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The Starkville news. (Starkville, Miss.) 1902-1960, May 26, 1905, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065612/1905-05-26/ed-1/seq-3/

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civil war, especially by those who
had made but a superficial study of
the negro, to expect that freedom,
equal educational facilities and the
example of the white man, would
have the effect of improving his mor
als. and make a better man of him
generally. But it has not, lam sorry
to say. Asa race he is deteriorating
morally eve y day. Time has dem
onstrated that he is more criminal as
a free man than as a slave, and that
he is increasing in criminality with
fearful rapidity. ♦ * * You can
scarcely pick up a newspaper whose
pages are not blackened with the ac
count of an unmentionable crime
commited by a negro brute, and this
crime. 1 want to impress upon you,
is but the manifestation of the ne
groes’ aspiration for social equality,
encouraged largely by the character
of the free education in vogue, which
the State is levying tribute upon the
white man to maintain. * * *
“What shall be done about it?
Surely something must be done. The
white people of Mississippi canot sit
idly by without making an effort at
least to arrest this destructive ten
dency. The State for many years, at
great, expense to the taxpayers, has
maintained a system of negro educa
tion, which has produced disappoint
ing results, and I am opposed to the
perpetuation of that system. My
own idea is that the character of the
education for the negro ought to be
changed. If after forty years of
earnest effort, and the expenditure
of fabulous sums of money to edu
cate his head, we have only succeed
ed in making a criminal of him, and
impairing his usefulness and efficien
cy as a laborer, wisdom would sug
gest that we make another experi
ment. and see if we cannot improve
him by educating his hand and his
“There must be a moral substratum
upon which to build, or you cannot
make a desirable citizen. The negro
race is devoid of that element. * * *
Slavery is the only process by which
he has ever been even partially civ
ilized. God Almighty created the ne
gro for a menial —he is essentially a
servant. In every age of the world’s
history it has been shown that his
civilization will last only so long as
he is under control of the superior
race that inculcated it. When left
to himself he has universally gone
back to the barbarism of his native
jungles. While a few mixed breeds
and freaks of the race may possess
qualities which justify them to aspire
above that station, the fact still re
mains that the rar e is fit for that and
nothing more. At any rate, that is
all he will ever accomplish in Mis
sissippi, and as it is in Mississippi so
will it. be in all of the States ulti
“The white man will not and
should not share sovereignty and do
minion with him,”
Those are pointed words, are they
not? You call them the words of a
negro hater? How much keener are
they than those of Abraham Lincoln
himself, who, even more than Theo
dore Roosevelt, is accepted as the
friend of the black man in America r
In his speech of September 18, 1858,
Abraham Lincoln spoke as follows:
“I am not, nor ever have been, in
favor of bringing about in any way
the social and political equality of
the white and black races; I am not,
nor ever have been, in favor of mak
ing voters or jurors of negroes, nor
of qualifying them to hold office, nor
to intermarry with the white people;
and 1 will say in addition to this, that
there is a physical difference between
the white and the black races which
I believe will forever forbid the two
races living together on terms of so
cial and political equality. And. in
asmuch as they cannot so live, while
they do remain together there must
be the position of superior and in
ferior, and I, as much as any other
man, am in favor of having the su
perior position assigned to the white
Did you know that Abraham Lin
coln ever said those words? If Lin
coln were alive toda>, with his great,
kind heart, his great, fair brain, what
would be his attitude on the race
question of today? How far would
he be from touching shoulders with
the so-called negro hater, Vardaman,
of Mississippi? How far would he be
today from recommending a sixteenth
amendment, taking away a franchise
which has proved worse than a mock
ery, which has proved to be a na
tional menace? Is it absolutely sure
that we good Northern folk have been
entirely fair either to Vardaman of
Mississippi or to Lincoln of Illinois?
He May Go to the Senate.
It is quite probable that James K.
Vardaman, softened and tempered by
years in office in his own State, will
in time be seen on the floor of the
Senate of the United States. He will
then be, perhaps, better understood
than he is today. He will then pre
sent upon the floor of the American
Congress the same idea which he has
the courage openly to advocate to
day. What will he do then? He will
do what no Southern representative
has yet done. He will tell the truth!
