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THE STARKVTLLE NEWS.
vol xrv^. Uses and Abuses of Fertilizers By Prof. R. J. H. De Loach, Director of Georgia Experiment Station. 4. FERTILIZERS AND FIELD CROP*. The Fourth of a Series of Six Articles David Dickson, after a life of useful service to his fellow-man and a life of success as a farmer, had the following to say about the use of guano: “I say that farmers can make every acre of their land rich if they will. Providence Intended the earth should increase in fertility as rapidly as it does in population. Every man that assists in removing this dor mant guano, lying idle and useless on the Chincha Islands, and puts it in circulation, creating therewith food and clothing, is a benefactor to his kind. The country suffers for want of a snare of the surplus fertilizing material. Remove the deposit and apply to crops, and it will enrich Uie land.” “I commenced to use guano in-184G, and gradually increased the use of It until tlie present time, never having omitted to use it on my crops excepting the last year of the war, when 1 could not obtain It. With the proper system of rotation of crops, and returning all the crops to the land, except the lint of the cotton, land may be improved with Peruvian guano alone, but. uot so fast as when you combine with the soil all the ele ments of the plants to be grown. Ammonia being necessary for all plants. I know of no crop that it would not benefit. It will pay the best upon those crops that bring the most money—cotton being that crop in this sec tion and tobacco in other sections." It will be seen from the above that Mr. Dickson profited greatly by the use of guano. He knew well the value of ammonia to growing crops, but you will observe that he knew’ quite as well the value of other plant foods to the crop. lie got better yields when he applied all the elements of plant food than when he appJiod ammonia alone. Also observe that he considered it good business to apply fertilizer. He was a business man as well as a farmer, and knew’ all the keen points in the business world. View* of Another Millionaire Farmer. The Hon. James M. Smith, another millionaire fanner of Georgia, who died only a few weeks ago, had the following to say with reference to the use of fertilizers on faim crops: ‘ The use of fertilizers has become one of the most important factors in Southern agriculture. Tt. is a powerful agency in producing an increased yield—a thing we should desire and work for. We certainly believe in the use of commercial fertilizers, but we also believe in the turning under ot •vegetable matter, the sowing of legumes and the saving of all barnyard ma nure. The up-to-date farmer will not consider one of these, but all four of them, in trying to increase his farm crops.” Each of these two farmers, who have done much to stimulate farm im provement. learned the value of fertilizers, but learned equally well the value of diversified farming. They would not decrease the use of fertilizer, but diversify more. They would have ns use more fertilizers, so that we could grow more plants and vegetable mater, in turn plow this under, and in this way increase the fertility of our lands. The most effective farming of today involves these two great principles. Use fertilizers and diversify the orops. Rotate and feed the plants, and you will increase your yields, be more secure from plant diseases, and bring your farm into a high staie of cultiva tion. Put Back Plant Food In the Soli. If growing crops take plant food out of the soil and we do not plow un der an amount equal to this, or get It from some other source and apply it. our land is sure to decrease in fertility and in value. This is a fact beyond dispute. With most of our crops we take from the fields a large amount of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash, which never goes back, to the place on the farm from whence it came. We should see to It, then, that, some kind of plant food takes ite place. In the case of cotton, we sell the seed, and with them large amounts of nitrogen and other elements of plant food. Very of ten we burn the stalks, and in this way take from the field much more valuable plant faod. It la sucidal policy for us to remove from the soil more plant food than we restore to the soil. On a sandy farm in one of the Southern States, which had abandon ed by its original owner and sold for fifty cents per acre, a litttle barnyard manure and heavy applications of fertilizer made another farm rich. The lasi farmer used sls worth of fertilizer per acre and raised 1.400 pounds of seed cotton per acre. This was about a bale per acre on the entire farm. The sls investment in fertilizers and good breaking and cultivation netted the thrif ty fanner more than SSO per acre when cotton was bringing a high price. All the experiment stations and other institutions have found that ferti lizers applied to farm crops under good conditions pay a handsome dividend on the investment. It generally means the converting of a