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The Starkville News
PUBLISHED WEEKLY. 6TARKVILLE. : : : MISSISSIPPIT Industrial Unity. Undoubtedly there are many persons In the north and east of the country who think of the great irrigation proj ects to which the government is com mitted as exclusively in the interest of the communities in the regions where the many millions of public money are to be spent. Those who take this view, says Youth’s Compan ion, do not fully realize the interde pendence of the various parts of the country. Who buys the greatest part of the grain and cattle raised in the west? It is the people in the east. If the grain-crop is poor or light, the price of flour goes up. If a hard win ter kills off the cattle the price of meat rises. On the other hand, if busi ness is slack in the east, if there is a strike in the textile industry, or if several large manufacturers fail and shut down their mills, the ability of the people in the east to buy meat and flour is diminished, and the demand falls off, to the detriment of the west ern producer. Now the irrigation plans under consideration provide for the reclamation of 50,000,000 acres of arid land. It has been estimated that this area will accommodate a popula tion of 12,000,000, engaged in various forms of agriculture. Crops can be produced more cheaply than on non irrigated land, therefore it is expected that the price of food will fall. At the same time the growth of a pros perous population in the arid west will increase the demand for the man ufactured goods of the east, the grain of the northwest and the cotton of the south. Not a square mile of the coun trp can prosper without benefiting all the rest. In like manner the Panama canal will increase the prosperity oi the whole Mississippi valley, the At lantic and Pacific coast states, and all the intervening region. It is an un dertaking of interest to the whole na tion. Even the projected enlargement of the Erie canal concerns the west as much as New York state. The east cannot say to the west: “I have no need of you,” and the north cannot say to the south: “You have no need of me.” But all parts are joined in one body, and each serves its allotted purpose. f—■■ ■—■ - '■ ' ■■ “Young and Brainy.” The following advertisement, which appeared in an English newspaper a fortnight ago, is suggestive: “Wanted —Editor-reporter for old established weekly, experienced in public affairs, and must be between 40 rnd 60. Young and ‘brainy’ applicants need not ap ply.” The idea that young and “brainy” applicants are the only ap plicants worth having began to take root in the late sixties, says me Provi dence Journal. In the First Read er,” grammar-school grade, a bright hoy sought work at the office of a princely merchant who was doing his own work. The lad met with no en couragement, but on his way to the street he stopped, picked up a pin and inserted it in the lapel of his jacket. The merchant, pleased with the youth’s alertness and economical turn of mind, called him back and offered him SIOO a week, which was accepted. The news of this incident spread, and the next boy overdid it. He sowed the office floor with a paper of pins, picked up three of them, and w r as thrown out by the porter. However, the theory has since obtained that there is very little room in the world for men ■who are too old and corpulent to stoop and rescue lost pins, and it is refreshing to learn that experience is still worth something, at least in some quarters. Young and “brainy” persons undoubt edly know a great deal more than their elders, but so much of it isn’t worth knowing that there is no sense in as suming that the latter cannot hold their own in most oi the walks of life. “Beware of the high rate of inter est,” is the lesson of most of the swindles against which the post office department has recently issued fraud orders. An offer of exceptionally largo returns for either labor or capital, rightly observes Youth’s Companion, should at once awaken suspicion. If the enterprise is so promising, why does not the person who controls it keep it for himself? The fact that there are a few, very few, cases where large risks have been taken and large profits have been realized is the argu ment most used by those who have patent rights, gold mines and other such properties to sell at a thousand times their value. The