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HARROWS AND HARROWING—Page 10.
^11~ ^ ' HEM FA®M §A2®TT® # A Farm and Home Weekly for % Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee. o, --- ___BIRMINGHAM, ALA.,— MEMPHIS, TRNN. vjnTxvn. No. 13. _S ATURD A\\ t ARCH 30, 1912. Weekly: $1 a Year. Fertilizer Analyses, Helpful and Confusing. COME months ago a Tennessee friend wrote us in regard to some | ^ fertilizer agents and their tactics. Among other things he said “Below I give the an 1 £ A ____- ■ __ to put out a lot of figures calculated to confuse rather than iuform. Most Southern States have laws regulating the analyses printed on the fertilizer bags, ellJ did nit twimiiwii ui anu of acid phosphate: High Grade Dis- Per Cent solved Bone ... 14.00 Moisture at 212 F . . Phosphoric Acid, Soluble . ..8.00 Phosphoric Acid, Revertible. 6.00 Available Phos phoric Acid.14.00 | Insoluble Phos phoric Acid. 1.00 Total Phosphoric Acid.15.00 Total Bone Phos phate of Lime .... 32.00 “The name of the above is misleading. The dishonest agent will tell the farmer that this is a pure animal fer tilizer made from bones, when it is made by treating finely ground rock phos phate with sulphuric acid. I |j Mi : It JltXHV l&$. [: AAni.r-> ,1j ii, t Pe rCerii . I HIC-H GRADE DISSOLVED 0OAIE /•» oo | Phosphor/c AcidSohjblE *.»" | Phosphor ic Hud Be vmiht .bon / j AvAilaBL\' ProSPHmuc Acid h iNSOtHIUF ftfcSPHOfliC ACID /.op 11';Total phosphoric Acid H'°v II Total Bone PHosphau flint UM but some of these laws need se vere revision Only Alabama and Georgia, we believe, prevent a duplication of nitrogen as ammonia, while the Mississippi law, permits just such a list of percentages as our frieml quotes. Florida requires that the per cent of ammonia, instead of nitrogen, be given, and also the source of this ammonia. There is, of course, an advantage in this to the man who has studied fertilizers, but so few farmers have studied fertil izers that we are inclined to like better the North Carolina law, which requires this information to be filed with the Commis sioner of Agriculture, where it is available to all farmers who ask for it. THESE TWO ANALYSES MEAN THE SAME THING—WHICH DO YOU LIKE BEST? He adds up the per cent col umn and gets 90 and then tells us that this fertilizer contains 90 pounds of plant food to every 100 pounds. He then prices it at about $20 per ton and the farmer buys. He has sold that farmer a 14 per cent acid phosphate, or 280 pounds of plant food (phos phoric acid) worth about 5 cents per pound, or about $14, for $20. “There are agents who are perfectly honest, representing their goods no higher than they are, and who try to sell the farmer goods adapted to his soil and crops at a reasonable price. 1 he average farmer knows but little about fertilizers, and for the most part, buys from the slick-tongued and high-priced agent. A few years ago one of these agents was trying to sell a farmer, when I came up and he tried to sell me. The first sample lie showed me was a 10-2-1. He added up the per cent column getting 92. W hen he said his goods contained 92 per cent of available plant food and that the price was $35 per ton, I told him I would take 20 tons, but that our contract must show that the goods contained 92 per cent plant food. Of course, we did not trade and that fellow has never tried to sell me again.” Now, practically all manufacturers and handlers of fertilizers deal squarely with their customers, and there are few fertilizer agents guilty of the dishonest practices our friend reports. But the point is this—such a confused jumble of figures as he gives is nowise helpful to the far mer- and often gives the dishonest man a chance to make false claims. There can be no good reason for any State to allow such j branding of fertilizers. The simpler the statement on the bag, the better idea the farmer can get of the goods be is buying. In the writer’s opinion, all that should ordinarily go on the fertilizer bag is the simple statement of the plant foods it contains, thus: Available Phosphoric Acid, 10.00 per cent—Nitrogen, 1.65 per cent Available Potash, 2.00 per cent. I o say that a fertilizer contains^44 per cent available phosphoric acid, l per cent unavailable phosphoric acid, 15 per cent total phos P <)rk acid, 32 per cent bone phosphate of lime; or that there ? 1-65 per cent nitrogen, equivalent to 2 per cent ammonia; or | ^ ^t>1 cen* Potash, equivalent to 4 per cent muriate of potash is merely in snort, u lariuers nau studied fertilizers as they should, the form of the analysis would not matter much, but since they have not, we feel sure that the wisest plan is to permit only the percentages of the available plant foods to go on the bag. More than this is likely to do harm rather than good. Additional information could well be given on a separate sheet or be otherwise made available to the farmer who wishes to know more than the sim pie analysis tells. But it must be remembered that it is the average farmer for whom the analysis is put on the bag. and that if this aver age farmer can get to the point of buying fertilizers by the actual amount of plant foods they contain, he will have made a great advance. The analysis on the bag should help him to do this. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A STUDY OF COTTON BREEDING—II—The Plunt-to-Row Sys tem . d BE A CREATOR OF WEALTH—Wrong Ideas as to the Dignity of Labor.». Itt CREATING A STATE BY BETTER DRAINAGE—The Great Work Being Done in Florida. 5 CORN IS NOT A GOOD MONEY' CROP—Its Greatest Use is for Home Consumption. Ml GOOD CORN CROPS AND HOW TO GET THEM—letters From Our Readers. 7 MEATS: COMPOSITION AND COOKING—Meats Are Among Our Worst Treated Foods.’. II THE FREE SEED GRAFT—4Congressman Small’s Speech on “The Congressman's Own Graft”. t> TIMELY' GARDEN WORK—Notes by Profs. Massey and Niven l-liJJt THE SOUTH AS \ HOG-RAISING COUNTRY — We Can Raise , Cheap Pork, but Don’t Do It. IK UNREASONABLE EXPECTATIONS AS TO PASTURES—You Can’t Plant a Crop Now and Get Summer Pasture. . .. :i WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT HARROWS?—Read Prof. Sher win’s Article and You Will Know More. 10