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The progressive farmer and southern farm gazette. (Starkville, Miss.) 1910-1920, December 24, 1910, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065610/1910-12-24/ed-1/seq-18/

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THE, HOOKWORM DISEASE.
V.-—Prevalance of the Disease a nd Its Economic Importance.
By Dr. John A. Ferrell, of the North Carolina Board of Health.
WE HAVE mentioned abov
all the factors necessary fo
the prevalence of hookworn
disease and shown that they arc
found in the South. People wh<
live in the country, away from sew
erage systems, and work in the soi
suffer more frequently than citj
residents. Those who go barefooted
or in other ways allow the skin tc
come in contact with polluted soi
show a high percentage of infection
In Porto Rico, King and Ashford re
ported that probably 90 per cent ol
the rural population was infected
Stiles, the discoverer of hookworm
in America, and the leader in the
crusade against it, estimates that
more than one-third of the rural
population of the South is infected.
Generally speaking, the more
or less extensive investigations
throughout the Southern States have
shown his estimate too conservative.
The health officers engaged in the
other Southern States can furnish
the results of the investigations they
have conducted in their respective
States. We shall give here only the
results of some investigations among
North Carolinians. Excepting Vir
ginia, none of the States in which
campaigns against hookworm dis
ease are being conducted is more
distant from the equator than North
Carolina. Consequently, they likely
have equally as much hookworm in
fection as has North Carolina.
All the examinations given below
are based on the microscopic recog
nition of hookworm eggs in the ex
creta which, of course, excludes any
uncertainty as to the diagnosis.
The following constitutes groups
of adults or children who were ex
amined at random without regard to
^K*>«PJt\or not they presented any
appSaainces suggesting the disease.
N. C. soldiers, Tirst Regiment,
western North Carolina, 372 exam
ined, 137 infected.
OUiuiciBi ovuuuu ucgimcui, caoicui
North Carolina, 366 examined, 213
infected.
Soldiers, Third Regiment, central
North Carolina, 73 examined, 2 4 in
fected.
Soldiers, Coast Artillery, central
and eastern North Carolina, 218 ex
amined, 63 infected.
Children, age 6 to 18, Odd Fellows
Orphanage, Goldsboro, N. C., 96 ex
amined, 52 infected.
Children, age 6 to 18, Methodist
Orphanage, Raleigh, 131 examined,
80 infected.
Presbyterian Orphanage, Barium
Spings, N. C., 136 examined, 66 in
fected.
Baptist Orphanage, Thomasville,
394 examined, 142 infected.
Kinston School, 54 examined, 28
infected.
Wayne County School, 21 exam
ined, 19 infected.
Duplin County School, 19 exam
ined, 13 infected.
Wake County School, 119 exam
ined, 32 infected.
State Blind School, white, Ra
leigh, N. C., 45 examined, 24 in
fected.
Negro A. and M. College, Greens
boro, N. C., 93 examined, 15 in
fected.
Negro Masonic Orphanage, Ox
ford, N. C., 108 examined, 13 in
fected.
White school children, McDowell,
Yancey and Mitchell counties, 663
examined, 258 Infected.
Total examined, 2,883; infected,
1,177.
Many of the specimens were col
lected in the mountain sections of
the State and the disease is not al
i together as prevalent there as in the
r eastern section of the State. More
i over, many of those examined are
> residents of large towns where the
• disease is not so prevalent as in
■ rural communities.
It is impossible to accurately esti
mate the economic importance of
hookworm disease. We do not know
1 the number and can not estimate
the value of the lives that, either di
rectly from the disease or indirectly
from some intercurrent diseases in
vited by it, have filled the acres of
graves that should have remained un
dug for many years. We can not es
timate the cost of the suffering,
poor health, incapacitation for men
tal or physical work, and other
bodily detractions caused by the dis
ease. We do not know which graves
are occupied by great intellectual
and financial giants who, undevel
oped, were called away by the pre
ventable and curable disease.
We do know that in proportion to
the severity of the disease, the pow
er of the blood to collect oxygen in
the lungs and food from the diges
tive tract and convey this nourish
ment to the bony, muscular, and
nervous tissue is correspondingly re
duced. In a series of more than five
hundred cases of hookworm disease
tested in this connection, the quality
of the blood was found to range
from 9 to 65 per cent of normal, the
average being less than 50 per cent.
When it is reduced to 10 per cent
of normal, or less, the body starves
to death. At 75 per cent the body
and mind is, on account of the lack
of nourishment, incapacitated at
least 25 per cent.