non paying fafm Into a profitable farm. This, after all, is what, we farm for, for profit as well as some pleasure. The average farmer gets large returns for fertilizers wisely used. If fertilizers do not always pay. It is because farmers waste instead of vse them. Drink to Blame. Captain L. P. Pinkston of the V. S. Marine Corps has compiled a table showing that of all appli cants for enlistment in this coun try last year only 9.31 percent : inet the physical requirements for military service—an average of one man in each eleven exam lined. Alcoholic liquors, with phe vices engendered by their use —by even their moderate use t— are. say authorities in and out of the army, chief cause of this incapacity on the part of Amen fas young manhood. It is evi dent that if the nation is to sue trlve we must guard its people Ifrom the toe now permitted to iprey upon our citizenship—a foe levhich in the name of govern |ment itself is undermining our ichief defences. The hour has •struck for nationwide prohibition Lof the liquor traffic. There is no (neutrality here. Every man land woman is either for or against ithe war now on for the defense lof home and national life.—Ex. I The Oktibbeha County School ■Board will meet at the Court House at 10 o’clock Monday, Eypril 10th, 1916. ■' C. E. Scroggin, i County Supt. STAKKVILLE, MISSISSIPPI. FRIDAY, MARCH 31. 19 1< 5. - - Bell Directory Your advertisement in the Bell telephone direc tory places your business before the leading people in the community. Bell subscribers are almost without exception able to buy the goods you ad vertise. Bell directory advertis ing does not conflict with any other medium. ! It is the most permanent and persistent of all me diums and is consulted more frequently than any other list or refer ence book. Ask the Manager for rates. ©CUMBERLAND TELEPHONE AND T EL EGRj\PH COMPANY Advertise in this paper and watch your business grow. More Interesting Facts About the Burning of the ’Liza Battle. Mr. Editor: 1 wisii to add a few items of inter est to Ihe burning of Hie 'Liza Battle. J'he boats were ret in ning from Mobile, during Christmas and he ovei Mow came early that >er. and unusually big. The Tcnibigbee was out of its banks for miles and miles, not a font ot land that they could tie to. and a swift current and high wind. The people on board wore the rich planters and iheir families from above Gainesville and were :i merry crowd. They who that enjo\ed ii!e and had Hie very best of every Hung. The Gaines ville crowd went iv mini ami so escaped . Mv grandfather’s boat, the “Reindeer**, was several miles behind the ‘Liza Buttle, and il 100, li 1 led with a merry crowd. . The tir>i they knew of the calamity was Hie drifting ol the burin and cotton bales and close be hind r hem came Hie dead bodies. His boat was soon tilled with dear friends and relatives for Hie ties in those days were vo-’y strong and clamsh * The boats, draped in mourning, came in ai dear old Gainesville, tolling tbebellsand blowing the whistles. Mr. Warren Stanton and his niece, Elvira Stanton es raped on a cot ton bale, she in her night-dollies and he was fortu nate enough to put his trousers on. The bale of cotton drifted near ;i tree which She soon began freezing and he ued her to a limb with his sus. ponders. Ho then found a piece of fine chewing in his pocket, which they both chewed and swallowed Ibe juice. They were barely alive when found by Capt. .1. .). Little’s boat. All know of Mr. Bobbie Crom well’s great loss. His nurse froze to death trying to save him and Ins mother froze in his father s- arms. The baby was slipping in the water as his father managed to grasp his long clothes. The lather hud tried repeatedly to catch the child but it.had touched the wa‘er before ie finally did so. Two strangers, gamblers, from New Orleans got on the boat at Mobile. When the ball was in full swing they entered Hie Cap tains cabin and robbed the sale of money amt many valuables. They then made their escape in the largest skiff and turned Hie others adrift so they could not be followed. It was never known whether they set the boat afire or accidentally but any way they caused the burning of the Eliza Battle. I was born and reared on the banks of the old Tombigbee. ever a restless and turbid stream, it becomes a terror during an over flow. There is a suck hole just below the banks of the old Academy that means certain death to man or beast once in its grasp. Though forbidden by parents and teachers we children would slip down the bank and watch that awful suction. It always possessed a peculiar fascination for me. L. S. Critz. Te farmers are taking advan tage of the favorable weather we are having at present. Appeals To Farmers. Atlanta March 11 —An appeal to the farmers of the south to cut down this year and raise more food crops and assurances that more money would be gotten for ji small crop than ji large one. was issued today by President Charles S. Parrel,t of the Nation, ill Farmers’ Union. To I tie Southern Farmers: “A few days ago I pointed