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w taxe London Mitchell the Ploywrtehf, Bishop Oreerand Felix Adler Discuss the Timonial Views and Practises of Society • “New York is bounded on the North, “American girls marry for nothing • • South, East, and West by the and divorce for nothing, because # • State of Divorce.” you are nothing.” • • “Nothing i. final In Nature, not even " You American Bin. are fine talk- , : Death,” quote, the clergyman era” say. the Cng l.hman 'You . • from hi. sermon. If death is not talk " and ‘*' k - bu * ‘^ re * "°A ® I I final, why should marriage be here, (pointing to h.s heart) I J • final? Oh, yes, an excellent once knew an American girl. She : sermon. •• • All New York was " a * nlc ' >t kind “7 S • there and all New York went These AmeHc.n marriage, for . • . „ title have been In bad odor in • • away appy. England lately. ** * Marriage in • • “What are divorces among friends? England means three things— • J“A woman should marry when she Honor, obedience, and three chil- • • has the whim and leave the fest dren.” J £ to the divorce court.” “I stop at ‘obedience, * ” remarks • • “People like us should meet on equal the American woman.” • • terms,” says Mrs. Karslake, speak- “The judiciary have mixed this • • ing of divorced women. “If pco- thing (marriage and divorce) up J • pie like us don’t meet there would so we can’t tell we’re married un- • • be no society.” til we’re divorced.” 0 New York. —“The New York Idea” has been a much-discussed play. Peo ple have wanted to know why Mr. Langdon Mitchell, leveling his satire at divorce, was at pains to describe it as a New York idea. “I chose New York for ray title be cause New York is the greatest of American cities and reflects American life,” Mr. Mitchell explained; “The play might have been called ‘The Chicago Idea’ or ‘The Philadelphia Idea’ just as well, I suppose. The most explicit title would probably be ‘The American Idea.’ ” “In other words,” remarked the re porter, “you used the words New York to mean America, just as we say ‘Paris’ when we mean France, or speak of London when we think of England?” “Precisely.” “Why do you, assume the attitude you do on the divorce question?” The author settled back in his chair as if to weigh his words. Mr. Mitch ell is anything but a flippant young man of the town. His urbane manner and an almost imperceptible impres sion of reserve at once recall his fa ther, Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, the noted physician, and himself a famous au thor. “Mrs. Fiske suggested several years ago,” he said, gravely, “that I write a play with divorce as the theme.” “Would not such a play be serious?” “If there were children in a drama of divorce if would be a great tragedy. I decided, however, that my play should be a comedy.” “Acting, I suppose, on the principle that ridicule is the most dangerous of weapons,” suggested a representative of the New York Times. “No. There is a great drama in the divorce question, if treated as a seri ous problem. I should like to write such a play. My decision was reached, however, to make my play a comedy.” “It has been suggested that your methods resemble those of Bernard Shaw. Did you have his work in mind?” “Any resemblance to Mr. Shaw’s plays in ‘The New York Idea’ is quite unconscious, I assure you,” Mr. Mitch ell replied. “I know Mr. Shaw, having met him in London while I was liv ing there. He was very kind to me when my first play was produced in England. I have never been a student of his plays, though. I can almost say I have not seen performances of them. Of course, I make a round of the theaters every season, but I go away into the country to write my plays.” Life as the Author Sees It. “Then your criticisms of modern conditions merely reflect life as you see it?” “Marriages based on affection, loy alty, and a sense of duty are not affected by the satire and rebuke in my play. Nearly all married people have quarrels. Where the husband and wife have a sense of loyalty and obligation they pass an unpleasant day or so and then are good friends again. With people like Cynthia and John Karslake, on the other hand, a divorce is the first thing that sug gests itself—the easy, the usual end *of a quarrel in married life. “Who is to blame for such a condi tion? The law makes marriage a civil contract; divorces are easy to ob • tain. The church may place a ban on divorce. Why does not that keep husband and wife out of the divorce court? Can it be that the people criticising have ceased to be guided hy the church?” “Mrs. Parsons recently suggested marriages on probation,” suggested the reporter. “Is such a system pos sible?” “When we come right down to it,” Mr. Mitchell replied, “do not some marriages amount to precisely that? “The real trouble and the blame,” continued Mr. Mitchell, “lies deeper than the foolish husbands and wives I have sought to typify in Mr. and Mrs. Karslake. The people I really aim at are the fathers and mothers of such husbands and wives. Why do they not teach their children that marriage is a solemn thing, not to be entered into lightly and carelessly cast aside? These parents are the guilty ones. Careless, indifferent, apathetic, or worse, they allow their children to marry without telling them what married life means, much less teaching them that a husband and wife must be steadfast and are not to rush off to the divorce court at a whim or after every quarrel. Is it amazing. to think that the girls of such parents look on marriage merely as a matter of clothes, church, parson and orange blossoms, and know noth ing of the obligations that come after? Blame the Parents. “The parents of such girls should be punished. I read the other day that a state in the west had passed a law directing that girls under 14 years of age should not be allowed on the streets at night. Does the law