Newspaper Page Text
THE, HOOKWORM DISEASE.
V.-—Prevalance of the Disease a nd Its Economic Importance. By Dr. John A. Ferrell, of the North Carolina Board of Health. WE HAVE mentioned abov all the factors necessary fo the prevalence of hookworn disease and shown that they arc found in the South. People wh< live in the country, away from sew erage systems, and work in the soi suffer more frequently than citj residents. Those who go barefooted or in other ways allow the skin tc come in contact with polluted soi show a high percentage of infection In Porto Rico, King and Ashford re ported that probably 90 per cent ol the rural population was infected Stiles, the discoverer of hookworm in America, and the leader in the crusade against it, estimates that more than one-third of the rural population of the South is infected. Generally speaking, the more or less extensive investigations throughout the Southern States have shown his estimate too conservative. The health officers engaged in the other Southern States can furnish the results of the investigations they have conducted in their respective States. We shall give here only the results of some investigations among North Carolinians. Excepting Vir ginia, none of the States in which campaigns against hookworm dis ease are being conducted is more distant from the equator than North Carolina. Consequently, they likely have equally as much hookworm in fection as has North Carolina. All the examinations given below are based on the microscopic recog nition of hookworm eggs in the ex creta which, of course, excludes any uncertainty as to the diagnosis. The following constitutes groups of adults or children who were ex amined at random without regard to ^K*>«PJt\or not they presented any appSaainces suggesting the disease. N. C. soldiers, Tirst Regiment, western North Carolina, 372 exam ined, 137 infected. OUiuiciBi ovuuuu ucgimcui, caoicui North Carolina, 366 examined, 213 infected. Soldiers, Third Regiment, central North Carolina, 73 examined, 2 4 in fected. Soldiers, Coast Artillery, central and eastern North Carolina, 218 ex amined, 63 infected. Children, age 6 to 18, Odd Fellows Orphanage, Goldsboro, N. C., 96 ex amined, 52 infected. Children, age 6 to 18, Methodist Orphanage, Raleigh, 131 examined, 80 infected. Presbyterian Orphanage, Barium Spings, N. C., 136 examined, 66 in fected. Baptist Orphanage, Thomasville, 394 examined, 142 infected. Kinston School, 54 examined, 28 infected. Wayne County School, 21 exam ined, 19 infected. Duplin County School, 19 exam ined, 13 infected. Wake County School, 119 exam ined, 32 infected. State Blind School, white, Ra leigh, N. C., 45 examined, 24 in fected. Negro A. and M. College, Greens boro, N. C., 93 examined, 15 in fected. Negro Masonic Orphanage, Ox ford, N. C., 108 examined, 13 in fected. White school children, McDowell, Yancey and Mitchell counties, 663 examined, 258 Infected. Total examined, 2,883; infected, 1,177. Many of the specimens were col lected in the mountain sections of the State and the disease is not al i together as prevalent there as in the r eastern section of the State. More i over, many of those examined are > residents of large towns where the • disease is not so prevalent as in ■ rural communities. It is impossible to accurately esti mate the economic importance of hookworm disease. We do not know 1 the number and can not estimate the value of the lives that, either di rectly from the disease or indirectly from some intercurrent diseases in vited by it, have filled the acres of graves that should have remained un dug for many years. We can not es timate the cost of the suffering, poor health, incapacitation for men tal or physical work, and other bodily detractions caused by the dis ease. We do not know which graves are occupied by great intellectual and financial giants who, undevel oped, were called away by the pre ventable and curable disease. We do know that in proportion to the severity of the disease, the pow er of the blood to collect oxygen in the lungs and food from the diges tive tract and convey this nourish ment to the bony, muscular, and nervous tissue is correspondingly re duced. In a series of more than five hundred cases of hookworm disease tested in this connection, the quality of the blood was found to range from 9 to 65 per cent of normal, the average being less than 50 per cent. When it is reduced to 10 per cent of normal, or less, the body starves to death. At 75 per cent the body and mind is, on account of the lack of nourishment, incapacitated at least 25 per cent. Suppose we stay well within con servative bounds and estimate that only one-fourth of the North Caro linians have the disease, and that they have the disease but mildly, on an average the reduction in qualities of the blood being reduced only 25 per cent. Expressed in other