person of mod erate means cannot afford to take such fisks. THE WEEK'S NEWS TERSELY OUTLINED An Epitome of the Most Important Events at Home and Abroad the Past Week. north, east, west, south. Latvat Development* in tlie Ruaao- Jipaueie War, Together With Item* of Interest Called From the Important llappeuintfa All Over the World. THE WAR IN THE FAR EAST. Advices by way of St. Petersburg, up to the morning of the 22d, conveyed the impression that operations in Man churia had again assumed a serious phase. Gen. Liruevitch had placed an embargo on press messages. The ten or of the fragmentary reports was that the Japanese were advancing and the Russians retiring. M. Nelidoff, the Russian ambassador to Paris, Has been definitely named as the head of Russia’s plenipotentiaries to the Washington peace conference. M. Nelidoff is skilled in the arts of Eu ropean diplomacy, and it will be inter esting to not© how he sizes up with the Japanese article. August 1 is the date agreed upon by Russia and Japan for the meeting of their peace plenipotentiaries in Wash ington, and the selection of the per sonnel, it is now believed, will soon be announced. Denial comes from St. Petersburg of the reports that there have been offi cial exchange with regard to an armis tice. Neither side appears anxious to suggest one, and there is no proba bility of such a suggestion coming from Japan at this time. Advices from Manchuria, by way of Paris, say a great, battle is in progress, the fighting being severe. The war party in St. Petersburg, backed up by the military element, is engaged in a concerted effort to dis suade the czar from concluding peace. The Russian government,at the com mand of the czar, has withdrawn its request for a reconsideration of the de cision to hold the peace conference in Washington and has definitely accepted the selection. Advices from Manchuria give a de cided negative to the report that a truce was being arranged pending the declaration of an armistice. Move ments by the belligerents are in prog ress that may lead up to a general en gagement if not headed off by the peace movement. Count Inouye, Japanese minister to Germany, says that Russia's plenipo tentiaries must be armed with powers to end the war, and not be merely a diplomatic commission to learn Japan’s terras. He says the Korean question will not be considered, as Russia has nothing to do with the independence of Korea. The London Daily Telegraph’s Tien Tsin correspondent says that Gen. Linevitch’s army is completely envel oped by the Japanese, who made a cir cle of 100 miles in circumference and are gradually closing in. Gen. Line vitch is said to be bewildered by the Japanese strategy. THE CHICAGO STRIKE. Day by day things grow quieter in Chicago and the attitude of the striking teamsters less belligerent. Some of the men are applying as individuals for their old positions, in some cases with success. The situation in Chicago is rapidly improving from the standpoint of the employers, and nearly normal condi tions in the matter of making deliver ies seem to have been reached. The strike is apparently dying a natural death. It was freely predicted in Chicago, on the 18th, that by the end of the week the teamsters’ strike would be a thing of the past, and that the strike would be called off by the strikers themselves, regardless of their leaders. Assistant State’s Attorney Fake, of Chicago, says the evidence in connec tion with strike matters is of “so start ling a character that it could lie paralleled once in a thousand years. GENERAL NEWS ITEMS. Eighteen persons were killed and about 100 wounded by a charge of dra goons and Cossacks upon a peaceable procession of workmen at Lodz, Rus sian Poland. The troops rushed from side streets and. fired volleys into the paraders. The British house of commons has voted an annuity of $20,000 to ex- Speaker William Court Gully to enable him to maintain the title which the king intends to bestow on him. Rain interfered somewhat with the reception of President Roosevelt at Worcester, Mass., on the 21st, but it didn’t dampen the enthusiasm of the citizens. Addresses were delivered at Clark university and Holy Cross col lege, and then the president departed for Williamstown, where the entire student body of Williams college turned out to greet him. The British government has decided to appoint a royal commission