He will cease to deny the stuffing of
the ballot boxes, the intimidafon of
black voters, the deliberate intent to
overset the black franchise. South
ern Congressmen have lied nobly in
regard to this, thinking that the ne
cessity might justify a falsehood.
Vardaman will tell the truth. He will
say: “We have driven the negroes
from the polls, and we always will.
Wo have counted them out, and al
ways will, if need be. We have in
timidated *he black vote, and we al
ways will. We have made a State
constitution with the express purpose
of casting oiit the black vote, and we
will always stand by that constitu
tion. We have held that white Is
white and black is black, and we will
so bold. You call us lawless,
and we admit that we are, and de
clare that wo always will be until you
give us a law which we can recognize
as law. We have always refused to
accept the fifteenth amendment. Give
us the sixteenth amendment, and then
see what the South will do in the way
of lawfulness, sobriety and modera
tion, and in the way of helping the ne
gro race.”
Let us hope that in those days
there will be other men of both par
ties who will see that this question is
not one of politics, but of industry and
science. Throe hundred millions of
dollars spent in the South have edu
cated the negro into GOO per cent,
more of crime! The cost was high!
With it has gone an industrial waste
of many times three hundred millions.
All the foregoing is true, and yet to
call Governor Vardaman a hater of
the negro is a deep injustice. He no
more hates them than does Theodore
Roosevelt himself perhaps dislikes
them not so much. The latter has cost
many negro lives and much negro hap
piness in the South —indirectly and
unintentionally. The former, pro
claimed abroad as an enemy of the
black race, has directly and intention
ally protected the life and happiness
of the blacks. By a strange paradox
.of fate he has been called upon to set
right many of the consequences of
acts done by a man whose ideas are
diametrically opposed to his own. The
hater has been forced to correct
abuses brought about by the acts of
the philanthropist! Was ever, in the
queer jumble of American politics, a
stranger situation than this? Yet it
is a fair statement of the relations
between President Roosevelt and Gov
ernor Vardaman, dear enemies as they
Personal Traits of the Man.
Personally, James K. Vardaman is
a great democratic soul. In appear
ance he is picturesque, stalwart. In
a matter of personal opinion ho
is apt to assert rather too much
than too little. His fiery tem
per has often gotten him in trouble,
but in trouble he has acquitted him
self like a man. When he finds he i?
in the wrong, he is first to make
amends, as does any good fighting
man. In a great many ways he
seems a survival of the old South,
tempered by the changing conditions
of the South today. The Vardaman
hat is wide and black, the Vardaman
cravat immaculately white, the Var
daman feet well shod, after the way
of all Southern gentlemen. The Var
danian bow upon meeting a lady is
wide and deep, the hat going as low
as the knee, or perhaps under the left
arm, if he pause to converse. The
Vardaman hair is long, black. Indian
like, shot now just a trtfle with gray,
but reaching in a thick mass to the
shoulders —hair that might have be
longed to Peter Cartwright, or some
other stalwart backwoods preacher of
the olden times. This hair, tossed
back from a high forehead, gives pict
nresqueness to a personality strong,
dignified and unusual.
A fire-eater by instinct, Governor
Vardaman is a most temperate man
in all his habits. He never touches
whisky. Indeed, although we think
of the South as a whisky-drinking
land, there is far less whisky con
sumed per capita there than in the
North, and the temperance and pro
hibition districts in the Southern
States are the largest known any
where in America. Therefore, if any
have pictured the picturesque govern
or of the great State of Mississippi
as a swaggerer and a roysterer, they
have been as far from the truth as
they could be. The truth is that Gov
ernor Vardaman is a very quiet, gen
tle. kindly man, albeit frankly out
spoken, and with no suggestion of ici
ness or reserve. His home life is
very sweet and simple. He sits at
the head of a long table, where the
fare of the country is served, and
where a blessing /s asked, even as it
was long ago, when you and I sat at
long tables. For pompousness and
egotism you must look somewhere
else than the executive mansion of
Mississippi’s capital. Positiveness,
decision, unalterableness, you will
find, but these may go and do go with
a character singularly broad, demo
cratic, kindly and loyal.
By the time Vardaman shall have
gone to the United States Senate mat
ters in his State will have shifted in
many ways. The South is changing
with great rapidity. Northern capital
is literally pouring into Mississippi.
