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48 Million Shortage
Government statistics show there were 000,000 oushels less of potatoes thrown In the United States last year than in 1909. This with increasing: popu lation must necessarily make a larg:er demand for potatoes In 1911. No crop as a Money Maker equaln It, and the Information Bhowin^m^^row ‘ "““"xi absolutely fr.e to an/one asking for It. Our president has devoted over fifty years to tlie study of potato culture and the manufac ture of machinery for handling the crop in all stages 810 Sabin StrMt, Jackson, Michigan, U. sTa. Ralph Creighton, Creighton, Me Breeder of HIGH-CLASS BERKSHIRES At present I have to offer a few serviceable boars, somi fancy fall pigs, by Berry’s Choice, and a few Hlgh-Cla»s gilts bred to Berry’s Choice, one of Tbe K<ngs of Breed. REGISTERED JERSEY BULL 5 years. Fine individual. Tuberculin tested. Reason for selling. through with h»s services. E. M. RANCK. - NATCHEZ, MiSS. Breeder’s Cards AND Farmers' Exchange We win insert ads. far oar Progressive Far mer and GaseMe readers la this deportmont and in this style type at the rata of 4 cants a word for op. weak! two weeks. 6 cants a word! three weeks, 8 cental four weeks. 10 cents: three months 80 cents; six months. 50 cents; one year. 80 cents. Each word number or initial (including name and addreea) counted as a se parate word. Send cash with order. If the rate seems high, remember It would cost 5680 far poatnge alone to send your ad. by letter to each home to which we carry it at this low rata. Btamps acceptad for amounts lees than H. Wanted—Cow peas. S. A. Johnson, Marion. Ark. For sale—Fins bird. dogs. R. A. Duncan r.u, donia. Miss. White Holland turkeys. Noxubee Farming Co Macon. Miss. Buff Leghorn Cockerels. *2.60 each. T. J. Beaoh. Kosciusko, Miss. Rhode island Reds *1 00 each. Mrs. Mary Eads. \Route SUsifffffg. -v . .. _ '•* Spanish peanuts, hand-picked, fur sale. Dr. III. Clinton. Louisiana. Poland China Pigs. Fanciest breeding. W. G Callicott, Cold water Miaa. For sale—Berkshire pigs for s«le cheap. J. H. Mauldin, Route 2, Warn- ahoro. Mias. Poland China pigs. B»st breeding. Bargain prices. Walter Noel, Sherman. Texaa. Five large. w*ll hrrd Jennetts for sale. *100 for the lot. E H. Kennedy. Cedar Bluff, Mlaa. For sale—Second-hand riding cultivator with disc attachment. C. W. Parker. Lauderdale, Misa. For sale—Fine S. C Bro^n Leghorns, pure bred. Cockerels, *1.60 each. A. T. Stovall. Jr- Okoiona. Mias. For aale—White Plymouth Rock pu'lets and cockerels. *1 00 each. B. G. Patty. CllftonvUle. Miss. For sale—Twelve S. C. Rhode Island Reds—ten pellets and two cocks. W. T Butts. Starkville Miss. Cotton seed—Hsstirgs’ Bsnk Account snd Simp kins', Jl.O't bushel, and untnixed. O. C. Connelly Nichols. 8 C. North Carolina Prolific seed corn for sale. Yield Pey, HOW bu. $2 00 Der bu. W. 8. Cooper. Villa Nova. Miss. My herd of fancy registered Perkehires for sale Also 145-scre modern dairy farm. Lee McGilvra. Brsndon, Mirs For sale—Square Deal seed corn $2 00 per bu and pure bred Scotch Collie pups. 15 each. R. K. Boney. Duckport. La. "D'xie” White Plymouth Rrcks. 640 eggs in 5 month- fr~m 5 hens. Coctere’s, pullets and eggs for aale. Mra. Alma Arm Id. E'lpora. Miss. Early Jersey Wakefield and Charl-rton Wake field cabbage plants (frost proof). M.no per 1.000 6,000 for $4 60. E. B. Anderson, Marion, Ala.' Biff or Bourbon Red turkeys. Rhode Island Reds, both combs. Rlng'et Rocks, and 8 C White Leghorns. J. W. Upchurch, Route 8. Gordo. Ala. For sale-Two Lucky Jim Avery riding cultlva tora. with extra spring-tooth attachments. Also Avery single furrow Pluto disc plow. S. A. John son Marion. Ark. Wanted—Men to learn the automobile business and accept good positions W* have the best equipped garage in the South. Write for terms New Orleans Auto School, New Orleans, La Wanted—Mammoth Yellow Soy beans and Vel vet besns, sound, recleaned, this year’s crop Quote price, quanti'y. Send sample. R'mhle& Wensel Co., Whole-ale Dealers Natches. Miss. Four famous corn varieties. Lsguna, WilIRm aon Cr untxy White. Giant S'rawberry. snd Chls holm core* $2.25 per bu. Triumph cotton e»«d *'•25 per bu. Warren Blakley, Route L Eddy Texas. “THE LAND OF THE MORNING CALM.” (Continued from page 899.) “lived-happily-ever-after” peroration, for that was really what happened in this case. The father of my young lady informant, who is a doctor, sewed up the young fellow’s lip, he was presented at court; and the real daughter who so narrowly escaped marrying, may be an old maid, for all I know. Many Faces Marked by Smallpox. In such a high, dry climate as this one would expect to And little tuber culosis, but I am told that there is really a great deal of it, due to the carelessness of the families where there are victims, and to the general ly unsanitary