Newspaper Page Text
FARfIER AND PLANTER
ALFALFA GROWING. Two Farmers Give Their Opinion of Value of Plant. I began to grow alfalfa five year* Bgo. I have now five acres sown, frqjn which I have cut four times this sea son and at present writing (Sept. 20) it stands eight inches high. My mode of sowing is to sow either in August or September, which I think is the best time to sow, for if you sdw in the fall you can get three or four cut tings the next year. I plow my ground very deep, and use harrow and drag until I get the soil in fine condition and then sow 30 pounds to the acre, sowing both ways. I do not cut the first crop, as I consider that much thrown away. I have at present five acres just coming on which I sowed last month. I sowed, on Aug. 15, 1904, two acres of alfalfa and have cut four times this year, as follows; May 31, I cut from the five acres 21,330 pounds; June 30, 13,300 pounds; Aug. 4, 15,460 pounds; Sept. 14, 10,890; making a total of 60,980 pounds. I find it to be very fine feed for stock. We have one mule that we have been obliged to cut out half of her grain oil account of feeding her this hay. The greatest drawback I find with this hay is a small yellow weed that grows in with the hay which kills it. If anyone knows of a rem edy to kill this weed, I would be pleased to learn it so I might try it. — W. J. Bush, Johnson City, Tenn. Another Farmer’s Opinion. In my search for facts in regard to the alfalfa plant as a pasture, I have found a wide difference in opinion as to the intrinsic value; but by a series of experiments on my trial grounds 1 have proven to ray own satisfaction that it can be used very successfully as a pasture and without damage to the stock, provided the animals are not turned to pasture except with full stomachs. Cattle are so fond of the alfalfa plant that they eat of it greed ily, usually gorging themselves if they go to pasture wLh empty stomachs and the result is bloat and loss of cattle. I never pasture alfalfa while the dew is on or just after a rain. It is claimed by many that cattle can be accustomed to alfalfa pasture by be ing allowed to feed for a short period each day and gradually lengthen the time until they can eat it without ap parent danger; but I cannot speak au thoritatively on this, as my experi ments along this line are as yet in their infancy; but I believe the safest plan is to mix the alfalfa seed with oilier grasses and clovers. I have found the following a good combination: One part each of alfalfa, red clover and timothy to three parts each of orchard grass and cromus in ertia. While people differ in opinion as to the value of alfalfa as a pasture, when It comes to a hay crop each one has proclaimed it a bonanza. Alfalfa on suitable land will yield five tons of cured hay per acre, while the feeding value of one acre of corn is rarely equivalent to three tons of alfalfa hay. Animals accustomed to the use of al falfa hay never tire of it, and it has been asserted that they will leave fresh green pastures to feed from a stack of alfalfa. Alfalfa meal can be bought at any up-to-date feed store and I find it val uable as a food when mixed with corn and fed to fattening hogs: but when feeding It to cattle I find them to be the best and most economical mill to grind it. —Enos C. Pittman, Cloar, Ark. Paper From Cotton Stalks. .The manufacture of paper from the fiber of cotton stalks is one of the latest inventions which are said to have passed the experimental stage. It is asserted that all grades of paper, from the best form of linen to the low est grade, can be manufactured from cotton stalks. In addition te this a variety of by-products, such as alco hol, nitrogen, material for gun cotton end smokeless powder can also be secured in paying quantities. Mills for the use of cotton stalks in that way may become general in the cot ton-growing states. It is estimated that on an area of land producing a bale of cotton, at least one ton of stalks can be gathered. Upon this basis, from 10,000,000 to 12,000,000 tons of raw material could be secured for the production of paper, which would increase the value of the south’s cotton crop nearly 110,000,000,. A company has been organized under the laws of the state of Maine, with a capital stock of $15,000,000, preferred and common, for the purpose of man ufacturing pulp and paper from cotton stalks. - - A Mistake. It is a mistake to rake up the leaves In the wood lot or any other place and burn them, as