistent war on weeds and grass, stumps and brush, In the held is one of the great progressive move ments necessary to progress In agri culture.—Dr. S. A. Knapp. I Mr. A. D. McNair, of Little Rock, Ark., says that Dow Jacks, of Lee County, Ark., raised 150 bushels of bur clover seed on one acre, and H. R. Harrison, of Dallas County, 45 bush els on one-fourth acre. This seed was measured in the chaff, of course, but as Mr. Harrison sold his for $2 a bushel, it would be hard to find a more profitable crop. Sow a seed patch of your own. “CONCRETE ON THE FARM" I A full and Comprehensive Illus- 1 trated Discussion of the Value 1 and Adaptability of Cement Con- I crete to the Construction of Per- C manent Farm Buildings and ac- I cessories. Written for the pro- ■ gressive Farmer, with detailed in- ■ formation as to the use of cement m concrete and instruc- m tions as to methods and m forms for its applica- m • STANDARD PORTLAND CEMFNT COMPANY Sites Office: Birmlnffcin, Ala. _Works: Lasts, Ala. ROYAL PEA HULLERS I Made in four sizes, are ■ what you nea raisers ■ neeL Write for free ■ booklet, Ul'ing ab^ut I peas. entitUd. "The ■ Value of Peas and Roy- I ■I Pea Huliers.’’ ■ CHATTAH008A IMMINENT I I MFC. CO. ■ CkattsMCfs, . Ttnessas. I hfU | ONE Man CAN MAKE 300 TO MO PERFECT TILE A DAY »>"?■? CEMENT TILE MACHINE at a cost of S3 to $$ per 10M. The only farm tile ma chine that does not require hand tamping; the only farmers’ machine operated by either band or power. Machine makes 8,4,6, Sand 8 inch tile, UM inches long. Oar Patented Water-Proel PLEXIBLB CASINO holds tile in shape till set. No Pallets. If after III. FREE TRIAL • it does not meet with en tire satisfaction, return at onr expense. The price of the machine will be saved in maHngvour first 2000 tile. Can Yon Alford to Be Witbant III W rite today for illustrated catalogue. Powers' Caaent Tils Machine Co., Box UO St Jobes, Mldc FORTHE survey"/."Gel a Bostrom Improved Farm Level wSrt uated Rod, Target and Bostrom’s 70 page book—‘ Soil SalvationM-giving the cream of i^t?2^i^CoiChnwXff.rten*C»? ‘,n TERRACING. DRAINING and IRRIGATING, with futt Instructions on how to use the Level. Simplicity, Accuracy, Durability GUARANTEED^ Used and endorsed in every State in the Union, also Canada and Mexico. shm'iMi n°?.r™C.elpLofprice,,J 00; money back If not satisfied. Or. If preferred, wffl snip c.o.D. #15.00 and express charges, subject to approval. Shipping weight IS Iba. If not on sale in your town, order from nearest address. BOSTROM-BRADY MFC. CO.. 168 Madison Ave., ATLANTA. OA. Brunswick Bldar. NEW YORK. N.Y. 1158 Pine Street. ST. LOUIS MO. j THE McKay famous SULKY STALK CUTTER , fj STEEL ROLLER-BEARING WI,IIW Best by actual test. “Tasting the pudding is the proof thereof.” Put our machine to held test with others and if ours does not prove itself the best we will pay expense of making ^ the test. A square deal is all we ask. "Don’t delay. Write us at once, we have something to tell you. The Jno. A. McKay Manufacturing Co* DUNN, N. O.