conditions. A daugh ter of one of the Southern mission aries here, having contracted the malady, has just gone to Arizona in search of cure. Everywhere on the streets I encounter faces marked by smallpox, and formerly to have had the disease was the rule rather than the exception. In fact, instead of alluding to a man’s inexperience by saying, “He hasn’t cut his eye teeth,” as we do, a Korean would say: “He hasn’t had smallpox.” Since vaccina tion became the rule, however, there are very few cases. Infant mortal ity here, as in America, is one of the greatest factors in the high death rate, but conditions are improving. And as long as authorities declare that in America half the infant death-rate is d UP tD IpTinrAnro nr n lect, we haven’t much right to point our fingers at Korea, anyhow. A Typical Monarchy of Ancient Asia. I have already alluded to tke fact that the old monarchial government of Korea ended its inglorious career but a few short weeks ago. While the records of the Nation run back more 't-ferfee tufiUSand years—probably to a period when Job was so superbly reproaching his comforters in the Land of Uz—the late dynasty runs back only 500 years. We Americans, I may say in passing, are accustomed to think of men of five hundred years ago, or even of John Smith and Po cahontas, as very ancient, but their families wouldn’t be old enough to get into good society over here. But though only 500 years in power, this recent dynasty succeeded in doing about as much devilment and as lit tle good as many dynasties much old er in years. One of the missionaries explained to me yesterday that it was only when the King got very mad that he would order heads cut off without reason—but then the Ko reans are very lazy and his inactivity at other periods may have been due fco sloth. The truth is, that most of these Oriental mnnnrohioa hovo Konn corrupt beyond the belief of the av erage American. When I was a boy I used to hear the old men In country churches thank God for the blessings of orderly government and for the privilege of worshipping as they chose with no one to molest us or make us afraid.” W7e younger folk, I fear, are too much accustomed to take such things as a matter of course, but when one comes over here into Asia and into countries where the lives of the people have been cursed by corrupt governments and where men have had to die for their faiths, where the rights of neither life, property nor conscience are respected, he is likely to prize hiB American privileges somewhat more highly. The old Korean dynasty was not only corrupt, but unspeakably stupid. Like the people, the King relied on sorcerers or fortune-tellers to find a lucky day or a lucky time of the moon to do whatever he wished, and in case of sickness consulted the mutang or conjurer. Thus when the prince had smallpox some years ago, the mutang declared that the smallpox spirit or devil (who must always be referred to with great re spect as “His Excellency) would not leave unless allowed to ride horse back clear to the Korean boundary three hundred miles away; and a gayly caparisoned horse was accord ingly led the entire distance. The Honorable Mr. Yang-ban. The government was also unfeign edly corrupt. Offices were given, just as lives were taken, merely at the whim of the Throne. Taxes were farmed out, the grafting collectors taking from the people probably five or six times as much as finally reach ed the public treasury. More than this, the nobility robbed the people at will, and there was no authority from whom they could get redress. Woe unto the man who became energetic and industrious under the old dispensation! First the tax gatherers would relieve him of the bulk of his swollen fortune, and what wTas left the noble or “Yang-ban," as the nobles were called, would take the trouble to borrow but never take the trouble to repay. For the Yang ban was a "gentleman,” he was. It was beneath his dignity to work— even to guide the reins of the horse he rode—but it was not beneath his dignity to sponge on his friends (I think the verb "to sponge” is too expressive to remain slang) or to borrow without repaying Moreover, in case of extremity, it is said that Mother Yang-Ban and Sister Ann I rv 1 —_. - tu111 nnDiim^, nr* iti rtrcciriiPfl !n the classic lays of our own land, but Father himself never defiled him self by doing anything so dishonor able as an honest day's work. Rut alas and alack! for the degeneracy of our times. The Yang-bans In Korea have been deprived of their ancient priv ileges, and I fear that even their blood-kin in America are by no means treated with the ancient de ference and respect due to persons of such exalted merit and blue blood. Six Men to Cnrry $50 Worth of Money. What with the arbitrary and op pressive Bystem of tax-robbery and the extortions of the