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The Starkville news. (Starkville, Miss.) 1902-1960, October 18, 1918, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn87065612/1918-10-18/ed-1/seq-1/

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U. S, Public Kealth Service Issues
Official Health Bulletin
. i
on Influenza.
; V *. I
Epidemic Probably Net Spanish In
Origin—Germ Still Unknown—peo
ple ShAild Guard Against “Droplet
Infection”— Surgeon General (slue
Makes Authoritative (State.nent.
Washington, D. O. —(Special.)—Al- *
though King Alfonso of Spain was
one of the victims of the influenza epi
demic In 1803 and again this summer,
Spanish, authorities repudiate any
claim to Influenza ns a “Spanish” dis
ease. If the people of this country do
not take care the epidemic will be
come so widespread throughout the
United States that soon we shall hear
the disease caUed “American” influ
In response to a request for definite
information concerning Spanish Influ
enza, Surgeon General Rupert Blue of
the U. 8. Public Health Service has
authorized the following ofllclal inter
view :
What Is Spanish Influenza? Is It
something new? Hoes It come from
“The disease now occurring In this
country and called ‘Spanish Influen
za’ resembles a very contagious kind
of ‘cold,’ accompanied by fever, pains
Coughs and Sneezes
.Spread Diseases
As Dangerous as R>ison Cas Shells
In the head, eyes, ears, back or other
parts of the body and a feeling of se
vere sickness. In most of the cases the
symptoms disappear after three or four
days, the patient then rapidly recover
ing. Some of the patients, however,
develop pneumonia, or Inflammation
of the ear, or meningitis, and many of
these complicated cases die. Whether
■ this so-called ‘Spanish’ Influenza Is
Identical with the epidemics of Influen
za of earlier years Is not yet known.
"Epidemics of Influenza have visited
this country since 1647. It Is Interest
ing to know that this first epidemic
was brought hero from Valencia,
Spain. Slnc.e that time then* have
been numerous epidemics of the dis
ease. In 1889 and 1890 an epidemic
of Influenza, starting somewhere in the
Orient, spread first to Russia and
thence over practically the entire civ
ilized world. Three years later there
was another flare-up of the disease.
Both times the epidemic spread wide
ly over the United States.
“Although the present epidemic Is
called ‘Spanish Influenza,’ there Is no
reason to believe that It originated In
Spain. Some writers who have studied
the question believe that the epidemic
came from the Orient and they call at
tention to the fact that the Germans
mention the disease as occurring along
the eastern front in the summer and
full of 1917.”
How can “Spanish Influenza" be rec
i “There Is ns yet no certain way in
which a single case of ‘Spanish Influ
ienza’ can be recognized. On the oth
ler hand, recognition Is easy where
there Is a group of cases. In contrast
’to the outbreaks of ordinary coughs
and colds, which usually occur In the
cold months, epidemics of Influenza
may occur at any season of the year.
Thus the present epidemic raged most
Intensely In Europe In May, June and
Moreover, In the case of ordi
nary colds, the general symptoms
(fever, pain, depression) are by no
means as severe or as sudden in their
onset ns they are In Influenza. Final
ly, ordinary colds do not spread
througli the community so rapidly or
’■©extensively as does Influenza.
“In most cases a person taken sick
with Influenza feels sick rather sud
denly. llp feels weak, has pains In the
eyes, ears, head or back, and may be
■ore all over. Many patients feel
dizzy, some vomit Most of the pa
tients complain of feeling chilly, and
■with this cornea a Xuv&r ia which tim
temperature rises to 100 to 104. In
most cases the pulse remains relative
ly slow.
