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KOI. XXVII. No. 16._SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1912. Weekly: $1 a Year.
--- “ " --—-- —; ~ I PLANTING THE COTTON , By PROF. J. F. DUGGAR, Alabama Field Editor. |i IrpHE seasons have been such as to permit but little choice in the I date of planting. Since the late wet spring has in most cases removed the temptation to plant cotton seed extremely early, we need only say that thus far we have lost little or nothing from being compelled to forego extremely ____ drained land. This would do very well so far as insuring sufficent warmth and soil air, but high beds almost invariably mean decreased yield. This is chiefly because this elevation subjects the plants to in jury from even a short drouth, since high beds dry out too rapidly ... ... ■ . - ..and since the mirlrllfK hptwppn I early planting, unless we should make correspondingly late the date for completing the planting of cotton. Fortunately cotton planting cannot advantageously be done by rule. The method that is best under one set of conditions may he far from best under different conditions, Here is room for the abundant exercise of each farmer’s judgment. We must keep ever in view the object of having the seed germinate as promptly as possible, since the shorter the period between planting and ap pearance of plants above ground, the fewer are the dangers of hav ing a poor stand. For a dense crust, that special danger in heavy soils, is far less apt to form and seal the seed or sprouting plants within the soil if the plants ap pear promptly than if the seed lie unsprouted in the ground for a considerable period. The same is true of the stand-destroying ef tects of continuous wet weather following planting. To secure prompt germination tllP tit ron s-1 Z i-1 — . — _ « 4 \ n v * THE FARMER'S HELPERS. rwn-.— .. , . .. - , ...» ..... .■ .. „ 1 ■ . ..—I —Courtesy Percheron Society of America. Last week we showed on this page a fine type of saddle horse. This week we are glad to show a beautiful group of draft mares and colts. "Good horses.” you have doubtless heard it said, “show the good farmer," and it is about true. -In addition to the discussion of “The Best Horse for the South” last week and Harrow's comments this week, Prof. H. A. Morgan will give us next week a strong paper on “Why the South Needs Draft Horses. such beds usually contain too shal low a layer of earth to support a luxuriant growth of roots. Probably the most nearly uni versal rule that can be applied to cotton planting in the region east of the Mississippi Valley is to plant on beds of slight or only moderate height, and preferably on those that have been made rather high and pulled down be fore planting. The rolling of the seed, is often worth practicing, especially with varieties on the seed of which the fuzz is dense. The well-known method of rolling consists in moistening the seed, and revolv ing the moist seed in a barrel to which has been added dry road dust or ashes. Planting should be done promptly. When such seed dry the fuzz tends again to become loose. Not so with cotton seed on which the lint is pasted down with very thin flour paste. About one cup of flour to two quarts of water is the right proportion. Seed thus treated can be planted thinly by hand, or han dled with corn planters. "•v vviiv*iuv/uo aic. ^1/ mui&l soil in close contact with the seed, (2) the proper warmth in the soil, and (3) the presence of a moderate quantity of air in the soil near the germinating seed. To insure the first condition some of the steps are m avoidance of clods near the seed and the pressing of the soil about e seed, especially if the former be rather dry. Under many condi u°ns a planter having a small pulley or roller behind is highly satis factory. But if it should leave the line over the seed pressed so low "oiti can stana in it, there is the danger ot the formation ot a ense crust, or of^ the “drowning” of the seed. The reason why so muck cotton seed is planted too deep is in order to keep the seed in ^°ntact with that part of the soil which is constantly moist. The dan ~er‘ 01 c°urse, is that the soil deep down may be cold, and that in wet feather this stratum may be saturated with water, thus excluding om the seed the air necessary to germination. As shallow as prac b^ble is a good rule. in ^bile planting cotton flat is practical in some parts of Texas hav 2 scarce rainfall, and occasionally elsewhere, this method incurs too ^ nsk in wet seasons and makes the early cultivation more diffi _ • i luch cotton is planted on quite high beds, especially in poorly FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A BUREAU OP DISTRIBUTION—How It Would Help. 24 GEORGIA BEEF CATTLE PAY A PROFIT—How They Were Fed and Managed . 10 GROW COTTON FOR PROFIT THIS YEAR—Not the Number of Acres or the Number of Bales, But the Profit is What Counts (1 JUST A BIT OF EDEN—By Mrs. Lindsay Patterson. 12 MAKE YOUR SCHOOL A SOCIAL CENTER — It Should Be a Place for Old as Well as Young to Go. 14 NEEDED EXPERIMENTAL WORK WITH LESPEDEZA — We Should Learn More About This Valuable Crop. 7 SAVE MOISTURE WHILE YOU HAVE IT — Dry Weather Will Come Some Time. 25 THE CASE FOR THE OTHER SIDE — Can the Average Farmer Afford Good Livestock?. 44 THE BEST BREED OF HORSES—What Harrow Thinks About It 3 THE FREE SEED GRAFT—Why We Oppose It. 40 FIMELI GARDEN NOTEi^—Things You Should Do Right Now 20 USE JUDGMENT IN MARKETING—How to Get More tor Produce 8 WHAT DR. KNAPP DID FOR SOUTHERN FARMERS—Editor Poe’s Speech at the Commercial Congress. 5