many people do. Of course they are 1 unsightly on a lawn and therefore may be removed in summer, but they should be re turned in the fall for a mulch in win ter and to add to the fertility of the ground when they decay. WEEVIL l(M PEAS. Applications of Carbon Bi-Sulphlde Will Do the Business. Peas and beans are subject to at* tack by several species of “weevils,” which are not the same as the weevils of wheat, corn and other cereal grains, but which fortunately are sub ject to the same remedial treatment. Since many eggs are deposited in the peas while they are ripening in the field, these will hatch out after the peas are stored, so that no method of effectually preventing the first infesta tion by the weevils is known. Hut if the peaces are stored in a tight bin it is then possible, and indeed, quite easy to kill them, by two fumi gations with the chemical known as carbon bl-sulphide. This liquid may be had of druggists at about 30 cents per pint, and should be used at the rate of about 1% tablespoonsful to every 100 pound of peas. It may be thrown directly on the peas, dashing it on In several places about over the bin, or it may be placed in several shallow saucers, which are then placed in the bin on the peas. In either case cover the bin at once with a heavy blanket, oil cloth or canvas to prevent the escape of the fumes. Leave for a day before removing the cover, and repeat the treatment with in a week or ten days later. These two treatments will not hurt the peas either for sowing or for food. There is one caution which must be observed in using this remedy, and that is that no fire, not even a lighted pipe, cigar, lamp, etc., can be allowed around the bin while the treatment is being given. The liquid and its fumes are inflammable. I find that the greatest difficulty in the way of using this treatment among our farmers is that they have not the tight bins that are necessary to do thorough work. If the bin is not tight, it can be compensated for in part by increasing the amount of the chemical used, but If there are so many cracks that air circulates freely, it fs almost impossible to do a satis factory job of it. —Franklin Sherman, Jr., Entomologist, Department of Agri culture, Raleigh, N. C. India’s Cotton Tree. London Commercial Intelligence re cently printed a letter from J. K. Spence, at Wallas Cotton, Plantation, Deese, who claims to have discovered a variety of cotton tree, indigenous to India, capable of revolutionizing the cotton industry of that country. He says the tree grows in various parts of Bombay and Madras presidencies, which produces cotton infinitely supe rior both in classification and staple to American cotton and in classifica tion alone can not be equaled by Egypt. It is an astonishing fact that the vdlue of the tree’s product has not up to this time been discovered by anyone in the cotton trade, notwith standing the fact that the tree has been known to exist since the time of the mutiny and probably for hun dreds of years previously. The only uses the cotton it produces has been put to are the manufacture of wicks for lamps in Hindu temples and the stuffing of beds and pillows. After careful examination of the Cotton, Mr. Spence unhesitatingly expressed the opinion that it w'ould probably revolu tionize the cotton industry of India and largely resume the European de mand for American cotton. Why Many Chicks Die. Great numbers of chicks are lost, particularly in incubators, through the chicks being unable to get out of the shell. Many reasons are given, as for instance weakness of the par ent stock, improper temperature or moisture in incubators, etc. While these faults are undoubtedly the cause of many deaths among chicks, still it is natural to suppose a chick in a very thick-shelled egg will have a harder time to gain his freedom than one in an egg with a normal shell. If the shells are hard or thick, regulate the supply of crushed oyster or clam shells. Shrinkage of Corn In the Crib. Here is an item that farmers will be interested in: A test at the lowa experiment station developed the fol lowing facts: 7,000 pounds of ear corn were husked and stored in a crib con structed to make the storage condi tions normal. In the first three monfes the loss was 630 pounds, or 9 per cent; for the next three months the loss was 300 pounds, or 5 per cent; for the third three months, 220 pounds, or 3 per cent, and *for the last three months 190 pounds, or 1.5-7 per cent. The aggregate