Newspaper Page Text
Saturday, December 24, 1910 ]
PERMANENTLY PROFITABLE AGRICULTURE. 1 °/A" V".:rku if'ed «»•> *» tegard, Lo,ve and Respect for the Soil.” By A. L. French. HAb II EVER occurred to you my reader, that here in oui country as well as in many other sections of America, we are Riving less attention than we should to permanent, profitable agriculture? I have been impressed with this idea for years, and the impression has been strengthened lately by the let ters I have received and the talks I have had with readers concerning the matter of tile drainage to which The Progressive Farmer has been giving some special attention recent ly. Agriculture 1b the business upon which every great business of the world Is founded, and it naturally follows that if our other great busi nesses are bullded upon agriculture as a foundation, the making secure of this foundation is the most vital question that confronts the people of tho world. We have been reading Mr. Poe’s talks recently upon the conditions surrounding the agricultural people of Japan, and I know all of us have been profoundly impressed with the great hardships that are the lot of a people when the soil fails to pro vide bountifully for the needs of those dependent upon it. Were we of the South today compelled to provide for one-half the population per square mile that the farmers of Jftttnn ftro nrovlriinp fnr nntnnl ctnr I believe it is high time that thos< who have the soils of the great Soutl in trust should drop the system o' land robbing that has been almost universally practiced for many years and make the effort of their lives tc start the correction of the wrons that their lack of thought has caused them to work upon the heritage that has descended to them from the Creator through their ancestors. A start has already been made in the right direction by men in every nools and corner of our country and evi dence enough has been produced te show that, no matter in what sectior you may be located, soil improve ment may go hand in hand with the practical work of the farm that pro vides the living for the farmer’s family. Next week we wish to continus the discussion of this, which we be lieve to be the greatest problen claiming the attention of our peopb today, and while we do not expec to do the subject justice, yet hope ti bring out some ideas that will caus< our readers to get to thinking aloni this line in a more earnest way thai they have yet brought themselve to think. The subject is a broai one, my readers, and I ask you t give it a fair field. PLOWING AND SPREADING MA NURE. Messrs. Editors: In reply to wha 1 am doing for my next year’s cropi I might say I cut a few weeks ago crop of pea hay ofT the land that expect to cultivate in corn next yea: 1 have tried this for several yeai and I get good results. Where yo sow peas first you will not be botl ered with the worms. I would ur( every farmer to sow more peas: p< hay Is good for all kinds of stock. Next I want to haul all the m: nure I can out and scatter it over n land this fall and during the wlnte I believe fall and winter is the be time to haul manure, and fast as clean out my stables, by doing this, get all the strength out on the lai iNfl vatlon would stare us in the face? This not because our soil was origin ally incapable of the return that would be asked of it, but because of eur prodigal methods of soil hand ling, we are unable to secure more than a small part of what the soil, if properly handled with a view to ' permanency of production, would have been providing. We are feeling the pinch already, In this young country of ours, that the unbuslnoss-llke, slack methods of soil treatment brings. Our con sumers have for the past ten years been living freely, consuming of the products of our soil as well paid peo ple can, and I believe should. The result Is that the high cost of llvinp has become almost a National cry Had the labor of our people on the land been productive of only 50 pei cent more returns—as it could wel have been had the soil and methodi of work been more carefully lookei to, there might today have been hi abundant provision for all at i greater profit to the producers. Thl last because of the well known fac I Hill ii m il aim, wumvu and proper tools, will provide i largo crop at less expense than tha required to produce and harvest small crop from the same acreage o poor land, by the use of unbuslncss like methods. It seems to the writer that wha the farmers of all America need mos to learn Is a far greater regarc love and respect for the soil. The should know that, at this stnge c our country's development, nothin Is of as much Importance as soil In provement, not alone the malnti nance of soil fertility, but actual so Improvement, the steady bettermei of soil conditions to meet the noec of our increasing consuming populi tlon, their increasing needs an those of our producers as clvilizatic progresses. As the world grows oldi more wantB will nrlse that must 1 provided for. This will call f< greater production from the Ban labor expended and greater prol must come to the producers in pa inent for the greater amount of ab! ity required of him for “the labor is worthy of his hire.” »and get better results from It. Barn p yard manure is better for all kinds of crops than any fertilizer you