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—PUBLISHED BY— THE NEWS PRINTING CO. TELEPHONE Office 215. Editor's. Residence 221. THOS. J. WOOD - - - Editor Our Motto: “Tell the timth—No matter whom it helps or hurts Entered the Post Office at Starkvllle, Mississippi, as second class mall matter Published every Friday. Subscrlp ton price SI.OO per year All communications must be accompanied with the name ol the writer. No attention paid to anonymous communications. Correspondents wauling their manuscripts returned must in close the necessary stamps. Notice of meetings of strictly charitable organizations will be inserted one time free. Obitua ries, In Memoriaras, Cards of Thanks, and all other notices of alfkinds must be paid for at one cent a word. There will be no deviation from this rule. — • -w— ——— Announcement of Candidates Announcements in this paper for County candidates is $lO 00; Supervisor’s districts 5.00, SPOT CASH to accompany same. ANNOUNCEMENTS. All announcements subject to the action of the Democratic party. For United States Senator, JAMES K. VARDAMAN. For Lieutendant-Governor, WILEY N. NASH, Of OktU beha County. For State Senate, 13rd. District. H. H. SIKES. T. J. HARPOLE J. A. McREYNOLDS For District Attorney, Sixteenth District. HARDEN H. BROOKS, JR., Of Noxubee. For County Prosecuting Attorney, M. A. SAUNDERS, O. F. TURNER. For the Legislature —Eastern Division, FRANK S. PULLER. W. E. DRANE. For Legislature —Western District C. B. HANNAH. For Superintendent of Education S. J. WALLACE. W. H. MILLER. C. E. SCROGGINS. A. E. GREEN For Sheriff, J. E. BROWN. Dr. J. W. CRUMPTON. L. H. NICKELS MURRAY MAXWELL C. H. WEST. For Chancery Clerk, E. O. McILWAIN. For Circuit Clerk, M, R. FULGHAM. For Tax Assessor. SAM B. CRITZ. J. L. LUCAS. J. A. CAROTHRES D. B. JACKSON For County Treasurer, W. H. HULL. T. N. GILLIS. A. E. HEARON. W. T. NORRIS. C. R. SANDERS C. B. FERGUSON For Supervisor First District CALVIN McCREIGHT. W. H. SUDDUTH For Supervisor 4th, District. W. S. HENRY. for Justice of the Peace, District No. 1 T. E, VEAZEY VACATION TOURS VIA MOBILE & OHIO RAILROAD. Greatly reduced round trip fares to points East. West. North and North-west. Liberal return limits. Stop-overs. Plan your summer trip now. Nearest tickets agent, Mobile & Ohio R. R.. will be pleased to give full information regarding fares., or write. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH Of Jas. K. Vardaman From Cross-Tie Camp to Governor’s Mansion. The Mississippian, Meridfan. We often hear that it is open to every boy, rich or poor, to reach the highest gift within the stale. The very rich are too busy en joying their ease, and nine times out of ten, the drudgery of mak ing an existence, the daily light for the necessities of life, the grind of poverty, takes the am bition out of the others. The flittering hues of hope fade with the drudgery of the years, and they accept the fate which has bound them to the wheel. There are a few who rise above mediocrity in spite of this. There is still a smaller few who achive eminence, and the leader of this class are those denominated “great.’' In the latter class is James K.Vardaman. No man has ever surmounted more heart-breaking disadvan tages; no man has held more un swervingly to his purpose; no man has come from deeper depts of dire proverty, and he did it himself, Vardaman was born 49 years ago in Jackson county, Texas, where his parents, Mississippi ans, had gone in the hope of bet tering their condition, like many another disheartened Confeder ate soldier shortly after the cause of the South went down. The elder Vardaman hungered for old Mississippi; so five years after little Jim was born, they trailed back and settled up in Yalobusha county, three miles out in the country from Tillato ba. The house was an old-fash ioned hewn log affair, and cracks clap-boarded up and a wide open hall between the rooms. There the family settled down. There were two other boys, John, two years older than Jim, and Will who is several years younger. Such were the beginning of James K. Vardaman. For sev eral years they scratched along the family having a hard lime of it-they were right down poor and no mistake. In the wfinter time they cut stove wood and sold it—did odd jobs about the neighborhood wherever there was a cent to be made. In the fall, after they had picked the small crop of cotton they made, the boys worked out for other people picking. Thus the life went on one day much like another. There was very little time for schooling, and the mother taught the boys at night mainly. Later on, when Var daman was 20 years old, he be gan getting out cross-ties and hauling them to Tillatoba. One year Jim managed to get a little vacation, and went down to Carroll county to visit some relatives Christmas time. He met an old lawyer who took an interest in him, and Vardaman confided his ambition to study law. The old lawyer loaned the young man a copy of Blackstone and one or two other law books, and Vardaman joyfully took them back with him. When a person works all day getting out cross ties he is pret ty apt to be sleepy when night comes —and night did not afford much time for study for Jirn Var daman- So he carried his pre cious Blackstone with him, and when he got a load of cross-ties on his wagon and started on the three-mile journey to Tillatoba— it was a long slow ride, for it was a scrawny little team and the roads were bad—Vardaman