words, it means that in a conservative esti mate one-fourth of our people are one-fourth incapacitated by the dis cn What, then, is the immense an nual loss, in dollars, to the State, aside from any humanitarian con siderations? Time and space will not permit a consideration of the vast loss to the State occasioned along many lines. Just one specific illustration will be given: In the State public schools alone, not in cluding any colleges, more than $3, OOO.OOOis annually spent. A per capita division of this sum according to our estimate, indicates that one fourth of the total, or $750,000, is spent on sufferers from hookworm disease, who are incapacitated to a degree that they can only assimilate 75 per cent of the learning they would have received had they not been infected. One-fourth of the money thus spent on them, or $187, 500, is annually lost to the State as a result of the disease. Think of an annual loss of $187,500 from the school appropriation alone by virtue of the existence of a disease which is both preventable and curable. Will the State stand by and permit such loss to continue and not spend one cent, directly, to stop it? “Well” said Cassidy, "’tis too bad as that none av us kin iver be as good as some people think we sh’ud be.” “Aye,” replied Casey, “but ’tis consolin’ to think that none av us kin ever be as bad as some people think we are.”—Catholic Standard and Times. The Modern Wagon. Steel Wheels ’ Steel Gears You know the advant ages steel construction has over wooden con struction. You wouldn’t even think of buying a wooden frame cultiva tor. Why then a wagon of wood? Everyone realizes that the steel wagon will soon be the only wagon used. The Davenport Roller.Bearing Steel Farm Wagon IsBoilt LikeaBridaeP^Mf Constructed of I-beams, chan nels and angles, solidly riveted together with large steel rivets, put in hot. The gear parts and the wheels are trussed and braced like the modern steel railway bridge, built for the heaviest lifetime service. In the Davenport you have a wagon of 5000 pounds capac ity, stronger and more durable and of lighter draft than any other wagon of equal capacity. SB£rr-^ The Modern Bridge. a The WHEELS of steel, with strong round spokes, forged solidly into the hubs and hot riveted into the tires, do away with the resetting of tires, loose spokes and cracked felloes. Roller-Bearings Reduce the Draft 30% to 50% j - Last a No Repair Lifetime Bm*t0 | Pay The Roller-Bearing. You know the difference between dragging a thing and rolling it. Well, the ! Holler-Bearings have this advantage on the Davenport. 1 Write us now for more information and why you should buy a Davenport j when you need a wagon again. The Davenport costs about the same as a high gTade wooden wagon, and ia far better. Be sure and ask for our «*" Package No.42 for full information. _ — f Davenport Wagon Company, Davenport, Iowa ' I— 1 1 The Heat hcock Rush Gasoline Engines F* tore bey leg a Gaenllne Engine, be sure to Invtitiiili (bo Hratheock Kush engine,, manufactured in the South. They are very simple, easily hot died, end economical In the use of fuel They air equipped with our Potent Throttling Governor, which controls speed equel to eny his hgr ode steam engine Write for our catalogue "C" end piices This ratal gue contains teaU nmnia’s from farmers that will convince you that our anglne Is what you want and need. The HEATHCOCK-RUSH MACHINE CO , Jsckson.Tenn. Bowsher Feed Mills WILL SAVE 20% OF YOUR FEED Mak« 4 buthmlt ot Corn do the mork of S. This saving will more than pay for the mill every year. Biwaher Feed Mills cost no more than other mills and hava many superior advantages. Crush ear corn (with or without shucss). and grind Kaffir in the head and all kinds of small grain separately or mixed. Hold with or without elevator. Have co deal shaped grinders and can run empty without Injury. Ab solutely the lightest running, best built, moat easily operated Feed M II >nad a. Determine right now, Mr. Farmer, that you'll make 4 bush-ls of corn do the wuri of 5 Send today for descriptive booklet and prices B. F. AVERY & SONS, - - Memphis, Te’in. Wd re Mi nuend AL 4 HO 04 SOUNR KSG1NKH to be used in connection with thete mills. Writ* poit pull particulars I Seed and Poultry Supplies I Bert oats. flOc per bu Red rust proof oati- «ic per bu. Rye- J1.26 per bu. Blue stem wheat..*1 60 per bu Fulcaater wheat...|1 (0 per bu RaDe (dwarf essex)-7C per lb Red clover reed._17e p«r )b' Crimson c over reed-16c per lb Hairy vetch.nc uer lb; SS2S8tt?~:~rY8,*,w*. Chick chowder.. 1 86 " ** *« Charcoal ^ 2 (i() ** •• •• Mica irrit. .\m\\ •. .. .• Crushed oyster • hell ‘gg - •• •• Heef scraos_ iV *« •• .. Alfalfa meal __ j nr •• •• Clover cutter...V". 10.00 eech carry in block a lull line of poultry PupplicH b jch as a i li , WILSON FEED STORE, :: Greenwood, Mi... """" n