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BOY IN AMERICA I k N* MARSHALL FIELD 111. AS HE IS IN HIS HOME AT LAKEWOOD, NEW JERSEY. CHIEF PLEASURE IS RIOING ON HIS PONY Most of the Day Spent with His Books—Twelve-Year- Old Namesake of Great Merchant Prince Leads Strenuous Life —Something About the For tune He Has Inherited and the Man Who Made It. Chicago.—Heir to three-fifths of a vast estate, proud bearer of the name of one of the greatest merchant princes the world has ever known, the future head of gigantic mercan tile enterprises extending from this to other lands —such is the fortune or misfortune which has befallen Mar shall Field the third through the un timely and sudden death of Marshall Field, the founder of the great dry goods houses bearing his name. By the terms of the will disposing of an estate estimated at from SIOO,- 000,000 to 5150,000,000 he is to have three-fifths of the residuary estate, which is to be held in trust for him until he is 50 years of age. and which would make his share worth at the present time from $45,000,000 to SOO,- 000,000. And by the terms of the same will his brother, Henry Field, two years his junior, receives the bal ance of the residuary estate, or two fifths, and will of course share with him the responsibilities of the estate in the years to come. But it is Marshall Field the third upon whom the attention of the pub lic is centered, for he is the head of the Field house now. There is some ihing startling and almost pathetic in the contemplation of a 12-year-old hoy being called upon to face such a future. Perhaps there are many who would lightly declare that they would like the opportunity which has come to this little fellow, but there is room for argument here as to whether be is after all not entitled more to pity than congratulation. Will the acquiring of such vast wealth by him without the raising of a finger on his part lake all the in centive out of life and make him careless of the possibilities of life and the opportunities which are his? Will he be content to accept the in evitable and settle back comfortably In the dowry berth which fate has de creed him. or will he as he develops into marhood become conscious of the great responsibilities resting upon him and let them call out in him those qualities which made his grand father so eminently successful in the business world and so esteemed as a citizen? The Boy. We ask these questions, and turn instinctively to the boy as he is to-day to read if possible our answers, for the boy is father of the man, and the characteristics we note in the youth we find accentuated in the man. What manner of lad is this Marshall Field III.? Down among the pine hills of Lakewood, N. J.. at the beautiful sum mer home of the Fields he may be found these days, in the hands of his tutor, studying hard, and living the natural, healthy life of an ordinary boy. Lakewood air agrees with him better than anywhere else. Several years ago he was attacked with rheu matism and at that time his life was despaired of and it was thought that even though he lived he would be a cripple for life. But the skill of the doctor and the careful nursing and the air at Lakewood have triumphed over his infirmities, and he gives promise now of developing into a stal wart manhood. At the age of this boy the grand father was plowing and reaping and toiling on a farm, and planning in his mind how to win the fortune which he subsequently acquired. And now without the preliminaries of plowing and reaping and planning, and without manual labor of any kind, Marshall Field the third will have the wonderful fortune piled up by his grandfather ready to hand to use as he may see fit. Known by All. Almost everybody in Lakewood knows the Field boy by sight; but very few of them know how thor oughly his life is filled with constant and arduous effort. He must know how to handle those millions. He must be trained and equipped and fitted for a task that has even palled upon John D. Rock efeller and Andrew Carnegie. Rockefeller offered a salary of a million dollars a year to anyone who could lift from his back the burden cf his inrolling millions. Carnegie, wearied witlr the constant turning over of his wealth, relinquished the task and fell back in his easy-chair with a sigh of relief. Yet this 12-year-old boy must be fitted to follow in the footsteps of these two czars of finance lest some wiser boy step in and take from him that which he has acquired without an effort. Envied by His Companions. Most of the small boys in Lakewood envy young Master Field, because they only see him when he goes driving or riding on his little gray pony, or when he goes walking down the long wooded street with his fine dog Young Marshall Field is a well-built little chap, having inherited from his father and grandfather the broad shoulders and erect carriage of the Fields. At present he dresses in deep mourning. He is gentle, unaffected and frank in manner, like dozens of other boys you have met, and he likes pretty much the same things, such as tops and kites and marbles and guns, and all sorts of boyish sports. The Field cottage in Lakewood is a large, rambling structure of brick and white stucco built in the colonial fashion. On the upper floor in a secluded room, with a tutor from the Universi ty of Chicago. Master Field undergoes daily a hard siege of study to fit him for some preparatory school and eventually for college. The Daily Programme At seven o'clock in the morning be Is up and about, whistling in boy fashion, or frolicking with his dog. There Is apparently nothing heavier on his mind at this time than a healthy hunger for breakfast. His mother having gone to Chicago, he Is the only member of the family in the house. Consequently be eats his meals in solitary state, which he does not like overmuch. After breakfast he puts on his rid ing togs and telephones to the groom at the stables to bring around his pony. A few minutes later he is can tering over the smooth roads around Lakewood, This exercise he likes best of all. It plays havoc with his rheumatism and brings a glow to his somewhat pale checks. A