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The Starkville news. (Starkville, Miss.) 1902-1960, January 03, 1919, Image 1

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The Starkville News.
Saturday, Dec. 14, 1918.
The Secretary proceeded to read the
Journal of the proceedings of the legis
lative day of Thursday, December ,13,
1918, when on request of Mr. Varda
man and by unanimous consent, the
further reading was dispensed with an'd
the Journal was approved.
MR. VARDAMAN. Mr. President.
1 rise to a queston of personal privilege.
Mv attention has been called to a spec
ial dispatch from Philadelphia, Pa.,
published In the Washington Post of
yesterday, which 1 send to the desk and
ask to have read.
The VICE PRESIDENT. It will be
The Secretary read as follows:
Philadelphia, December 12
The lie direct has been given to Sen,
Vardanian, of Mississippi, by Rear
Admiral Francis T. Rowles, assistant
general manager of the Emergency
Fleet Corporation.
Senator aman In the Senate on
Tuesday said tpe construction of the
Hog Island Shipyard was ‘•one of the
most infamous transactions that mar
the pages of American history.” He
agreed, he said, with Senator King, of
Utah, who had declared “there was a
great deal of vulgar robbery, stealing,
and thievery by men engaged in the Hog
Island enterprise.”
Senator Vardanian said he thought
there was enough evidence in the hands
of the Senate Committee on Commerce
,n cancellation of the contract
b the car- y construct
t to
i to
.U ; i
a bruu. .... ... _ au., Lf
that fact Is hardly worth while. 1
Now, what I said about the Hng
Island enterprise was uttered upon Jhe
floor of this Chamber as a United Slates
Senator under the sanctity of un oath
to uphold the Constitution, the laws of
the coumry, and protect the Interests
of the American people against the
greed, cupidity, avarice, and criminal!
ty of the outlaws of society. 1 was dis
cussing a public enterprise and one
which I know and everybody else
knows is as far from being faultless as
sin Is far from virtue. It is an enter
prise that no honest man could defend
In all of Its details. It Is one of these
peculiar enterprises that have grown
up since the declaration of war, which
was conceived by its promoters in pri
vate life in the sin of selfishness and
brought forth swaddled In the Ameri
can flag to serve a selfish purpose.
Let us for u moment consider Its his
tory. A number of highly respectable
financiers came together, farmed a cor
poration, bought a hog wallow, which
was rightly named “Hog Island,”
capitalized it at probably double or
treble its real Value, and then leased it
to the United stales lor a site for a
shipbuilding plant. The land was
valued at 81,800,000, and the rent
charged the Government of the United
States was 0 per cent on estimated val
ue of the laud, if my memory serves me
correctly. This same corporation un
dertook and agreed to build, the Gov
ernment of the United States paying
all expenses, this shipbuilding plant at’
an estimated cost of $3 1, 000,000 without
fees or plus per cent.
The profits which the shipbuilding
corporation was to receive as a commiss
ion for their patriotic service to ue ren
dered by it was 4 or 5 per cent on the
value of the ships to be built by this
plant The work in the construction
of the plant had not proceeded very Ur,
howeve'r, before It was determined bv
the corporation, which v/e were told
was organized for patriotic, purposes,
that the building might be facilitated
bv subletting contracts at a fixed fee ol
5 per cent upon the estimated cost of
the work. *
Some of the contractors, it appeared
from the testimony, had stock In the
parent, corporation with which the Gov
eminent contracted to build the plant
without fee*. Everyone knows, who
has paid any attention to the Investiga
tion of this enterprise, that in the be
ginning of the bulldlrfg of the plant the
grossest extravagance in the payment
of wages, the most glaring luconipc
tency was shown in the purchase of ma
terial, and in the general management
of the company. Every man called to
thu service of this corporation had his
wages doubled and, in some Instance,
quadrupled. The head man, who bad
been the directing head of tbn contract
ing firm of Stone t Webster, who re
ceived of Slone & Webster 813,000 per
year while serving them, was pul at the
head of the shipbuilding corporation
with a salary of 835,000 per year. For
everything that was done of a similar
nature ihe United States Government
was charged and plundered according
It will also be remembered that when
this corporation undertook the con
struction of the Hog Island shipping
plant it tried to Induce the Government
to fix its commission for the work it was
to perform at 10 per cent, but it was
finally forced down to, 1 think, 5 per
cent. When asked by members of the
committee to state what the construct
ing corporation had done or was to do
to justify It In asking the Government
to pay It 5 per cent on the ships to be
built In the Hog Island yard, we wen
told that It was the “know how” which
they were furnishing the Government;
and, Mr. President, I want to sav just
here that, after looking over the matter
carefully, I am in the bounds of con
servatism when 1 say that there was not
a member of that corporation who
knew any more about sblp building
than the Democratic emblem does about
the nebular hypothesis or a prairie dog
knows about the political economy of
the planet Mars. It was just a piece of
graft, pure and simple, but they justi
fied their extraordinary demand bv sav
ing that, If the members of the corpor
ation did not themselves know anything
about shipbuilding, the corporation fur
nished the Government of the United
States men who did know how. With
the salaries that were paid the men,
certainly the United States Government
did not need this corporation to act as
Its labor agent In securing capable men
to do Government work, especially
when you consider the fact that the
government paid twice and three times
as much for their services as they could
have gotton from private employers In
the labor markets of the country.