loss was 1,430 pounds, or more than 20 per cent To Determine Weight of Cattle. The following rule has been found of considerable value in determining the weight of cattle when actual weighing is Inconvenient, but in all the rules given the weight will vary widely with animals of the same girth. Cattle girthing five feet, ordinarily weigh from 650 to 750 pounds, accord ing to form and fatness; for each ad ditional inch of girth add 25 pounds, up to six feet and for each inch aftb? six feet, add 50 pound* HOUSEHOLD WISDOM HU IDEAS FOR THE KITCHEN AND THE SICK ROOM. Proper Way to Roast a Ham—Simple Method of Preparing Baked Pota toes—Making Fire Without Disturbing Invalid. When making a meat pie, turn a cup upside down in the bottom of dish; when going to serve take cup out and you will have plenty of gravy to serve. TO ROAST A HAM. —Take anew bam that has been salted for some weeks. If smoked, parboil It before roasting. While it is before jthe fire, baste It with white wine and sugar. When half done, remove skin, stick It full of cloves and let It roast as long again, basting it with fresh wine and sugar until thoroughly cooked. NEVER STIR INGREDIENTS. — When making biscuits or bread with baking powder or soda and cream tartar, the oven should be prepared first, the dough handled quickly and put into oven as soon as it becomes the proper lightness. If oven is too alow, the article baked will be heavy and hard. Never stir ingredients into batter, but beat them in. THE KITCHEN TABLE.—To pre vent the corner of your table working through your table oilcloth, take four squares of strong canvas, glue a piece on wrong side, just where the corners of the table come in contact with the tablecloth. This also prevents the table oilcloth from cracking and look ing shabby as you often see them. SIMPLE MODE OF BAKING.— Baked potatoes are said to be much more wholesome than boiled, says a writer. Asa very hot oven is re quired to bake them, I thought of a much easier way. I wash the pota toes, and while they are wet I put them in an iron frying pan and cover with a close fitting cover and set them on the top of the range to bake, with a slow fire, turning them once or more as needed. I have followed this plan for years, and like it nvich better than the usual way. Try it. FIRES IN SICK ROOM.—In a sick room, where the slightest noise will disturb the patient, I have found the best method of making up the fire, and especially at night, is to take away all fire irons, replacing them with an old walking sticky to clear the ashes from the grate, then place on the fire a parcel of coal tied up in a newspaper or stout paper bag, which as the paper burns will gently fall into place without noise. I have never known this to disturb even the most restless sufferer. Sandwiches. Dainty sandwiches are made by passing ham through the chopper and adding a suggestion of lemon peel. By dressing cold halibut with a lit tle mayonnaise and capers. By using chopped Spanish onions, with of without the lettuce. By mixing finely-chopped walnuts with cream cheese, and adding a lit tle heavy cream and a pinch of salt. By preparing a filling of stone olives and green and red (sweet) peppers, both chopped fine. By covering the bread with thin slices of cucumber over which chopped chives, or grated American cheese, should then be sprinkled. By passing cold pork and celery through the chopper, and seasoning with salt and Worcestershire slightly diluted with water. A Laundry Secret. The best way to wash dainty neck scarfs is to make a strong lather in boiling water; when nearly cold wash the scarf quickly. Then. dip it in cold, hard water in which same com mon salt has been dissolved (to pre serve the colors); rinse, squeeze and hang out to dry in the open air, pin at its extreme edge to the line, and the more rapidly it dries the clearer it will be. How to Keep Cake Fresh. Cut a slice of new bread about an Inch thick and place in the tin with the cake. This will help keep the cake fresh for some time. The bread must be renewed when stale. An apple placed in the cake tin will an swer the same purpose as the bread and should also be renewed when withered. A peculiar warm shade of red-brown cloth is especially in favor with dark brown furs and a brown hat trimmed with brown feathers. Dahlia Becoming Popular. The dahlia, that fine and large flower which adorns our autumn gar dens, is reconquering the place which has been usurped for some years by