can get. l make all the manure I can by bedding my stables with straw. I think oat straw is the best bedding for manure. I believe every farmer would have money in his pocket if ' he would make all the manure he could. I had rather have a half-ton of good barnyard manure than a ton of fertilizer. I believe in fallow ing in all coarse manure where it is scattered by hand. By doing this, I make better corn. I have tried this for several years, and 1 have noticed where 1 have tried this corn will stay green longer and will not burn up as quick during a dry spell. I believe in plowing In the fall 6 to 8 inches deep, according to the soil. Fall plowing will hold the 1 moisture longer during a dry spell and make better crops than spring ■ plowing. I would urge every farmer i to do all the plowing this fall and - during the winter months he can i and make all the manure he can and bow more peas and clover next sum ■ mer, and cultivate less land and - make better crops. i R. M. CARVER. i - (5) 892 toughest granite; the everlasting preachment of good roada will wlnl —Southern Good Roads. Life is all too short to learn large ly by experience. You can take a short cut and learn quickly by study what many others have already learned and save you the time and expense of a multitude of experi ments.—Alton M. Worden. t If respect is gone, friendship has lost its brightest jewel.—Cicero. More Opinions fj Do you think Mr. A. L. French would know whether or not a book about fertilizers was worth while? Or Col. Redding, who edits the agricultural de partment of the Atlanta Constitution? Or Prof. Karns, the well known Tennes see agricultural writer? Read What They Say About “Fertilizing for Profit” t Editorial Comment.—We can no1 > agree with Mr. Carver when he sayi ) that he would rather have half a toi ' of good barnyard manure than a toi 1 of fertilizer; but we do agree witl 3 him In his advice to make more ma 1 nure and bow more peas and clovei 3 When he has done this, he has pre pared to use commercial fertilizers t the greatest profit. Just Keep On Keepln’ On. t We hear one complaining that 1 i, seems that there is needed a coi a stant repetition of facts and figure I proving the economy of good roac *. to keep alive and aggressive the goc s roads spirit; and it is true. The: u are times when the good roa i- preacher, to whom the vision is :*» plain, is discouraged and ready ia quit in disgust It makes a go< roads man fighting mad to be fore i- to get down on his knees te win t y vote of people to whom a good roi r. would be of more benefit than as Bt body else; an Incalculable benel I No faint heart, however, ever won I bond issue or a tax; and the coasts id drop of water will wear away I I A most excellent book for farmer*. I ad mire particularly its non technical end emi nently practical style. I think it must pr< ve of great v-lue t > reading farmers and no m m md >t without hesitation as among tne best handbooks fur their use on the subjects treated tnnt 1 have seen R. J. Redding. ’* By all odds toe best book In this line that I have ever seen 1 know of nothing to taka its place when one des're< to learn nil about the nature, ueeand application of fertiliser*. Tne style Is vigo ous, clear and to the point No genuine farmer can do without the book. It is a practical handbook, or g dde, which he will need constantly."—'x. C. Kahns. “It appeals to me as being themoet specific, rational, thorough, comm< n-seise treatment of tne subject that l have ever seen. 1 con gratulate yo i oi getting out such a valuable work."—A. L. French. Can You Afford To Do Without This BooL^ In cloth binding, 75 cents; paper-bound, 50 cents. SPECIAL HOLIDAY OFFER To any subscriber who will send us one new yearly subscription—net bis own, but a r ally r-ew one—we will send a copy of the paper bound editi ,n free. j This offer will not be kept open long. Go I after that neighbor of yours a he should today ’ be taking The Progressive Farmar. Could You Call the Neighbors —if someone were 1117 —if the harn caught fire 7 —if burglars were around 7 Such things are of common occurence. Be ready for them. Do as thousands of other American farmers have done—invest in a Western *£ketrft Rural Telephone It will be the best investment you ever made. Just consider that a single | K business transaction over the telephone would very likely more than pay for it. J I i- It will keep you in touch with the market—with people about you. It will help c j j- you profit in every way. 2 j j il 1 : : You and your neighbors can easily have a system of the most & j lt reliable telephones made. Cost to each of you will be less than the J j s price of half a bale of cotton. 5 : l* All yon need do In to till out the coupon and mall It ^ c d to our near eat house, and we will mall you this books* ^ g j „ It Is tree and explains bow you and your neighbors C can build your own telephone line In a lew days. r l0 The Western Electric Company Famishes Equipment for Every Electrical Need. £ *; w,Mworwo"r WESTERN ELECTRIC COMPANY 5 1 8 ' 290 Lee Street SOUTHERN OFFICES: Fadttc and ErvaySts. It ATLANTA. «A. DALLAS. TEXAS. f- Opeenand Water Sh. r. S«mo , PORTSMOUTH VA. 5.000.000 CINCINNATI. OHIO. *" 810 Spruce Street “Ml" Telephones Fwtol Ferry Street 3r 'mnmx out uajosi toaC SAINT LOUIS. MO. SAVANNAH. O*.