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WHAT*S THE MATTER THE COUNTRY CHURCH?—Page 5.
I A Farm and Home Weekly for I Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee. I BIRMINGHAM, ALA.,—MEMPHIS, TENN. I Vol. XXVII. No. 22. SATURDAY^ JUNE 1, 1912. Weekly: $1 a Year. I We Must Stop Our ii^ls From Washing Away. WHEN a hard rain comes, does it cut your cultivated hill fields full of little gullies? Does muddy water run down these little channels and into the creek or the roadside ditches ? Are there a few big gullies cut through to the hard unbroken soil ? Where these things happen, the farmer is losing the best part of his soil and losing it forever. He will have to plow and harrow and fertilize and manure and . grow legumes to replace the fertility which the streams are Carrying away. The writer has seen, as have most readers, fields so badly dam aged by one hard rain that years of work would *be re quired to restore them. It is evident to the man who thinks, that this process of soil destruction cannot be allowed to continue—cer tainly not to the extent it has taken place in the past. To let our lands continue to wash away, as the old field shown in the picture is wash ing, and as thousands of fields all over the South have done, is to prepare for ourselves or for our children a time of hardship beyond anything we have ever known. The time will come, when this land will have to be redeem eu ana the man who has to redeem such land, and to depend upon it for a living while he does the work, is going to do much hard work for very little pay. We must stop the washing of our lands—not only the great de vouring gullies which bite away whole acres of cultivated land and cave barren wastes in its place, but also the little often-unnoticed channels down which the water runs, carrying with it the best part of he soil. It is no easy task, as anyone who has tried it knows. Per aps soil-washing will never be entirely stopped, but we must at least reduce it to such a point that our hill lands will get better instead of poorer. There are many things which will help, but no one thing which ®ay be called a remedy. It is a task'for all the years the land is cul vated. not a thing to be done once for all. Many lands could be saved from washing simply by a judicious j° ^on°f crops wi th decent plowing and at winter cover. To crop any ebihiat rollin£ year after year, until the soil is robbed of all veg ^a e matter and has become dead and lifeless, is to invite gullies, erraces will solve the problem in many cases—not weed - grown n s and ugly ditches, but low broad swells of earth, or real terraces 0ne above another. will kiMside ditch may be necessary in some cases. Tile drainage ^ ®°lve the problem for thousands of acres, the writer feels n‘ Odmr thousands which men are now trying to tend will have ____ ————— NOTE HOW THE SOIL OF THE FIELD IS BEING WASHED DOWN INTO THE OLD ROAD-BED. THERE ARE THOUSANDS OF SUCH OLD FIELDS IN THE SOUTH. put into grass or replanted to forest trees. Indeed, when land cannot be held in place by deep plowing, cover crops, the Mangum terrace and proper cultivation, or by good under-drainage, it ought not to be cultivated at all. On land that is now being cultivated, attention to a few points will do much to prevent or to lessen the damage from surface -1 water. Here are four of them: 1. Rows should be laid off with the contour of the land, and not up and down | the hills. ^ j 2. Cultivation should be } level,—that is, there should not be ridges made to catch and hold the water until it gathers sufficient volume to break through and start a wash. i 3. When a gulley is start ed, no matter how small, it should be stopped at once. Just as soon as the ground dries after a hard rain put the cultivators to work and fill up all the little ditches. If any are too large for this, or if any start in places where the cultivator will not f do the work, fill them at once with manure, straw, leaves, any sort of litter. 4. If there is a natural depression down which the water must run, seed it down with redtop, or plant it to Bermuda, and leave it unbroken. If nothing else, scatter cane seed thickly along it. The waste of the soil must be stopped. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A SQUARE DEAL FOR THE FARMER—The Big Political Prob lem of Our Day. 10 FARM AND GARDEN WORK FOR JUNE — Professor Massey’s Suggestions . 4 ! FEEDING BEEF CALVES IN ALABAMA — Can the South Make Baby Beef?. 12 LEGALIZED LOYALTY—How to Make Sure That Farmers Will “Stick” . 18 I “MY WASHING MACHINE AND HOW I LIKE IT”—Four Prize j Letters, More Next Week. 8 POULTRY WORK FOR THE MONTH—Comment and Suggestions by Loring Brown. 14 THE OVERFLOW AS AN INCENTIVE TO GOOD FARMING— Now is the Time to Plant Feed Crops, Start Pastures and Get Rid of the Cattle Tick. 10 THREE FEED ANALYSES—A Little Study for All Interested in Feeding .'. 3 WHAT’S THE MATTER WITH THE COUNTRY CHURCH?—The First of a Series of Vital Articles. 5 WHERE POLITICAL REFORM MUST BEGIN—Right in Your Own Township. 10 _ j’