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: Greater Mississippi Devoted to the Industrial, Commercial and Agricultural Development of the State’s In comparable Resources j* Items of Interest Picked Up Here and There j* & j* j* By H. E. BLAKESLEE, Jackson. j Secretary M. A. Fisher, of the Mis sissippi Division, Southern Cotton As sociation. is in receipt of the follow ing letter from one of the largest mer cantile houses in South Mississippi: “April 17th. 1905. “As the period disposing of the acre age qeustion appears to have passed, or. rather, we arc passing through it now, and it will he a matter of statis .ico before long, may we trust there fias been a material reduction? We deem the next important, yea, vital, question before us is the matter of the cost of producing the cotton crop. This subject is of such nianifest inter est to all of us that it should com mand the strict attention and constant thought of every man who has the best interests of his country at heart, be he capitalist, banker, professional tnan. merchant, farmer or laborer, be cause, as w.e all know, (hat cotton is the basic commodity of this, our coun try, and ever will be. When cotton brings a fair or a good price, prosper ity at once dawns upon us. When the price, as it oftentimes does, declines to a starvation point, say. below the cost of production, darkness and dis aster threatens our South, just as it did this past winter. Therefore, we say, keep this vital and important question constantly and uppermost in your mind; think of it in every busi ness transaction you make or promise to make. Don’t forget that the cost of producing your crop, together with the price it will bring, is one of the most important business propositions in your career. It decides your com mercial standing, financial rating, your mode of living, and last, but not least, your peace of mind. Remem ber well, it is scarcely within our province to fix the price, but we do claim that we can and must, to a great extent, fix the cost of production. It has been accomplished before, when necessity demanded. We know that present conditions exact from ns now the same resolutions, care and deter mination. Hold the stiffest rein you ever held on everything and every body within your right, power or juris diction. You can do it if you try. Curtailment of unnecessary expenses on every hand, consistent with reason and judgment, stoppage of wasteful methods, which are iniquitous and dangerous. S£e to it yourself, or by a competent overseer, that your labor er or hireling puts in a full day's work for his pay. Buy only what is absolutely necessary to make a crop. Buy luxuries only when the profit has been fully realized. Practice strict economy on every hand and then, and only then, are we prepared to meet the curse of low priced cotton. Some say it is a blessing in disguise, but we fix it as a curse, because it is an indisputable fact that G-cent cotton pinches mightily when it comes. And we have had this just once again too often. Make your resolution right now' to produce cotton cheap. Don’t loosen your thoughts. Adhere to it in ell seriousness. The old saying that “in times of peace prepare for war.’’ is well applicable to our situation, and might well be paraphrased to read, “in times of prosperity prepare for adver sity.” U the latter comes, you are in a measure prepared to meet it; if it does not, yon have simply acted wise ly and are in luck. “Let nothing cause you to depart from your resolution of economy, from your dogged determination to quit anything that tends towards waste fulness and extravagance. Don’t let any temporary rise in the price dur ing the summer or early fall change your ideas. Don’t let a brilliant pros pect for a yield change you one iota. Remember, it can all change again in a week, yea, almost in a day. “The year 1904, indeed, was fraught with severe changes, cotton ranging In value during that short period from 1G cents to G cents per pound, and the people totally unfit and unused to meet such a serious and dangerous condition of affairs, it was extremely severe In its teaching and far-reaching in effect, thereby all the more a les son never to be forgotten, we hope. Success is n pf-ain, simple word, but to achieve it in the true sense rc.eans a strict adherence to the many advices we have sought to offer and a hundred more besides. Eternal vigilance, hard labor, close economy, frugal, up right living, a firm and determined stand for the right, ever guarding your own rights, and ever mindful of the privileges and rights of others, will in the end place you in the line of strict business rules, and in ninety nine cases out of one hundred lead to successful and happy results. “In addressing you thus, don’t