punish the girl? No. It directs that the par ents pay a fine of five dollars every time the girl is found on the streets after dark. We should have such a law here. It places the blame where it belongs—on the parents.” - “In the third act of ‘The New York Idea,’ ” remarked the reporter, “the Englishman criticises the American girl and says that American girls who have married foreigners of title are in rather bad odor in Europe. Was that comment prompted by recent events in England and France?” “No.” Mr. Mitchell replied. “It was suggested months ago, while I was writing the play. I read an article in the Fortnightly Review in which some one had prepared a table showing 100 marriages of American girls and 100 marriages of young women from Aus tria-Hungary Englishmen of title. The American girls, according to the article, were mothers of 50 children and the wives from Austria-Hungary of 300 children. That means an aver age of two American wives to one child and three children for every wife from Austria-Hungary.” The reporter mentioned the charac ter of Rev. Mathew Phillamore in the play and his remarks which seemed to excuse divorce. The Insincere Minister. “I meant that to hit hard,” replied Mr. Mitchell. “I aimed the blow at the insincere minister, the man who twists his words to suit the likes and dislikes of the people in his congrega tion.” “You mean the clergyman who com promises at every point?” “That’s what I mean, precisely— the compromising clergyman. No one has a more sincere admiration than I for the true clergyman—Phillips Brooks, for example, a man I knew well; or Bishop Doane, who has Just said exactly what he thinks about divorce, no matter who is hurt; or a man like my old master at St. Paul’s Academy in Concsrd, N. H., Dr. Coit. I have known-shim to walk into a sa loon and up to the bar, take an ex- St. Paul’s boy by the arm and Head him away as though he were a little child. "I don’t mean such men, but the preachers who twist and turn their words to suit the occasion. I believe that many of the people who see ’The New York Idea’ will recognise the type and will agree with me. 1 want to hit such preachers hard.” Bishop Greer’s Opinion. Rt. Rev. David H. Greer, bishop coadjutor of the diocese of New York, when told of Mr. Mitchell’s views on the divorce question, said that in his opinion the prevalence of divorce was not due to the indiffer ence of parents or the lack of instruc tion to those about to marry, but was a manifestation of the moral irre sponsibility of the day. “I doubt If the lesson Mr. Mitchell outlines can be taught In the way he has chosen,” Bishop Greer said. ‘‘l am .not even certain that it does young people any good to teach them all that married life means —its sufferings and sacrifices. They know well enough what marriage is when they get into it. “The attitude toward marriage and divorce, which we are discussing, is a sign of the day, of lives based on the habit of living for the hour or the day—in a word, the attitude of irre sponsibility. So far as morals are con cerned, the people seem to be drift ing, to lack strong convictions. Per haps it may be traced to the modern spirit of agnosticism. It is one mani festation of many of this spirit in modern life.” “Such as corruption in political or moral life?” suggested the reporter. “The spirit makes itself felt in many ways,” Bishop Greer replied. “It is frequently seen in the tendency to let well enough alone, and to ac cept life as it is.” Moral Irresponsibility. “Then this moral Irresponsibility Is a disease?” “Yes, it is a disease; a malignant disease that should be cut out.” “What is the remedy for this dis ease, so far as ft concerns divorce?” “There must be some remedy,” Bishop Greer replied, after a moment of thoughtful silence. "The law can help, the church can help, and the newspapers can help. It is all a mat ter of public opinion, of making peo ple realize their responsibilities. “Do not believe for a moment that I am pessimistic,” he hastened to add. “On the contrary, I am optimistic. Why do the newspapers, for example, show only the darkest side of life — 'Aarnsy^ TmMbwwrm ISMKfI^ /kMr/rr//M£ the sins and crimes and sensational events? The pessimistic view of life always reminds me of the story of a boy from a country town, who was brought to New York by his father on his first visit. “ ‘Well, what do you think of It?’ asked’ the father when the trip had ended. “The boy was clearly disappointed. ‘All the people are lame,’ he replied. “Some questioning was required to find out exactly what the boy meant It appeared that there was a lame man In the village where the boy had lived all his life. The boy remem bered him distinctly, he wu so strange, so different from the others. As he walked along Broadway he saw a dozen lame men. He remembered them rather than the hundreds of peo ple who were sound. So It Is with our pessimists. They can flee only the lame men.” Felix Adler, professor of political and social ethics at Columbia univer sity, expressed the opinion that the responsibility for divorces lay not with the lack of instruction of those contracting marriage, but in the view of parents that marriage Is a means to obtain felicity and comfort, rather than an institution having for one of its important objects the preservation of society. “Mr. Mitchell has skimmed a sub ject,” said Prof. Adler, “which, to be thoroughly discussed, would require all the reflection of a work on philoso phy. I should be inclined to go beyond the people in the divorce courts and beyond the neglect of the parents to Inform their children regarding the duties and obligations of marriage, and to say the blame lay in the ab sence of thought and mature consid eration of the marriage relation in the parents themselves. “Marriage should not be considered, as is sometimes the case, merely for the felicity