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IRISH CO-OPERATIVE CREDIT SOCIETIES—PAGE 11.
AKI® IMEM FMM OAglTTE A Farm and Home Weekly for Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas and Tennessee. BIRMINGHAM, ALA.,—MEMPHIS, 1ENN. Vol. XXVII. No. 30. SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1912. Weekly: $1 a Year. <0. i——— i—— N. i ■ L . THIS IS THE SEASON F<% DEEP PLOWING. NOT as much land will be broken up in our territory in the next two or three months, we feel safe in saying, as should be. Many farmers think that spring is the plowing season, and that only in ex ceptional cases should the farmer be expected to break his land in the late summer or early fall, but we | feel sure that this is a mistaken idea. In any wheat-growing section the far f mers know that it does not pay, as a rule, to break the land just before i seeding time. Of course, it is best | when a crop of wheat or oats comes off to plow the land at once and | plant in cowpeas or soy beans. Then if another winter-growing crop is to be planted, re-breaking will not be necessary. The disk harrow will put the land in fine condition. Where land is yet to be broken for the fall crops, however, it should be done as soon as possible. There may not be a great deal of plowing to be done for this pur pose in our territory : but this does not mean that summer and early fall plowing is not needed. The next two or three months are a splendid time for the reclamation of waste lands, and for plowing for the land’s sake. FORTY-FIVE HORSEPOWER TRACTOR AND GANG PLOW AT WORK. This picture, reproduced by courtesy of the Sanford (N. C.) Express, shows a traction plow at work on the Cumnock farm in Lee County N C.' This plow has eight 28-inch disks and will break 15 to 20 acres a day, to a depth of ten inches, at a cost for opera tion of $10 to $15 More work is done by it than would be done by 20 one-horse plows, and it is done much better and at less cost. The Cumnock farm adjoins the old Poe homestead on which Editor Poe grew up, and which is now owned by himself and sister. There are about 3 000 acres in this Cumnock estate, and the owners plan to throw all the cultivated land into one big body. They are tile draining cleaning up planting pecans, raising sheep and, in short, making the farm an object lesson to the surrounding country. There are, of course, numerous exceptions, but as a general rule, the spring is the season for shallow and the fall the season for deep plowing. The breaking up of the subsoil, where this is needed, should be done only when the subsoil is dry, and this is much more likely to be the case from August to De cember than at any other season. In preparing land for winter cover crops, or in breaking up the land for winter weathering a permis sible practice on a few Southern soils—the plowing should be deep. This is not the season for scratch plowing. Indeed, there is nothing more needed by a great part of our lands than some sure-enough plowing. We know that here and there will be found men who decry deep breaking as a waste of time and labor, and we know max on light and sandy soils the depth of breaking is of less importance than on those of a clayey nature ; but neither of these facts alters the general rule that deep, thorough plowing goes with profitable farm ing, and shallow, careless turning of the land with poor farming and depleted soils. Break as much as possible of the land you expect to cultivate next i year between now and Christmas, and break it as deeply as possible. Then put a cover crop on it and prepare to add to the soil s supply o! humus. Deep plowing makes a deep soil only when the deep plowing means also the mixing of some vegetable matter with the earth broken up and turned over. In many cases, extra deep turning, subsoiling, dynamiting even, would pay even if nothing were accomplished ex cept the breaking up of the underlying hard-pan; but the plowing Southern lands need is that which year by year turns up a new layer of fresh earth and turns down a new supply of vegetable matter, mixing them together and thus making a real soil—friable, moisture retaining and of steadily increasing depth and productive capacity. FEATURES OF THIS ISSUE. A CALL TO WEST TENNESSEE FARMERS—Why Not a Fann ers’ Auditorium at, Jackson?. 5 GET THE COVER CROP HABIT—It’s a Good Habit . <J HOW TO GROW ONIONS—Directions for Handling Both Fall anti Spring Crops. . I HOW TO RECOGNIZE HOG CHOLERA—Symptoms of the Disease 12 IRISH CO-OPERATIVE CREDIT SYSTEMS — A Lesson for the South . 11 MORE ABOUT THE ARMY WORM—Dr. W. E. Hinds Tells How to Fight Him. 5 PIG FEEDING PROBLEMS—How to Make Cheap Pork.8-18 SHOULD GIRLS WORK IN THE FIELD—A Girl's Opinion. 1) WHAT INTERESTS THE FARMER—Some Things He Must Learn It) WHAT OUR NEIGHBORHOOD CLUB HAS DONE—A Symposium S WHY YOU SHOULD NOT PULL FODDER — Simply Because If Do«*s Not Pay.•. 10