think for a moment that we misjudge the situation or over-picture it. We well Know "he hardships through which our country has just passed, and the great majority were misled by tempo rary high prices; it Is all the more im portant to be watchful and not be fooled or misled again. We have been with you in days of brilliant prosper ity, when our section was all aglow with achievements and emoluments of high-priced cotton, and can there fore fully and deeply appreciate the conditions under present existing try ing circumstances, and for that reason alone we deem it a duty and a privi lege to address you on a subject so vital to our mutual interests. We were with you then, we are with you now, in all that tends to the better ment. to the uplifting, to the endeavor to bring about and maintain prosper ity, contentment and living values for our products and our lands. “We sincerely hope the advice and suggestions we have taken the liberty to offer may be accepted by our many friends, patrons and countrymen in the most friendly spirit. We are ever mindful of (he fact that, your interests are ours. Your prosperity means that w’e should taste a part as well, and earnestly hoping that the present year and many more to come may find our section and all others enjoying a full measure of prosperity, high commer cial standing and happiness, we re main, very truly. “S. BERNHEIMER & SONS, “Jacob Bernheimer.” * * * Dan J. Sully, one of the greatest friends the farmers of the South ever had, is out in a letter in which ho urges the reduction of cotton acre age. He advises the farmers not to be led astray by the present prices, and to again surprise the world by greatly reducing the acreage this year. The letter is short and to the point, and if the advice contained therein is adopted, the farmers of the South will be millions of dollars better off this time next year than they are at pres ent. “To the Cotton Growers of The South: “If you wish to win your battle, and obtain a fair price for your cotton, you must reduce your acreage very consid erably. “You have surprised the world by the manner in which you have hold your cot ton. Surprise it again by cutting down your acreage. “Do not he led astray by the pres ent steadiness of prices. “Three causes have contributed to bring about this rise of more than one cent a pound. “First: The urgent demand arising from an unprecedented consumption. “Second: Your courage and wis dom in making the buyer meet your terms. “Third: The belief that you would cut your acreage to such an extent that the supplies from this crop and the growth of 190" 06 would make a commercial crop no larger than the world needs. “The first two causes lose their force the moment it is known that there is a prospect for a moderately large crop next year. “Even if the mills take 12.000.000 hates during the current season, this would leave a carry-over of 1,500,000 hales. Hence the necessity of a small er crop this year. “Do not let any rise in prices be tween now and the end of the plant ing season deter you from reducing your acreage. “Such an advance would be merely anticipating that you arc making the decrease which your friends have ad vised you to make. “If the June reports of the govern ment show that you have failed to make sufficient reduction, the only persons who would be gainers by the advance would be the speculators whe sell out their futures at a profit. “The price of the cotton you pro duce will be regulated by the actual, not the expected, reduction. “Don’t depend on your neighbor to do the reducing. “In ibis matter of acreage reduc tion. bear in mind three suggestions. “Don’t rely on bad weather to cut down the size of tlm crop. “Don’t put a, large acreage into cot ton simply because it is too late to plant corn or other diversified crops. “It would be far better to let a part: of your land lie id’e than to run the risk of raising a crop-so large as to make possib’e another period of low priced cotton. “I am making this appeal to you be cause I believe that every man who is interested in the welfare of the South should urge the importance of a re duced acreage “DANlEL J. SULLY.” • * • The article which appeared in these columns some time uince calling for the organization of one or more old line life insurance companies in Mis sissippi, and pointing out the fact that at present we were paying two and a quarter million dollars yearly to con cerns in the North and East without a word in the management of said con cerns or knowledge of their manage ment, seems to have been prophetic. Since that time one of the largest in surance companies doing business in this country has been torn by dissen sions among tbe managers, revealing the reckless expenditure of money be