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THE STARKVILLE NEWS.
VOL. XVI WEEKLY WAR NEWS DIGEST 1,800,000 Women Are Engaged in Agriculture in the United States According to a late report, of the 1,800,000 women engaged in agriculture in the United States, -£*AOOO are under 20 years of Sand 1,050,000 aie negroes. %a]onty of the women work lyre lound Southern ' lines' of work in which >tfbmen will be likely to increase their farming activities, accord, ing to the report, are vegetable gardening, poultry raising, but ter making, hog raising, etc. It is suggested that women who know how to operate motor cars may with little additional train, ing operate tractors. Smokeless Powder Plants Will Have Capacity of Million Founds a Day * v Plans and contracts are com pleted for the construction of two smokeless-powder plants, each to cost approximately $50,- 000,000. The estimated capacit y of each is 500,000 pounds of powder a day, and from 10,000 Id, ooo men will be employed at each plant. The initial output of each fac tory is expected not later than August. Much ol the product will be available for the allied nations. Truck Roads Are Mapped . rom Manufacturing Centers io Atlantic Seaboard | A pathfinder car has started lon anew lap of mapping out fArmy truck roads for the Gov lernment, one official route hav. png already been laid out from PDeiroi;- o the Atlantic coast and another from Buffalo to the sea board. The car will go as far west as the Mississippi River and will map routes from cities in Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio. f When this trip is completed the Government will have four main highways forming connect ing links between the great man ufacturing centers and the Al an tic seaboard. Motor trucks |on their way to France will foi llow these routes, S Carrier Pigeons Being Killed Hby Hunters Complaints have been made to pigeon section of the Signal Corps that carrier pigeons of the racing homer type, being trained throughout the United States tor communication service with the American Army, have been shot bv persons on hunting expedi klions. Because of the important part carrier and homing pigeons are playing in the war, and the need fdr their breeding and develop ment In this country, the War Department has considerably ex panded the pigeon section of the Signal Corps. Hoqamg pigeons constitute one of the most effect ive means of communication in tte Army. Any pigeon in the air may be a carrier pigeon flying from a loft under Government super vision. Its destruction may be a 'serious loss to the American Army. Anyone coming into , possession of pigeons laWed *‘U. S./A.-IQ,” Indicating they are being trained for Army purpos- es, is requested to report the tact*at once to the office of the Chief Signal Officer, Di ,vision, Washington, I). C. Deaths in British Forces in Action and from Wounds Estimated at But 7 Per Cent Now that American troops are taking their places in the trench es, attention is again directed to an estimate by* the Secretary of War, that the losses up to June 1, 1917 of the British expedition ary forces from deaths in action and from wounds amounted to but 7 per cent ot the total of ail men sent to Prance since the beginnning of the war. The ratio ot losses of this character today, because of im proved tactics is less than 7 to every fOO men. Public Health Service at Work in Areas Around Army Camps The United States Public Health Service is carrying on a campaign along sanitary lines m areas adjacent to 28 military camps. Complete sanitary or ganizations work to prevent the spread of disease from the civil ian population to military forces, and to protect civilians from communicable diseases where they have occurred among troops. The organizations include physicians, sanitary engineers, nurses, attendants and laborers. Methods undertakenhnclude In spection ot all establishments handling food supplies, 4 It is the opinion of the United Slates Food Administration that the gross maximum protit for wholesalers in flour should not exceed from 50 to 75 cents per barrel. The protit to retail deal ers in original mill packages should not exceed from 80 cents to §1 20 per barrel, . depending upon the character of service performed. Where retailers sell in amounts less than the original mill packages, the gross profit should not exceed 1 cent a pound. According to a statement by the manager of the Emergency Fleet Corporation, the Shipping Board now has 716 shipways, of which 812 are for wooden ships and 404 for steel construction. The program calls for the con struction m 1918 ot eight times the tonnage delivered in 1916, at a cost ol more than $1,000,000, • 000. ' \ Stating that reports snow men in Army camps have made re markable improvement in phys ique and bearing,* Secretary of War Baker has advised iihat troop parades be held in cities near the camps and cantonments. But 2,001 men have been ex empted on the ground ol “moral deficiency.” This phrase was defined by the President’s regu. iation to include persons convict, ed and sentenced tor felony in any court of record. Men sho are capable of hand ling horses are slill wanted for the Veterinary Corps,. They must be physically fit and not of selective service age. It is reported trom Berlin that a trust is being formed for band.< ling all motion-picture films. STARKVILLE, MISSISSIPPI, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 22.1918 # V ; 4 Automatic Insurance Covers Men Lost on Torpedoed Transport Tuscania ' . * ■ r 1 • Any American soldiers lost on the torpedoed transport were protected by United States Gov. eminent insurance and Govern ment compensation. Those who had not applied for insurance were covered by automatic in surance which is payable to a wife, child, or widowed mother. The automatic insurance aggre gates about 14.300, netting $25 a month for 240 months. In. surance that had been applied for is payable to a much larger class of beneficiaries and can go as high as $lO,OOO, netting $57.