The delta lands are being taken up in
thousands of acres by Northern men.
The importation of white labor is just
beginning In the cotton districts. The
North, with its money invested. Is a
North not so wholly theoretical and
philanthropical. The progress of the
North into the South will settle the
rate question in time, in a relatively
short time. The solution will not be
tb.t of education, but the solution will
bo found, and by the white man. Out
ot the smother of this rush of modern
progress, which is bound to overtake
the South —which Las, indeed, over
taken it now —there arise, years from
now, as there does today, the figure of
some man bold enough to tell the
There Is a tremendous importance
in this idea. It is too big to be sec
tional, too big to be political. The
man who has been courageous enuogh
to give it his first outspoken utter
ance in truthful form, and from an im
portant station, is a man big enough
to place himself lower than his ideas.
And that is one of the best of tests
It is men and not politicians that we
need in America today.
An Lpltome of the Most Important
Lvents at Horae and Abroad
the Past Week.
l.iKPiit Development* in the Ruo
-.ln|>nne*e War, Together With
lleniM of Interest fulled From the
Important Happening* All Over
(be World.
An unofficial report is current in St.
Petersburg that Vice-Admiral Rojest
vensky has asked to be relieved of his
command, on account of nervous break
A report comes from Shanghai stat
ins that the Japanese fleet under com
mand of Admiral Togo has taken up a
position south of Formosa with a view
to acting on the aggressive.
Advices from Gen. Oku’s headquar
ters in Manchuria say the railway has
been completed and is being operated
as far as Tiding, temporary bridges
replacing those destroyed by the Rus
sians in their retreat. Work is being
pushed north of Tieling.
According to Grand Duke Alexander
Mikhaelovitch, the preponderance of
naval force in the far east, is still
slightly in favor of the Japanese. Ro
jestvensky. including the Vladivostok
vessels, has a total tonnage of 201.000
compared with Togo’s 208,000. Ihe
Russian guns are figured at 4G5 and the
Japanese at GIT.
Reports are current at Seoul, Korea,
that the Japanese are preparing for a
land attack on Vladivostok, and to
that end have landed 30,000 troops at
U is asserted that during the last
month the Russian warships consumed
120,000 tons of coal. Where it was ob
tained. is a mystery.
The Japanese converted cruiser Nek
ko was damaged during the recent ty
phoon by striking a reef off h usan.
Tokio advices indicate that the
Japanese have been keeping close
watch on the movements of the Rus
sian fleet, and nave day and date foi
their entrance, stay and departure
from French waters in Indo-China,
which does not look w r ell for an
avowedly neutral power.
One of the features in connection
with the strike, on the 18th, was the
sentencing of three schoolboys who
had imbibed the strike fever, by Judge
Mack, of the juvenile court—one to
John Worthy school and two to the
Bar'll :al school. Six warrants v/ers
also issued for parents of young strik
ers in the Harrison school district.
Indications were said, on the night
of the IGth, to presage the calling off
of the teamsters’ strike in Chicago
within 48 hours or by the end of the
wAek at the farthest.
Enoch Carlson, eight years of age,
was shot and killed by a negro, a for
mer employe of the Peabody Coal Co
in Chicago, while shooting at a gang
of boys who were hooting at him.
A practical armistice was declared
by the teamsters, on the night of the
lath, pending the meeting of the offi
cers of the International Brotherhood
of Teamsters on the 17th or 18th.
The situation in the teamsters’
strike up to the beginning of the week
indicated that unless compromises
were effected speedily the strike
would spread to other organizations,
including the employes of the Livery
men’s association, which would in
volve the hearse drivers. There was,
however, an undercurrent of hope that
some basis of settlement would be
James Jennings, a negro, was shot
and killed by John Cahill, in Chicago,
during a fracas following a contro
versy over the strike. Cahill asserts
that he shot in self-defense.
Gen. Horace Porter,the retiring Amer
ican ambassador, was given a notable
farewell banquet in Paris, which for
sumptuousness of appointments and
the distinguished character of the
guests has not been exceeded in recemt
years in the French capital.
Col. Gorgas, reporting to the war de
partment from the isthmus of Panama,
notes the deaths of Ernest Melville and
A. E. Peck, Americans, and John Wil
son, a Canadian, from yellow fever
contracted at Colon.