had his best chance for reading. There are those in Yalobusha county yet who remember him perched upon a load of ties, im mersed in his book, while the team tugged away in their own gait. He finally qualified himself for the law and was admitted at Carrol ton. Then he went to Wi nona for a year or so, and edited the Advance while waiting for clients. Later he moved to Greenwood, where a c inflict was on between the opposing forces of order and disorder. Varda man at once aligned himself with the decent element trying to clean the place up and the job was a success, although it involv ed in a shooting scrape in which two of the saloon element open ed fire on him at once, as he was crossing the street. He stood his ground in the open, gave shot for shot, and got his man. They left him alone after that, and Greenwood was soon cleared up; in which happy end he was one of the hardest working fac tors. He soon found that the law, with its quiddles and delays, did not appeal to him. Moreover he was 100 impatient to wait for practice. So he started into newspaper work there, that his enthusiasm might have an outlet. LaPlore county sent him to the Legislature. When his term expired, they re-elected him. Then they re-elected him again, and he was made Speaker of the House; and he made a good one; fair, impartial and a splendid parliamentarian. Then, after his term expired he was made Presidential Elec tor. Later he made a race for Governor. He carried every county he spoke in, but the pop ularity of Anse McLaurin was too great for him, a young and camparatively young unknown man, to overcome. Ae came out of the race with honor and lots of friends. Four years later later he tried it again. Meanwhile the Span ish war had come on. Varda man had esposei the cause oi the down trodden Cabans in his paper, and he felt it it his duty to back up his talk, so he raised a company and was elected cap tain. He had criticised Governor McLaurin in his paper for what lie considered official short-com ings, and Governor McLaurin resented it keenly. When the first Mississippi Regiment was mobilized at Jackson, Governor McLaurin refused to issue a com mission to Captain Vardaman un less he apologized for what be had written about McLaurin. This Vardaman emphatically re fused to do. He withdrew from the regiment, was offered and accepted a captiancy in the sih Immune and was promoted to major. Seeing that there was little probability of the malitia being called on first for service, Var danian got a transfer to one of the ‘Tmmunes,’* regiments, the United States recruited for ser vice in Cuba. He was rapidly promoted, his ability being at once recognized, and was a naa jor in the Fifth Regiment, Sta tioned at Santiago. There he remained fighting yellow fever, looking after his men, acting as judge advocate and discharging his duties fully and to the letter. The war was over, and nothing but garrison duty*was to be per formed, so Vardaman, having done his full duty, came hack with his men and was musteied out at Camp Meade May 31, 1899, and returned to Mississippi to make the race for Governor once more. It was late when he got in the campaign. The McLaurin admiustration threw its whole force, which was powerful at that time, behind Judge Longino. It was the old convention method, and if there was anybody who was a past master at handling a convention, it was Governor McLaurin, and some of his helpers and political associates. Vardaman was beaten again in the convention. He went back to Greenwood ‘‘broke sf flat as a flounder, and took up the burden of trying to make a living out of his papei. Naturally he did not love the McLaurins, or they him; nor did he like Longino, upon whom the mantle of McLaurin had fallen. That dislike was cordially recip rocated. Whenever he saw any thing he thought needed criticis ing, he spoke right out in raeet ing.That gained him a choice lot of enemies among the old crowd. The primary election law was passed. Vardanian summoned all his resources, which were few, and got into the campaign. Most of us remember cam paign. He had not only his op ponents to fight, but the entire power of the administration, and all of the influence of the Me- Laurins. But the people wanted him —and he was elected, and we all know what sort of a governor he made. He gave a clean, upright ad ministration, conspicuous for its conservatism, and the forward advance of the Stale in many lines. The legislature was not in thorough sympathy with him, and there were other recommen dations of his, they did not adapt but he managed to get a good deal of work done. He cleaned up the last of the penitentiary leasing system and got the convicts all on the state farms. He gave great ciro to the institutions for the deaf and dumb, the blind, the insane, and largely through his efforts thev were added to, modernized and amplified. The convicts weie treated more humanly, and bet ter results were gotten from the penitentary farms. There are many, many reforms he accom plished. He refused to sign the bill au thorizing the M. & O. and the Southern Railroads to consoli date in Mississippi, thus giving the-adyantage of competing rates over these lines. They have been fighting him every since. When the yellow fever was threatening the coast, and was on the coast, he was right there with the midi cal men, person seeing what he could do to alle viate the situation. When the new code of 1906 was