“In appearance one Is struck by the
fact that the patient looks sick. His
eyes and the inner side of his eyelids
may be slightly ‘bloodshot,’ or ‘con
gested,’ as the doctors say. There
may be running from the nose, or
there may be some cough. These signs
of a cold may not be marked; never
theless the patient looks and feels very
“In addition to the appearance and
the symptoms as already described,
examination of the patient’s blood may
aid the physician In recognizing ‘Span
ish Influenza,’ for it has been found
that In this disease the number of
white corpuscles shows little or no In
crease above the normal. It Is possi
ble that the laboratory investigations
inow being made through the National
’Research Council and the United
States Hygienic Laboratory will fur
nish a more certain way In which indi
vidual cases of this disease can be
What Is the course of the disease?
Do people die of It?
“Ordinarily, the fever lasts from
three to four days and the patient re
covers. But while the proportion of
deaths in the present epidemic has
generally been low, In some places the
outbreak has been severe and deaths
have been numerous. When death oc
curs It Is usually the result of a com
What causes the disease and how Is
It spread?
“Bacteriologists who have studied In
fluenza epidemics In the past have
found In many of the cases a very
Small rod-shaped germ called, after Its
discoverer, Pfeiffer’s bacillus. In other
cases of apparently the same kind of
disease there were found pneumococci,
the germs of lobar' pneumonia. Still
others have been caused by strepto
cocci, and by others germs with long
“No matter what particular kind of
germ causes the epidemic, It Is now
believed that Influenza Is always
spread from person to person, the
germs being carried with the air along
with the very small droplets of mucus,
expelled by coughing or sneezing,
forceful talking, and the like by one
who already has the germs of the dis
ease. They may also be carried about
In the air In the form of dust coming
from dried mucus, from coughing and
sneezing, or from careless people who
spit on the floor and on the sidewalk.
As In most other catching diseases, a
person who has only a mild attack of
the disease himself may give a very
severe attack to others.”
What should ba done by those who
catch the disease?
“It Is very Important that every per
son who becomes sick with Influenza
should go home at once and go to bed.
This will help keep away dangerous
complications and will, at the same
time, keep the patient from scattering
the disease far and wide. It Is highly
desirable that no one be allowed to
sleep In the same room with the pa
tient. In fact, no one but the nurse
should be allowed in the room.
“If there Is cough and sputum or
running of the eyes and nose, care
should be taken that all such dis
charges are collected on bits of gauze
or rag or paper napkins and burned.
If the patient complains of fever and
headache, he should be given water to
drink, a cold compress to the forehead
and a light sponge. Only such medi
cine should be given as Is prescribed
by the doctor. It Is foolish to ask the
druggist to prescribe and may be dan
gerous to take the so-called ‘safe, sure
and harmless’ remedies advertised by
patent medicine manufacturers.
“If the patient Is so situated that he
can be attended only by someone who
must also look after others In the fam
ily, it is advisable that such attendant
wear a wrapper, apron or gown over
the ordinary house clothes while In the
sick room and slip this off when leav
ing to look after the others.
“Nurses and attendants will do well
to guard against breathing In danger
ous disease germs by wearing a simple
fold of gauze or mask while near the
Will a person who has had Influenza
before catch the disease again?
“It Is well known that an attack of
measles or scarlet fever or smallpox
usually protects a person against an
other attack of the same disease. This
appears not to be true of ‘Spanish In
fluenza.’ According to newspaper re
ports the King of Spain suffered an
attack of Influenza during the epi
demic thirty years ago, and was again
stricken during the recent outbreak In
How can one guard against Influ
“In guarding against disease of all
kinds, It Is Important that the body be
kept strong and able to fight off dis
ease germs. This can be done by hav
ing a proper proportion of work, play
and rest, by keeping the body well
clothed, and by eating sufficient whole
some and properly selected food. In
connection with diet, it is well to re
ouMific Unit mUk la oo& at the best
all-around foods obtainable for adults
as well as children. So far as a dis
ease like Influenza Is concerned, health
authorities everywhere recognize the
very close relation between Its spread
and overcrowded homes. While It Is
not always possible, especially In
times like the present, to avoid such
overcrowding, people should consider
the health danger and make every
effort to reduce the home overcrowd
ing to a minimum. The vsflue of fresh
air through open windows cannot be
over emphasized.