1 want the United States Government
to deal fairly and Justly with Its citi
zens, but I think thu every dollar the
Go\ eminent j ays to this corporation as
commission on ships built by the ship
building plant at Hog Island wilt be
nothing less than robbery of the Public
Mr. President. 1 was about to over
look the fact that the plant which these
patriots for pelf were to construct at un
estimated cost of $21,000,000, 1 am told,
has cost over 100,000,000; and I think It
has completed but one ship. Of course,
1 want to be fair with them. I am sure
they have a good many ships on the
ways 1 will ask the chairman of the
Committee on Commerce to correct me
if lam mistaken. I think the corpor
ation has completed but one ship. Am
I correct about that?
Mr. Fletcher. I think, Mr. President
there has been one ship delivered, ac
cepted, and put in the service; but there
are other ships, I do not know how
many more, that are launched. I un
derstand that there are other ships on
the wavs; lu fact, a ship under con
struction on each of the r>() ways.
*** Mr. VARDAMAN. If they are
building ships. In the language of
Robert Bums—lu thu plowman’s phrase
—God send them speed. Ido not want
to misrepresent them. ,
Mr. FLETCHER. 1 am sure the
Senator does not, and I am simply try
ing to help him In that direction by
stating the facts; that Is all.
Mr. VAUDAMAN. The Senator Is
The Red Cross Ready for Peace
THE following 1 message has been telegraphed by the
War Council of the American Red Cross to each one
of the 3,857 chapters:
“On February 10th, last year, nearly six weeks be
fore the United States declared war, National Red Cross
Headquarters advised its chapters to prepare for war.
That which has followed in the record of the Red Cross
in helping to win this war and to relieve the suffering
growing out of it, Constitutes something of which every
American citizen has a right to be proud. Every Ameri
can Red Cross worker must feel a sense of gratitude in
having had a share in it all.
“The moment is now come to prepare for peace.
Until peace is really here and our soldiers home there
can be no relaxation in any Red Cross effort incident to
active hostilities.
, “But even with peace, let no one suppose that the
work of the Red Cross is finished. Millions of American
boys are still under arms. Thousands of them are sick
and wounded. Owing to the shortage in shipping, it may
take a year or more to bring our boys home from France,
But whatever the time, our protecting arms must be about
them and their families over the whole period which
must elapse before the normal life of peace can be re
“Our soldiers and sailors are enlisted until the Com
mander-in-Chief tells them there is no more work for
them to do in the war. Let every Red Cross member and
worker—and this means both men and women show
our returning soldiers and sailors that to care for their
health, welfare and happiness we are enlisted for no less
period than they are.
“The cessation of war will reveal a picture of misery
such as the world has never seen before, especially in
the many countries which cannot help themselves The
American people will expect the Red Cross to continue
to act as their agent in repairing broken spirits and
broken bodies. Peace terms and peace conditions will
determine how we may best minister to the vast stricken
areas which have been harrowed bv war, and for this
great act of mercy the heart and spirit of the American
people must continue to be mobilized through the Amer
ican Red Cross.
“On behalf of the War Council, we accordingly ask
each member of our splendid body of workers through
out the land to bear in mind the solemn obligation which
ref,is upen each one: to ‘carry on.’ We cannot abate one
instant in our efforts or in our spirits. There will be
abundance of work to do, and specific advices will be
given, but even at the moment of peace let no Red Cross
worker falter,
“Our spirits must now call us to show that not the
roar of cannon or the blood of our own alone directs our
activities, but that a great people will continue to respond
greatly and freely to its obligations and opportunity to
serve.” J
The American Rod Cross canteens,
which serve at railroad stations. Im
portant points on highroads, and In
towns and villages throughout the
Italian zone of war, are now serving
American troops. These canteens
have been operating during the past
tlx months for the benefit of the Ital
ian army and Us allies, greeting the
soldiers lu their passage from one
point to another with coffee and
American crackers and Jam. But It
Is only recently that the khakl-clad
fighters from across the sea have beeu
added to the number of those served
at the Red Cross rest stations.
Numerous bowling greens have been
established by the American Ued Cross
In the tuberculosis barracks of Purls.
very kind. 1 want to say, Mr. Presi
dent, that the lime has come when this
robbery of the Government In the name
o( patriotism should he stopped; really
it should never have been begun.
1 remember when the president of
this corporation came before this com
mittee. He made the most glorious
promises. He said, "We want to build
the ships; we want to win the war; send
us to the penitentiary after we win the
war; but let us build ships.” Of course,
the fact that 4 or 5 per cent was paid
them upon ihe value of every ship con
structed had nothing to do with that
burst of patriotism on his part.