its Japanese sister, the chrysanthe mum. The gardeners have given to it what It formerly lacked, variety, and Its shades now rival those of the more popular flower. —Le Figaro. Destroy Much Shoe Leather. Every day the inhabitants of the Kingdom wear away 11,000,00® worth of shoe leather. Worth Knowing. That Allcock’s Plasters are the highest result of medical science and skill, and in Ingredients and method have never been equaled. That they are the original and gen uine porous plasters upon whose rep utation imitators trade. That Allcock’s Plasters never fall to perform their remedial work quickly and effectually. That for Weak Back, Rheumatism, Colds, Lung Trouble, Strains and all Local Pains they are Invaluable. That when you buy Allcock’s Plas ters you obtain the best plasters made. Proper Eyeglasses. Everyone who knows that in using a field glass It is necessary to adjust It to a proper focus. Suppose that you put one of the tubes at your focus and the other tube at a focus that suit ed someone else and then you looked through both tubes. You should have a more or less blurred vision, and if you kept on looking the chances are that you would feel giddy and get a headache. Now, the two eyes are sup posed to have an equal natural focus, and when by any chance that focus is unequal a headache results. The rem edy is a pair of glasses or a single glass to make the eyes equal in power. Care of Children's Teeth. At Strasburg, Germany, a dental clinic has been opened at the uni versity for the treatment of school children. Hither all the school chil dren are sent, in order, by their teach ers. Each child is quickly exam ined, as‘many as eighty children be ing dealt with in an hour, and nearly 300 a day, by a single doctor. Teach ing goes hand in hand with treatment. The doctor tells the child how to use a tooth brush, sees that he uses one, and sends him home to practice with it. The movement is spreading. In Wiesbaden and Mulhausen school den tal clinics are to be erected. BIRD TRAVELS WITH GIRAFFE Red Billed Weaver Constant Compan ion of Animal Skyscraper. The red-billed weaver bird is a con stant companion of the giraffe, perch ing itself upon the withers and flying along when its host takes to flight, and immediately alighting again on Its back at the first opportunity. The only means of defense or offense by the giraffe is by means of its hoofs, and the blows it can deliver by kick ing are of tremendous power. The old males during the breeding season fight in this manner a good deal, and the female employs the same means in defending her young against car nivorous animals. Giraffes are very swift of foot, and It requires a very fleet horse to run them down. Experienced hunters, however, charge them at full speed, and by this means are often able to run into them, and if the giraffes are fat they will soon become “blown.” When running, the tail is twisted in a corkscrew fashion over the back and the hind legs at each step are thrown on the outside of the forelegs, giving a very grotesque straddling appear ance. The giraffe Is mute, but he has a very keen sense of hearing and of smell. NO MEDICINE! But Change of Food Gave Final Relief. Most diseases start in the aliment ary canal —stomach and bowels. A great deal of our stomach and bowel troubles come from eating too much starchy and greasy food. The stomach does not digest any of the starchy food we eat —white bread, pastry, potatoes, oats, etc. —these things are digested in the small intes tines, and if we eat too much, as most Of us do, the organs that should di gest this kind of food are overcome by excess of work, so that fermenta tion, indigestion, and a long train of ails result Too much fat also is hard to digest, and this is changed into acids, sour stomach, belching gas, and a bloaty, heavy feeling. In these conditions a change from indigestible foods to Grape-Nuts will work wonders in not only relieving the distress but in building up a strong digestion, clear brain and steady nerves. A Wash, woman writes: “About five years ago I suffered with bad stomach—dyspepsia, indigestion, constipation—caused, I know now, from eating starchy and greasy food. “I doctored for two years without any benefit. The doctor told me there was no cure for me. I could not eat anything without suffering severe pain in my back and sides, and I be came discouraged. “A friend recommended Grape-Nuts and I began to use it. In less than two weeks I began to feel better, and Inside of two months I was a well woman and have been ever since. “I can eat anything I wish with pleasure. We eat Grape-Nuts and cream for breakfast* and are very fond of it.” Name given by Postum Cos., Battle Creek, Mich. Read the little book, “The Road to Wellville/ in pkgs. “There’s a reason.” Mr*. Wlnalow* Soothing gyrnp. for children tecthlnr. ■often* tee gums. reduce* In. luuutioß tllan pain.cures wind cello. 