Yang-bans it is not surprising that the Koreans here became disinclined to labor, while those who went to Manchuria! w’here there has been "proper se curity for the gains of Industry,” are said to be quite a different folk_ energetic because there has been en couragement to be energetic. The old Korean system of taxation be ing arbitrary, the only way to escape a raid by the tax-gatherer was to nnnoQP not to v>^_*> . . - -aiijuuuR >*tjriri raiding, and with the coinage con fined usually to the copper “cash,” worth a small fraction of a cent, it waa difficult for a man to have much money without everybody knowing it. If a man had much he needed a warehouse to store it. Mrs. Bishop In her book already referred to speaks of a time when it took 3,200 "cash” to equal a dollar in our money, making each coin worth 1-32 of a cent, and it took 6 men or one pony to carry $F,0 worth! An other instance is mentioned in the Japanese official year-book on Korea: The Japanese army bought $F> 000 worth of timber In the interior where the people were not used to any coin but this copper cash, with the result that “the army had to charter a small steamer and fill her completely with !!Ic.per,cvash to financG the acUon I bought a few necklace like strings of this old Korean money at ten cents a string, but I guess I paid too much. Japanese Annexation. When I bought my ticket for Ko rea, it was nominally an independent monarchy under a Japanese “pro- ! \ tectorate,” but the clay before I sail ed from San Francisco, Japanese ag gression took another step and the country was formally annexed as a part of the Japanese Hmpire. There is little doubt, 1 suppose, but that the Japanese Government will be better for the Koreans than the old mon archy, but this can not excuse all the methods by which Japan fasten ed her rule on the island. Yesterday morning I went out to the Old North Palace, a deserted and melancholy memorial of vanished power; stood on the throne where Korean klngB once held audience, and saw the rojflBL dwelling in which the Japanese nnWT their aides killed the Queen in 1895* and also the place where they burned her body. The Japanese minister was recalled and placed on trial for the offence, and though he escaped conviction, the evidence of his guilt was undoubted. It has been estimat ed that in about 18 months in 1907 ’08, "12,916 Koreans, called 'insur gents’ by the Japanese and patri ots by their fellow-country-raen, were killed by the Mikado's soldiers and gendarmes, only 160 of whom lost their lives.” This looks more like butchery than war. Again, the Japanese themselves have to ndmlt that there were Inexcusable delays in paying for land seized from Koreans, and altogether it is questionable whether the Korean hatred or dislike of Japan will become very much less cordial than it is today. Splendid Work of Foreign Mission nil es. Perhaps In no country in the world has missionary work been more suc cessful than in Korea (there nre probably 125,000 Protestants now, while there were only 777 thirteen years ago), and I have been Jw. terested to learn that there v \ absolutely no truth in the Japaif^ ese newspaper reports that TmmeiUf* ' numbers of native Christians art f leaving the church since annexation On the contrary, reports from all otm the country nre good, and Seoul Jtl * self is Just now In the midst of n\ most thorough-going and successful * Christian revival, with 1.S00 conver sions reported during the first ten days. At a Methodist mission school I visited this morning, 1 found that a hundred of the native pupils had been canvassing the town a few hours for three successive nfternoons with the result that they had brought in the nameB of 697 Koreans express ing a desire to become Christians Here in Korea there in nu.nut« of energy or money through denomi national divisions; each denomination has Its own sphere of activity, pre venting duplication of effort, and my genera! observation has convinced me that the criticisms of foreign mis sion work sometimes heard In Amer ica, are based on radical misconcep tions of conditions over here. Even the non-Christians, unless they be men of Immoral lives, speak in high praise of the splendid work of the missionaries A typical expression Is that found in the latest Ibhuo of the Shanghai National Review, now be fore me. which may bo expected to speak impartially Referring to an address by Dr. Morrison, the Peking correspondent of the London Times *■ it says: Dr. Morrison eulogized the work of the missionaries and we cannot conceive that any body who really knows of their work at first hand, not ns it is to be found In extreme cases, but as ordinarily carried on. should do otherwise than eulogize it" Seoul, Korea. Our advertlaera are tu.r.nt.ed, Berkshire BoarTh.-7.77. ;r., «• * - a Sara- ass *■ " DRAKE’ • Vlcb.bu* Mia,.