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[MAKE _A_ GOOD SEED-BED BEFORE YOU PLANT—Pages j and 17.
nn.rmn Ml therm Fagsm GMgnnm A Farm and Home Weekly for Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee. _____BIRMINGHAM, ALA —MEMPHIS, TENN. XXVII. No. 12. SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 1912. Weekly: $1 a Year. We Do Not Need More Labor or Cheaper Labor! I I A FRIEND of ours voices what is no doubt a general desire in l\ the following paragraph of a letter recently received: “We have read in papers I-——■— 5. By a readjustment of our cropping system so as to distribute work better and introduce the maximum of machines and the mini —-1 mum f mi it* lnl\r\r how to improve, cultivate and make the crops. Now the important question comes how to get more la bor, cheaper and better In our neighborhood we are scarce of labor and have to pay double what it is worth, 75 cents to $1.00 a day.” The desire is for “more, cheap er and better labor.” It is safe f to state, rather positively, that the chances of our friend getting more and cheaper labor are about as remote as the millen nium. More labor we will not have, but less labor is almost cer tain. This is the tendency every - | where and naturally so. Nor, do we believe we need more labor. In fact, we believe that one of the defects of our farming sys tem is that we have too much labor. One-half what we have, if properly equipped and direct ed, will do more work than is now done in the South. At least, produce or earn more. As to cheaper labor, that is al so not likely to be had, nor is it desirable. Cheap labor is always i inefficient labor and the trend of business is to higher wages, not lower. Moreover, in the opinion of the writer, when able-bodied men can not be made to earn wore than 75 cents to $1.00 a day with the present price of farm ; products there is somethin? 6- By a readjustment and re organization of our methods and ideas regarding the handling of labor and by the improvement of our tenant system. We would be glad to suggest an j easier way for our readers to meet I the existing conditions, but in the nature of the case it is not possible. It is not a matter of choice with us as to how we are going to adapt our methods to the changed conditions, it is a question of how it can best be done. There are certain lines of work in the South, which at present, must be done by hand. For in stance, the picking of cotton. Many things are also done at a great waste of labor, because we have had an abundance of labor until recently and it takes time to change our methods. For all this we must change our methods, and learn to get along with less hand labor. \ No country can be rich and prosperous when the average man makes less than a dollar a day. At present he cannot earn more, but with the use of more power and machinery he can earn much more. The earnings of the average farm worker, the country over, are in direct proportion to the number of horses he uses and the labor saving implements employed. — ^--y ——-..—y ^ U t& fir* - -T-3 T%.r- ~P*-~ <^~s1r TL f V-/V /,<„- \ - , * 2o-i • »■ *-<■ -t“ ' Jo‘f J»-< , ^ ^-==4^J--i— —--/2a-'o — - —---•“* These pictures give the ground plan and an outside view of the cattle-feeding barn at the Mississippi A. & M. College. This barn is for the feeding of beef cattle. It is 48 feet wide by 120 feet long. It has four large cattle rooms, all of which have doors placed conveniently for the removing of the manure. Feed troughs and hay racks are placed along feed-ways. Fen floors are dirt, feed-way floors concrete. The mow holdsi 100 tons of hay, which is put in from the outside with a hay fork. The roof is built on the Wing joist-frame plan. I wronK either in the management or the cropping system. i hese are plain statements, but they are facts. We may as well face the truth and strive to meet the new conditions. Conditions have changed and our crops and methods must conform to the changed con ditions. The relief must come along rational lines. We believe they "di and are coming along lines which are already well defined and demonstrated. 1- By more personal supervision of the actual work of the farm bv tbe land-owner. -• By better knowledge and practice of modern methods both by nien "’ho direct and those who actually do the farm work. "v By the use of more, larger and better farm implements and machinery. ^ By the use of more power on the farm, other than man b " c i • By the use of more Lorses and mules and more gasoline ,U1< taher engines, tractors, etc. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A STUDY OP COTTON BREEDING—What the Plant Breeder Must Do and What the Farmer Can. 0 DON’T GET IN A HURRY TO PLANT—It Will Pay to Take Plenty * of Time to Make a Good Seed-Bed . 3, 17 JUST A BIT OF EDEN—A Gardener's* Troubles* and Delights*. 14 MAKING THE CHILDREN’S CLOTHES— How to Make the Spring Sewing Easier . 15 MORE LETTERS ABOUT SOIL FERTILITY—What Some Farm ers Have to Say About This Big Subject. 5 PROGRESS OF CATTLE TICK ERADICATION—One-fifth the Job Done in Five Years. jg THE DISTANCE TO PLANT—Why Hard and Fast Rules Cannot Be Laid Down. a WE DO NOT KNOW HOW TO GROW CORN—The Proof ia to be Found in Our Average Yields... 16 WHAT TO IK) FOR BAD ROADS—How to Make and Use the Road Drag and What It Will Do. g