presented to the Legislature by the Commissioners, Gov. Var daman noted that the limit on land holding by corporations had been raised from one million dollars worth of .and to ten milli on. Right there. Governor Var daman balked. He knew what it meant—that the lumber trust was gobbling up all of the pine and timber lands of the state. He wanted to save them for the Mississippians who did not foresee just what had happened, the phenominal rise in their val ue. More over, he did not be lieve in corporations owning so much land —in immense, baron ial estate. He bad the fate of Ireland,of England, before him with their landlordism. He served notice that he would veto the whole thing if that was not changed. It was changed the limit was cut down to millions; for the Legislature realized that land which was probably only worth a million or less a few years before, was now' worth double. That was to protect those w T ho had already invested. But the landowners and the lumber trust and their allied in terests were much chargrilled and disappointed and got it in for him. to their activity, more than any other cause, Vardanian ascribes his defeat by John Sharp Williams. The narrow margin of 352 votes would have elected Vardanian-—and the lumber trust saw that every man who could vote, and wdiom they could in fluence —and were a good many votes against Vardaman. Gov Vardaman went out of office a poor man. He paid up as much as he could of debts out of his salary, and then started “The Issue,” after his term ex pired, and has been doing lecture work to supliment its earnings. Had he not been honest he could have come out with pleth oric pockets. There were rich men in the penitentiary who would have given a king’s ransom to get out. The school books in terests would have been glad to dictate the School Book Com mission, the creation of which was another piece of Vardaman s sagacity which has saved thou sands ot dollars to school pa trons of the state. There were a hundred ways in wnich he could have - f eathered his nest ” and not have the reproach of being poor and perhaps owing a little money being thrown in the face as it is today, by arrogant and purse proud opposition. But like St. Paul, he ‘‘held his course, he kept the faith, he fought the good fight,” and af ter August ii, the people of Mississippi who want a man of the people, and in touch with them, their aims and desires and welfare, will add—“and HE HAS WON.” Electric Bitters Made A New Man Of Him. “I was suffering from pain in my stomach, head and back,” v rites H. j T. Alston, llaloigh, N. C., “and my \ liver and kidneys did not work right, S but four bottles of Electric Bitters I made me feel like anew man.” The Clarion —Ledger Foresees Defeat. In the opinion of this paper it is all nonsense to say that Vard aman will not be in the second primary. That Vardaman will lead the ticket by sevearal thous. and, the Clarion-Ledger has never doubted, and those who are figuring him out of the sec ond primary are governed more by sentiment than by judge ment. —Clarion-Ledgar, July 9. Rather a remarkable concessi on from your uncle Hi. We have heard many things said a bout Col. Hi, some rather hard things not implied compliments by any manner of means, but no one has ever had the temerity to write him down a fool. Col, He nry knows a thing or two, and he might have taken one other step and been safe in saying that there will be but our primary so for as senators are concerned in the question, @6O YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trade Marks Designs * Copyrights Ac. Anvone sending a sketch and description may quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an invention is probably patentable. Communica tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents sent free. Oldest acency for securing patents. Patents taken tnrough Munn & Cos. receive special notice , without charge, in the Scientific American. A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest cir culation of any scientific Journal. Terms, |3 a year; four mouths, $L Sold by all newsdealers. MJUNN & 00,361 Broadway, New York Hlbrauch Office, <B6 F 8t Washington. D. C. Mr. Tom McKell and family, of Friendship, Tenn.,and Mr. Smith, of Mobile, who were call ed here on account of the death of Mr. Frank McKell, returned to their respective homes Sun day. Mrs Smith will remain over for a week with homefolks. • ■ The fig crop is later, and short er this season than ever known in this section for there to be a crop at all. Robertson —Nickels. A quiet marriage was solemniz ed on last Sunday evening, when at the home of the brides parents, at Choctaw Agency, Mr. Wallace Nickels claimed the heart and hand of Miss Lyda Robertson. Only a small coterie of relatives and friends were present to wit ness the ceremony, which was performed by Rev. J. L. Nabors, of the M. E. Church. A host of friends here and thoughout the county join in a gladsome wish for a long and untramelled life of conjugal bliss. On# Woman’s Schsme. The thrifty wife of an officer In onf army saw no reason why the big sheets of linen paper covered with fig ures and calculations should ba thrown away. She begged all site could get, soaked them, and, for her reward had enough fine linen to make frocks and blouses for the family. The ink does not go through the surface finish and so a perfect treasure lies under neath to be had for a bit of bot wat#i and the asking.