Suppose we stay well within con
servative bounds and estimate that
only one-fourth of the North Caro
linians have the disease, and that
they have the disease but mildly, on
an average the reduction in qualities
of the blood being reduced only 25
per cent. Expressed in other words,
it means that in a conservative esti
mate one-fourth of our people are
one-fourth incapacitated by the dis
cn
What, then, is the immense an
nual loss, in dollars, to the State,
aside from any humanitarian con
siderations? Time and space will
not permit a consideration of the
vast loss to the State occasioned
along many lines. Just one specific
illustration will be given: In the
State public schools alone, not in
cluding any colleges, more than $3,
OOO.OOOis annually spent. A per
capita division of this sum according
to our estimate, indicates that one
fourth of the total, or $750,000, is
spent on sufferers from hookworm
disease, who are incapacitated to a
degree that they can only assimilate
75 per cent of the learning they
would have received had they not
been infected. One-fourth of the
money thus spent on them, or $187,
500, is annually lost to the State as
a result of the disease. Think of an
annual loss of $187,500 from the
school appropriation alone by virtue
of the existence of a disease which is
both preventable and curable. Will
the State stand by and permit such
loss to continue and not spend one
cent, directly, to stop it?
“Well” said Cassidy, "’tis too bad
as that none av us kin iver be as
good as some people think we sh’ud
be.”
“Aye,” replied Casey, “but ’tis
consolin’ to think that none av us
kin ever be as bad as some people
think we are.”—Catholic Standard
and Times.
The Modern Wagon.
Steel Wheels
’ Steel Gears
You know the advant
ages steel construction
has over wooden con
struction. You wouldn’t
even think of buying a
wooden frame cultiva
tor. Why then a wagon of wood? Everyone realizes that the
steel wagon will soon be the only wagon used.
The Davenport Roller.Bearing
Steel Farm Wagon
IsBoilt LikeaBridaeP^Mf
Constructed of I-beams, chan
nels and angles, solidly riveted
together with large steel rivets,
put in hot. The gear parts and
the wheels are trussed and
braced like the modern steel
railway bridge, built for the
heaviest lifetime service. In
the Davenport you have a
wagon of 5000 pounds capac
ity, stronger and more durable
and of lighter draft than any
other wagon of equal capacity.
SB£rr-^
The Modern Bridge. a
The WHEELS of steel, with strong round spokes, forged solidly into the
hubs and hot riveted into the tires, do away with the resetting of tires, loose
spokes and cracked felloes.
Roller-Bearings Reduce the Draft 30% to 50% j
-
Last a No Repair
Lifetime Bm*t0 |
Pay
The Roller-Bearing.
You know the difference between dragging a thing and rolling it. Well, the !
Holler-Bearings have this advantage on the Davenport. 1
Write us now for more information and why you should buy a Davenport j
when you need a wagon again. The Davenport costs about the same as a
high gTade wooden wagon, and ia far better. Be sure and ask for our «*"
Package No.42 for full information. _ — f
Davenport Wagon Company, Davenport, Iowa '
I— 1 1
The Heat hcock Rush Gasoline Engines
F* tore bey leg a Gaenllne Engine, be sure to Invtitiiili (bo
Hratheock Kush engine,, manufactured in the South. They are
very simple, easily hot died, end economical In the use of fuel
They air equipped with our Potent Throttling Governor, which
controls speed equel to eny his hgr ode steam engine Write for
our catalogue "C" end piices This ratal gue contains teaU
nmnia’s from farmers that will convince you that our anglne Is
what you want and need.
The HEATHCOCK-RUSH MACHINE CO , Jsckson.Tenn.
Bowsher Feed Mills
WILL SAVE 20% OF YOUR FEED
Mak« 4 buthmlt ot Corn do the mork of S. This saving will
more than pay for the mill every year.
Biwaher Feed Mills cost no more than other mills and hava
many superior advantages. Crush ear corn (with or without
shucss). and grind Kaffir in the head and all kinds of small grain
separately or mixed. Hold with or without elevator. Have
co deal shaped grinders and can run empty without Injury. Ab
solutely the lightest running, best built, moat easily operated
Feed M II >nad a.
Determine right now, Mr. Farmer, that you'll make 4 bush-ls
of corn do the wuri of 5 Send today for descriptive booklet and
prices
B. F. AVERY & SONS, - - Memphis, Te’in.
Wd re Mi nuend AL 4 HO 04 SOUNR KSG1NKH to be used
in connection with thete mills. Writ* poit pull particulars
I Seed and Poultry Supplies I
Bert oats. flOc per bu
Red rust proof oati- «ic per bu.
Rye- J1.26 per bu.
Blue stem wheat..*1 60 per bu
Fulcaater wheat...|1 (0 per bu
RaDe (dwarf essex)-7C per lb
Red clover reed._17e p«r )b'
Crimson c over reed-16c per lb
Hairy vetch.nc uer lb;
SS2S8tt?~:~rY8,*,w*.
Chick chowder.. 1 86 " ** *«
Charcoal ^ 2 (i() ** •• ••
Mica irrit. .\m\\ •. .. .•
Crushed oyster • hell ‘gg - •• ••
Heef scraos_ iV *« •• ..
Alfalfa meal __ j nr •• ••
Clover cutter...V". 10.00 eech
carry in block a lull line of poultry PupplicH b jch as a i li ,
WILSON FEED STORE, :: Greenwood, Mi...
"""" n

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