out to yon the danger of planting too much cotton tins year, and muter present conditions 1 repeat now. if you make tins mistake you will probably be wearing this fall :i longer face than you wore following the harvest of 1015”. He then quotes government figures to show that in 1910 a crop of 11,500,000 hales brought, a totiil of over $810,000,000 while a crop of 15.500,000 bales the fol lowing year brought a total of oniv 8745.800,000. “All i ask” continues Mr. Bar ret, **is for you to study these figures and appiv them to your farming methods. By devoting pan of your time to. food crops von will have plenty of meat in the smokehouse and plenty of hay in the loft. You can then '•nap your lingers at the world of being dependent on you in stead of being dependent on the w o r Id. All Citizens. All the citizens of the commun ity, men. women and children are urged to ho present at the Court House on Wednesday after, noon at 4 p. m. April 5. for the purpose of organizing the Civic League. A whirlwind campaign has been in progress to interest the citizens in the movement. A house to house canvass is being mane and all interested in a more beautiful town and in better sani tat ion are urgently requested to come. No one organization is carrying on this movement for all the women of ttie community are interesting themselves in Hus campaign. All clubs of men and women are asked to unite in the League. A clean-up is being planned as their first uc tivity. Don’t tail to be present Wednesday April sat 4 p m a the Court House. Notice. To the People of Mississippi: It is well to bear in mind that the Mississippi Teachers Asso ciation meets m this city. May 4th, sth, and oth. next, and from present indications it will be Hie greatest gatherings assembled together in this state in years. Education is the handmaid ot religion and. together, they are the gieat. builders of a secure and permanent civi 1 ization. Moreover, Hus is an age that calls for thorough training and equipment in all callings, and Hie person not prepared must necessarily fall by the wayside. See to it that those who are now entrusted with the training of your children attend this great Teachers Convention and profit its superb opportunities. Very respectfully. Jackson Board of Trde. Young Men's Business Club. Subscribe For THE NEWS Cofederate Veterans Reunion Birmingham, Ala., March 25, Arrangements lor handling the thousands of visitors who will be in Birmingham for the annual reunion of the United Confederate Veterans May 16 17 and 18 with the same dispatch that normal travel is handled through the Birmingham Termi nal Station have been made bv Southern Railway as the result of a meeting of representatives of the passenger and operating departments at which it was de. cided to form for this occasion a special organization similar to that which accomplished such splendid results for the Southern at former reunions. It is expected that the atten dance at the reunion will easilv reach 75,000 persons and tin* conference was held in order to perfect plans for the Southern's part in efficiently moving this large body of people into and out of Birmingham within the short space of three days. Special temporary facilities and ample police protection will be provid ed. and a large number of expert passenger men will be on band to assist the veterans and their friends in making arrangements for return trips, while special operating and mechanical forces will be detailed to assure tbe prompt movement of trains. Meetings of this character are always held by the Southern in advance of large occasions so that no toature can be overlooked in moving the extra traffic it is called upon to handle, and fo*’ the Birmingham reunions of the veterans there will be brought to the service of the visitors the full benefit of the experience gained in handling the crowds on other similar occasions. Attention Veterans. The next quarterly meeting of Oktibbeha Camp, No. 1311, will meet at the court house at 10:80 a. in. o’clock, on the first Satur day in April for tbe transaction of regular business and such oth er matters as shall be presented. Alj dues will be collected at this meeting and a fuil attendance is expected. Don’t forget the time and place, W. H. Reynolds, Com. J. A. Glenn, Adj. At the request of the veterans. Rev. F. Z. Browne will address the members on the above occa sion. Civic League. With tlie co-operation of the various Women’s Clubs of the city, the Civic League organiza tion is becoming a manifest in terest. The formal organization of said league will take place on April sth. This is a step m the right direction and much good may be accomplished by alt tak ing interest in the matter. New Law Firm, We respectfully 1 * announce to the public that on thfc first of April we will form a partnership under the firm name of Bell vV Ward to engage m the general practice of law. We will occn py offices in the Masonic Build* ing, where we will be pleased to meet our friends and clients in the future. B, F. Bell. WHI E. Ward, NO. AS