five-mile canter and he is back again, ready for his morning studies. Arithmetic he does not like very much. It is too dry and prosy to suit his rather imaginative nature. But he does his sums with tine perseverance. If he does not understand the why and wherefore he does not hesitate to ask his tutor. Fond of History. Then comes history, which has a very high place in his regard. He likes to read about the doings of the great generals of the world and of great epochs which made and unmade empires—of how Hannibal fought his way over tire Alps and almost to the gates of Rome, of the wars of Caesar, of Cromwell and of our own great man, George Washington. In this particular study Master Field does not have to be spurred. Then comes a lesson in grammar, which he also regards as a rather tough proposition. But he dives into the mass of adverbs, pronouns and prepositions with a brave spirit, and usually comes out with flying colors. This brings him up to 11 o'clock, by which time he is rather tired. lie usually goes to his own room and rests until luncheon, after which he amuses himself according to his bent of mind until two o’clock. Sometimes he plays ball or ping pong, and sometimes, if the weather is fine, he walks downtown with his dog. It is only a short respite from toil at best, and it passes all too quickly. At two o’clock he is again in the study room with his tutor, ready for business. This is the longest and hardest grind of the da.v, He begins with geometry and studies all about rhomboids, parallelograms and angles as if he liked them. But he doesn’t. Geography comes next, and proves to be somewhat of a relief from the dry bones of geometry. Other standard studies follow, and late in the afternoon the young heir of the Field millions is ready for his grind in Latin. Just what Latin has to do with the handling of the Field estate is n.n apparent.% Nevertheless it is one of those things which Master Field is re quired to get acquainted with. After Latin it is only a step to French, but In that step Master Field at times almost dislocates his jaw. It is pretty hard for a boy of 12 to prop erly pronounce “ceuil,” for instance, but it has to be done. He is also studying English litera ture, and two or three minor courses, which follow in their proper order. Night comes, but it brings no cessa tion in the wearisome grind. The lights are turned on, and for an hour or more the youth continues his work. At six o’clock he is through for the day. He is then a very tired boy, and is willing to cry quits with his tutor. “It’s pretty hard work,’’ said he in response to a question; “but I know it’s got to be done, and the sooner I get through with it the better.” Doesn’t Care for Wealth. “When you inherit your grandfa ther’s fortune, what will you do with it?” “Oh, I don’t want it. I w-ould rath er not have it,” was the quick reply. “Mamma might have it., But of course if grandfather wanted me to take it I would have to do it.” Thus at 12 we find Marshall Field 111. shrinking from the thought of the possession of great wealth, but rather has thirst for knowledge, for having delivered himself of the abore sentiment, he continued: “I am going to keep up my studies until I enter some college." And is it not well that such should bo the case during the formative years of his life? Soon enough the business instinct may possess him and lead him into the footsteps of his worthy fore bear. The Man Who Made the Fortune. No dollar of his fortune will ever look reproachfully into his face and speak of dishonesty and double deal ing on the part of the man who accum ulated it. No dollar but will be able to bear testimony to the wisdom and value of business integrity. And really the greatest legacy which Marshall Field has left his grandson is not the substance of the estate, but the record which be made in accumulating that estate. It is an interesting story, this Field fortune, in view of the current and worldwide agitation of the morals in volved In the accumulation of enor mous fortunes; and it is especially in teresting in comparison with other colossal fortunes. There is a dazzling attraction in all fortunes of many mil lions. Their owners, as a rule, by the mere possession of vast riches, invite the envy of the less fortunate or gift ed. ,tlie jealousies of other multimil lionaires and the none too friendly crit icism of the masses. In this respect tlie late Marshal! Field was more for tunate than his fellow millionaires. It is probable that there was less class hatred directed against him during his life than against any other man with a fortune anyway near as large as the Field fortune. In him the claim that no man can accumulate many millions honestly is refuted. In the public mind he did not represent the type that climbs up by pushing others down. The Beginning. Away back in the ’iiU’s, Marshall Field began his mercantile career in Chicago as a clerk in the employ of J. V. Farwell. Working for the same firm at the time was another young man, Levi Z. Leiter, who later became Marshall Field’s associate in business. Referring to those early years, Mr. Farwell says: “Levi Z. Leiter and Marshall Field were both clerks of ours. When the war broke out we took them in as part ners in the store and lent them money. The business conditions of the country it that time were something unexam pled before or since. The war changed Tie prices of everything. Goods were ip and money was down. Consequent ly, anyone who had a stock of goods on hand was practically certain to sell them at an advance over what he had paid for them. The results of the busi less done during tne war were some hing phenomenal. At that time the noney of Illinois and all money was so far down in value that you couldn’t buy i dinner with Illinois money across the state line. So it was that the man who bought the most goods under such con lit ions made the most money. Potter Palmer made the most money of any nan in Chicago at that time in propor tion to his capital. The money which Messrs. Leiter and Field made in part nership wirli our firm made the two competent to buy out Mr. Palmer at the