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| “ What's The News?” | THE ELECTIONS last Tuesday surprised even those who had been most confident in their predictions of Democratic gains. The change from two years ago was little less than wonder ful. The next House will be Democratic by a ma jority of 60, according to present estimates. The Democratic gains were made all over the country, New York contributing 12; Pennsylvania, 6; Ohio, 6; Missouri, New Jersey, and West Virginia, 4 each, and North Carolina 3. There will be only three Republican Congressmen from the South, two from Tennessee, and one from Virginia. Eu gene Foss was elected Governor in Massachusetts, John A .Dix in New York, S. E. Baldwin in Con necticut, Woodrow Wilson in New Jersey, and Os wald West in Oregon. All these are Democrats and succeed Republicans. In Ohio, Governor Har monis re-elected by nearly 100,000; theRepublican majority in Iowa is cut down to 16,000; Pennsyl vania elects Tener, Republican, over Berry, Inde pendent, by probably less than 20,000; Governor Shafroth is re-elected in Colorado, and Cary, Inde pendent Republican, wins in Wyoming. Democratic Senators will succeed Depew, of New York; Kean, of New Jersey; Scott, of West Virginia; Dick, of Ohio; Beveridge, of Indiana; Warner, of Missouri; Burkett, of Nebraska. Montana is yet doubtful. Tennessee elected B. W. Hooper, Republican, over Senator Taylor, the Democratic candidate for Gov ernor, by 14,000. The Legislature remains Dem ocratic. The Republicans elected the Governor in I CAM N°T HELP thinking.” said one of my riends to me when I left home, “that when you get over on the other side of the world dninT C«h,lna’ y°U WlH have t0 walk upside down like the flies on the ceiling!” And while I And that this is not true in a physical sense, it a true as Mr. Percival Lowell has pointed out, that with regard to the manners and customs of the people, everything is reversed, and the surest way to go right is to take pains to go dead wrong. To speak backwards, write backwards, read backwards, is but the A B C of Oriental con trariety.” Alice need not have gone to Wonder land; she should have come to Japan. I am not yet used, for example, to seeing men start at what would be with us the back side of a book or paper and read toward the front, and it is said that no European or American ever gets used to the construction of a Japanese sentence, considered merely from the standpoint of thought arrangement I had noticed that the Japanese usually ended their sentences with an emphatic upward push or spurt before I learned that with them the subject of a sentence usually comes last (if at all), as for example, “By a rough road yes terday came John.” instead of, “John came by a rough road yesterday.” Music as an Example. Speaking of music, we bump against another oddity right away in that native Japanese (as well as Chinese) music consists merely of monotonous twanging on one or two strings—so that I can now understand the old story of Li Hung Chang’s mus ical experiences in America. To hear grand opera singers, to listen to famous violinists, his friends took him, but they moved him not; the most gift ed piano soloists failed equally to interest him. But one night the great Chinaman went early to a theatre, and all at once his face beamed with de light, and he turned to his friends in enthusiastic gratitude: “We have found it at last!” he ex claimed. “That is genuine music!” .... And it was only the orchestra “tuning up” their instru ments! I might as well say just here that this story, while good, always struck me as a humorous exaggera tion till I came to Japan, but the music which I heard the other night in one of the most fashion able and expensive Japanese restaurants in Tokyo was exactly of the same character—like nothing else in all the world so much as an orchestra tuning up! And yet by way of modification (as usual) it must be said that appreciation of West ern music is growing, and one seldom hears in classical selections a sweeter combination of voice and piano than Mrs. Tamaki Shlbata’s, while my Japanese student friend also surprised me by sing ing "Suwanee River” like a genuine Southerner. A Land of Contradictions. And this, of course, Is but one illustration of thousands that might be given to Justify my title, ' The Land of Upside Down,” the land of contra dictions to our ideas. That it Is a land “where the flowers have no odor and the birds no song” has passed into a proverb, almost literally* true; and similarly, the far-famed cherry blossoms bear no fruit The typesetters I saw In the Kokumln Shlmbum office were singing like birds, but the field hands I saw at Komaba were as silent as church worshippers. The women carry children on their backB and not in their arms. The girls dance with their hands, not with their feet, and alone, not with partners. An ox Is worth more than a horse. The people bathe frequently, but In dirty water. A most artistic people, the stone "lions” at Nlkko Temple look as much like bulldogs. A man’s birthday is not celebrated, but the anniversary of his death Is. The people are Immeasurably polite, and yet often unendurably cocky and conceited. Kissing or waltzing, even for man and wife, would be Improper In public, but the exposure of the human body excites no surprise. The National Government is supposed to be modern, nnd yet only 2 per cent of the peo ple—the wealthiest—can vote. Famed for kind ness, the brutality of Japanese soldiers to the Chinese at Port Arthur “would damn the fairest nation on enrth.” The Nation equally noted for simplicity of living. It Is a Japanese banker, com ing to New York, who breaks even America’s record for extravagance, by giving a banquet cost ing $40 a plate. The people are supposed to be singularly contented and yet Socialism has had a rapid growth. The Emperor Is supposed to be sacred and almost Infallible, and yet the Crown Prince Is not a legitimate son. In the first Shinto temple I visited the priests offered me sake (the National liquor) to drink. With a government the most autocratic on earth, it has nevertheless adopted many high “paternalistic” schemes— government ownership of railways and telegraphs, for example. The people work all the time, but they refuse to