and comfort which the re lation affords. Marriage is an insti tution for the perpetuation of the best spiritual element In our race. A child needs the protection, the spiritual in fluence, and the material guidance of the home long after infancy is passed. We see in nature the mountains, the rocks, the rivers. They are perma nent. We face a condition in which the most precious thing of all —life — is ever in danger of extinction. It Is the preservation of this most precious thing that should be the source of thought and study by those who live in the marriage relation. The blessed felicity of marriage is a result, not the motive, of marriage.” “Is the ignorance with which young people approach marriage due to a lack of frankness on the part of the parents ?” “I would hardly say that,” Prof. Ad ler replied. “A New England woman asked me recently whether she should tell her young daughter everything about married life before her wed ding. “I was of the opinion that it would not be for the best. The mother should tell her daughter certain things, but if she learned everything there would be danger that the bald ness of the narrative would neutralize the beneficial object of the lesson. The time would come in the young wife's life when she would give seri ous thought* to the question. At such a time, other elements of married life —of affection, pride, loyalty, and the like —would enter into her considera tion of the subject and help her to a sensible conclusion.** TO PRESERVE FOOD PERFECT CLEANLINESS 18, OF COURSE, FIRST REQUISITE. VII Receptacles Should Be Thoroughly Aired at Frequent Intervals—Prop er Procedure When Scraps Are Put Away for Fu ture Use. Perfect cleanliness Is essential for the best preservation of food. The cellars, pantries, storerooms, refrig erators and all the receptacles in which food is kept should frequently be Inspected and thoroughly cleaned. Heart; and moisture tend to cause de cay. Therefore, it Is important that all foods should be surrounded with pure, cool, dry air. When it is pos sible, expose every closet and food receptable to the sun and air several times a week. All kinds of cooked food, particu larly the animal foods, spoil quickly when covered closely while still warm. All soups, meat, fish, bread, etc., that are to be kept for many days or hours should be cooled thoroughly and quickly in a current of cold air. In hot weather it is a good plan, when cooling soups, milk or any li quid mass, to place the vessel contain ing the food in another of cold wa ter with Ice, if convenient, and set in a cool draught. All meat, when not hung up, should be placed on a dish and set in a cool place. If poul try be drawn and a few pieces of char coal be placed in the body It will keep longer than if hung undrawn. It must not be washed until it is to be cooked. The dryer the meat is kept the better. A dish of charcoal placed in the re frigerator or pantry helps to keep the atmosphere dry and sweet. The bread box should be washed, scalded and thoroughly aired in the sun twice a week. The crusts and stale pieces of w r hite raised bread for which there is no oth er use should be put in a pan, dried slowly in a warm oven, and then pounded, sifted and put in a glass jar for future use in frying croquettes, chops, oysters, etc. All the trim mings of fat should be rendered while they are sweet, then strained into jars or pails kept for that purpose. Put beef, pork and chicken fat together; this will answer for deep frying. Ham, bacon and sausage fat answers for frying potatoes, hominy, mush, etc. All the strong flavored fats, such as mutton, duck, turkey and the trim mings from broiled ham are to be kept by themselves. Pure fat will keep sweet many months, but if water or any foreign substance be left in it, it will spoil quickly. When rendering or clarify ing fat cool it slowly until there are no bubbles. As long as bubbles form you may be sure that there is water in the fat. If put away in that condi tion it will become rancid. Vaseline as a Hair Grower. Plain vaseline, the yellow product, rubbed into the scalp nightly or sev eral times a week will prevent your hair from coming out and also induce anew growth. It is not anew rem edy, but the petroleum has a wonder ful effect on the growth of the hair. Many of the Irish girls who come to this country with such fine heads of hair owe the growth to kerosene, which is a favorite remedy for strengthening the hair follicles in Ireland. But as that is unpleasant to use, the vaseline comes next in order, possessing much the same properties. Coffee Spice Cake. * Put into a pan one cup of sugar, one cup Porto Rico molasses and two thirds of a cup of butter. Add one cup hot coffee that has been turned over a teaspoonful soda and stirred .until it stopped “purring.” Mix well, then add-one half pound seeded rais ins, a teaspoonful each aloes, cinna mon and nutmeg and flour, about three cups or enough to make as stiff as fruit Chicken Served on Shortcake. This summer I spent the day at a farmhouse with old friends, says an eastern writer. The “biddy” was rather small for a large family and was served in this w r ay, and how good it tasted. The fowl was fric asseed and served on squares of short cake with the gravy. Also a large dish of the short cake and gravy was on the table so that every one could have more shortcake if they couldn’t have more chicken. I thought it quite an idea for large families and decided to pass it along. An Odd Lawsuit. Attributing his failure at the last French election to the frequent break downs of his motor car, a candidate has brought an action against a motor manufacturer and claims $2,000 damages. , Who Wants It? The following advertisement recent ly appeared in a western medical journal: Wanted —A bicycle, for which will be given a jar containing nine specimens of the appendix vermifor> mis.