§0 a month for 240 months. The compensation in case of death, given by the Government without charge and regardless of ranir or pay, ranges from $2O to $75 a month, based on the number of dependents. Pay ments under ihe compensation feature of the military and naval insurance act in case of deal h are payable to a widow, children, or dependent widowed mother. The automatic insurance ceas ed op February 12, but the com pensation feature of the act is a separate provision. The scale of compensation in case of death follows; (a) For a widow alope, $25. (b) For a widow with* X child $35 (c) For a widow and 2children, $47.50, with $5 for each addition ■M child up to two. ,(d) If there be no widow, then for one child, $2O. (e) For 2 children, $3O. (f) For 3 children, $4O, with $5 for each additional child up to two. (g) For a widowed mother, The amount payable under this subdivision shall not be greater than a sum which when added to the total amount payable to the widow and children, does not ex* ceed $75. An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure. There is no feature of the coal shortage which * should be con stantly kept in mind by people with wood supplies around them. It is this, be early in the season and dihgent> in building up an ample wood fuel reserve for next winter. Should the shortage of coal be more widespread, more mrrked, and last longer next winter, as there is every promise of its doing, there would be no excuse ior wooded localities not having fuel. ;Futhermori-, the logical step to conserve the coal in such a crisis would be to place an absolute embargo on the ship ping and use oi coal in such com. munities where wood could- be used. With the prospect ahead that such a step will certainly be taken by the Fuel Administra tion next winter m an emergency, let every community get in a supply now when the laboc is more tree to work at it than later in the season or the beginning of next winter/ Even in normal times it should be remembered that there are two chances of failure of the coal supply. 1. Decrease in production due to various factors; and (2) a tie up in transportation. When these happen, in normkl times they caused, trouble. Under war conditions we have had an ex- Public School Department Edited by the Students How often have we. the boys and girls of America asked the question: How can we help? there are innumerable ways, but the best wav to learn is to join the Junior Red Cross. For instance, put yourself in the position ot one of those French or Italian orphans and you will quickly find a means of helping. There are thousands of them who have not even had a single dress nor a piece of under clothing since the war began, and consequently their clothes are in rags, AH through these cold winter days their mothers have patched tiny pieces of cloth to gether to make clothing to pro tect their bodies from thejintense cold. These are now in rags and must be replaced by new ones. Are not we, the boys and girls of America going to take care of these suffering children. If the 22,000.000 school childien in the United States start to work, these children need suffer no more. It is for this purpose that the Junior Membership for the Red Cross was organizpd. Also consider this, how do you suppose the French, Italian and Belgian soldiers wilt feel when they return home on a short fur lough, before the big spring drive, and find their wives and children without sufficient food and clothing, and actually see their children dying before their very eyes because of the want of food and clothing to sustain and protect them. Will they not teel discouraged ior they are fighting for their countiy and people, as well as our soldiers fighting lor us. President Wilson, in his procla mation told the boys and girls of America that they also had a part to perform in this war, and it is through great organization that this may be accomplished. How can I help, you ask? What kind of service can i give? The Red Cross wants your help in money, which is only twenty-five cents per member, but it also needs your work. You can work by making garments for these suffering children, by telling oth er people what the Red Cross should mean to them, what it will mean to those French and Belgian children, and what it means to you. When you are working for the Red Cross and wear a Red Cross button that shows you are a member and means that the wear- ample of how they can be emphasized. Do Not Depend Upon Coal For Next Winter. Have Wood And 1 You Are Protected. Lebanon, Ohio, was facing a desperate situation m the matter of supplying luel to its home?. The looal fuel administrator called a meeting of the men of the town m order to lay the sit B uatioa. A committee was ap pointed to act in the matter of securing wood'. A call was made for the names of parties having wood, which could be cut. One Thousand Dollars was borrowed from one of the banks, the note being individually endorsed by all who would do so. Seventy men signed the note. The bank or is making a sacnhce to help his or her country to win this war. You cannot fight, but you can certainly help by becoming a member of the Junior Red Cross which is a part of a big move ment, with big ideals such as those of Florence Nightingale, Henri Dunant and Dorothea Dix as well as the ideals with which our country is fighting today. When you wear a Red Cross button you are showing yourself a true, patriotic American boy or girl. You are helping father and big brother to win the war. So we the boys and girls, in a land of plenty can in no better way show our . patriotism than by making garments for these suffer ing people and becoming a mem ber of the Junior Red Cross. The Tn Mu Society met in its regular session on Feb. 15, 1918. The meeting was opened by a prayer by Agustine Magruder. The first number was a speech by Walter Cox, which was de livered in a pleasing manner The debate, “Resglved that Starkville should have asewrage system*’, proved interesting. The alf. consisting of Eugene Howerton and Simeon Pierce •won. The neg. were Joe and James Sulzby. Analogue, by Marshal McKell and Berry Needham followed. It was enjoyed by all. Alter this the meeting adjourn ed until Feb. 22, 1918. SCHOOL NOTES. Rev, Browne came over to the school Tuesday morning and gave us a very interesting talk. We have organized the Junior Red Cross at school in behalf of French orphans. Washington's birthday will be celebrated at the School Friday afternoon. Everybody is invited to attend. t The Calliopean Literary Society met last Friday, Feb. 15. We had a very interesting program which was as follows: The Origin of Valentines Day, by Lucy Wellborn. Avery in teresting recitation bp Jestina Pearson. We then had a p ano solo by Ruth Steile, followed by an original verse by Mildred Wier. We closed the program with a tine recitation by Man. addie Maxwell. We then elected new officers and adjourned to meet again Feb. 22, 1918. took tbe note without interest. The next morning at four o’clock a number of teams and trucks and a gang of workers were busy in the woods. The next morning the wood was being delivered at the municipal wood yard where a rotary saw was ready to saw it into the required lengths. By afternoon wood was being de livered to consumers. FOR SALE—A good paying business; good -as new. One Haywood P. <& C, Special vuU canizing plant. Terms reason able# for Going to a larger town reason for selling. Call on or address J. P. Sanders, Stark viliie, Miss. NO. 43