close of the war.” When asked which of the three men —Messrs, Field, Leiter and Palmer —he considered ihe ablest business man, Mr. Farwell replied: “I believe the ablest business man is the man who stays the longest in busi ness and who has made the greatest success of it. Mr. Field was at the top of his business career and active on the day he died, and I think that an swers the question. “Mr. Leiter’s particular forte in the management of the firm’s business was in handling the finances. “One thing which contributed largely to the success of Mr, Field was his par ticular faculty and success in choosing his under managers. He was always particularly fortunate in the men who were associated with him, and this is showm by the number of men who have retired from the firm wealthy. He in trusted the management of the store to the heads of departments largely, but he always remained the supreme head to see that everything was run with the minimum of friction. He al ways put the right man in the right place, and every one in the employ of the store knew that he would receive exact justice in his dealings Aflth the head of the firm. “This is one of the greatest elements which make for the success of a busi ness man. When I started in business I had practically to run the depart ments myself. In Mr. Field’s establish ment you never found anyone fighting Pim. He knew all his old employes and always recognized them when he met them. “In common with other successful business men Mr. Field did not possess the strongest confidence in other peo ple in large business dealings. He wanted to be certain of his ground be fore he made advances. There have been many failures in the business world entirely attributable to overcon fidence in human nature.” And the career of this man should prove not only an inspiration to the boy who bears his name, but should furnish an unfailing guide to him in his business career. Your Work * ll Ywo Atkins Saws cut PWNjfSp* not only wood, iron C] ot^c r materials I J/vs. than any Y other, but they cut #That is because they arc made of the best steel in the world by men that know how. Atkins Saws, Corn Knives, Perfection Floor Scrapers, etc., arc sold by ail good hardware dealers. Catalogue on request. E. C. ATKINS (EL CO. Inc. Largest Saw Manufacturers in the World Factory and Executive Offices, Indianapolis Branches— New York, Chicago, Minneapolis Portland (Oregon), Seattle, ban Francisco Memphis, Atlanta and Toronto (Canada) t Accept no substitute—lnsist on the Atkins Brand 1 “bOLD BY GOOD DCALLRb tVLUYWHhRE Hfl WV-.V.VVMMSMAWVIAMVAfAAWVXAIWUVVVtAIVVU'JVAfAA/VWWX'—-!-• IN MEDICAL CIRCLES. Austrian and German physicians have fixed on coffee as one of the causes of epilepsy. Many cases of deafness now under treatment by London physicians are attributable by them to influenza. Apparently healthy .persons fre quently carry diphtheria germs in the mouth, thereby infecting eating and drinking utensils, and in this way they may be instrumental in spreading the disease, Dr. Koch, the famous German scien tist, is to take charge of an expedi tion to investigate the sleeping sick ness in German East Africa. The German colonial department has, it is said, given a great sum of money to ward the expenses of the expedition. When the floor of the operating the ater of the old hospital at Canterbury, England, was torn up the other day the rings were discovered through which were passed the cords for tying patients down on the operating table prior to the discovery of anesthetics. An application has been made by the Japanese government to the Brit ish General Medical council, asking it to the degrees of Japanese medical practitioners in various parts of the British empire. It is in the Straits Settlements that the Japanese doctors particularly wish leave to practice at present. A member of the British Royal Col lege of Veterinary Surgeons says: “Tne growth of quack dog doctors and bogus medicines during the last few years has been simply appalling. These “dog specialists/ as they call themselves, are usually dog dealers with good knowledge of canine habits but absolute ignorance of medirtne.” A Japanese scientist named Matsura has been studying the effects of dis eases and the varying physical state of the body upon the growth and thick ness of the hair. He finds that hair, especially in the case of persons whose hair is of coarse structure. Is so sen sitive to bodily condition that it con tains a veritable history of the state of the individual to whom it belongs, for the period covered by its growth. EPIGRAMS ESTRAY. Determination never shakes hands with doubt. What a man’s wife thinks of him is not far from the truth. It’s the lucky man who tells you there Is no such thing as luck. There is a remedy for ignorance but none for knowing too much. If bachelors should be taxed then bigamists should receive a pension. A man’s greatest inspiration is the knowledge that he needs the money. For every man who achieves great ness there are millions who fail to have it thrust upon them. i-—- A BOY’S BREAKFAST. There’s a Natural Fc*)d That Makes Its Own Way. There’s a boy up in Hoosick Falls, N. Y., who is growing into sturdy man hood on Grape-Nuts breakfasts. It might have been different with him, as his mother explains: “My 11-year-old boy is large, well developed and active, and has been made so by his fondness for Grape- Nuts food. At five years he was a very nervous child and was subject to fre quent attacks of indigestion which used to rob him of his strength and were very troublesome to deal with. He never seemed to care for anything for his breakfast until I tried Grape- Nuts, and I have never had to change from that. He makes his entire break fast of Grape-Nuts food. It is always relished by him and he says that it satisfies him better than the ordinary kind of a meal. “Better than all, he is no longer troubled with indigestion or nervous ness, and . has got to be a splendidly developed fellow since he began to use Grape-Nuts food.” Name given by Postum Cos., Battle Creek, Mich. There’s a reason. Read the little book. “The Road to Wellville,” in pkga.