to fully inquire into the South African army scandal. William J. Bryan has given SSOO of the Bennett fund to the Congregational college at Kingfisher, Okla. Owing to heavy losses sustained by the Gaskill forgeries, the City Trust & Safe Deposit Cos. of Philadelphia has been compelled to suspend operations, and is in the hands of a receiver. A storm in Nebraska, which followed the Elkhorn river from O’Neill to Nor folk, a distance of 100 miles, with hail falling in spots, ruined many hundred thousand acres of crops. The New York legislature is con vened in special session to consider the charges against Justice Warren B. Hooker of the state supreme court. A hundred men, on their way to the harvest fields of w r estern Kansas, held up a freight train at Manhattan, Kas., in an attempt to get a free ride, hut they were finally driven off by the town marshal and posse. Eleven persons were killed and a number injured by the wreck of the east-bound Twentieth Century flyer on the Lake Shore road, at Mentor, O. The engine is said to have struck an open switch. The will of the late John W. Parmlee, of Chicago, provides that the entire amount of his estate, estimated at SIOO.OOO, shall be held in trust and the net income be devoted to the purchase of fuel for poor and needy families. State Insurance Superintendent Hen dricks of New York has made a “pre liminary report” on the Equitable Life Insurance society to Gov. Higgins, and it is not at all complimentary to the society. President Roosevelt supports Attor ney-General Moody in declining to pro ceed against Paul Morton in connection with the Santa Fe rebate cases, and Mr. Morton goes to the Equitable board with a clean bill. Philadelphia has another sensation in the discovery of extensive forgeries of stock certificates, involving perhaps a million of dollars, alleged to have been perpetrated by Benjamin H. Gas kill. a well-known and respected brok er and financier who died a few weeks ago. Lieut. Pearl Calvin Titus, U. S. A., who placed the United States flag on the walls of Pekin, China, at the time of the Boxer uprising, and Miss Grace Anna Robinson were married at Colo rado Springs, Col. United States Senator John H. Mitch ell is on trial at Portland, Ore., for connection with public land frauds in that state. President Roosevelt, in a letter ad dressed to Secretary Taft, directed the dismissal from the diplomatic serv ice of Herbert W. Bowen for “repre hensible” conduct. The Carlton club of London, Eng land., has accepted the offer of John Wanamaker, who is an honorary mem ber, to present a portrait of President Roosevelt, by Sargent, to the club. There was a sensational breaking of the drought at St. Louis. At noon the city was enveloped in almost midnight darkness, relieved only by vivid flashes of lightning, accompanied by a deluge of rain and a rapid fall in tem perature. Several horses w’ere killed by lightning and telephone and elec tric light service were for a time crip pled. Gov. Deneen of Illinois says that un less the officials of the state prisons show a greater disposition to enforce the anti-convict labor law than they* have thus far manifested he will have to find other men for the positions. On his plea of guilty to making a false affidavit against Congressman Kitchen, of North Carolina, ex-Post master Reddoch, of Yazoo, Miss., was sentenced, in the federal court, in St. Louis, to one year’s imprisonment in the Missouri penitentiary. Brig.-Gen. Benj. K. Roberts, chief of artillery, has been, placed on the re tired list, on bis own application, after 42 years’ service in the army. The steamer City of Collingwood and the Grand Trunk freight sheds at Col lingwood, Ont., were burned, and two deckhands are reported to have per ished. A statue of Koskiusko, the celebrat ed Polish patriot, has just been veiled in Koskiusko park, Milwaukee. Several thousand persons attended the ceremonies, which were preceded by a monster parade. The drawing of a deposit by the daughter of an official of the Second national bank of Akron, 0., started a run on the institution, which was in progress at last accounts. Chairman Paul Morton has enlisted the services of two firms of expert ac countants to make an exhaustive ex amination! of every phase of the affairs of the Equitable Life Assurance so ciety. Russian army officers at home are protesting against constant employ ment in the role of police. They say that it completely isolates them from society, towards which they practically sustained the role of butchers. A young German farm hand, name unknowm, "was killed on the farm of Charles Collins, near Blue Mound, Wis., while milking, by a tornado which swept over Dane and lowa counties, doing fully $150,000 damage to crops and buildings. T. M. Henry, State Auditor, has Just completed the compilation of the State bank statements, made under the call rn May 29, 1905. As compared with the statements made on May 27, 1904. about one year previous, the banks had increased from 183 to 228, being a total increase of 45 for the period, not counting the tw r elve or fifteen organ ized, but having don© no business on that date. As will be noted, the statement is a most favorable one and shows the business of the State to continue in a sound condition. The aggregate increase w r as $7,506,- 117.42, or a fraction over 17 per cent. Below will be found the figures in full and the increase and decrease, there only being a decrease in the items overdrafts and expense account: Resources — Loans and discounts ....$32,678,953.44 Overdrafts secured and demand loans 3,984,784.58 Overdrafts unsecured ... 175,571.03 Stocks, bonds and war rants 1,683,615.28 Banking house, real es tate, furniture and fix tures 1,632.106.32 Expenses and taxes 357,804.78 Sight exchange 6,045,058.82 Cash on hand 2,323,947.61 Stamps and expense ac count 242.57 Total $48,882,084.43 Liabilities — Capital paid in $ 9,317,075.52 Surplus 1.590.626.78 Undivided profits 2,015,722.55 Individual deposits, sub ject to check 28,398,821.66 Time certificates of de posit 2,171,157.66 Bills payable 4,094,346.62 Due other banks 595.103.72 Rediscounts 615,737.97 Certified checks, etc.._.. 83,491.95 Total $48,882,084.43 Following are the increases on the Items named, as compared with the statement of May 27, 1904: Resources — Loans and discounts ....$5,832,983.87 OverdrrJts unsecured ... 5,600,75 Stocks, bonds and war rants 250,875.62 Banking house, real es tate, furniture, etc 429,621.94 Expenses and taxes 102,539.74 Sight exchange ~ 866,147.3,2 Cash on hand - 18.348.18 Total $7,506,117.42 Liabilities — Capital paid in .$1,648,997.46 Surplus 273.595.41 Undivided profits 439,748 12 Individual deposits, sub ject to check >... 2,790,180.27 Time certificates of de posit 365,756.03 Bills payable 1,592,411.70 Rediscounts 221.184.59 Certified checks, etc 67.561.05 Total $7,399,434.63 Following items show decrease: Overdrafts secured and de mand loans $136,725.57 Stamps and expense ac count 679.47 Due other banks 30,722.27 Total number of banks reporting May 29, 1905 228 Total number of banks reporting May 27, 1904 ISS Increase 45 The Supreme Court, in the case of Miss Charlie Thompson, of Natchez vs. the Southern Traction Cos., of Natchez, held that the present signs used on the street cars in this State to designate the white and colored compartments are noi screens. The decision of the court w r as handed down by Justice Truly, who held that the signs now used on most of the street cars in the State to designate the white and black compartments are not screens within the meaning of the law. In commenting on the law he says: “The word screens, as w r ell as the word partition, imparts that one race is to be shut off from any sort of contact with the other. Everybody knows what a screen or partition is, and everybody that a sign, such as was used in this case, is no partition or screen whatever within the meaning and purpose of the law.” The court holds that corporations op erating street car lines should do 20 to the end that harmony and peace among the races prevail so far as it is concerned. The decision of the lower court is affirmed, as the com pany did not have up screens or par titions, and had itself violated the law’. The judgment of the lower court was for S3OO. Miss Thompson is a prom inent young society lady of Natchez, and the case arose from the fact that after she had paid her fare and gotten her seat the car began to fill up wutb negroes when the conductor moved the signs and requested the young lady to move, which she refused to do, whereupon she was put off the car. On account of ill health, resulting from overwork during the session, Chief Justice A. H. Whitfield tempo rarily retired from the Supreme Bench, and, at his