The great fleet, of sailing yachts
started in the 3.000-mile ocean race
from Sandy Hook to the Lizard at
noon on the 17th inst., the proposed
start on the day before having been
prevented by a heavy fog. There were
eleven starters, and the American
schooner Atlantic Ted the procession.
The prize is the honor of victory and
the German emperor’s $5,000 cup.
Abraham Levy, the New 'York law
yer who conducted the case of Nan
Patterson. in her three trials for the
murder of Caesar Young, announces
that his connection with the case has
ended absolutely.
Ivan Kaleieff, the assassin of Grand
Duke Sergius, February 17, was exe
cuted at Moscow exactly three months
from the .ate of the commission, of the
Miss Harriet. Crabtree, an Indian girl
of Muskogee, I. TANARUS., has been appointed
sponsor for the Creek and Seminole
brigade of ox-confederate veterans at
the reunion in Louisville, Ky., in July.
Following a quarrel at. Sawyer, I. TANARUS.,
William Dunn, a business man, was
shot live limes and killed by Lon Da
vis, a inert bai t and postmaster. Both
men held prominent positions in the
Chicago ('* lectives raided the “Bel
mont Corresponding club,’’ an alleged
matrimonial agency, and arrested three
persons, whom they charge with dis
orderly conduct. Several thousand let
ters and photographs were seized.
The delegates to the National Asso
ciation of Manufacturers in convention
at Atlanta, (la., were entertained at an
old-fashioned Georgia barbecue as one
of the side features.
The American Federation of Musi
cians, in session, at Detroit, Mich., af
ter a bearing, exonerated Walter Dam
rosch of the charge of having violated
the alien contract labor law in the im
portation of foreign musicians for his
Rev. Dr. J. N. Cushing, of Rangoon,
Bvrmah, India, was stricken with apo
plexy at the Baptist convention in St.
Louis and died im a few minutes.
Sol Torronski, a Polish merchant of
Canton, 0., has received a letter direct
from Gen. Kuroki, accompanied by two
shoulderstraps taken from Russian of
ficers as souvenirs. One is from an of
ficer of the Third Siberian regiment
and the other from a Second SL. Pe
tersburg regiment man.
Suits have been filed at Topeka.
Kas., in the federal court, against the
Missouri Pacific, the Iron Mountain
and Frisco railroad companies charg
ing violations of the federal statutes.
New York detectives have arrested
two men and a woman whom they say
are the ringleaders of the gang that
robbed a private bank at Gilbcrtsville,
N. Y., May 2. An elaborate outfit of
bank burglars’ tools was also captured.
The first movement looking to a call
for a national convention of those in
terested in the improvement of the
waterways of the country was taken
at Evansville, Ind., at a reception to
the congressional committee on rivers
and harbors.
Secretary Taft has appointed Gen.
Lunsford L. Lomax, of Virginia, mem
ber of the Gettysburg battlefield park
commission, vice Maj. W M. Robins,
of North Carolina, deceased.
By one of the boldest robberies com
mitted in Chicago in recent years, four
men secured from the jewelry store of
T. D. Laude. 482 West Madison street,
watches and diamonds valued in the
aggregate at $3,000.
The submarine cable between Valdez.
Alaska, and Fort Liscomb has been laid
and is in operation. This cuts out a
considerable amount of land line diffi
cult to operate in winter.
Fifteen thousand people gathered in
convention hall to welcome Eva Booth,
commander of the Salvation army in
An.eiica, at Kansas City, Mo. United
States Senator William Warner deliv
ered the address of welcome.
William Robinson; a house cleaner,
ran amuck at San Diego, Cab. killing
four persons, wounding a fifth and
causing the probable fatal injury of
a sixth, winding up by blowing cut his
own brains.
The late Mrs, Jane L. Stanford, be
fore her death, provided lor the sale
of her private jewels, valued at about
$1 000,000, to form an endowment fund
for Stanford university library.
Asa defnse on his trial for the mur
der of George Williams, near Watch
ung, N. J., George H. Wood sets up
the plea that he has a dual personality
—a Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde in real
One of the last acts of the fiftieth
annual gathering of the Southern Bap
tist convention in Kansas City, Mo.,
was the adoption of a resolution look
ing to closer fellowship with the North
ern Baptists.