longhg to policy holders, and th* sub* sequent demands for receivers from moi\> than one State in the Union. Let patrons of such concerns invest gate as far a;; possible and the de mand for such a concern at homo will grow stronger day by day. • • • The little town of Cude, in Leflore county, has offered the Delta Southern railroad free right of way and SIO,OOO bonus to build from that point south instead of Uta Hena. and it is under stood that the* offer will Iv* accepted. Cude is owned by a gentleman from Kimmins, Term., and is a rapidly growing and enterprising little town. • * * Greenwood is not satisfied with what sire has and positively refuses to sit down and be quiet. Although pretty well supplied with hotels at present, a large stock company is be ing organized to build a larger and better hotel. And this is only one of the progressive movements on foot in that hustling Delta municipality. ♦ * ♦ Sevral business gentlemen erf Holly Springs have organized a company to build and operate a large brick fac tory. The c lays in that section of the State are especi tlly fine for such pur poses, one of the* largest pottery plants in the South being located there. * • • The National Live Stock Reporter, of St. i .Oll is. ha?- the following to say concerning a recent shipment of Mis sissippi cattle: “S. \V r . Currnthers, a well known farmer and feeder of Clay county. Miss-, had in two loads of good grade dehorned Durham steers today, 25 head averaging 1,3G5 pounds, and top ping the Southern cattle market at $6 per cwt., being purchased by Nelson, Morris & Cos. They were Mississippi bred, raised and fed. three year olds, and had been run on grass until a lit tle less than six months ago, when they were placed on a ration of cotton seed meal and hill’s and corn meal, and their condition today showed that Mr. Carrnthors got good returns for his feed and labor. “J. W. Walker, of the same place, also had a load of graded red polled steers on the market. 23 head averag ing 1.016 pounds, and selling to the Sr. Louis Dressed Beef Cos., at SI.OO per cwt. 'They had been fed about three and one-half months, and were fed the same as the Cavruthers cat tle.” The above is conclusive evidence that no State furnishes greater ad vantages than Mississippi for raising cattle. The sale of beeves for three years of age averaging font tern hun dred pounds ai six cents per pound gross gives a fine profit to the farmer. SB4 per head is a fine price for three year old steers and no State offers the same advantages to raise them as cheaply as Mississippi. We can have grasses throughout the entire year if the effort is made, and when the fat tening season arrives, onr cotton seed hulls and meal makes the best and cheapest ration. More attention should he given this branch of stock raising and the success recorded by Mr. Carruthers will go farther to call attention to it than anything else that con'd he done. • ♦ Tie suspense attendant upon the announcing of n commission to select school books for the State for the next five years has been relieved. Eight good men have been appointed an] (he gigantic task before them be gun. Let every man in the State aid to got Through with this piece of busi ness without the scandals which so frequently ensue. It is a sacred duty they have to perform. Money will flow as free as water and every sub terfuge taken advantage of. Hold up the hands of the commission and help them perform the important duty de volving upon them. It is a pity that Mississippi has not a hook establish ment of her own. so that (ho million or more dollars that will b-e expended in the next five years could be kept at homo. Then, too. the subject matter and historical chronicling of events would he much more satisfactory. At present, we are compelled to accept the version given events by our breth ren of the North who can’t see things just as we do. Our children should be taught to reverence the position and actions of their fathers in the times of trouble past, and not be to'q that they were traitors or rebels against the authority of a just gov ernment. * ♦ Gulfport will construct a complete sewerage system, the plans being adopted several days since. Bids for construction will bo opened in a short time and the work gotten under way. While Gulfport did not find a sewerage system a necessity for health, the con ditions there being very favorable al ready, the city is determined to have all up-to-date conveniences, hence the decision to build sewerage. • • * Lafayette count/ proposes a g.ud work in the 1 eve e-tag of Yocona river bottom, and also in constructing a good road across ibis as well as sev eral other streams. There is no in vestment that wiL’ pay larger divi dends than those used in the