work as strenuously ns Americans. The templeB attract thousands of people, but usunlly only In a spirit of frolic. Labor per day Is amazingly cheap, but in actual results, little cheaper than In America. It Is amid such a maze of contradictions and sur prises that one moves In Japan. When I go Into a Japanese home, for example, It is a hundred times more Important to take off my shoes than it Is to take off my hat—even though, as happened this week when I called on a celebrated Japanese singer, there be holes In my left stocking! (But I was comforted later when I learned that on President Taft’s visit to a famous Tokyo tea house, his socks were also found to bo “more holy than righteous.”) •Copyright 1DI0. by The Progreaelve Farmer and Gazette. Marriage and Home Life. Take the social relations of the Japanese peo ple as another example of contrariety. Here the honorable sex Is the masculine and there is even a proverb, I believe, “Honor men, despise wo men.'' Perhaps the translation “deBplse" 1b too strong, but certainly it would be regarded as noth ing but contemptible weakness for young men to show any such regard for young women, or hus bands for their wives as in America. The wives exist solely for their husbands, nor must the wife object if the husband maintain other favorites, or even bring them into the home. And although a man Is with his wife a much greater part of his time than is the case in America, he has, as is well known, little or no voice In selecting her; in fact, he probably sees her only once before marry ing. After having seen probably half a million or more Japanese, Sundays and week days, I have not noticed a single young Japanese couple walk ing together, and in the one case where I saw a husband and a wife walking thus side by side, I discovered on investigation that the man was blind! “For a young couple to select each other as in America,” said a young Japanese gentle man to me, “would be considered Immoral, and as for a young man calling on a young woman, that never happens except clandestinely.” And \\ non l asKeci lr it was tru© that when husband and wife go together, the woman must follow the man instead of walking oeside him as his equal, he answered: “But it is very, very seldom that the two go out together.” My Japanese friend also told me that the young man often has considerable voice in selecting his life-partner (in case it is for life: there is one divorce to every three to five marriages), but the young woman in the case must have no more to say about it than the commodity in any other bar gain and sale. When a young man or young woman gets of marriageable age (and that is rather young), the parents decide on some satis factory prospective partner, and a “middleman” interviews the parents of the prospective partner aforesaid, and if they are willing, and financial and other considerations are satisfactory, it doesn’t matter what the girl thinks, nor does it matter much whether young Barkis himself is “willin’ ”: the Sir Anthony Absolutes in Japan meet with no opposition. All of which while not wholly commendable (my young Japanese friend himself dislikes the plan, at least in his own pro spective case) has at least the advantage of leav ing but remarkably few bachelors and old maids in Japan. Here every man’s house may not be (Continued on page 800.) Nebraska, captured Nevada and held the other Western States. Prohibition amendments to the Constitutions were defeated in Missouri by a large majority and in Florida by a small majority. Oklahoma, how ever, voted down a local option amendment by three to one. A woman suffrage amendment Is reported to have been adopted in Washington. All the proposed Constitutional amendments in Louis iana were adopted and all in Virginia defeated. Perhaps the two most striking features of the election were the strength displayed by the So cialists—they elected Victor L. Berger to Congress from Wisconsin, and made heavy gains else where,—and the seemingly general rejection of Mr. Roosevelt. Overwhelmingly defeated in New York, his activities in Massachusetts, Ohio, In diana, and Iowa were in each case followed by Democratic victories. The increase in the number of independent voters was made strikingly mani fest by the results in States like Massachusetts, Tennessee, and Nebraska where the people elected State officials of one party while voting with the other party on National issues. • • • The lynching of a Mexican at Rock Springs, Texas, has been followed by anti-American out breaks in various Mexican cities. It is believed that things will be amicably arranged with the Mexican Government; but the United States can protest with poor grace against the mistreatment of American citizens by Mexican mobs, when it was the lawless act of an American mob that brought on the trouble. A lynching once came near involving this country in serious trouble with Italy, and it is inevitable that if the various States will not take steps to prevent such out breaks of barbarism, the National Government must interfere. Foreigners can not understand whv the TTnitaH Ktatan ran not nuninh ihn man who kill the citizens of another county; and if it had been a German, for example, instead of a Mexican, who was killed by the Texas mob, the chances are that there would be war. It is no wonder that Russian journals and officials, when this country protested against the Jewish massa cres there, should have said in effect: "Reform your own Southern States before you begin on Russia.” This contemptuous disregard for the law and the unhealthy public opinion that permits lynchers to go unpunished, discredit the South in the eyes of the world, and constitute our greatest shame. * * « Senator Alexander S. Clay, of Georgia, died last Sunday. He was 57 years old, was serving his third term as Senator, and was a statesman of the safe, progressive, hard-working type. Justly regarded as one of the South’s strong men, his death is a great loss to his State and to the whole country. * * « The population of Alabama is announced as 2, 138,093, an increase of 16.9 per cent in the last decade. Florida is credited with 751,139 people, an increase of 42.1 per cent. • • • There seems to be little question that Champ Clark will be the next Speaker of the House.