The Big Four’s fast passenger train
was wrecked by an open switch at Ot
terbein, Ind., resulting in the killing
of the engineer and fireman and the
serious injury of six persons, two of
whom were mail clerks.
Justice Vernon M. Davis, who pre
sided at the two first trials of Nan Pat
terson, at a lawyers’ dinner in New
York, where he was the guest of hon
or, expressed the opinion that Nan
lied when she was put on the stand
before him. but that if she had told
things just as they really occurred the
jury would probably have acquitted
By the resumption of operations in
a number- of idle mines in the Pitts
burg (Pa.) district, between six and
eight thousand idle miners nave been
put to work.
Emperor Nicholas has sanctioned
an important law, permitting Poles to
acquire land by purchase in the king
dom of Poland, of which right they
were deprived after the insurrection
of 18G3.
Train wreckers ditched a Santa Fe
passenger train a mile east of Em
poria. Kas., by drawing the spikes and
fish plates from two rails on a curve.
Six persons, occupants of the baggage
car, were seriously injured, two prob
ably fatally.
Hr. Donovan Thinks the Remedy Used by
Him with Such Remarkable Success
the Rest —Cured by Five Hoxcs.
“Men who have to do difficult and
dangerous work on electric lines at any
hour of day or night, can’t afford to have
anything the matter with their health,’*
said Mr. Donovan. You can imagine,
therefore, how much I was alarmed one
winter’s day in 1902, when I was seized
by a pain just behind my right hip that
made it difficult for me to walk home.
It was so bad by the time I reached the
house that I was obliged to go straight
to bed.”
“ Did that relieve yon?”
“ No, the pain grew more severe and
kept extending downward along my leg.
I sent for a physician, and .ho soon de
cided that I had sciatica. In a few days
the whole nerve was affected, and the
least movement brought on terrible
“Did your condition improve under
the doctor’s treatment?”
“ Quite the contrary. At the end ot
two mouths I wasn’t a bit better, and at
times I feared that I would never be
able to leave my bed.”
“ How did you get out again ?”
“ When I was lying in bed, nnable to
move and wasting away in flesh, a friend
visited me and told me about the won
derful cures brought about by a great
blood and nerve reined}’, Dr. Williams’
Pink Pills. He strongly urged me to try
them, and I luckily had sense enough to
take his advice.”
“ Did you mend quickly?”
“ Yes,"that was the astonishing thing.
I noticed a slight improvement before I
had quite finished the first box of the
pills, I could get out of bed while I was
on the third box, and I was entirely
cured by the time I bad taken five boxes.”
Mr, Joseph A. Donovan is living at
Plaistow, New Hampshire, and is line
inspector for the Haverhill, Newton and
Plaistow Electric Street Railway. Dr.
Williams’ Pink Pills are the remedy to
tse when the blood is thin, as in anaemia;
or impure, as in rheumatism; or when
the nerves are weak, as in neuralgia; or
lifeless, as in partial paralysis; or when
the body as a whole is ill-nourished, as
In general debility. They are sold by
till druggists.
The attention of readers is called to
the above washing machine (see illus
tration) that was advertised in these
columns December, 1904. If you over
looked the ad., it will be well for you to
write the manufacturer, R. M. Rail,
Sluneie, Ind., and get his proposition,
as he offers to give one washing machine
freight paid to every reader that will sell
one machine.
I Potash as Necessary as Rain |
I The quality and quantity of tho |
H crops depend on a sufficiency of
I Potash I
In the soil.’ Fertilizers which are*
low in Potash will never produce ■
satisfactory results. E
Every farmer should be familiar with the S
proper proportions of ingredients that go to
make the best fertilizers for every kind of H
crop. We have published a senes of books, ? K
containing the latest researches on this all- ■
important subject, which we will send free ■
if you ask. Write now while you think of 9
Sew York—9s Snaaan Street, or 1
Atlanta, Ga.—22J4 South Broad Street. ■
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A. N.K.-F 2074
•f'siaw 3 #
kd Best Cough Syrup. Tastes Good. Use H
rrl fa time. Sold by druggists. *1

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