construc tion of better roads. Bad roads oi na roads at all, is the greatest draw back that Mississippi has at present. People coming here seeking locations are frequently scared away by the lack of such necessities, going where more is offered in the way of modern conveniences and imF‘*t)vements- We need better roads and the county that leads in their construction will lead in everything else. SMALL TOWNS; BIG NAMES. New Yorks, Chicagos and Phiiadel phias Scattered All Over the United States. The myriad of little American ham lets and villages that bear big names present a somewhat amusing spectacle. Some curiosities in that line ar3 worthy of mention, says the New York Tribune. There is a cluster of houses down in Henderson county. Texas, which is called New York. Miles from (he near est railway, it leads an isolated, self-re iaut life and does not worry about the rapid transit subways or bridge conges tion. Besides the windy city on Lake Mich igan there are three little Chicagos and two new Chicagos. One Chicago, in the mountains of Kentucky, is on a railroad running south from Louisville on which, in one afternoon, the traveler passes through Boston. Chicago. Pittsburg and London. There are nine little Philacielphias, none of them noted for great thrift or enterprise. A score or more of places have bor rowed the name of the “hub.” Brooklyn is a favorite name. There are at least a dozen of them, but none more peacefully situated than Brook lyn. Pa. Almost every state has a Washington. Washington, Ky.. is one of the oldest towns in the state and almost contem poraneous with Washington, D. C. Its old courthouse was erected in 1794. It has another distinction. Asa girl. Harriet Beecher, afterward Mrs. Stowe, taught school there. It was in the old slavery clays and once she witnessed a sale of negroes in front of the old court house. The incident made such a last ing impression that “Uncle Tom’s Cab in” was the result. High amid the snowcapped Big Horn mountains of Wyoming is a Buffalo. Cincinnati. 111., is fading away, if one may judge from the replies of local pho tographers. “There is not enough of the old town left to make a photograph.” writes one, “out I will go and get a pic ture of what remains.” MAKE DREAMS PRACTICAL. Give the Imagination Free Scope, But Come Back with Something Tangible. If Columbus had not dreamed of con tinents on the other side of the ocean to balance the lands that -were known, if Cyrus W. Field had not dreamed of a cable for communicating across the ocean, if Prof. Alexander G. Bell had not dreamed of the possibilities or talk ing across continents by the telephone, if Elias Howe had not dreamed that there was an easier way for women to do their sewing, if Robert Fulton had not dreamed that the “Clermont” could sail up the Hudson, although the world doubted and ridiculed him —but for all the people who have given the world a lift by emancipating it from drudgery, through their dreaming and discovery of a thousand ameliorating appliances and inventions, civilization would be in its infancy to-day. says Orison Swett Marden. in Success Magazine, Oh. how much we owe to the dream ers! But all these people made their dreams practical. They reduced them to realties before they were of any use. Go on dreaming, go on building your air castles, let the imagination have free wings to soar into the unknown; but come back with something tangible. Make your dreams practical realities, or they will be worthless. Typewriters in Russia. In a certain Russian town the police have been obliged, according to a corre spondent, to confiscate every typewriter in the place. These machines are said to be regarded in Russia as dangerous organs of sedition. They are convenient instruments for the dissemination of literature of which the government does not approve. So every typewriter is reg istered. its address is known to the po lice and it is liable to be arrested on sus picion at any moment. Black Diamond Necklace. Mrs. Celia Wallace, of Chicago, pos sesses the only black diamond necklace in the world. She spent 13 years in collecting the stones, which are enor mously valuable. These gems are in ternet with white diamonds, for ona of which, an Indian stone, £1,200 wai paid. Uncle Allen. “So there’s a lobster trust, is there?” Uncle Allen Sparks was saying. “Well, the next thing will be a trust lobster, and it will be all claws and tentacles.”