“When crowding is unavoidable, as
In street cars, care should be taken to
keep the face so turned as not to In
hale directly the air breathed out by
another person.
“It Is especially Important to be
ware of the person who coughs or
sneezes without covering’ his mouth
and nose. It also follows that one
should keep out of crowds and stuffy
places as much as possible, keep
homes, offices and workshops well
aired, spend some time out ot doors
each day, walk to work If at all prac
ticable—ln short, make every possible
effort to breathe as much pure air as
“In all health matters follow the ad
vice of your doctor and obey the regu
lations of your local and state health
“Cover up each cough and sneeze,
1/ you don’t you’ll spread disease.”
Mrs. J. D. Nance died at her
home in West Point Thursday
morning, where she had been
living with her husband for the
past two years. Services were
held here this morning at the
home of her sister, Mrs. Utz,
conducted by Rev. J. D Ray.
We extend sympathy to the
Mrs. Edith L, Herbert, wife of
Prof. J. 0. Herbert, of the A. &
M. College died last Friday, Oct.
11, after a long illness, She
leaves a devoted husband and
four children to mourn her loss.
I Meal* Served Up-To-Date In |
H at Hours Every Particular |!
I FQ gentlemen I
|| \TTHEN in town take your meals at the I
|l BELL CAFE. Everything Clean S
II and Sanitary. 1
Extra Selects. Plants. I
15c Per Dozen 20c Per Dozen I
Complete Line of Tobaccos. 11
Our[Soft Drinks are pure. !
We Strive to Please You. |
Prompt Service Phone 181 ||
Save The Seeds.
Hundreds of thousands of peach
seeds and nut shells have been
collected in Louisiana, Mississ
ippi and Alabama in the last two
weeks and made into carbon to
be Splaced in gas masks for
American soldiers in Prance,
While the American Red Cross
workers are fighting influenza at
home with ”Plue Masks”, mak
mg them by the many hundreds
at a time, soldiers over there
must not be forgotten.
Every chapter in the Gulf Di.
vision composed of Louisiana.
Mississippi and Alabama has
been urged to renew its efforts in
the collection of the peach stones
and nut shells now. Two hun.
dred peach stones make enough
carbon for one gas mask, while
7 pounds of nut shells will pro
tect one American soldier from
German poison fumes.
Reports are being received
daily at the Gulf Division head
quarters telling of the collection
of seeds and shells. Albeit
Kraerner, Assistant Director in
the Bureau of Development and
in charge ot the Bureau of Con.
servation work, is enthusiastic
over the results so far. He urges
all chapters, however, to renew
their efforts.
Pood Administration officials,
Juniors of the Red Cross, Boy
Scouts and many other govern,
merit agencies are co operating
in this emergency campaign, in
hundreds of grocery stores, de
partment stores and elsewhere,
the proprietors have placed small
boxes for the collection of the
out shells and seeds.
The remains of Mrs. D. P.
Raines who died at Florence.
Ala., were brought here Tues
day for burial. The deceased
was the wife of Mr. D, P. Raines,
a former merchant of Neadmore,
Double your subscription
to the Fourth Liberty Loan.
If you want victory, prove it.
Card Of Thanks.
We wish to extend to the good
people ot Starkville our ever
lasting gratitude for the loving
care and attention bestowed on
our soldier boy, Brady C. Mar.
shall. Especially do we remem.
ber his comrades and may God
guide and protect them from all
L, W. Marshall and family,
Camden. Ark.,
All Kinds Of I
( For iron and bones, 50c per
i hundred pounds.
I The highest market prices
i paid for Rags, Brass, Cop.
( per, and all kinds of metal.
I Also, Hides, Wool,Beeswax,
I Tallow, Rubber and Sacks.
I Wm. Sheinblum,
I in" rear of Blumenfeld { &
j| Pried, Starkville, Miss.
NO. 25

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