There are some people in this country
who seem to regard It as their God-giv
en privilege, belonging exclusively to
them, to wrap their well-fed carcasses
in the American flag, amt, with the
words of patriotism upon their fly blown,
impious lips, go over the country de
nouncing every body who dares question
their right to continue this nefarious
business. I, for one, shall continue to
denounce It and call attention toll. As
soon as I can get bold of tine report of
the Department of Justlcnfivhicli deals
with this question and fin again go
over mure carefully thy /lestlgatluu o f
American soldiers In camps and hos
pitals in Great Britain are now able to
keep In touch with affairs at home
through the medium of a daily bulletin
service which has been established by
the American Red Cross.
Army officers say the service Alls a
long-felt want, providing the men with
j sporting and home news they cannot
find In the English newspapers.
The arrival of the bulletin is now 1
one of the big dally events. In this
j‘ connection a Red Cross worker in
England sends tlie following message
to National Headquarters in Wash- 1
ingtou: s
‘‘Afler talking with the hoys about I
j the daily news service I have been
told to notify you that If Hie bulletin
Is discontinued you will be court-mar
j tlaled and shot.’* \
the Commerce Committee I shall have
more to say on the subject. In the
meantime I hope that the Commerce
Committee will go further in the mat
ter and make a report of the result* of
its Investigation. Lot the pltless sun
light of publicity shine In upon the
dars and devious ways of these patriots
for perquisttles. Lot every other en
terprise which Is tainted with fraud un
dergo similar investigation. It is more
necessary that the Republic shall be
preserved and the people saved from
plunder than that the delicate feelings
of these dollar-hearted, sordid-souled
sinners shall be respected.
1 repeat, Mr. Hresldenl|, the Hog
Island enterprise Is a disgrace to the
administration. It is an affront to
every man who wore a uniform at home
or gave his life for his country in th*
trenches of France. It is an outrage
upon the tolling taxpayers of the land.
• ' j '>. ’%
About two thousand bushels of
ear coni
H. A. Heattie.
American Red Cross Aids Wilt
Supplies and Comforts in the
Equipment of Valiant
IT In particularly Interesting te Amer
leans to know the tremendoui
work which the American Ret
Crow has done toward relieving die
; tress In Belgium. Among the man)
things done for King Albert’s gallant
little army by the Red Cross the fol>
lowing are a few :
j It established a dining room and
reading and writing room at the war*
i houses in Le Havre.
[ a Plate and a bowl to 6,000
munition workers la to use al
their meals.
It fitted up recreation rooms tot
workers at munition plants.
It installed a co-operative restaurant
for the military personnel of the Mart
time Agency at Le Havre.
It Installed ahower baths and a bar
ber shop for the army garrisons In
Le Havre.
In army training centers the Red
Cross gave household comforts, phono
graphs, games, etc.
It established a dormitory for 200
men at the Home for Permlssionairea
al Calais.
It established a canteen and library
at Calais.
It established another canteen for
the personnel of sanitary trains.
It gave material and games for a
, canteen for tho personnel of the naval
base at .
It gave the same for a canteen for
the personnel of Belgian seaplane
It equipped a mess for the personnel
I of the unit at Calais.
It gave tents, canteens, reading
rooms and shower baths for the per?
sonnel of the Bourbough bakery.
It orgaoized dining rooms *o>
searchlight companies and artillery
batteries having fixed cantonments,
and Installed shower baths in them.
It distributed 60,000 enameled plates
and cups for soldiers In the trenches.
It gave prizes for organized athletic
It sent presents to each man deco
rated for bravery. These presents are
! usually razors, pipes, fountain pens
and such. Up to now this work has
only applied to the Infantry.
The Red Cross provided the appa
ratus and films for cinema shows.
Eight thousand soldiers see them
every day.
It supplied books for all soldiers.
It Installed a recreation and writing
room at the large canteen at La Panne.
It presented to every Infantry and
cavalry regimental surgeon a medical
traveling case, holding a set of medi
cal Instruments for field service.
This work required an appropria
tion of approximately 1,250,000 francs.
Straight from the front Is this com
ment of a Belgian colonel. It was
made recently while he was sitting In
his dugout talking of the work of
a canteen for which the American
Red Cross had Just provided quarters
on very short notice.
"One live demonstration like this la,
better than a year of talk.”
American Red Cross has erected q
barracks at Dijon, France, to serve as
a day nursery for the children of tn
French women who work in the United
Slates Army camouflage factors.
Give Some One EUe The
•Samuel J. Killow, an ex-Con
federate veteran living at Wal
nut Ridge on Dec. sth, led his
eleventh blushing bride to the
altar and merely poked his hoary
head into the marriage halter.
Not being contented in merely
throwing “seven,” he tried and
tried again, and now he’s throw,
ing “eleven.”— Clay County
Courier. t
Citation Notice.
Oktibbeha County:
To Ellen I>ougl as:-
Yon are commanded to appear before
the Chancery Court of the County of
Oktibbeha, In said State on the and
Monday of March A. I), my to defend
thn suit in said Court of Ben Douglas
wherein you are the defendant.
This the Itth day of December, 1918.
•I. B. DONU,
Chancery Clerk,
NO. 36'

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