— Chicago Tribune. Pleads Time Limit. An American woman living in Paris had occasion to reprimand a parlor maid for snameful neglect of duty. “Marie,” said she, “there’s a month’s dust on tins table.” At this observa tion the maid gave a toss of the head, saying: “Surely, madam cannot sen sure me for that, seeing that I havo been in madam’s but two weeks.” Greatest Coward. The great est coward is he who allows himself to be beaten wuen he knows he Is right. WAR AIDS WOMEN DOCTORS Ail Privileges Before Restricted to Men Now Granted Them, by the Czar. The Woman’s Medical institute In SL Petersburg, on its foundation, was hailed as the only place in the world where a woman could take out medical degrees. It was unendowed and was kept going by voluntary subscriptions and by sacrifices of professors, whose zeal w as even greater than their skill. But though it was looked toward by many as a beacon of advance, the school In reality had only a trembling vitality, know ing well that the lifting of the eye brow of any powerful personage w'as enough to send it tumbling down. Asa matter of fact, the school was closed In 1886 by the minister, Warorwsky, and was not reopened until 11 years later, when it lived on, if possible, in a more trembling condition than before It has now assumed a sudden Impor tance. It has been brought from its struggling retirement. All the world has been told of its existence and called upon to give it recognition. An edict from the czar has given it a status and a substantial grant. Its students get all the privileges hitherto available to men. The reason of this sudden change of official attitude is that the war is taking all the Russian men doctors, and if (heir places are not supplied the country Is at the mercy of any epidemic that would, come along. Hence the thoughtfulness and the generosity w’hich has been sud denly developed toward the woman doc tor. COLLEGE ASSOCIATION. A. Valuable Factor in the Training of Young People for the Busi ness of Life. “The bachelor’s degree,” says a French observer, “is a social rather than a pedagogical institution.” These words touch the very heart of the mat ter, writes Arthur T. Hadley, in “The Immediate Future of the American Col lege” in Century. The college course is not valued solely or even primarily for its studies it is valued most of all for the associations into which it brings the student and the graduate. These asso ciations are just as important to the boys w ho like study and do a great deal of studying as they are to the boys whd dislike study and do as little of it as they can. The distinctive thing which their college course does for them all is to put them in contact with different types of character and different kinds of inter ests. Subject to certain rules which are necessary for the welfare of the place as 2, whole, they are encouraged to try their own experiments—nay, even to' maka their own mistakes —in the choice of companions and activities; thereby en abling them to avoid more futile experi ments and more irreparable mistakes in after life. THROWS OX WITH TEETH. Remarkable Feat Performed a Texas Negro Before Largs Audience. \ There is no doubt that the teeth and Jaws oi the negro are in many instances of quite extraordinary strength. A re markable feat was lately accom plished by a negro in Texas, who gave an exhibition of his powers be fore a gathering of 20,000. Pickett, the man in question, chased a steer un til he was in front of the grand stand. Then he jumped from the saddle and landed on the back of the animal, grasped its horns, and brought it to a stop within a dozen feet. By a remark able display of strength he twisted the steer’s head until its nose pointed straight into the air. Suddenly Pickett dropped the steer’s head and grasped the upper lip of the animal with his teeth, threw his arms wide apart, to show' that he was not using his hands, and sank slowly upon his back. The steer lost its footing and rolled upon its back, completely covering the ne gro’s body with its own. Pickett arose uninjured. Outfoot the Railv/ay. It takes from 50 to GO days for a freight train to travel from Moscow’ to Vladi vostok, as it averages only eight miles an hour, while passenger trains make but about IZV 2 miles an hour. The Rus sian army, on foot, seems to be making as good time as that on its homeward journey.—Louisville Courier-Journal. Very Much Literary. A colored man in Indianapolis, though over 100 years old, has started in to learn his a-b-c’s. The literary instinct in Indiana cannot be quelled.—Washing ton Star. Months and Births. Children born between September and February are, some authorities state, not so tall as those born in the summer and spring months, and the growth of children is much more rapid from March, till August. The extremities grow rap idly up to the sixteenth year, then there Is slow growth until the thirtieth year. The legs chiefly grow between the tenth and seventeenth year. Matrimonial Seaweeds. Many a strong swimmer in the sea of matrimony has fouqd himself entangle# In the widow’s weeds, —N. Y.