request, Gov. Var danian has named a temporary asso ciate justice. The governor’s selec tion is Hon. D. W. Houston, of Aber deen, one of the foremost members of the North Mississippi bar, and he will sit as speciai justice until such time as Chief Justice Whitfield feels in clined to again assume th* duties of office. DASHED INTO OPEN SWITCH. Eleven Person* Killed and Several Injured By Wreck of the Take Shore Limited. Mentor, 0., June 22. —The Twenti eth Century limited, on the Lake Shore road, while running at the rate of 60 miles an hour, dashed into an open switch at the station here at ten o’clock Wednesday night. Eleven per sons were killed and a number badly injured. Two ethers are missing. The combination baggage and smok ing buffet car and the coach behind it caught fire and were destroyed. The Dead; John H. Bennett, patent attorney. New’ York, burned to dea f h. Thomas R. Morgan, of the Wellman- Seaver-Morgan company, Cleveland, burned to death. Allen Tyler, engineer, Collin-wood, 0., crushed under engine. Newt Walters, baggagemaster, Ham burg, N. Y. Fireman Graham, Collinw’ood, O. W. D. Mickey, New' York. Five bodies, horribly burned, taken from the wreck and impossible to iden tify them at the scene. The injured: Charles H. Wellman, of the Well man-Seaver-Morgan company of Cleve land, scalded and burned; will die. H. H. Wright, Chicago. A. E. Gorman, Norwalk, O. J. H. Gibson, Chicago. C. Cordua, Brooklyn, N. YY. D. Arthur, Milwaukee. S. E. Beckwith. New’ York. F. J. Brant, Toledo. The missing: Barber and porter of combination car. Fire departments from Mentor and Painesville were at work trying to ex tinguish the flames in the combination car within 20 minutes after the wreck occurred. The Chicago sleeper, which w T as be hind the combination car, swung from the track and crashed into the freight depot, which was completely destroyed. The engine w T as turned completely around when it struck the freight de pot. THE SALMON BANK FAILURE. Tlie Failure of the Late George M. Casey Impaired the Resources of the Bank., Kansas City, Mo., Jane 22. —It is said that the financial condition of the Sal mon bank, at Clinton ,Mo., was in jured by the failure of the late George M. Casey, a prominent cattle breeder, who died early in 1904. Col. Casey was involved in serious financial trouble, claims aggregating $200,000 having been presented against his estate. XSJae Salmon bank, it is said, w’as a which lost heavily through the Casey failure. Maj. Salmon expressed the opinion last night that the bank w f ould be able to pay every dollar of its indebtedness, and men in a position to know’ say that the bank will pay out if judiciously managed. The bank was organized in 1886. It is ow’ned by Dr. G. Y. and Harvey W. Salmon*. Harvey Salmon, who is one of the best-known men in Missouri, was state treasurer from 1872 to 1874, and for years has been a power in the democratic party of the state. STANDS BY PAUL MORTON. The President Indorses Moody in Opposing Legal Action Against Paul Morton. Washington, June 22.—President Roosevelt has taken occasion to express himself in positive terms complimentary of the integrity and ability of Paul Morton, former vice-president of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail road Cos., and now concluding his du ties as secretary of the navy that he may assume the chairmanship of the board of directors of the Equitable Life Assurance society of New York. Attorney-General Moody opposed bringing the contempt proceedings on. the ground that while the evidence be fore the commission might show a vio lation of the injunction by the road, it contained nothing connecting any offi cer of the campany w r irh such violation. President Roosevelt took the same view. BOTH CRIMINAL AND CRUEL A Indian Territory Merchant In the Tolls for Swindling: and De ceiving: a Girl. Galveston, Tex., June 22. —J. W. Campbell, a well-to-do merchant of Marlow, I. TANARUS., was arrested here by the federal authorities just as he and his girl bride were about to sail for New York. Campbell is charged with having de frauded a national hank of the terri tory out of $7,500 on a draft drawn through a national hank at Fort Worth. He is also charged with hav ing deserted his family and eloped with Dora Mayer, a beautiful girl of, Isabel, I. TANARUS., 15 years of age, repre senting himself to her as an unmar ried man.