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| THE NEGRO PROBLEM AT HOME AND ABROAD —Page 11.
I A Farm aiui Nv^ekly for Mississippi, Alabama, Arkansas and Tennessee. Vi, ^vTmKMI’HIS, TENN. fo\. XXVII. No. 27. SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1912^ lOUn| _ r. * -- 4-— ,« Make the Farm a Place Where the Young People Will Wish to Stay. gE get a great many letters about “how to keep the young folks on the farm,” also a great many letters setting forth the ad vantages the country has over the town and telling why young ; as well as older ones should choose the farm rather than the [ a place to live. Some of these letters are interesting and con tain valuable'suggestions, but we can say frankly that the slogan, lieve they can do belter elsewhere. The way to keep the young people on the farm is to make farming a more profitable occupation— to give the young people who engage in it a better chance to make money, to live comfortably, to acquire reputation and to influence the lives and thoughts of others. How this is to be done, is the great question, and one not fully to be answered by anyone. Certain it is tliot t lio mu n li ic 10 n /1 itveep ine uoys on ine mini ap- _ ;als to us just about as little as e cry of “Back to the land.” The big problem, it seems to 5, is not how to keep the boys id girls on the farm, but how to ake the farm a place where the yys and girls will wish to stay, he fact that a boy is born on the rm, is no reason for his stay ng there. Indeed, the propor ion of farmers to total popula ion will continue to grow smaller ill the time, and this means that farm boys and girls will continu ously be going to the city. And there is no reason why this should not be the case. There is every reason, however, why things should not be so adjusted that the UOOD FARM BUILDINGS LIKE THESE INDICATE i'ROSl i KI I i poorer is not helping to keep the boys and girls on the farm. Nor is the man who raises poor crops, nor ihe one who keeps poor livestock, nor the one who makes farm work unnecessarily i hard, nor the one who neglects the social life of his community, nor the one who imagines that the boy who is to be a farmer and the girl who is to be a farmer’s wife can get along with less ed ucation than other folks. Better farming so as to give the farmer larger profits, and better training so as to enable him to do better work and to deal more ef fectively with other men, are all that will make farming a suffi * ii.. : i _ i:i‘ _i. a l I Irigntest ana mosi amoiuous iung people will go to the cit> and leave those of less energy or ith less education on the farm. This has too often been the case in ie past, and how to correct this tendency is one of the great prob ms of our time. We are told that the way to keep the young people on the farm is > make the home surroundings attractive, to have books and pictures id music in the home, to give the boy or girl an interest in some ling on the farm, to teach agriculture in the public schools. All these re good suggestions, but might it not be worth while to inquire why lere are so many unattractive farm homes, with bare yards and un ispiring interiors, why the country boy and girl so often have prac tieally no money of their own, why country schools afe often so poorly adapted to the pupils’ needs? Is it because country people do not care for convenience and beauty ? Is it because they do not be lieve in education? Or is it because they get such small profits from their labors that they do not feel that they can afford to spend money for beauty and culture ? I There can be no question that long years of struggle, and mistaken ideas of what is really worth while, have deprived many farm folk of a proper appreciation of the value of things which have not a money value; it is unquestionable that many farmers and many farm com munities do not fully realize the added power and the added zest in life a good education gives; but, for all this, we are convinced that the greatest trouble with country life of today is that the average far mer does not make enough money to live as well as he should or to give his children the advantages they should have. Boys and girls leave the farm for the simple reason that they be eivn vi j uwou auiu iiif n ui iv iu uc come the choice of those country-bred boys and girls who, by reason of their ability and enterprise, are especially needed by the farming community. Look after the farm, see that it is a good home for the boy and that it pays well enough to appeal to him as a desirable business. Then with the proper training for life and its work he will not be in a hurry to leave the farm ; and if he does leave, he is not likely to be one of those who leave only to fail. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A CHEAP SILO—A Tennessee Farmer’s Plan . 12 A PRIZE ESSAY ON FARMING—By a Sixteen-Year-Old Boy_ 17 CARE OF THE CHILI) IN HEALTH—Things to Consider in Feed ing and Clothing. 8 1)R. Bl'TLER’S TIMELY TALKS—Millet, Acid Phosphate, Feed ing Dairy Cows, Soy Beans, Etc. 3 FARM AND GARDEN WORK FOR JULY—By Professor Massey, Professor Niven, and the Editors .4, 15 HOW THE STOCK LAW HELPS—Why Livestock Should Be Kept at Home. 10 LAY CONCRETE FLOORS—How the Work is Done. 5 RAISJXG HOGS ON Ml LBERRIES—Professor Duggar Tells How an Alabama Farmer Does It. 13 SOUTHERN MARKETING SYSTEMS—How Our Diverse Interests Prevent Co-Operation . 17 THE CHURCH AND RURAL SOCIAL LIFE—A Great and Neg lected Field for Church Work . 6 THE NEGRO PROBLEM IN TWO CONTINENTS—Mr. Poe’s First Letter From Abroad. 11 i >