85c a bottle. Success Is often a hundred-to-one shot that the talent overlooks. All Cloth Hats, Children’s Dresses, etc., made to look like new with PUTNAM FADELESS DYES. A woman’s Idea of a perfect gen tleman is any man who agrees with her. FITS, St. Vitus Dance and all Nervous Diseases permanently cured by Dr. Kline’s Great Nerve Restorer. Send for Free $2.00 trial bottle and treatise. Dr. R. H. Kline, Ld., 931 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. Lives by Raising Queen Bees. Miss Flora Mclntyre, sophomore In Berkeley University, California, pays her board and tuition fees by the sale of queen bees she raises. TERRIBLE ITCHING SCALP. Eczema Broke Out Also on Hands and Limbs —An Old Soldier Declares; “Cuticura Is a Blessing." "At all times and to all people I am willing to testify to the merits of Cuticura. It saved me from worse than the tortures of hades, about the year 1900, with itching on my scalp and temples, and afterwards it com menced to break out on my bands. Then it broke out on my limbs. I then went to a surgeon whose treat ment did me no good, but rather ag gravated the disease. I then told him I would go and see a physician in Erie. The reply was that I could go anywhere, but a case of eczema like mine could not be cured; that I was too old (80). I went to an eminent doctor in the city of Erie and treated with him for six months, with like results. I had read of the Cuticura Remedies, and so I sent for the Cuti cura Soap. Ointment and Resolvent, and continued taking the Resolvent until I had taken six bottles, stopping it to take the Pills. I was now get ting better. I took two baths a day and at night I left the lather of the Soap dry on. I used the Ointment with great effect after washing in warm water, to stop the itching at once. I am now' cured. The Cuticura treatment is a blessing, and should be used by every one who has itching of the skin. I can’t say any more, and thank God that He has given the world such a curative. Wm. H. Gray, 3303 Mount Vernon St., Philadelphia, Pa., August 2, 1905.” Sympathy Not Needed. Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, Norway’s fa mous arctic explorer, now minister to Gerat Britain, makes light of the sympathy expressed by many persons anent the “hardships” of travelers. He says: “There never was such mis placed sympathy as commiserating a man who has lived in the wilds. Most men who travel in out-of-the-way parts of the world do so because they like it. People who live in the center of what is called civilization do not un derstand, cannot realize, the spell that getting close to nature, battling with nature, has on the heart.’’ He does not believe in the use of alcoholic bev erages, holding that while liquor will raise the temperature for a few min utes, after that it falls lower than before. SICK HEADACHE ■■ S —| Positively cured by rADTTDO these Pi,ls * \i§\ |\ I L l\o They also relieve Dls- tress from Dyspepsia, In- ITTLE digestion and Too Hearty 11/PA Eating; A perfect rem- I W Esin edy for Dizziness, Nausea, mm PILLS* Drowsiness, Bad Taste ■M SF In the Mouth. Coated I Tongue, Pain In the side, Itwpptt* uver. They regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable. SMALL PILL SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICE. PADTCDQI Genuine Must Bear ■■ittle * Fao-Simile Signature lap ggi I REFUSE SUBSTITUTES. * * CATARRH Ely’s Cream Balm is quickly absorbed. iij ■ Gives Relief at Once. an It cleanses, soothes heals and protects y the diseased brane. It cures Ca- tarrh and drives away a Cold in the Head quickly. Be-||Ay FEVER stores the Senses’of lit* • Wmm w fell Taste and Smell. Full size 50 cts., at Drug gists or by mail; Trial Size 10 cts. by maO. Ely Brothers, 56 Warren Street. New York. Drilling Machine^ liio or Rook Drilling Machines il any sized wells to any depth, ted by Steam or Gasoline En es or Horse Power. Dept. 10. ARTA IRON WORKS COMPANY, SPARTA, WIS.f U. S. A. MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. TltOßpson’f Eje Water A. N. K.—F (1906—50) 2156.